Tweed Heads, New South Wales

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Tweed Heads
New South Wales
Twin-Towns-Tweeds.jpg
Twin Towns, Tweed Heads
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
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Tweed Heads
Coordinates 28°11′0″S153°33′0″E / 28.18333°S 153.55000°E / -28.18333; 153.55000 Coordinates: 28°11′0″S153°33′0″E / 28.18333°S 153.55000°E / -28.18333; 153.55000
Population8,176 (2016 census) [1]
Established1844
Postcode(s) 2485
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) Tweed Shire
State electorate(s) Tweed
Federal Division(s) Richmond
Mean max temp [2] Mean min tempAnnual rainfall
25.8 °C
78 °F
14.4 °C
58 °F
1,581.5 mm
62.3 in
Tweed Heads is the right part of the image Gold Coast 3.jpg
Tweed Heads is the right part of the image

Tweed Heads is a city in New South Wales. It is located on the Tweed River in north-eastern New South Wales, Australia, in Tweed Shire. Tweed Heads is located next to the border with Queensland, adjacent to its "Twin Town" of Coolangatta, which is a suburb of the Gold Coast. It is often referred to as a town where people can change time zones – even celebrate New Year twice within an hour – simply by crossing the street, due to its proximity to the Queensland border, and the fact that New South Wales observes daylight saving whereas Queensland does not.

Tweed River (New South Wales) river in Australia

The Tweed River is a river situated in the Northern Rivers district of New South Wales, Australia. It has a mature wave dominated, barrier estuary. From the middle reaches of its course, the state boundary between New South Wales and Queensland is located approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the Tweed River.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Contents

History

In 1823 John Oxley was the first European to see the Tweed Valley, and he wrote of it: "A deep rich valley clothed with magnificent trees, the beautiful uniformity of which was only interrupted by the turns and windings of the river, which here and there appeared like small lakes. The background was Mt. Warning. The view was altogether beautiful beyond description. The scenery here exceeded anything I have previously seen in Australia." [3]

John Oxley British explorer

John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley was an explorer and surveyor of Australia in the early period of British colonisation. He served as Surveyor General of New South Wales and is perhaps best known for his two expeditions into the interior of New South Wales and his discoveries of the Tweed River and the Brisbane River in what is now the state of Queensland.

Timber cutters originally moved to the Tweed Valley in 1844. After the timber had been cleared, farmers moved in with bananas, cane and dairy farming dominating the area, while a fishing industry developed. The first school opened in 1871.

Tweed Heads station StateLibQld 1 298511 Tweed Heads Railway Station, ca. 1911.jpg
Tweed Heads station

Tweed Heads was once connected to the Queensland Railways system, with the South Coast line providing a direct connection to Brisbane. [4] The railway opened on 10 August 1903 [5] It had been hoped that the New South Wales government would extend their railway line from Murwillumbah to Tweed Heads, but this did not occur due to cost of resuming the land and the expenses associated with the tunnel and bridge that would be required. [6] The Tweed Heads railway station was located on the western side of Enid Street between Bay Street and Frances Street ( 28°10′19″S153°32′27″E / 28.17193°S 153.54073°E / -28.17193; 153.54073 (Tweed Heads railway station) ). [7] The railway line to Brisbane closed in 1961; the site of the station has been converted to parklands and commercial development. [8]

South Coast railway line, Queensland

The South Coast railway line was an Australian railway from Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland, to the Gold Coast. It operated from 1889 to 1964. The Gold Coast railway line re-opened in 1996 along a modified alignment in the north and a new route south.

Murwillumbah Town in New South Wales, Australia

Murwillumbah is a town in far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia, in the Tweed Shire, on the Tweed River, 848 km north-east of Sydney, 13 km south of the Queensland border and 132 km south of Brisbane. At the 2016 census, Murwillumbah had a population of 9,245 people. The town's name is often abbreviated to M'bah or Murbah.

The Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club opened on 13 September 1911. [9]

The Tweed Shire, inclusive Murwillumbah was declared in 1947. [3]

Tourism

Given its proximity to the Gold Coast, Tweed Heads has a shared economy with Coolangatta based heavily on tourism.

Tweed Heads' most popular tourist destinations include Mount Warning, one of the largest shield volcanoes in the Southern Hemisphere, and the nearby Nightcap, Border Ranges, Springbrook and Lamington National Parks, which abound with sub-tropical fauna and flora. [10]

Television

Some areas of the Tweed can receive both TV broadcasts from Brisbane and Northern New South Wales. Brisbane stations are Seven Brisbane BTQ, Nine Brisbane QTQ, and Ten Brisbane TVQ. The local Northern NSW stations are Prime7, NBN Television and WIN Television.

Demographics

In the 2016 census, Tweed Heads recorded a population of 8,176 people made up of 52.2 percent female and 47.8 percent male. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.4% of the population. The median age of the population was 56 years, 18 years above the Australian median. This has made the Tweed Heads region a prime location for retirement living, with 14 separate retirement villages. 69.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 5.8% and New Zealand 3.6%. 83.8% of people spoke only English at home. [1]

The most common responses for religion were No Religion 26.3%, Catholic 24.1% and Anglican 20.4%. [1]

Composition of the Tweed Heads urban area Population by Statistical Local Area .

Retirement Living

Below are a list of retirement villages and retirement living facilities in the Tweed Region:

Sport and recreation

Due to its close proximity, Tweed Heads sports teams often compete in Gold Coast/Queensland-based competitions. Tweed Heads was once home to several iterations of professional rugby league clubs in the New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) competition between 1988-1995. The Gold Coast-Tweed Giants were established in 1988 and based out of the Tweed Heads Seagulls premises in west Tweed Heads. The Seagulls ran a very successful social club that turned large profits due to poker machines and by 1990 the club had acquired the Giants' NSWRL licence and rebranded the team to become the Gold Coast Seagulls, despite remaining based in Tweed Heads. The team pulled off its biggest coup in 1990 when it signed future Rugby League Immortal Wally Lewis. After years of poor on field results and low attendances, the Seagulls sold their NSWRL licence to businessman Jeff Muller who moved the team to Carrara on the Gold Coast.

The Seagulls returned to the Group 18 Rugby League competition in 1996 and were granted entry into the Queensland Cup in 2003. Australian rules football was brought to the area in 1962 when the Coolangatta Tweed Heads Australian Football Club. It was intended to represent the twin towns of Coolangatta and Tweed Heads and competed in the Gold Coast Australian Football League competition. In 1984 the Northern Rivers region established the Summerland Australian Football League that later included the Tweed Coast Football Club. The league was amalgamated into Queensland Australian Football League as its own division in 2012.

Despite not being based inside Queensland, the area acts as a feeder zone for both the Gold Coast Titans in the National Rugby League and the Gold Coast Suns in the Australian Football League. Tweed United is a soccer Club based in the area that competes in the Football Gold Coast competition plus the Coolangatta Tweed Barbarians who compete in the Gold Coast and District Rugby Union. Other sports facilities in the area include Tweed Heads Bowls Club, Tweed Heads Rowing Club, Tweed Valley Sailing Club and Tweed Heads & Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club.

Notable people

The following is a list of notable people residents of or born in Tweed Heads:

See also

Related Research Articles

New South Wales Rugby League

The New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) is the governing body of rugby league in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory and is a member of the Australian Rugby League Commission. It was formed in Sydney on 8 August 1907 and was known as the New South Wales Rugby Football League (NSWRFL) until 1984. From 1908 to 1994, the NSWRL ran Sydney's, then New South Wales', and eventually Australia's top-level rugby league club competition from their headquarters on Phillip Street, Sydney. The organisation is responsible for administering the New South Wales rugby league team.

Coolangatta Suburb of Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

Coolangatta is the southernmost suburb of City of Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. It is named after the schooner Coolangatta which was wrecked there in 1846. At the 2016 Australian Census, the suburb recorded a population of 5,948.

Pacific Motorway (Brisbane–Brunswick Heads) motorway in New South Wales and Queensland

The Pacific Motorway is a motorway in Australia between Brisbane, Queensland, and Brunswick Heads, New South Wales, through the New South Wales–Queensland border at Tweed Heads.

Gold Coast Chargers former Australian rugby league team

The Gold Coast Chargers were a professional rugby league club which played in the New South Wales Rugby League premiership from 1988 to 1994, the Australian Rugby League premiership from 1995 to 1997, and the National Rugby League premiership in 1998. They first played under the name Gold Coast-Tweed Giants, then Gold Coast Seagulls, later Gold Coast Gladiators and finally Gold Coast Chargers.

Tweed Heads Seagulls

The Tweed Heads Seagulls, often referred to simply as Tweed or Seagulls or Tweed Seagulls, is a rugby league club based in Tweed Heads, New South Wales, and with the PNG Hunters is one of the only non-Queensland teams to play in the Queensland Cup.

The Summerland Australian Football League or SAFL was an Australian rules football competition in the Northern Rivers and New England region of New South Wales, Australia, in existence from 1984 to 2011.

Seagulls Stadium was a rugby league stadium located on Gollan Drive in West Tweed Heads, New South Wales.

Sports on the Gold Coast, Queensland

Sport on the Gold Coast has a rich history. As a popular tourist destination leisure sports like Golf, but most particularly sports associated with its famous beaches, have always been popular. A number of surf clubs line Gold Coasts beaches, who host a variety of swimming and athletic events collected into surf carnivals along with competitions evolved from methods of surf life saving.

FOGS Colts Challenge

The FOGS Colts Challenge is an 11-team rugby league competition run by the QRL. It is the highest level of junior rugby league in Brisbane before players move into senior rugby. FOGS in an acronym for Former Origin Greats.

David Myles is a former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s. He played for the Gold Coast Titans, North Queensland Cowboys, Auckland Warriors and the Gold Coast Chargers in first grade. He also played for the United States national rugby league team.

Brad Davis is a rugby league footballer who previously played for the Gold Coast Titans in the National Rugby League. He plays as a half-back.

Gold Coast Highway highway in Queensland

The Gold Coast Highway in Queensland, Australia links the coastal suburbs of the Gold Coast. 39.8 kilometres (24.7 mi) in length, the highway runs from near the Pacific Motorway at Pacific Pines to the Pacific Motorway at Tweed Heads. It passes through the numerous popular tourist areas including Surfers Paradise and Broadbeach, a commercial centre at Southport, residential areas, shopping centres and the Gold Coast (Coolangatta) Airport.

Rugby league in New South Wales

Rugby league has the highest spectator numbers of the various codes of football in New South Wales. It began in Australia in 1907, when the New South Wales Rugby League was formed as a professional competition, following the rules of the Northern Rugby Football Union in England. Since then the state has been one of the major centres of the code; the headquarters of the Australian Rugby League are in New South Wales' largest city, Sydney. The premier state-level league is the New South Wales Cup, involving reserve teams from NSW and Canberra based NRL clubs as well as the first teams from other clubs.

Coolangatta-Tweed Heads Football Club is an Australian rules football club based in Gold Coast, Queensland. The team currently competes in the AFL Queensland league.

Andrew Whittington is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played in Australia.

Ryan Simpkins (rugby league) rugby league player

Ryan Simpkins is an Australian retired professional rugby league footballer who played for the Penrith Panthers and Gold Coast Titans in the National Rugby League. He played as a lock, second-row and hooker.

NRL State Championship

The National Rugby League State Championship is a rugby league game contested between the winners of the New South Wales Cup and the Queensland Cup and is organised by the NRL. It was introduced for the 2014 NRL season and was played immediately before the 2014 NRL Grand Final at Stadium Australia.

Campbell Hill, New South Wales

Campbell Hill is a mountain located in Piggabeen, New South Wales (NSW), Australia. It is located in the region of the Tweed Shire in the state of New South Wales, in the eastern part of the country, 900 kilometres (560 mi) north of the capital, Canberra, approximately 107 kilometres (66 mi) from Brisbane and 24 kilometres (15 mi) from Surfers Paradise. Campbell Hill is approximately 123 metres (404 ft) above sea level. Piggabeen is situated in the hinterland approximately 5 km behind the Gold Coast Highway and the Gold Coast International and Domestic Airport. Piggabeen and its valley adjoins Currumbin Valley in Queensland.

Jai Whitbread

Jai Whitbread is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays as a prop for the Gold Coast Titans in the NRL.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tweed Heads (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 February 2018. Blue pencil.svg
  2. "Murwillumbuh (Bray Park)". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  3. 1 2 http://www.tweed.nsw.gov.au/AboutTheTweed/AboutTheTweedHistory.aspx
  4. Rails to the Tweed – A QR Station in NSW Milne, Rod Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, October, 2001 pp363-377
  5. "VISITORS FROM NEW SOUTH WALES". The Brisbane Courier . National Library of Australia. 11 August 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  6. "TWEED HEADS, RAILWAY EXTENSION". The Brisbane Courier . National Library of Australia. 29 May 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  7. "South Coast Rail Line". Archived from the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  8. Coolangatta and Tweed Heads Revisited Newland, John R. Australian Railway History, August, 2005 pp304-307
  9. "Tweed Heads Life Saving Brigade". The Brisbane Courier . National Library of Australia. 16 September 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  10. "Tweed Heads". VisitNSW.com. Retrieved 16 May 2013.