Tuggeranong

Last updated

Tuggeranong
Australian Capital Territory
Tuggeranong viewed from the Wanniassa Hills Nature Reserve October 2018.jpg
The view from Mount Wanniassa, looking down into the Tuggeranong Valley in 2018
Coordinates 35°25′28″S149°05′20″E / 35.4244°S 149.0888°E / -35.4244; 149.0888 Coordinates: 35°25′28″S149°05′20″E / 35.4244°S 149.0888°E / -35.4244; 149.0888
Population89,461 (2021 census) [1]
Gazetted 12 May 1966 [2]
Location22 km (14 mi) SSW of Canberra City
Territory electorate(s)
Federal division(s) Bean
Lands administrative divisions around Tuggeranong:
Stromlo Woden Valley / Weston Creek Jerrabomberra
Paddys River Tuggeranong New South Wales
Tennent New South Wales New South Wales

The District of Tuggeranong ( /ˈtʌɡərənɒŋ/ ) is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory used in land administration. The district is subdivided into divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks and is the southernmost town centre of Canberra, the capital city of Australia. The district comprises nineteen suburbs and occupies 117 square kilometres (45 sq mi) to the east of the Murrumbidgee River.

Contents

The name Tuggeranong is derived from a Ngunnawal expression meaning "cold place". [3] From the earliest colonial times, the plain extending south into the centre of the present-day territory was referred to as Tuggeranong.

At the 2021 census, the population of the district was 89,461. [1]

Establishment and governance

Following the transfer of land from the Government of New South Wales to the Commonwealth Government in 1911, the district was established in 1966 by the Commonwealth via the gazettal of the Districts Ordinance 1966 (Cth) which, after the enactment of the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988, [4] became the Districts Act 1966. [5] This Act was subsequently repealed by the ACT Government and the district is now administered subject to the Districts Act 2002. [6]

History

Cave paintings and Aboriginal artifacts discovered in the area confirm that the Tuggeranong region has been occupied by the original inhabitants, the Ngunnawal people, for over 21,000 years. [7]

The first Europeans arrived in the Canberra region in 1820 and a year later, a third expedition led by Charles Throsby reached the Murrumbidgee River near the present-day Pine Island and the valley [8] [9] now occupied by the Tuggeranong district. In 1823 Joseph Wild was employed by Brigade Major John Ovens and Captain Mark Currie to guide them to the Murrumbidgee. They travelled south along the river and named the area now known as Tuggeranong Isabella's Plain in honour of Governor Brisbane's infant daughter. Unable to cross the river near the current site of Tharwa, they continued on to the Monaro Plains.

Charles Bean and his wife, Effie, in the grounds of Tuggeranong Station between 1919 and 1925. CEWBeanandEffieAtTuggeranongHomestead.jpg
Charles Bean and his wife, Effie, in the grounds of Tuggeranong Station between 1919 and 1925.
Aerial view of Lanyon station in 1950 LanyonStationAerialView1950.jpg
Aerial view of Lanyon station in 1950

The last expedition in the region was undertaken by Allan Cunningham in 1824. Cunningham's reports verified that the region was suitable for grazing, and the settlement of the Limestone Plains followed immediately thereafter.

In 1828, the bushranger John Tennant, known as the 'Terror of Argyle', was captured by James Ainslie and a party of others near the Murrumbidgee River in Tuggeranong. Tennant had been a convict assigned to Joshua John Moore at Canberry, a property in the present day inner north Canberra. Mount Tennent, behind Tharwa, is named after the bushranger (note the difference in spelling). [8]

The first authorised settler was James Murdoch. In 1824 he was offered a land grant on a small plain known by the natives as 'Togranong' meaning 'cold plains'. He took up the grant in 1827. Lanyon station was established in 1835 and originally owned by James Wright, his brother William and John Lanyon. Wright bought the property from Lanyon, who had only remained in Australia for three years. In 1838, Wright commenced the building of the homestead, which he named after his partner, Lanyon. The homestead was built with the strength of a fort to withstand the attacks of bushrangers. [10] Wright sold to the Cunningham family in 1847. [11] In 1835 Thomas Macquoid, then Sheriff of the New South Wales Supreme Court, bought Tuggeranong station then known as Waniassa property (sic). The rural depression of 1840 hit hard and Macquoid committed suicide, fearing bankruptcy when he lost a civil suit brought by one William Henry Barnes. [12] [13] His son took over the estate and creditors allowed him to continue to operate it until it was sold by the Macquoid family in 1858 to the Cunningham family, owners of the neighbouring Lanyon property. [14] They renamed Waniassa to Tuggranong. The whole area was part of the Tuggeranong parish in the late nineteenth century. Tuggranong homestead was rebuilt by the Cunningham family in 1908. In 1917 it was resumed by the Commonwealth Government for military purposes. The Cunningham family remained at Lanyon until 1926. Charles Bean, together with his staff, wrote the first two volumes of the twelve volume official history of Australia's involvement in World War I at the homestead from 1919 to 1925. The Tuggeranong property was leased as a grazing property by the McCormack family from 1927 to 1976. [15]

In 1973, the third of the new towns planned for Canberra was inaugurated at Tuggeranong on 21 February. It was originally planned to house between 180,000 to 220,000 people. Planning for the new town had begun in 1969. The first families moved into the suburb of Kambah in 1974. The fifth Canberra fire station opened at Kambah in 1979 to service the new developing satellite city. [16]

Lake Tuggeranong in sepia Lake Tuggeranong sepia.png
Lake Tuggeranong in sepia

Location and urban structure

Tuggeranong Town Centre is located on Lake Tuggeranong Tuggeranong Town Centre.JPG
Tuggeranong Town Centre is located on Lake Tuggeranong

The district is a set of contiguous residential suburbs consolidated around Lake Tuggeranong, in addition to vast pastoral leases that extend south of the suburbs of Banks , Conder and Gordon . The boundaries of the district are constrained by the Murrumbidgee River to the west, the border with the state of New South Wales to the south and east, and pastoral leases that mark the district's boundary to the north, including the remnants of the Tuggeranong Homestead, and to the north-west.

Lake Tuggeranong was created in 1987 by the construction of a dam on a tributary of the Murrumbidgee River. On the edge of the lake are a number of community facilities, including Lake Tuggeranong College, a school catering to years 11 and 12 (16–18 years old); a library, which is part of the ACT Library and Information Services, a community centre, and the Tuggeranong Arts Centre.

The Tuggeranong Town Centre is to the west of the lake. It includes a major shopping centre, known as South.Point; managed, developed and part owned by Vicinity Centres. It is surrounded by offices of the Australian and ACT governments, and a light industrial area.

A further heavy industrial area is located in the suburb of Hume that lies partly in the districts of both Tuggeranong and Jerrabomberra.

Climate

Tuggeranong has a subtropical highland climate (Cfb) that borders on the humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with dry, warm to hot summers and cold winters. Frost is very common in the winter and snowfall occasionally occurs.

Climate data for Tuggeranong
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)43.3
(109.9)
41.1
(106.0)
37.0
(98.6)
31.6
(88.9)
24.5
(76.1)
20.1
(68.2)
18.7
(65.7)
22.5
(72.5)
29.4
(84.9)
32.7
(90.9)
38.7
(101.7)
38.3
(100.9)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F)29.5
(85.1)
28.1
(82.6)
25.3
(77.5)
21.1
(70.0)
16.6
(61.9)
13.1
(55.6)
12.3
(54.1)
14.1
(57.4)
17.6
(63.7)
20.9
(69.6)
24.3
(75.7)
27.1
(80.8)
20.8
(69.4)
Average low °C (°F)14.3
(57.7)
14.2
(57.6)
11.4
(52.5)
6.9
(44.4)
2.5
(36.5)
1.3
(34.3)
0.0
(32.0)
0.9
(33.6)
3.8
(38.8)
6.4
(43.5)
9.8
(49.6)
12.3
(54.1)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F)3.8
(38.8)
3.4
(38.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
−6.1
(21.0)
−8.1
(17.4)
−8.2
(17.2)
−8.4
(16.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.2
(34.2)
−8.4
(16.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)53.5
(2.11)
71.7
(2.82)
51.5
(2.03)
33.5
(1.32)
23.4
(0.92)
54.3
(2.14)
40.9
(1.61)
48.2
(1.90)
60.8
(2.39)
51.5
(2.03)
77.6
(3.06)
68.4
(2.69)
631.3
(24.85)
Average precipitation days7.47.16.86.05.910.311.19.18.68.49.68.398.6
Average relative humidity (%)34393842505756504641393444
Source: [17]

Representation

Tuggeranong is represented by:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2001 census 89,386    
2006 census 87,119−2.5%
2011 census 86,900−0.3%
2016 census 85,154−2.0%
2021 census 89,461+5.1%
[20] [21] [22] [23] [1]

At the 2021 census, there were 89,461 people in the Tuggeranong district, of these 49.2 per cent were male and 50.8 per cent were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.0 per cent of the population, which was lower than the national average, but higher than the territory average. The median age of people in the Tuggeranong district was 38 years, similar to the national median. Children aged 0–14 years made up 19.2 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 15.6 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 49.1 per cent were married and 12.3 per cent were either divorced or separated. [1]

Population growth in the Tuggeranong district between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 0.85 per cent; in the five years to the 2011 census, the population decreased by 0.25 per cent; in the five years to the 2016 census, the population decreased by 2.0 per cent and in the five years to the 2021 census, the population increased by 5.1 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.79, 8.32, 8.81 and 8.64 per cent respectively, population growth in Tuggeranong district was significantly lower than the national average. [20] [21] [22] [1] The median weekly income for residents within the Tuggeranong district was significantly higher than the national average, and slightly lower than the territory average. [1]

At the 2021 census, the proportion of residents in the Tuggeranong district who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 70 per cent of all residents (national average was 62.9 per cent). Meanwhile, at the census date, compared to the national average, households in the Tuggeranong district had a lower than average proportion (18.5 per cent) where a language other than English was spoken (national average was 24.8 per cent); and a higher proportion (81.0 per cent) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 72.0 per cent). [1]

Selected historical census data for the Tuggeranong district
Census year2001 [20] 2006 [21] 2011 [22] 2016 [23] 2021 [1]
PopulationEstimated residents on census night86,38687,11986,90085,15489,461
District rank in terms of size within the Australian Capital Territory1stSteady2.svg 1stDecrease2.svg 2ndSteady2.svg 2ndDecrease2.svg 3rd
Percentage of the Australian Capital Territory population27.9%26.9%24.3%21.4%19.7%
Percentage of the Australian population0.46%Decrease2.svg 0.44%Decrease2.svg 0.40%Decrease2.svg 0.36%Decrease2.svg 0.35%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Australian29.6%26.4%37.1%
English25.6%26.2%36.3%
Irish8.9%9.5%12.3%
Scottish 7.2%7.7%10.8%
German3.3%3.1%4.6%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Arabic 0.7%Increase2.svg 0.9%Increase2.svg 1.0%Increase2.svg 1.2%
Malayalam 1.0%
Vietnamese 0.8%Steady2.svg 0.8%Increase2.svg 0.9%Decrease2.svg 0.8%Steady2.svg 0.8%
Spanish 0.8%Decrease2.svg 0.7%Steady2.svg 0.7%Increase2.svg 0.8%Steady2.svg 0.8%
Mandarin 0.7%Steady2.svg 0.7%
Italian 0.8%Decrease2.svg 0.7%Steady2.svg 0.7%Decrease2.svg 0.6%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
No Religion 16.8%Increase2.svg 20.3%Increase2.svg 25.3%Increase2.svg 32.6%Increase2.svg 41.9%
Catholic 32.3%Decrease2.svg 31.1%Decrease2.svg 30.3%Decrease2.svg 26.7%Decrease2.svg 23.7%
Anglican 19.8%Decrease2.svg 18.5%Decrease2.svg 17.1%Decrease2.svg 13.4%Decrease2.svg 10.4%
Uniting Church 4.2%Decrease2.svg 3.7%Decrease2.svg 3.1%Decrease2.svg 2.4%
Presbyterian and Reformed 3.2%Decrease2.svg 2.9%Decrease2.svg 2.7%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$703A$900A$955A$1,140
Percentage of Australian median income150.9%Increase2.svg 156.0%Decrease2.svg 144.0%Decrease2.svg 141.6%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$1,716A$2,203A$2,340A$2,709
Percentage of Australian median income146.5%Increase2.svg 148.8%Decrease2.svg 134.9%Decrease2.svg 127.8%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1,547A$1,962A$2,051A$2,305
Percentage of Australian median income150.6%Increase2.svg 159.0%Decrease2.svg 142.6%Decrease2.svg 132.0%

List of suburbs

A 1975 map of the proposed suburb names in Tuggeranong shows that many more suburbs were planned, and that the eventual layout of Tuggeranong is very different from what the planners were thinking. It was proposed that residential development would occur west of the Murrumbidgee River, a corridor that is subsequently free of urban development. Suburbs planned (but not built, or had their names changed) were: [24]

Places of note and interest

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Australian Capital Territory</span> Territory of Australia

The Australian Capital Territory, known as the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) until 1938, is a landlocked federal territory of Australia containing the national capital Canberra and some surrounding townships. It is located in southeastern Australian mainland as an enclave completely within the state of New South Wales. Founded after Federation as the seat of government for the new nation, all important institutions of the Australian Government are headquartered in the territory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Canberra</span> Capital city of Australia

Canberra is the capital city of Australia. Founded following the federation of the colonies of Australia as the seat of government for the new nation, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory at the northern tip of the Australian Alps, the country's highest mountain range. As of June 2021, Canberra's estimated population was 453,558.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belconnen</span> Place in Australian Capital Territory

The District of Belconnen is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), used in land administration. The district is subdivided into 27 divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks. The district of Belconnen is largely composed of Canberra suburbs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Canberra</span> Place in Australian Capital Territory

North Canberra, also known as the Inner North, is a district of Canberra, the capital city of Australia, comprising 14 suburbs. At the 2016 census, it had 21,555 dwellings housing 53,002 people of the 397,397 people in the Australian Capital Territory. Many of Canberra's oldest dwellings are in this district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woden Valley</span> Place in Australian Capital Territory

The District of Woden Valley is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory used in land administration. The district is subdivided into divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks. The district of Woden Valley lies entirely within the bounds of the city of Canberra, the capital city of Australia.

Gungahlin Place in Australian Capital Territory

The District of Gungahlin is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory used in land administration. The Gungahlin Region is one of fastest growing regions within Australia. The district is subdivided into divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks. Gungahlin is an Aboriginal word meaning either "white man's house" or "little rocky hill".

The District of Weston Creek is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory used in land administration. The district is subdivided into divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks. The district of Weston Creek lies entirely within the bounds of the city of Canberra, the capital city of Australia. The district comprises eight residential suburbs, situated to the west of the Woden Valley district and approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) southwest of the Canberra City centre. Situated adjacent to the district was the large Stromlo Forest pine plantation until the forest was destroyed by bushfires in 2001 and 2003.

Waramanga is a suburb of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia in the district of Weston Creek.

Lake Tuggeranong Body of water

Lake Tuggeranong, an artificial lake sourced by the confluence of Tuggeranong Creek and stormwater discharge from urban and rural areas, is located in the Tuggeranong district of Canberra, within the Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Bonython, Australian Capital Territory Suburb of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory

Bonython is a suburb of Tuggeranong, a township in southern Canberra, capital city of Australia.

Isabella Plains, Australian Capital Territory Suburb of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory

Isabella Plains is a suburb in the Canberra, Australia district of Tuggeranong. The postcode is 2905. The suburb is indirectly named after Isabella Maria Brisbane (1821–1849), who was the daughter of Sir Thomas Brisbane, the colonial Governor of New South Wales when the area was first explored by white settlers in 1823. Joseph Wild was employed by Brigade Major John Ovens and Captain Mark Currie to guide them to the Murrumbidgee River. They travelled south along the river and named the area now known as Tuggeranong "Isabella's Plain". This name was adopted, with a slight change of spelling, for the name of the new suburb. It was gazetted on 5 August 1975. Streets are named after New South Wales parish names.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kambah, Australian Capital Territory</span> Suburb of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory

Kambah is the northernmost suburb in the district of Tuggeranong, Canberra. It is located just south of Mount Taylor in the Canberra Nature Park. It is located north of the suburbs of Greenway and Wanniassa. It is bounded by Sulwood Drive to the north and Athllon Drive to the south-east.

Tharwa, Australian Capital Territory Town in Australian Capital Territory

Tharwa is a township within the District of Paddys River, Australian Capital Territory, 35 kilometres (22 mi) south of Canberra, the capital city of Australia. At the 2016 census, Tharwa had a population of 81.

The history of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) as a separate administrative division began in 1911, when it was transferred from New South Wales to the Australian federal government. The territory contains Australia's capital city Canberra and various smaller settlements. Until 1989, it also administered the Jervis Bay Territory, a small coastal region.

Tuggeranong Homestead

Tuggeranong Homestead is located in the Australian Capital Territory in the area now covered by the suburb of Richardson. It is a property of historical significance and is listed on the ACT Heritage Register It was owned by a succession of prominent pastoralists over the last century before it was resumed by the Government. Today it is used as a venue for special events, conferences and weddings.

Lanyon Homestead Historic house museum in the Australian Capital Territory

Lanyon is an historic homestead and grazing property located on the southern outskirts of Canberra in the Australian Capital Territory.

The District of Canberra Central is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory used in land administration consisting of both the districts of North Canberra and South Canberra. The district is subdivided into divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks. The district of Canberra Central lies entirely within the bounds of the city of Canberra, the capital city of Australia.

Cuppacumbalong is an historic homestead located near the southern outskirts of Canberra in the Australian Capital Territory. It is also the name of a former 4,000-acre (16 km2) sheep and cattle grazing property that surrounded the homestead near the junction of the Murrumbidgee and Gudgenby Rivers. The word Cuppacumbalong is Aboriginal in origin and means 'meeting of the waters'. One of the property's early owners Leopold Fane De Salis made a noteworthy contribution to political life during colonial times and furthermore, Cuppacumbalong has strong connections to the life of William Farrer, the father of the Australian wheat industry.

Tuggeranong Creek River in Australian Capital Territory, Australia

Tuggeranong Creek, a partly perennial stream of the Murrumbidgee catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the Tuggeranong district of Canberra, within the Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Tharwa Drive is an arterial road, in the southern Australian Capital Territory. The road extends from the Monaro Highway through the Tuggeranong district in Canberra's southern suburbs, connecting with Drakeford Drive before continuing south through the Lanyon Valley and crossing the Murrumbidgee River at the village of Tharwa. Tharwa Drive provides access to the historic Lanyon Homestead, the Murrumbidgee Corridor nature reserve. Restoration of the heritage listed Tharwa Bridge, which carries the road over the Murrumbidgee was completed in 2011, following several years of closures and traffic restrictions.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Tuggeranong (SA3)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 September 2022. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "Districts Ordinance 1966 No. 5 (ACT)" (PDF).
  3. "Our School". Gowrie Primary School. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013.
  4. Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988 (Cth)
  5. Districts Act 1966 (ACT).
  6. Districts Act 2002 (ACT).
  7. "Aboriginal Heritage in the ACT". Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate . ACT Government. 17 March 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  8. 1 2 "Discover our Territory". Canberra & District Historical Society. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  9. Watson, Dr. F (1931). Year Book Australia. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, ABS cat. no. 1301.0. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
  10. "LANYON SOLD". The Canberra Times . National Library of Australia. 10 July 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  11. "Lanyon–107 years young". The Canberra Times . National Library of Australia. 20 April 1966. p. 21. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  12. "SUPREME COURT—TUESDAY". The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser . National Library of Australia. 20 August 1841. p. 2 Edition: MORNING. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  13. "SYDNEY". Colonial Times . Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 2 November 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  14. McDonald, J. Kay (1985). Exploring the ACT and Southeast New South Wales. Sydney: Kangaroo Press. p. 45. ISBN   0-86417-049-1.
  15. "McCormick family". History. Tuggeranong Homestead. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  16. "History". ACT Fire & Rescue . ACT Emergency Services Agency. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  17. "Climate statistics for TUGGERANONG (ISABELLA PLAINS) AWS". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  18. "Home - ACT Legislative Assembly".
  19. "Welcome EL - TCC Home".
  20. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Woden Valley (SSD)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  21. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tuggeranong (SSD)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  22. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tuggeranong (SA3)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  23. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tuggeranong (SA3)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  24. "Proposed Suburb Names in Tuggeranong 1975" (PDF). Archives ACT. ACT Government. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 20 December 2013.