Tupou VI

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ʻAhoʻeitu Tupou VI
Ulukalala Lavaka Ata.jpg
King of Tonga
Reign18 March 2012 – present
Coronation 4 July 2015 [1]
Predecessor George Tupou V
Heir apparent Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala
Prime Ministers
Prime Minister of Tonga
Term3 January 2000 – 11 February 2006
Predecessor Baron Vaea
Successor Feleti Sevele
Monarch Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
Born (1959-07-12) 12 July 1959 (age 60)
Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tonga
Spouse
Nanasipauʻu Vaea (m. 1982)
Issue Princess Lātūfuipeka Tukuʻaho
Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala
Prince Ata
Full name
ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho
House Tupou
Father Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
Mother Halaevalu Mataʻaho ʻAhomeʻe

ʻAhoʻeitu Tupou VI (Tongan: ‘Aho‘eitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho; born 12 July 1959) is the King of Tonga. He is the younger brother and successor of the late King George Tupou V. He was officially confirmed by his brother on 27 September 2006 as the heir presumptive to the Throne of Tonga, as his brother (a bachelor) had no legitimate children. [2] He served as Tonga's High Commissioner to Australia, and resided in Canberra [3] [4] until the death of King George Tupou V on 18 March 2012, when ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho became King of Tonga, with the regnal name ʻAhoʻeitu Tupou VI. [5]

Tongan is an Austronesian language of the Polynesian branch spoken in Tonga. It has around 180,000 speakers and is a national language of Tonga. It is a VSO (verb–subject–object) language.

George Tupou V King of Tonga

George Tupou V was the King of Tonga from the death of his father Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV in 2006 until his own death six years later.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Contents

Life

He was born in Nukuʻalofa, Tonga, the third son and youngest child of King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV.[ citation needed ] He was educated at The Leys School, Cambridge, from 1973–77.[ citation needed ] He then attended the University of East Anglia, where he read Development Studies, from 1977 to 1980. [6] He started his career in the military, joining the naval arm of the Tonga Defence Services in 1982 and becoming a Lieutenant-Commander in 1987. He graduated from the US Naval War College as part of Class 33 in 1988. From 1990 to 1995 he commanded the Pacific-class patrol boat VOEA Pangai and his time in charge included peacekeeping operations in Bougainville. He graduated with a masters in Defence Studies from the University of New South Wales in 1997 and with an MA in International Relations from Bond University in 1999.[ citation needed ]

The Leys School Co-educational independent school in Cambridge, UK

The Leys School is a co-educational independent school in Cambridge, England. It is a day and boarding school for about 574 pupils between the ages of eleven and eighteen, and a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.

Cambridge City and non-metropolitan district in England

Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867 including 24,506 students. Cambridge became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, and there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age. The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not officially conferred until 1951.

In 1998 he ended his military career to become part of the government, first as the defence minister and the foreign minister at the same time, from October 1998 until August 2004. He took over these posts from his elder brother Tupoutoʻa, at that time still the crown prince, later to become King Siaosi Tupou V (see below). Soon he was appointed as Prime Minister on 3 January 2000, a function he kept until his sudden resignation on 11 February 2006. Its reason has never been made clear, but was probably due to the unrest from a series of pro-democracy protests calling since mid-2005 for a lesser role for the royal family in government. His appointed successor, Feleti Sevele, was Tonga's first prime minister who was not a hereditary estate holder or a member of the 33 noble families that make up the Tongan aristocracy. In 2008 ʻAhoʻeitu was appointed Tonga's first High Commissioner to Australia, a post he held until his succession to the Tongan throne in 2012. [7] In addition, he was also Ambassador to Japan from 15 January 2010 to his coronation in 2012. [8] In 2013 he was appointed as Chancellor of the University of the South Pacific. [9]

Defence minister minister in charge of defence affairs of a state

The title Defense Minister, Minister for Defense, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defense, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states. The role of a defence minister varies considerably from country to country; in some the minister is only in charge of general budget matters and procurement of equipment; while in others the minister is also, in addition, an integral part of the operational military chain of command.

A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.

Feleti Sevele Prime Minister of Tonga

Feleti Vakaʻuta Sevele, Lord Sevele of Vailahi was the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tonga from 30 March 2006 to 22 December 2010.

Marriage and family

Tupouto`a-Lavaka (centre) in a mourning dress for his recently deceased father, king Taufa`ahau Tupou IV in 2006. He is flanked by his two sons, the new chiefs `Ulukalala (left) and Ata (right) Tonga princes.jpg
Tupoutoʻa-Lavaka (centre) in a mourning dress for his recently deceased father, king Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV in 2006. He is flanked by his two sons, the new chiefs ʻUlukālala (left) and Ata (right)

ʻAhoʻeitu is married to a daughter of the high chief Vaea, Nanasipauʻu Tukuʻaho (his second cousin) and the couple have three children and two grandchildren:[ citation needed ]

Baron Vaea Tonga statesman

Siaosi Tuʻihala ʻAlipate Vaea Tupou, who was more commonly known as Baron Vaea, was a Prime Minister of Tonga. Vaea was a nephew of Queen Sālote, who ruled Tonga from 1918 until 1965, and a member of the Tongan nobility. His career in the Tongan government spanned 54 years.

Nanasipauʻu Tukuʻaho Queen consort of Tonga

Nanasipauʻu Tukuʻaho, is the Queen consort of Tonga as the wife of Tupou VI, who ascended the throne in 2012.

Princess Lātūfuipeka Tukuʻaho Tongan princess

Princess Lātūfuipeka is a Tongan royal and a member of the House of Tupou. Sole daughter of Tupou VI, King of Tonga, Princess Lātūfuipeka became the High Commissioner of Tonga to Australia on 22 August 2012, after her father – High Commissioner until then – succeeded as the King of Tonga.

Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala Tongan Crown prince

Siaosi Manumataongo ʻAlaivahamamaʻo ʻAhoʻeitu Konstantin Tukuʻaho is the crown prince of Tonga. Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala became heir apparent to the throne in March 2012 upon the accession of his father, Tupou VI, as King of Tonga.

Nukuʻalofa Place in Tongatapu, Tonga

Nukuʻalofa is the capital of Tonga. It is located on the north coast of the island of Tongatapu, in the southernmost island group of Tonga.

Tongan royal family
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg

Since his confirmation as heir presumptive, he got the traditional title of Tupoutoʻa, reserved for crown princes, which his older brother (the second) had to give up because he married a commoner, while two of his previous titles went to his sons. As such he was until his accession to the throne known as Tupoutoʻa Lavaka. His elder son, Siaosi, (George) is to be addressed by the prestigious title of ʻUlukālala of Fangatongo, while his second son, Viliami, (William) was bestowed with ʻAta of Hihifo.[ citation needed ]

Coronation

King Tupou VI after his coronation ceremony in Nuku'alofa on 4 July 2015 Kingtupou.jpg
King Tupou VI after his coronation ceremony in Nuku'alofa on 4 July 2015

King Tupou VI and Queen Nanasipau’u were crowned in a ceremony conducted at Centenary Church in Nuku'alofa on 4 July 2015 by Reverend D'Arcy Wood, a retired Uniting Church in Australia minister who was born in Tonga. He was assisted by Reverend Dr. ‘Ahio and Reverend Dr. Tevita Havea, the president and the secretary general of the Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga. [11] The celebrations included many international invited guests, and an estimated 15,000 people, mostly expatriate Tongans, flew in to join the celebrations.[ citation needed ]

During the ceremony, Tupou VI was anointed with holy oil, adorned with a ring, and presented with a sceptre. The crown was then placed on his head by Wood, who performed the anointing and crowning as a matter of circumventing the taboo on native Tongans touching the King's head. The celebrations ran for a total of eleven days, beginning a week before the ceremony. [12]

Name and titles

Styles of
King Tupou VI of Tonga
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken styleYour Majesty
Alternative styleSir

It is customary in Tongan culture that princes get a traditional chiefly title, by which they then are commonly known. As such for many years, until his confirmation as Heir Presumptive, ʻAhoʻeitu was known by either one or all three of the titles which were bestowed on him over the time: Lavaka from Pea, ʻAta from Kolovai and ʻAtatā, and ʻUlukālala from Fangatongo. These titles may be used in any order, (the one belonging to the area from which the speaker is coming usually first). Nevertheless, the sequences Lavaka Ata ʻUlukālala and ʻUlukālala Lavaka Ata were most common.[ citation needed ]

Honours

Royal monogram of Tupou VI Royal Monogram of King Tupou VI of Tonga.svg
Royal monogram of Tupou VI

National

Decorations

Ancestry

See also

Related Research Articles

Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV King of Tonga

Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV, son of Queen Sālote Tupou III and her consort Prince Viliami Tungī Mailefihi, was the king of Tonga from the death of his mother in 1965 until his own death in 2006.

Sonatane Tu'akinamolahi Taumopeau Tupou, Lord Taumoepeau-Tupou of Toula and Kotu was a diplomat from the Kingdom of Tonga. Lord Taumoepeau-Tupou had been the Foreign Minister of Tonga since 24 August 2004, though his appointment was not announced until 2 September 2004. He had also been Minister of Defense since April 2005 till his death.

Fīnau ʻUlukālala was a dynasty of six important hereditary chiefs from Vavaʻu, currently in the kingdom of Tonga. Started somewhere in the 18th century, died out in 1960. His original estate was Tuʻanuku, and his nickname and that of the village is Tavakefaiʻana.

The order of succession to the throne of Tonga is laid down in the 1875 constitution. The crown descends according to male-preference cognatic primogeniture. Only legitimate descendants through legitimate line of King George Tupou I's son and grandson, Crown Prince Tēvita ʻUnga and Prince ʻUelingatoni Ngū, are entitled to succeed. A person loses his or her right of succession and deprives his or her descendants of their right of succession if he or she marries without the monarch's permission.

The Tuʻipelehake is the second highest ranking chiefly title in Tonga. In the absence of the ancient Tuʻi Faleua title, the Tuʻipelehake title is second in rank after the King's title, Tu'i Kanokupolu. There have been several holders of the title mainly from the ruling royal family, from princes to prime ministers. It is Tongan custom to refer to the holder by his customary title, only adding his given name if confusion may arise. For example, Tuʻi Pelehake (ʻUluvalu).

Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake Prime Minister of Tonga

Prince Fatafehi Tu'ipelehake, was the youngest son of HM The Queen Sālote Tupou III and was educated in Tonga and Australia. Tu'ipelehake is a traditional very high-ranking Tongan title. He was the 5th Tu'ipelehake.

Halaevalu Mataʻaho ʻAhomeʻe Queen consort and Queen Mother of Tonga

Halaevalu Mata'aho ʻAhomeʻe was the Queen Consort of Tonga from 1965 to 2006, and the widow of the late King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV of Tonga. She was the mother of King George Tupou V and the current reigning King of Tonga, Tupou VI.

There are 34 traditional noble titles in the modern Kingdom of Tonga. They all are estate holders. Twenty titles were established by Siaosi Tupou I with the Constitution of 1875. In 1880 he added 11 more. Tupou II created the titles Lasike in 1894 and Veikune in 1903. Sālote Tupou III made in 1921 the title of Tupoutoʻa. In the beginning it was forbidden for a noble to have more than one title. Later this was made possible.

The Royal Order of the Crown of Tonga is an Order of Merit awarded for exceptional services to Tonga and the Crown of Tonga.

Sinaitakala Fakafanua Tongan royal

Princess Sinaitakala Tukuʻaho, is a Tongan royal and wife of the Crown Prince of Tonga, Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala, whom she married on 12 July 2012.

Prince Ata Tongan prince

Prince Ata is a Tongan royal and Prince of Tonga, younger son of Tupou VI, King of Tonga.

Minister of Foreign Affairs (Tonga) Minister of Foreign Affairs in Tonga

This is a list of foreign ministers of Tonga.

References

  1. Tonga Broadcasting Archived 11 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Tupouto'a Lavaka, Tonga's new Crown Prince Matangi Tonga, 27 September 2006
  3. "Crown Prince Tonga's first High Commissioner to Australia" Archived 17 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine , Matangi Tonga, 15 August 2008
  4. read&id=41482 "Tonga’s Crown Prince made High Commissioner in Canberra", Radio New Zealand International, 15 August 2008
  5. "Announcement of the Passing of His Late Majesty & Proclamation of the New King". Tonga Government Portal. 21 March 2012. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  6. "One in seven countries has leader who studied in UK". BBC News . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  7. "HRH The Crown Prince Tupouto'a Lavaka: Tonga's First High Commissioner to Australia". Tonga Government Portal. 16 August 2008. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  8. Tonga’s Crown Prince New Ambassador to Japan | Pacific Islands Report
  9. Mic
  10. Tongan Royal Heir Engaged to Marry Archived 14 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. Fonua, Pesi; Folau, Linny (4 July 2015). "HM King Tupou VI and Queen Nanasipau'u crowned at Centenary Church". Matangi Tonga . Vava'u Press . Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  12. Fox, Liam (4 July 2015). "Tonga crowns King Tupou VI in lavish public coronation, parties". Nuku'alofa: ABC News. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  13. 1 2 3 4 Royal Ark, Tongan Genealogy details
  14. Royal Ark
Tupou VI
House of Tupou
Born: 12 July 1959
Political offices
Preceded by
Tupouto'a Tungi
Minister for Foreign Affairs
1998–2004
Succeeded by
Sonatane Tuʻa Taumoepeau-Tupou
Preceded by
Vaea
Prime Minister of Tonga
2000–2006
Succeeded by
Feleti Sevele
Diplomatic posts
New office High Commissioner to Australia
2008–2012
Succeeded by
Lātūfuipeka Tukuʻaho
New office Ambassador of Tonga to Japan
2010–2012
Succeeded by
Tania Laumanulupe Tupou
Regnal titles
Preceded by
George Tupou V
King of Tonga
2012–present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala