Tula Mountains

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Tula Mountains
Tula Mountains in Enderby Land, Antarctica

Coordinates: 66°54′S51°6′E / 66.900°S 51.100°E / -66.900; 51.100 The Tula Mountains are a group of extensive mountains lying immediately eastward of Amundsen Bay in Enderby Land, Antarctica. They were discovered on January 14, 1930, by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Mawson and named "Tula Range" by him after John Biscoe's brig, the Tula, from which Biscoe discovered Enderby Land in 1831. The term "mountains" was recommended for the group following an ANARE (Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions) sledge survey in 1958 by G.A. Knuckey. [1]

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Named Tula mountains

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Cape Ann is a cape on the coast of East Antarctica, surmounted by Mount Biscoe rising to a peak of 700 metres.

The Scott Mountains are a large number of isolated peaks lying south of Amundsen Bay in Enderby Land of East Antarctica, Antarctica. Discovered on 13 January 1930 by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Sir Douglas Mawson. He named the feature Scott Range after Captain Robert Falcon Scott, Royal Navy. The term mountains is considered more appropriate because of the isolation of its individual features.

Enderby Land Projecting landmass of Antarctica

Enderby Land is a projecting landmass of Antarctica. Its shore extends from Shinnan Glacier at about 67°55′S44°38′E to William Scoresby Bay at 67°24′S59°34′E, approximately 124 of the earth's longitude. It was first documented in western and eastern literature in February 1831 by John Biscoe aboard the whaling brig Tula, and named after the Enderby Brothers of London, the ship's owners who encouraged their captains to combine exploration with sealing.

John Biscoe was an English mariner and explorer who commanded the first expedition known to have sighted the areas named Enderby Land and Graham Land along the coast of Antarctica. The expedition also found a number of islands in the vicinity of Graham Land, including the Biscoe Islands that were named after him.

Mount Bartlett is a mountain 3 nautical miles (6 km) southeast of Mount Storer, in the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. It was plotted from air photos taken from ANARE aircraft in 1956 and 1957. It was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for A.J. Bartlett, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) of 1929–31.

Mount Best is a mountain 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km) southwest of Mount Morrison, in the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. It was plotted from air photos taken from ANARE aircraft in 1956. It was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for F. Best, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) of 1929–31.

The Crosby Nunataks are a set of three nunataks 2 nautical miles (4 km) northeast of Mount Morrison, in the northern part of the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. They were plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956, and named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for W.E. Crosby, a member of the crew of Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, 1929–31.

Mount Degerfeldt is a mountain 3.5 nautical miles (6 km) south of Mount Storer, in the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956 and 1957, and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for Carl Larsson Degerfeldt, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.

Mount Porteus is a mountain just east of Peacock Ridge, in the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. It was plotted from air photos taken from ANARE aircraft in 1956 and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for W.F. Porteus, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) of 1929–31.

Mount Parviainen is a mountain close northeast of Mount Henksen, in the north part of the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. It was plotted from air photos taken from ANARE aircraft in 1956 and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for L. Parviainen, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) of 1929–31.

Gage Ridge is a partially snow-covered ridge, 7 nautical miles (13 km) long, standing 2.5 nautical miles (5 km) west of Mount Selwood in the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land, Antarctica. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956, and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for H.V. Gage, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, 1929–31.

The Gould Nunataks are a small group of nunataks about 18 nautical miles (33 km) southeast of Mount Biscoe in Enderby Land, Antarctica. They were discovered in January 1930 by the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition under Mawson, who named them "Gould Nunatak" in the singular, after Lieutenant Commander R.T. Gould, Royal Navy, of the Hydrographic Department of the Admiralty, who worked on the British Admiralty South Polar Chart. They were plotted as a group by Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions from air photos in 1964, and so renamed in the plural.

Mount Morrison is a mountain 1.5 nautical miles (3 km) northeast of Mount Best, in the Tula Mountains of Enderby Land in Antarctica. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956 and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for Murdo Campbell Morrison, from Lionel, Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.

Mount Hampson is a mountain 1 nautical mile (2 km) north of Mount Rhodes, in the northern part of the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land, Antarctica. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956, and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for R.V. Hampson, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.

Mount Mateer is a mountain 1 nautical mile (2 km) east of Mount Degerfeldt, in the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land, Antarctica. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956 and 1957 and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for N.C. Mateer, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.

Mount Henksen is an elongated mountain with several peaks, standing between Peacock Ridge and Mount Parviainen in the northern part of the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land, Antarctica. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956 and 1957, and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for H. Henksen, a member of the crew of the RRS Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.

Mount Selwood is a mountain 5 nautical miles (9 km) northeast of Pythagoras Peak, in the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. It was plotted from air photos taken from ANARE aircraft in 1956 and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for C.H.V. Selwood, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) of 1929–31.

Mount Rhodes is a mountain between Mount Hampson and Mount Bond, in the north part of the Tula Mountains in Enderby Land. It was plotted from air photos taken from ANARE aircraft in 1956 and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for G.J. Rhodes, a member of the crew of the Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) of 1929–31.

Mount Letten is a mountain 1 nautical mile (2 km) south of Mount Storer, in the Tula Mountains of Enderby Land, Antarctica. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956 and 1957 and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for W.H. Letten, a member of the crew of the RSS Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.

Mount Miller is a mountain 1 nautical mile (2 km) northwest of Pythagoras Peak, in the Tula Mountains of Enderby Land, Antarctica. It was plotted from air photos taken from Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956, and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for J.J. Miller, a member of the crew of the RRS Discovery during the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.

References

  1. "Tula Mountains". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2005-09-29.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from websites or documents ofthe United States Geological Survey .