Turk Broda

Last updated
Turk Broda
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1967
Turk Broda Stanley Cup-Vezina Toronto Maple Leafs goaltender.jpg
Broda (pictured in 1948), with the Stanley Cup and Vezina Trophy
Born(1914-05-15)May 15, 1914
Brandon, Manitoba, Canada
Died October 17, 1972(1972-10-17) (aged 58)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Height 5 ft 9 in (175 cm)
Weight 165 lb (75 kg; 11 st 11 lb)
Position Goaltender
Caught Left
Played for Toronto Maple Leafs
Playing career 19351943
1946–1951

Walter Edward "Turk" Broda (Ukrainian : Володимир Брода; May 15, 1914 – October 17, 1972) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player and coach. A goaltender, Broda played his entire career for the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League (NHL) between 1935 and 1951, taking a brief hiatus from 1943 to 1946 to fight in the Second World War. After retiring from active play, Broda coached minor league and junior ice hockey teams. In 2017 Broda was named one of the '100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. [1]

Ukrainian language language member of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language. It is the official state language of Ukraine and first of two principal languages of Ukrainians; it is one of the three official languages in the unrecognized state of Transnistria, the other two being Romanian and Russian. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic script.

Canadians citizens of Canada

Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.

Ice hockey team sport played on ice using sticks, skates, and a puck

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams usually consisting of six players each: one goaltender, and five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team.

Contents

Personal life

Broda was born in Brandon, Manitoba to a Ukrainian family. [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] Although he is commonly referred to as Polish by mistake (to the extent of him being inducted in the National Polish American Sports Hall of Fame [7] in 2005), Publicity Director Stan Obodiac of the Maple Leafs, who knew Broda, dispelled this and confirmed Broda's Ukrainian origin. [2]

Brandon, Manitoba City in Manitoba, Canada

Brandon is the second-largest city in the province of Manitoba, Canada. It is located in the southwestern corner of the province on the banks of the Assiniboine River, approximately 214 km (133 mi) west of the provincial capital, Winnipeg, and 120 km (75 mi) east of the Saskatchewan border. Brandon covers an area of 77.41 km2 and has a population of 48,859, while its census metropolitan area has a population of 58,003. It is the primary hub of trade and commerce for the Westman region as well as parts of southeastern Saskatchewan and northern North Dakota, an area with a combined population of over 180,000 people.

Ukrainians are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the seventh-largest nation in Europe. The Constitution of Ukraine applies the term 'Ukrainians' to all its citizens. The people of Ukraine have historically been known as "Rusyns (Ruthenians)" and "Cossacks", among others. According to most dictionary definitions, a descriptive name for the "inhabitants of Ukraine" is Ukrainian or Ukrainian people.

Broda acquired the nickname of "Turkey Egg" during his school days in Brandon because of his many freckles. "Turkey Egg" soon became "Turk", and the name followed him. [2]

Playing career

Early career

Broda started his playing career with the Brandon Athletics and the Brandon Native Sons. After playing a few years with them he played for the Winnipeg Monarchs, Detroit Farm Crest and the Toronto St. Michael's Majors. In 1932-33, he won the Memorial Cup. In 1933-34, the Detroit Red Wings invited Turk Broda to their training camp. But with, Normie Smith and John Ross Roach already in Detroit, there was no way Broda could start in the NHL. Instead, he would start his professional career with the Detroit Olympics.

The Winnipeg Monarchs were a Canadian junior ice hockey team that competed in the Manitoba Junior Hockey League from 1930 to 1978.

Toronto St. Michaels Majors

The Toronto St. Michael's Majors were a major junior ice hockey team in the Ontario Hockey League, based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The most recent franchise was revived on August 15, 1996. In 2007, the team relocated to Mississauga, Ontario and became the Mississauga St. Michael's Majors until 2012. The hockey program was founded and operated by St. Michael's College School in 1906, and adopted the name "Majors" in 1934, and was commonly referred to as St. Mike's Majors.

The 1933 Memorial Cup final was the 15th junior ice hockey championship of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association. The George Richardson Memorial Trophy champions Newmarket Redmen of the Ontario Hockey Association in Eastern Canada competed against the Abbott Cup champions Regina Pats of the South Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League in Western Canada. In a best-of-three series, held at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto, Ontario, Newmarket won their 1st Memorial Cup, defeating Regina 2 games to 0.

NHL career

In 1935-36, he was acquired by the Toronto Maple Leafs for $7500. [8] Broda was starting to emerge as one of the league's top goaltenders. In the 1940-41 NHL season, he led the league in wins with 28 in 48 games. In 1941-42, he won his first Stanley Cup with the Leafs. The Leafs won the Cup when they were down 3 games to none against the Detroit Red Wings. The Maple Leafs made one of the greatest comebacks in NHL history and took the Cup by winning the next 4 games.

Toronto Maple Leafs Canadian professional ice hockey team

The Toronto Maple Leafs are a professional ice hockey team based in Toronto, Ontario. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The club is owned by Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment, Ltd. and are represented by Chairman Larry Tanenbaum. With an estimated value of US $1.45 billion in 2018 according to Forbes, the Maple Leafs are the second most valuable franchise in the NHL, after the New York Rangers. The Maple Leafs' broadcasting rights are split between BCE Inc. and Rogers Communications. For their first 14 seasons, the club played their home games at the Mutual Street Arena, before moving to Maple Leaf Gardens in 1931. The Maple Leafs moved to their present home, Scotiabank Arena in February 1999.

The 1942 Stanley Cup Finals was a best-of-seven series between the Toronto Maple Leafs and the Detroit Red Wings. After losing the first three games, the Maple Leafs won the next four to win the series 4–3, winning their fourth Stanley Cup. It was the first Cup Final in history to go seven.

Stanley Cup championship trophy awarded annually in the National Hockey League

The Stanley Cup is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoff winner. It is the oldest existing trophy to be awarded to a professional sports franchise, and the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) considers it to be one of the "most important championships available to the sport". The trophy was commissioned in 1892 as the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup and is named after Lord Stanley of Preston, the Governor General of Canada who donated it as an award to Canada's top-ranking amateur ice hockey club. The entire Stanley family supported the sport, the sons and daughters all playing and promoting the game. The first Cup was awarded in 1893 to Montreal Hockey Club, and winners from 1893 to 1914 were determined by challenge games and league play. Professional teams first became eligible to challenge for the Stanley Cup in 1906. In 1915, professional ice hockey organizations National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) reached a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other annually for the Stanley Cup. It was established as the de facto championship trophy of the NHL in 1926 and then the de jure NHL championship prize in 1947.

In 1942-43, Broda joined the army for 2 and a half years during World War II. In 1945-46, Turk Broda returned to the Maple Leafs roster and was instrumental in the team's Stanley Cup victories in 1946-47, 1947-48, 1948-49 and in 1950-51. Turk Broda would retire in 1951-52, at 38 years of age.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

The 1947 Stanley Cup Finals was a best-of-seven series between the Toronto Maple Leafs and the defending champion Montreal Canadiens. The Maple Leafs would win the series four games to two. This was the first all-Canadian finals since 1935, when the since-folded Montreal Maroons defeated the Maple Leafs.

The 1948 Stanley Cup Finals was a best-of-seven series between the Detroit Red Wings and the defending champion Toronto Maple Leafs. The Maple Leafs won the series in four straight games to win their second consecutive Stanley Cup.

"Battle of the Bulge"

The "Battle of the Bulge" was a battle between him and the head coach of the Toronto Maple Leafs Conn Smythe about Broda losing weight. This argument brought a lot of attention from the media in Toronto, Ontario. Smythe ordered Broda to lose 10 lbs. in a week [9] and brought Al Rollins and Gilles Mayer from the minor leagues just to pressure Broda into losing weight. If Broda could not lose weight, then he would be removed from his goalkeeping duties. In the end, Broda lost enough weight to keep his job, though Broda admitted years later that the scales were rigged in his favour.[ citation needed ]

Legacy

After retiring, Broda became a coach. He coached the Ottawa Senators in the Quebec Hockey League. [10] He later became the head coach of the Toronto Marlboros. He led the Marlboros to back to back Memorial Cup championships in 1955, and in 1956.

Broda was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1967 and was inducted into the Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame and Museum in 1983 as an "Honoured" member. In 1998, he was ranked number 60 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players. With 13 shutouts and a GAA of 1.98 in the playoffs, he helped the Leafs win 5 Stanley Cups and establish a dynasty. In 2005, Broda was inducted into the National Polish American Sports Hall of Fame. [7] He died in 1972 at the age of 58 from a heart attack. [11]

Awards and achievements

Career statistics

Season TeamLeagueGPWLTMINGA SO GAA
1935-36 Detroit Olympics AHL 4726183289010162.10
1936–37 Toronto Maple Leafs NHL 4522194277010632.30
1937–38 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL4824159298012762.56
1938–39 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL4819209299010782.15
1939–40 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL4725175290010842.23
1940–41 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL482814629709952.00
1941–42 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL4827183296013662.76
1942–43 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL5022199300015913.18
1945–46 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL156639005303.53
1946–47 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL60311910360017242.87
1947–48 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL60321513360014352.38
1948–49 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL60222513360016152.68
1949–50 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL68302512404016792.48
1950–51 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL311411518276862.23
1951–52 Toronto Maple LeafsNHL101030306.00
NHL totals62930222410138,1671,609622.53

Playoffs

Season TeamLeagueGPWLMINGA SO GAA
1935-36Detroit OlympicsAHL660365811.32
1936-37Toronto Maple LeafsNHL202133502.26
1937-38Toronto Maple LeafsNHL7434521311.73
1938-39Toronto Maple LeafsNHL10556172001.94
1939-40Toronto Maple LeafsNHL10646571911.74
1940-41Toronto Maple LeafsNHL7344381502.05
1941-42Toronto Maple LeafsNHL13857803112.38
1942-43Toronto Maple LeafsNHL6244392002.73
1946-47Toronto Maple LeafsNHL11836802712.31
1947-48Toronto Maple LeafsNHL9815572012.15
1948-49Toronto Maple LeafsNHL9815741511.57
1949-50Toronto Maple LeafsNHL7344501031.33
1950-51Toronto Maple LeafsNHL851492921.10
1951-52Toronto Maple LeafsNHL202120703.50
NHL totals10160396389211111.98

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "100 Greatest NHL Players". NHL.com. January 1, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 Czuboka, Michael (1983). Ukrainian Canadian, Eh. Winnipeg: Communigraphics. p. 137.
  3. Palmer, Bryan D. (2009). Canada's 1960s: The Ironies of Identity in a Rebellious Era. University of Toronto Press. p. 133.
  4. Viltis, Volumes 13-17. International Institute of Wisconsin. 1954. p. 22.
  5. Canadians of Ukrainian Descent. General Books LLC. 2010. ISBN   9781156416532.
  6. Forum, Issues 90-94. Ukrainian Fraternal Association. 1994. p. 34. The Hockey Hall of Fame in downtown Toronto has recognized a number of Ukrainian hockey players like [...] Turk Broda
  7. 1 2 "National Polish American Sports Hall of Fame: Turk Broda".
  8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pXzQt6cmJ8g
  9. NHL (2017-03-22), Turk Broda earned reputation as big-game goalie , retrieved 2017-04-24
  10. "Senators At Home Tomorrow". Ottawa Citizen. April 13, 1954. p. 25. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  11. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2512&dat=19721018&id=mstHAAAAIBAJ&sjid=S_8MAAAAIBAJ&pg=3854,2563302
  12. "Toronto Maple Leafs retire the numbers of 17 players". NHL.com. October 15, 2016. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
Preceded by
David Kerr
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1941
Succeeded by
Frank Brimsek
Preceded by
Bill Durnan
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1948
Succeeded by
Bill Durnan