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Tunceli in Munzur valley
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Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 39°06′N39°33′E / 39.100°N 39.550°E / 39.100; 39.550 Coordinates: 39°06′N39°33′E / 39.100°N 39.550°E / 39.100; 39.550
Country Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Province Tunceli Province
   Mayor Fatih Mehmet Maçoğlu (TKP)
  District881.76 km2 (340.45 sq mi)
940 m (3,085 ft)
 (2012) [2]
  District density41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s) 0428
Licence plate 62
Website http://www.tunceli.bel.tr

Dersim (alternatively: Dêsim) or Tunceli (until 2019) is a city in Turkey. It is the capital of Tunceli Province, located in the middle of Eastern Anatolia Region.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Tunceli Province Province of Turkey in Central East Anatolia

Tunceli Province, formerly Dersim Province, is located in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Its population mostly consists of Alevi Kurds. The province was originally named Dersim Province, then demoted to a district and incorporated into Elâzığ Province in 1926. It was finally changed to Tunceli Province on January 4, 1936 by the "Law on Administration of the Tunceli Province", no. 2884 of 25 December 1935, but some still call the region by its original name. The name of the provincial capital, Kalan, was then officially changed to Tunceli to match the province's name.

Eastern Anatolia Region Region of Turkey

The Eastern Anatolia Region is a geographical region of Turkey.



Tunceli means the land (eli) of bronze (tunç) in Turkish, while the old name for province “Dersim” (or Dêsim) means silver (sim) door (der) in Persian.


Tunceli at 39°06′N39°33′E / 39.100°N 39.550°E / 39.100; 39.550 is situated just to the north of the intersection point of two rivers, Munzur and Pülümür, both flowing to south. The city is founded in the valley of Munzur which is known for its picturesque appearance. It is surrounded by high mountains called Munzur mountains. The city has a limited means of transport to other cities. The population of the city is 32815 as of 2011. [3] It is one of the least populated province centers of Turkey.


During the Ottoman Empire, Tunceli (then known as Kalan) was a part of the region named Dersim. In 1847 Dersim was declared a sanjak (a historical administrative unit smaller than the province). The capital of the sanjak was Hozat. During the Republican period Tunceli Province was established in 1935. In 1946 the former town of Kalan was renamed as Tunceli and it was declared as the capital city of the province. [4]

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known to its inhabitants and the Eastern world as Rome (Rûm), and known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Sanjaks were administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire. Sanjak, and the variant spellings sandjak, sanjaq, and sinjaq, are English transliterations of the Turkish word sancak, meaning district,banner, or flag. Sanjaks were also called by the Arabic word for banner or flag: لواء liwa.

Hozat Place in Tunceli, Turkey

Hozat is a small city and its surrounding district in Tunceli Province of Turkey. It has a population of 4,714. The mayor is Celaleddin Polat (CHP).

As a result of the Turkish campaign of "Turkisation" Tunceli became a main target of Turkish officials after the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Tunceli played a role in the Dersim rebellion.

Turkification Cultural shift whereby populations or states adopted a historical Turkic culture

Turkification, or Turkicization, is a cultural shift whereby populations or states adopted a historical Turkic culture, such as in the Ottoman Empire. As the Turkic states developed and grew, there were many instances of this cultural shift.

Dersim rebellion Kurdish abd Zaza uprising against the Turkish government in Dersim, eastern Turkey

The Dersim rebellion was a Kurdish Zaza uprising against the Turkish government in the Dersim region of eastern Turkey, which includes parts of Tunceli Province, Elazığ Province, and Bingöl Province. The rebellion was led by Seyid Riza, an Alevi Kurdish chieftain of the Yukarı Abbas Uşağı tribe. As a result of the Turkish military campaign in 1937 and 1938 against the rebellion, thousands of Alevi Kurds Zazas died and many others were internally displaced due to the conflict.

Tunceli is famous for excellent rankings in National Education statistics. [5]


In the Municipal Elections of March 2019, Fatih Mehmet Maçoğlu was elected Mayor. He is the first mayor of Dersim from the Communist Party of Turkey.

In May 2019 the Municipal Council decided to use the city`s historic name Dersim and also to offer municipal services in the Kurdish languages Zazaki and Kurmanji. 4 Members of the newly elected municipal council had their certificates revoked in May 2019 for having been dismissed from public office in the past. [6]


The main economic activity is animal breeding. Wheat is the only notable agricultural product. There are chromium salt and marble deposits. But only salt is produced. There are a few factories based on agriculture. [7]


Tunceli has a dry-summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsa) with very hot, dry summers and freezing cold, snowy winters.

Climate data for Tunceli (1960-2012)
Record high °C (°F)14.2
Average high °C (°F)2.7
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.0
Average low °C (°F)−5.8
Record low °C (°F)−30.3
Average precipitation mm (inches)127.2
Average precipitation days11.912.113.013.812.
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105.4112.0167.4192.0279.0336.0368.9350.3291.0213.9150.093.02,658.9
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [8]

See also


  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. "Turkish statistical Institute". Archived from the original on 2014-10-12.
  4. Tunceli governor's page on history Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine ‹See Tfd› (in Turkish)
  5. http://www.cnnturk.com/turkiye/egitim-siralamasinda-tunceli-birinci
  6. Kurdistan24. "Kurdish city returns to original name 'Dersim,' attracts Turkish ire". Kurdistan24. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  7. "TUNCELİ - Ekonomik Faaliyetler". www.cografya.gen.tr.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2011-03-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

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