Tuolumne County, California

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Coordinates: 38°01′N119°56′W / 38.02°N 119.94°W / 38.02; -119.94

Contents

Tuolumne County, California
County of Tuolumne
2009-0724-CA-TuolumneCtyCt.jpg
Columbia California.jpg
Tuolumne Meadows Sunset.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: the Old Tuolumne County Courthouse in Sonora, a shop in Columbia State Historic Park, Tuolumne Meadows in Yosemite National Park
Flag of Tuolumne County, California.svg
Seal of Tuolumne County, California.png
Tuolumne County, California
Interactive map of Tuolumne County
Map of California highlighting Tuolumne County.svg
Location in the state of California
Country United States
State California
Regions Sierra Nevada, Gold Country
Incorporated February 15, 1850 [1]
County seat Sonora
Largest citySonora
Government
  Type Council–Administrator
  BodyBoard of Supervisors
  ChairDaniel Anaiah Kirk
  Vice ChairKathleen Haff
  Board of Supervisors [2]
Supervisors
  • David Goldemberg
  • Ryan Campbell
  • Daniel Anaiah Kirk
  • Kathleen Haff
  • Jaron Brandon
  County AdministratorTracie Riggs [3]
Area
  Total2,274 sq mi (5,890 km2)
  Land2,221 sq mi (5,750 km2)
  Water54 sq mi (140 km2)
Population
  Total55,620
  Density24/sq mi (9.4/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Website www.co.tuolumne.ca.us
Very fine old crystalline-gold specimen, most likely from Tuolumne County. Sold in the 1950s for $65; more recently for $12,500. Published twice. Gold-rar09-mf07a.jpg
Very fine old crystalline-gold specimen, most likely from Tuolumne County. Sold in the 1950s for $65; more recently for $12,500. Published twice.

Tuolumne County ( /tuˈɒləmi/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )), officially the County of Tuolumne, is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 55,620. [6] The county seat and only incorporated city is Sonora. [7]

Tuolumne County comprises the Sonora, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county is in the Sierra Nevada region.

City of Sonora in Tuolumne County California City of Sonora in Tuolumne County.jpg
City of Sonora in Tuolumne County California

The northern half of Yosemite National Park is located in the eastern part of the county.

Etymology

The name Tuolumne is of Native American origin and has been given different meanings, such as Many Stone Houses, The Land of Mountain Lions, and Straight Up Steep, the latter an interpretation of William Fuller, a native Chief. [8] Mariano Vallejo, in his report to the first California State Legislature, said that the word is "a corruption of the Native American word talmalamne which signifies 'cluster of stone wigwams.'" [9] The name may mean "people who dwell in stone houses," i.e., in caves.

History

Tuolumne County Boundaries

One of California's original 27 counties, Tuolumne was organized in 1850.

Prior to the official naming of counties by the state, Tuolumne was sometimes referred to as Oro County. [10]

The original lines of Tuolumne County were not long established. In 1854 and 1855 the portion of Tuolumne County that extended west into the San Joaquin Valley was reorganized as Stanislaus County. In 1864 a number of the original counties including Tuolumne contributed lands that would lead to the establishment of Alpine County to the northeast. With the State's Adoption of the Political Code in 1872 the current boundaries of Tuolumne County were largely established as shown in the maps below.

Tuolumne map.jpg
Tuolumne County 1935 Map.jpg

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,274 square miles (5,890 km2), of which 2,221 square miles (5,750 km2) is land and 54 square miles (140 km2) (2.4%) is water. [11] A California Department of Forestry document reports Tuolumne County's 1,030,812 acres (4,171.55 km2) include federal lands such as Yosemite National Park, Stanislaus National Forest, Bureau of Land Management lands, and Indian reservations. Notable landforms in the county include Table Mountain.

Special Districts

Special districts in Tuolumne County include:

Adjacent counties

Geographical features

Environmental
Valleys

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Tuolumne County Transit bus routes radiate from Sonora to serve most of the county. In Columbia, a connection can be made to Calaveras County Transit. There is no public transportation into or out of Tuolumne County that connects to any of the closest metropolitan areas.

Yosemite Area Regional Transportation System (YARTS) makes a single daily round trip from Sonora into Yosemite Valley during the summer months.

Airports

Columbia Airport and Pine Mountain Lake Airport are both general aviation airports located in the Southwest and Northeast corners of the county respectively.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 8,351
1860 16,22994.3%
1870 8,150−49.8%
1880 7,848−3.7%
1890 6,082−22.5%
1900 11,16683.6%
1910 9,979−10.6%
1920 7,768−22.2%
1930 9,27119.3%
1940 10,88717.4%
1950 12,58415.6%
1960 14,40414.5%
1970 22,16953.9%
1980 33,92853.0%
1990 48,45642.8%
2000 54,50112.5%
2010 55,3651.6%
2020 55,6200.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]
1790-1960 [17] 1900-1990 [18]
1990-2000 [19] 2010 [20] 2020 [21]

2020 census

Tuolumne County, California - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [20] Pop 2020 [21] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)45,32542,25481.87%75.97%
Black or African American alone (NH)1,1149892.01%1.78%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)8307841.50%1.41%
Asian alone (NH)5307700.96%1.38%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)621100.11%0.20%
Some Other Race alone (NH)2303130.42%0.56%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)1,3563,2762.45%5.89%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)5,9187,12410.69%12.81%
Total55,36555,620100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010 Census

The 2010 United States Census reported that Tuolumne County had a population of 55,365. The racial makeup of Tuolumne County was 48,274 (87.2%) White, 1,143 (2.1%) African American, 1,039 (1.9%) Native American, 572 (1.0%) Asian, 76 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 2,238 (4.0%) from other races, and 2,023 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,918 persons (10.7%). [28]

2000

As of the census [29] of 2000, there were 54,501 people, 21,004 households, and 14,240 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km2 (24/mi2). There were 28,336 housing units at an average density of 5/km2 (13/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.5% White, 2.1% Black or African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. 8.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.7% spoke English and 3.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,004 households, out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 20.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 111.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,725, and the median income for a family was $44,327. Males had a median income of $35,373 versus $25,805 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,015. About 8.1% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government and policing

The Government of Tuolumne County is established and defined by the California Constitution and is a five-member elected Board Of Supervisors who serve four year elected terms. The government provides services such as elections and voter registration, law enforcement, jails, vital records, property records, tax collection, public health, and social services. The Board is government for all unincorporated areas. Sonora is the only incorporated city in Tuolumne County.

Sheriff

The Tuolumne County Sheriff provides court protection, jail administration, and coroner services for the entire county. It provides patrol and detective services for the unincorporated areas of the county.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Tuolumne county tends to vote Republican in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win the county was Bill Clinton in 1992. In the 2008 presidential election, 14,988 votes were counted for John McCain with former president Barack Obama receiving 11,532 votes. [31]

United States presidential election results for Tuolumne County, California [32]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 17,68958.17%11,97839.39%7412.44%
2016 14,55156.20%9,12335.23%2,2198.57%
2012 13,88056.06%9,99840.38%8803.55%
2008 14,98854.90%11,53242.24%7832.87%
2004 15,74560.02%10,10438.51%3861.47%
2000 13,17255.51%9,35939.44%1,1965.04%
1996 10,38647.27%8,95040.73%2,63612.00%
1992 8,52535.26%9,21638.12%6,43726.62%
1988 10,64654.00%8,71744.22%3521.79%
1984 10,48558.09%7,28340.35%2831.57%
1980 8,81054.85%5,44933.92%1,80411.23%
1976 6,10446.94%6,49249.93%4073.13%
1972 5,89454.29%4,59642.34%3663.37%
1968 4,33047.48%3,91342.91%8769.61%
1964 2,86136.59%4,93963.16%200.26%
1960 3,69149.11%3,78150.31%440.59%
1956 3,61952.12%3,31047.67%140.20%
1952 4,05059.18%2,73539.96%590.86%
1948 2,63948.21%2,56146.78%2745.01%
1944 1,86441.77%2,56657.51%320.72%
1940 2,00435.63%3,54162.96%791.40%
1936 1,19926.40%3,30372.72%400.88%
1932 1,14530.18%2,52166.45%1283.37%
1928 1,73154.80%1,36043.05%682.15%
1924 1,28743.03%35711.94%1,34745.04%
1920 1,28559.38%65930.45%22010.17%
1916 1,05736.17%1,58454.21%2819.62%
1912 80.30%1,45955.58%1,15844.11%
1908 94344.40%87841.34%30314.27%
1904 1,28048.76%1,00638.32%33912.91%
1900 1,30945.09%1,53052.70%642.20%
1896 83438.06%1,30859.70%492.24%
1892 73940.56%91650.27%1679.17%

Tuolumne County is in California's 4th congressional district , represented by Democrat Mike Thompson. [33] In the state legislature Tuolumne is in the 5th Assembly district, which is held by Republican Frank Bigelow, and the 8th Senate district, which is held by Republican Andreas Borgeas.

Communities

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Tuolumne County. [34]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 Sonora City4,610
2 Phoenix Lake CDP4,269
3 Jamestown CDP3,433
4 Mono Vista CDP3,127
5 Pine Mountain Lake CDP2,796
6 Columbia CDP2,297
7 East Sonora CDP2,266
8 Twain Harte CDP2,226
9 Soulsbyville CDP2,215
10 Tuolumne City CDP1,779
11 Cedar Ridge CDP1,132
12 Mi-Wuk Village CDP941
13 Tuttletown CDP668
14 Groveland CDP601
15 Sierra Village CDP456
16 Tuolumne Rancheria [35] AIAN 185
17 Cold Springs CDP181
18 Long Barn CDP155
19 Chinese Camp CDP126
20 Strawberry CDP126
21 Chicken Ranch Rancheria [36] AIAN91

See also

Explanatory notes

  1. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pine Mountain Lake, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Groveland, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

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References

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Further reading