Tuya (queen)

Last updated
Tuya
Queen consort of ancient Egypt
Great Royal Wife
QueenTuya-ROM-small.jpg
King's Mother Tuya
BornThebes
Diedca. 1257 BC
Thebes
Burial
Spouse Seti I
Issue Tia
Ramesses II
Henutmire (possibly)
Names
Tuya or Mut-Tuya
Egyptian name
Tuya (queen)Tuya (queen)Tuya (queen)Tuya (queen)Tuya (queen)
Dynasty 19th of Egypt
FatherRaia
Mother[R]uia
Religion Ancient Egyptian religion

Tuya (also called Tuy or Muat-Tuya [1] ) was the wife of Pharaoh Seti I of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt and mother of Tia, Ramesses II, and perhaps Henutmire.

Contents

She was the daughter of Raia, who was a military officer based on his title of Lieutenant of the chariotry. [2] Tuya's daughter Tia was married to a high-ranking civil servant who was also called Tia. [2]

As the mother of Ramesses II, she enjoyed a privileged existence of a respected king's mother and was allowed the opportunity to correspond with the Hittite royal court after the Year 21 peace treaty between Egypt and Hatti put in place by Ramesses II.

Monuments and inscriptions

Statue of Tuya from the Vatican. Colossal statue of queen Tuya.jpg
Statue of Tuya from the Vatican.

Death and burial

Canopic jar lid of Queen Tuya from the Luxor Museum Queen Tuya.jpg
Canopic jar lid of Queen Tuya from the Luxor Museum

Tuya likely died soon after Year 22 of Ramesses' reign and was buried in an impressive tomb in the Valley of the Queens (QV80). [3] In her tomb, Tuya "was stripped of the first part of her name to become plain Tuya for eternity; the loss of the prefix Mut- suggests that her death had ended in an almost divine earthly status." [3]

Queen Tuya has been first portrayed by actress Irene Martin in Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments , as one of Bithiah's maidservants famous for quoting "Bithiah could charm tears from a crocodile".

She also appears in The Prince of Egypt as the adoptive mother of Moses, voiced by Helen Mirren. She is portrayed by Sigourney Weaver in the 2014 Ridley Scott film Exodus: Gods and Kings ; In 2015, the Brazilian television series, Os Dez Mandamentos , the Queen Tuya is played by actress Angelina Muniz.

Related Research Articles

Nefertari Ancient Egyptian queen consort

Nefertari, also known as Nefertari Meritmut, was an Egyptian queen and the first of the Great Royal Wives of Ramesses the Great. Nefertari means 'beautiful companion' and Meritmut means 'Beloved of [the goddess] Mut'. She is one of the best known Egyptian queens, among such women as Cleopatra, Nefertiti, and Hatshepsut, and one of the most prominent not known or thought to have reigned in her own right. She was highly educated and able to both read and write hieroglyphs, a very rare skill at the time. She used these skills in her diplomatic work, corresponding with other prominent royals of the time. Her lavishly decorated tomb, QV66, is one of the largest and most spectacular in the Valley of the Queens. Ramesses also constructed a temple for her at Abu Simbel next to his colossal monument there.

Ramesseum Memorial temple of Ramesses II, Luxor, Egypt

The Ramesseum is the memorial temple of Pharaoh Ramesses II. It is located in the Theban Necropolis in Upper Egypt, on the west of the River Nile, across from the modern city of Luxor. The name – or at least its French form Rhamesséion – was coined by Jean-François Champollion, who visited the ruins of the site in 1829 and first identified the hieroglyphs making up Ramesses's names and titles on the walls. It was originally called the House of millions of years of Usermaatra-setepenra that unites with Thebes-the-city in the domain of Amon.Usermaatra-setepenra was the prenomen of Ramesses II.

Sitre

Sitre or Tia-Sitre, was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Ramesses I of Egypt and mother of Seti I.

Bintanath

Bintanath was the firstborn daughter and later Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II.

Mutnedjmet Queen consort of Egypt

Mutnedjmet, also spelled Mutnedjemet, Mutnodjmet, Mutnodjemet was an ancient Egyptian queen, the Great Royal Wife of Horemheb, the last ruler of the 18th Dynasty. The name, Mutnedjmet, translates as: The sweet Mut.

Isetnofret Ancient Egyptian queen consort

Isetnofret was one of the Great Royal Wives of Pharaoh Ramesses II and was the mother of his heir, Merneptah. She was one of the most prominent of the royal wives, along with Nefertari, and was the chief queen after Nefertari's death.

Meritamen

Meritamen was a daughter and later Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Ramesses the Great.

Ramesses (prince)

Ramesses was an ancient Egyptian crown prince during the 19th Dynasty.

Henutmire Queen consort of Egypt

Henutmire was an ancient Egyptian princess and queen. She was one of the eight Great Royal Wives of Pharaoh Ramesses II of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt.

Nebettawy Queen consort of Egypt

Nebettawy(nb.t-t3.wỉ; “Lady of the Two Lands”) was an ancient Egyptian princess and queen, the fifth daughter and one of the eight Great Royal Wives of Pharaoh Ramesses II.

Tia (princess) Kings Daughter

Tia or Tiya was an ancient Egyptian princess during the 19th Dynasty.

Meryatum

Meryatum was an ancient Egyptian prince and High Priest of Re, the son of Pharaoh Ramesses II and Nefertari.

Henuttawy (19th dynasty) Princess of Egypt

Henuttawy was an ancient Egyptian princess of the 19th Dynasty.

Pareherwenemef

Pareherwenemef was an ancient Egyptian prince of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, the third son of Pharaoh Ramesses II, the second by Queen Nefertari.

Tyti was an ancient Egyptian queen of the 20th Dynasty. A wife and sister of Ramesses III and possibly the mother of Ramesses IV.

QV80

QV80 is the tomb of (Mut-)Tuya, the Great Royal Wife of Seti I, and the mother of Ramses II, in Egypt's Valley of the Queens.

Tia (overseer of treasury)

Tia was an ancient Egyptian high official under king Ramses II. His main title was that of an overseer of the treasuries. Tia was married to a woman with the same name, the princess Tia who was sister of Ramses II.

Mery was an ancient Egyptian High Priest of Osiris at Abydos, during the reign of pharaoh Sety I and Ramesses II of the 19th Dynasty.

Yuny (viceroy of Kush)

Yuni served as Head of the-stable-of-Seti-I, Charioteer of His Majesty, and Chief of the Medjay before becoming Viceroy during the reign of Seti I. He would use some of these titles simultaneously. On a stela from Abydos – now in the Cairo Museum – the inscription reads:

Made by the Superintendent of Deserts in the Southern Foreign country, Viceroy in Nubia (Ta-Sety), Chief of Works in the Estate of Amun, Chief of the Madjayu-militia, Iuny. (Kitchen)

References

  1. Joyce Tyldesley, Ramesses: Egypt's Greatest Pharaohs, Penguin Books, 2000. p.116
  2. 1 2 Tyldesley, p.116
  3. 1 2 3 Tyldesley, p.122
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Kitchen, K.A., Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
  5. C. Desroche Noblecourt, "Abou Simbel, Ramses, et les dames de la couronne" in E. Bleiberg & R. Freed (eds) Fragments of a Shattered Visage: the Proceedings of the International Symposium of Ramesses the Great, 1991. Memphis: p.129
  6. Tamás A Bácsː Ahmose at Rosetau: A curious Early Ramesside Attestation, Cultus deorum. Studia religionum ad historiam. in: In memoriam István Tóth. Vol. 1, 2008, pp 111-122, Editors: Á. Szabó; P. Vargyas

Bibliography