Tulungagung Regency

Last updated
Tulungagung Regency

Kabupaten Tulungagung
Regency
Other transcription(s)
   Javanese ꦑꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦠꦸꦭꦸꦁꦲꦒꦸꦁ
Tulungagung Lead Image.jpg
Top: Tulungagung Town Square (Indonesian: Alun-Alun Tulungagung), Middle: Agus Salim Road (Indonesian: Jalan Agus Salim), Bottom left: Tulungagung marble craft, Bottom right: Basuki Rahmad Road (Indonesian: Jalan Basuki Rahmad)
Lambang-tulungagung.png
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Marble City
(Indonesian: Kota Marmer)
Motto(s): 
Bersinar (abbreviation: Bersih, Indah, dan Menarik)
(English: Clean, Beautiful, and Interesting)
Locator kabupaten tulungagung.png
Location within East Java
Coordinates: 8°4′0″S111°54′0″E / 8.06667°S 111.90000°E / -8.06667; 111.90000 Coordinates: 8°4′0″S111°54′0″E / 8.06667°S 111.90000°E / -8.06667; 111.90000
CountryFlag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province East Java
CapitalTulungagung
Establishment Date18 November AD 1205
Government
  Type Regency
   Regent Drs. H. Maryoto Birowo, M.M.
Area
  Total1,055.65 km2 (407.59 sq mi)
Elevation
85 m (278.87 ft)
Highest elevation
2,563 m (8,409 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total1,089,775
  Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (Western Indonesia Time)
Website tulungagung.go.id

Tulungagung Regency (pronounced [tuloŋaɡoŋ] ) is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java Province, Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,055.65 km2 and had a population of 990,159 at the 2010 Census [2] and 1,089,775 at the 2020 Census. [3] The administrative headquarters is in the town of Tulungagung.

Contents

Etymology

Previously, Tulungagung was only a small area located surrounding a location where the center of the town is situated now. That area was named Tulungagung, - in Old Javanese language, tulung means help, and agung means Almighty. It based on how it used to flood everywhere and people would pray to God so that it wont flood, and thus formed the name "tulungagung". The larger area are called Ngrowo. Ngrowo was still used as the name of Tulungagung until the 20th century, when the capital city location was moved from Kalangbret to Tulungagung.

History

In 1205 AD, the Thani Lawadan community living in the southern part of Tulungagung received an honor from the last king of Daha, Kertajaya, for their loyalty to the king when there was a siege from the enemy coming from the east of Daha. That honor then was written into an ancient inscription namely Prasasti Lawadan marked as "Sukra Suklapada Mangga Siramasa" which describing the date of November 18, 1205 AD, the date when it was made. That date then officially being used as the establishment date of Tulungagung since 2003.

In Boyolangu Village (Boyolangu district), there is Gayatri Temple, a temple which also a mausoleum for Gayatri (Sri Rajapatni), the fourth wife of the first Majapahit King, Raden Wijaya (Kertarajasa Jayawardhana), who also the mother of the third Majapahit Queen, Sri Gitarja (Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi). Sri Rajapatni was the grandmother of the greatest Majapahit Emperor, Hayam Wuruk (Rajasanegara), who ruled Majapahit in its golden period with the support of his prime minister Gadjah Mada. The name of Boyolangu is shown in Nagarakertagama as a sacred place for Gayatri.

Geography

Tulungagung Regency is located 154 km (96 mi) southwest of Surabaya, the capital city of East Java Province. The other regencies and areas surrounding Tulungagung Regency are:

Topographically, Tulungagung Regency is located 85 m (279 ft) above the sea level. The northwest part of the regency is a portion of the Wilis-Liman mountain range; the central part is lowland; the southern part is a portion of the rocky Kapur Kidul mountain range which is also an enormous source of marble. In the northwest part of Tulungagung Regency, specifically in Sendang District, there is Mount Wilis (2,563 m or 8,409 ft), the highest point in Tulungagung Regency. In the capital of Tulungagung, there is the Ngrowo River, a tributary of the Brantas River, and it divides the capital of Tulungagung into northern and southern parts.

Administrative districts

Tulungagung Regency is divided into nineteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their population totals from the 2010 Census [4] and the 2020 Census. [5] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal codes.

NameArea
in km2
Population
Census
2010 [6]
Population
Census
2020 [7]
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Besuki (a)82.1633,90038,1001066275
Bandung 41.9642,21647,7601866274
Pakel36.0647,87353,1701966273
Campurdarat39.5653,75557,430966272
Tanggunggunung117.7323,34325,790766283
Kalidawir97.8163,54174,3101766281
Pucanglaban82.9421,88325,810966284
Rejotangan66.4970,26280,4401666293
Ngunut37.7074,94982,6101866292
Sumbergempol39.2863,76171,1601766291
Boyolangu38.4476,49983,2801766231
-66235
Tulungagung13.6765,12365,9501466212
-66219
Kedungwaru29.7485,38994,4301966221
-66229
Ngantru37.0352,27657,3301366252
Karangrejo35.5439,03843,4401366253
Kauman30.8449,08751,7801366261
Gondang44.0253,99958,6702066263
Pagerwojo88.2230,01831,4001166262
Sendang96.4643,24646,9101166254
Totals - Regency1,055.65990,1581,089,775271

Notes: (a) including 19 small offshore islands.

Climate

Tulungagung has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) with moderate to little rainfall from May to October and heavy rainfall from November to April.

Climate data for Tulungagung
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.5
(85.1)
29.6
(85.3)
29.8
(85.6)
30.5
(86.9)
30.5
(86.9)
30.6
(87.1)
30.5
(86.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.8
(89.2)
31.8
(89.2)
30.9
(87.6)
30.0
(86.0)
30.5
(87.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
26.0
(78.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
25.8
(78.4)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(78.0)
Average low °C (°F)21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
20.8
(69.4)
19.9
(67.8)
19.1
(66.4)
19.0
(66.2)
19.8
(67.6)
20.5
(68.9)
21.0
(69.8)
21.3
(70.3)
20.6
(69.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches)280
(11.0)
265
(10.4)
246
(9.7)
184
(7.2)
111
(4.4)
65
(2.6)
53
(2.1)
19
(0.7)
24
(0.9)
76
(3.0)
153
(6.0)
241
(9.5)
1,717
(67.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org [8]


The Tulungagung government is led by Syahri Mulyo as the regent and Maryoto Birowo as the vice-regent since 2013.

Industries

Tulungagung is a major producer of marble slabs and marble handicraft product. It is the largest marble supply regencies in the southern part of East Java. In 1995, Tulungagung contributed over 33,800 M2 of marble through 2 companies. [9] Today, we can visit many home-based marble craft workshops in Campurdarat Subdistrict. Many of these small shops support local artisans and the local economy. Beside marble craft workshops, tourists can find small and medium enterprises that focus on manufacturing housewares such as door mats and brooms made of natural coconut husks, recycled fabrics or other natural materials in Plosokandang district. Furthermore, hand-painted batik and ready-to-wear batik sewing workshops can be found scattered in some parts of the city. In Ngunut Subdistrict travelers can find knapsack, belt, and traditional fried snack industries. Some of the popular snacks are kacang Shanghai (individual peanut rolled in garlic-seasoned flour batter and slow-roasted on pan), kacang telor (individual peanut rolled in spice-seasoned egg flour batter, slow-roasted on pan).

Related Research Articles

Serang Regency Regency in Banten, Indonesia

Serang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is located in the northwest corner of the island of Java. The administrative center of the regency is at Baros, while the capital of the province is the independent municipality of Serang which was split off the regency in 2007.

Jombang Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Jombang Regency is a regency of East Java, Indonesia, situated to the southwest of Surabaya. The capital of the regency is the town of Jombang. The regency has an area of 1,159.48 km² and population of 1,202,407 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,263,814. It became a regency in 1910.

Kudus Regency Regency in Central Java, Indonesia

Kudus is a regency in Central Java province in Indonesia. Its capital is Kudus. It covers 425.16 km2 and is thus the smallest regency on Java Island in area, and it had a population of 777,437 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 871,311. It is located east of Semarang, capital of Central Java.

Madiun City in East Java, Indonesia

Madiun is a city in the western part of East Java, Indonesia, known for its agricultural center. It was formerly the capital of the Madiun Regency, but is now administratively separated from the regency.

Wonogiri Regency Regency in Central Java, Indonesia

Wonogiri Regency is a regency in the southeastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,822.36 km2, and its population according to the 2010 Census was 928,904; the latest official estimate is 957,106.

Bangkalan Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Bangkalan Regency is a regency of East Java province in Indonesia. The seat of its government is Bangkalan. The regency is located on the west side of Madura Island, bordering with Sampang Regency to the east, Java Sea to the north and Madura Strait to the west and the south sides. It covers an area of 1,260.14 km2, and had a population of 906,761 at the 2010 Census and reached 1,060,377 at the 2020 Census.

Lamongan Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Lamongan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia. It has a total land area of approximately 1,812.8 km2 (699.9 sq mi) or + 3.78% of the area of East Java Province. With a length of 47 km along the coastline, the sea area of Lamongan Regency is about 902.4 km2, if calculated to a distance of 12 miles across the ocean surface. At the 2010 Census it had a population of 1,179,059; the 2020 Census produced a total of 1,379,628. The administrative centre is the town of Lamongan.

Magetan Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Magetan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java Province, Indonesia. It is an inland regency, and lies in the west of the province, adjoining Central Java Province. It covers an area of 668.84 km2 and had a population of 620,442 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 695,366. The administrative headquarters is in the town of Magetan.

Pamekasan Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Pamekasan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of the province of East Java, Indonesia. It is located on Madura Island approximately 120 km east of Surabaya, the provincial capital.

Sampang Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Sampang Regency is a regency of East Java province, Indonesia. It is situated on Madura Island, bordering on Pamekasan Regency to the east, the Java Sea to the north, Bangkalan Regency to the west and Madura Strait to the south. It covers an area of 1,233.3 km2, and had a population at the 2010 census of 877,772 and at the 2020 Census of 969,694. The administrative centre is the port of Sampang, on the south coast of Madura.

Sumenep Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Sumenep Regency is a regency of the East Java province, Indonesia. It has an area of 2,093.59 km² and a population of 1,042,312 inhabitants according to the 2010 Census ; the 2020 Census resulted in a total of 1,124,436. The regency occupies the eastern end of Madura island and also includes numerous islands to the east, the north, and the south of Madura. It is bordered by the Pamekasan Regency to the west, Madura Strait to the south, and the Java Sea to the north and east. Its administrative capital is Sumenep. The airport nearby is Trunojoyo Airport with flights to Surabaya.

Trenggalek Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Trenggalek Regency is a regency (kabupaten) in East Java, Indonesia.

Indramayu Regency Regency in West Java, Indonesia

Indramayu Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java province of Indonesia. It covers an area of 2,099.42 km2, and had a population of 1,663,737 at the 2010 Census and 1,834,434 at the 2020 Census. The town of Indramayu is its capital.

Purwakarta Regency Place in West Java, Indonesia

Purwakarta Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. The town of Purwakarta is its capital.

Kediri (city) City in East Java, Indonesia

Kediri is an Indonesian city, located near the Brantas River in the province of East Java on the island of Java. It covers an area of 63.40 km2 and had a population of 268,950 at the 2010 Census and 286,796 at the 2020 Census. It is one of two 'Daerah Tingkat II' that have the name 'Kediri'. The city is administratively separated from the Regency, of which it was formerly the capital.

Purbalingga Regency Regency in Central Java, Indonesia

Purbalingga Regency is an inland regency in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. Purbalingga Regency has an area of 777.64 km² and population of 848,952 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,003,246, comprising 508,036 male and 495,210 female inhabitants. The administrative capital is the town of Purbalingga.

Rembang Regency

Rembang Regency is a regency on the extreme northeast coast of Central Java Province, on the island of Java in Indonesia. The regency covers an area of 1,035.70 km2 on Java. Its capital city is Rembang.

Kediri Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Kediri Regency is a regency (kabupaten) located in East Java province, Indonesia. It is one of two 'Daerah Tingkat II' that has the name 'Kediri'. It covers an area of 1,523.92 km2 and had a population of 1,499,768 as of the 2010 Census and 1,635,294 at the 2020 Census, comprising 825,867 males and 809,427 females.

Tuban Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Tuban Regency is a regency in East Java province of Indonesia. The Dutch name of the regency is 'Toeban'. It covers an area of 1,839.94 sq. km, and had a population of 1,118,464 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,298,302. The administrative centre is the town of Tuban. The regency is located in a strategic area, on the border of East Java with Central Java, passed by the main highway along the north coast of Java (Pantura). In ancient times, Tuban was the main port of Majapahit and was a center of Islamic spreading by Walisongo.

Madiun Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Madiun Regency is a Regency in East Java province, Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,037.58 km2, and had a population of 662,278 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 681,394. It is bordered by Bojonegoro Regency in the north, Nganjuk Regency in the east, Ponorogo Regency in the south, and Magetan Regency and Ngawi Regency in the west, while the city of Madiun is an enclave within the regency.

References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. "Climate: Tulungagung". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  9. Data Consult, Investment Coordinating Board. "Marble Industry Still Attractive to Investors due to the Availability of Basic Materials". The Free Library. The Free Library. Retrieved 8 April 2014.

Official Web sites

Other Web sites