Tupungato

Last updated
Tupungato
2019-10-31 13-49-02 Tupungato.jpg
Aerial view of Tupungato volcano from Argentina.
Highest point
Elevation 6,570 m (21,560 ft) [upper-alpha 1]
Prominence 2,765 m (9,072 ft) [1]
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 33°21′30″S69°46′12″W / 33.35833°S 69.77000°W / -33.35833; -69.77000 Coordinates: 33°21′30″S69°46′12″W / 33.35833°S 69.77000°W / -33.35833; -69.77000 [1]
Geography
Relief Map of Argentina.jpg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Tupungato
Location on the Argentina–Chile border
Location Mendoza Province, ArgentinaMetropolitan Region, Chile
Parent range Principal Cordillera, Andes
Geology
Age of rock Pleistocene [2]
Mountain type Lava dome [2]
Volcanic arc/belt South Volcanic Zone
Last eruption 0.8 million years ago. [3]
Climbing
First ascent 1897 by Matthias Zurbriggen and Stuart Vines

Tupungato, one of the highest mountains in the Americas, is a massive Andean lava dome dating to Pleistocene times. [2] It lies on the border between the Chilean Metropolitan Region (near a major international highway about 80 km (50 mi) east of Santiago) and the Argentine province of Mendoza, about 100 km (62 mi) south of Aconcagua, the highest peak of both the Southern and Western Hemispheres. Immediately to its southwest is the active Tupungatito volcano (literally, little Tupungato), which last erupted in 1987.

Contents

The mountain gives its name to the Tupungato Department, an important Argentine wine producing region in the Mendoza province.

1947 plane crash

On August 2, 1947, the airliner Star Dust , an Avro Lancastrian carrying six passengers and five crew over the Andes range, crashed into a steep glacier high on the Argentine side of Tupungato. The plane was quickly buried in the resulting avalanche and heavy snowfall that was taking place at the time. The plane lay undetected deep beneath the snow and glacial ice for over 50 years, before its remnants finally re-emerged at the glacier terminus in 2000. Shortly thereafter, an Argentine army expedition discovered the scattered debris and wreckage, collecting some of the evidence for investigation.

Aerial view of Tupungato (center-left) and Tupungatito. Tupungato tupungatito volcanoes areal chile argentina.jpg
Aerial view of Tupungato (center-left) and Tupungatito.
Tupungato volcano seen from Punta de Vacas, Argentina. Tupungato volcano seen from punta de vacas argentina.jpg
Tupungato volcano seen from Punta de Vacas, Argentina.

See also

Notes

  1. The given elevation of 6,570 m (21,560 ft) comes from Chilean 1:50.000 topographic mapping and is in accordance with SRTM data; the frequently given elevation of 6,800 m (22,300 ft) is incorrect

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Cerro Cañapa mountain in Bolivia

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Acamarachi mountain in El Loa Province Chile

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References

  1. 1 2 "Argentina and Chile, Central Ultra Prominences". Peaklist.
  2. 1 2 3 González Díaz, Emilio F. Contribución al Conocimiento de la Petrografía del Cerro Tupungato (Provincia de Mendoza) y de otras Rocas Efusivas de la Región. Dirección Nacional de Geología y Minería, 1961.
  3. "Tupungato". Global Volcanism Program . Smithsonian Institution.

Sources