Tweed Heads, New South Wales

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Tweed Heads
New South Wales
Tweed Heads Twin Towns.jpg
Tweed Heads marina view.jpg
From top: Twin Towns, Tweed Heads Marina
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Tweed Heads
Coordinates 28°11′0″S153°33′0″E / 28.18333°S 153.55000°E / -28.18333; 153.55000 Coordinates: 28°11′0″S153°33′0″E / 28.18333°S 153.55000°E / -28.18333; 153.55000
Population8,176 (2016 census) [1]
Established1844
Postcode(s) 2485
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) Tweed Shire
County Rous [2]
Parish Terranora [2]
State electorate(s) Tweed
Federal Division(s) Richmond
Mean max temp [3] Mean min tempAnnual rainfall
25.8 °C
78 °F
14.4 °C
58 °F
1,581.5 mm
62.3 in

Tweed Heads is a town in New South Wales. [2] It is located on the Tweed River in north-eastern New South Wales, Australia, in Tweed Shire. Tweed Heads is located next to the border with Queensland, adjacent to its "twin town" of Coolangatta, which is a suburb of the Gold Coast. It is often referred to as a town where people can change time zones – even celebrate New Year twice within an hour – simply by crossing the street, due to its proximity to the Queensland border, and the fact that New South Wales observes daylight saving whereas Queensland does not.

Contents

History

In 1823 John Oxley was the first European to see the Tweed Valley, and he wrote of it: "A deep rich valley clothed with magnificent trees, the beautiful uniformity of which was only interrupted by the turns and windings of the river, which here and there appeared like small lakes. The background was Mt. Warning. The view was altogether beautiful beyond description. The scenery here exceeded anything I have previously seen in Australia." [4]

Timber cutters originally moved to the Tweed Valley in 1844. After the timber had been cleared, farmers moved in with bananas, cane and dairy farming dominating the area, while a fishing industry developed. The first school opened in 1871.

In May 1888, 119 subdivided lots of "Boyd Estate" were advertised to be auctioned by W. H. Brett. [5] A map advertising the auction shows that the estate was located next to the Tweed River. [6]

Tweed Heads station StateLibQld 1 298511 Tweed Heads Railway Station, ca. 1911.jpg
Tweed Heads station

Tweed Heads was once connected to the Queensland Railways system, with the South Coast line providing a direct connection to Brisbane. [7] The railway opened on 10 August 1903 [8] It had been hoped that the New South Wales government would extend their railway line from Murwillumbah to Tweed Heads, but this did not occur due to cost of resuming the land and the expenses associated with the tunnel and bridge that would be required. [9] The Tweed Heads railway station was located on the western side of Enid Street between Bay Street and Frances Street ( 28°10′19″S153°32′27″E / 28.17193°S 153.54073°E / -28.17193; 153.54073 (Tweed Heads railway station) ). [10] The railway line to Brisbane closed in 1961; the site of the station has been converted to parklands and commercial development. [11]

The Tweed Heads and Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club opened on 13 September 1911. [12]

In April 1916, 69 allotments of "Charles' Tweed Heads subdivision were advertised to be auctioned by P. Smith & Son. [13] A map advertising the auction shows the location of the estate in proximity to Terranora Creek. [14]

In November 1917, 46 subdivided allotments of "Marks Estate" were advertised for auction by S. A. Thornton. [15] A map advertising the auction illustrates the location of the estate in proximity to Terranora Creek, Coolangatta and the Pacific Ocean and describes the allotments as perfectly flat, large areas with spendid frontages. [16]

The Tweed Shire, inclusive Murwillumbah was declared in 1947. [4]

Tweed Heads was the location of fictional town Porpoise Spit in the 1994 movie Muriel's Wedding.

In April 2020 checkpoint barriers were established in Tweed streets near the state border to restrict travel into Coolangatta during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Tourism

Given its proximity to the Gold Coast, Tweed Heads has a shared economy with Coolangatta based heavily on tourism.

Tweed Heads' most popular tourist destinations include Mount Warning, one of the largest shield volcanoes in the Southern Hemisphere, and the nearby Nightcap, Border Ranges, Springbrook and Lamington National Parks, which abound with sub-tropical fauna and flora. [17]

Television

Some areas of the Tweed can receive both TV broadcasts from Brisbane and Northern NSW. Brisbane stations are Seven Brisbane BTQ, Nine Brisbane QTQ, and Ten Brisbane TVQ. The local Northern NSW stations are Prime7, NBN Television and WIN Television.

Demographics

In the 2016 census, Tweed Heads recorded a population of 8,176 people made up of 52.2 percent female and 47.8 percent male. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.4% of the population. The median age of the population was 56 years, 18 years above the Australian median. This has made the Tweed Heads region a prime location for retirement living, with 14 separate retirement villages. 69.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 5.8% and New Zealand 3.6%. 83.8% of people spoke only English at home. [1]

The most common responses for religion were No Religion 26.3%, Catholic 24.1% and Anglican 20.4%. [1]

Composition of the Tweed Heads urban area Population by Statistical Local Area: [18]

Tweed Heads, New South Wales
  •   Tweed Heads
  •   Tweed Heads South
  •   Kingscliff - Fingal Head
  •   Pottsville

Retirement Living

Below are a list of retirement villages and retirement living facilities in the Tweed Region:

Sport and recreation

Due to its close proximity, Tweed Heads sports teams often compete in Gold Coast/Queensland-based competitions. Tweed Heads was once home to several iterations of professional rugby league clubs in the New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) competition between 1988-1995. The Gold Coast-Tweed Giants were established in 1988 and based out of the Tweed Heads Seagulls premises in west Tweed Heads. The Seagulls ran a very successful social club that turned large profits due to poker machines and by 1990 the club had acquired the Giants' NSWRL licence and rebranded the team to become the Gold Coast Seagulls, despite remaining based in Tweed Heads. The team pulled off its biggest coup in 1990 when it signed future Rugby League Immortal Wally Lewis. After years of poor on field results and low attendances, the Seagulls sold their NSWRL licence to businessman Jeff Muller who moved the team to Carrara on the Gold Coast.

The Seagulls returned to the Group 18 Rugby League competition in 1996 and were granted entry into the Queensland Cup in 2003. Australian rules football was brought to the area in 1962 when the Coolangatta Tweed Heads Australian Football Club. It was intended to represent the twin towns of Coolangatta and Tweed Heads and competed in the Gold Coast Australian Football League competition. In 1984 the Northern Rivers region established the Summerland Australian Football League that later included the Tweed Coast Football Club. The league was amalgamated into Queensland Australian Football League as its own division in 2012.

Despite not being based inside Queensland, the area acts as a feeder zone for both the Gold Coast Titans in the National Rugby League and the Gold Coast Suns in the Australian Football League. Tweed United is a soccer Club based in the area that competes in the Football Gold Coast competition plus the Coolangatta Tweed Barbarians who compete in the Gold Coast and District Rugby Union. Other sports facilities in the area include Tweed Heads Bowls Club, Tweed Heads Rowing Club, Tweed Valley Sailing Club and Tweed Heads & Coolangatta Surf Life Saving Club.

Notable people

The following is a list of notable people residents of or born in Tweed Heads:

See also

Related Research Articles

Gold Coast, Queensland City in Queensland, Australia

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Murwillumbah Town in New South Wales, Australia

Murwillumbah is a town in far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia, in the Tweed Shire, on the Tweed River, 848 km north-east of Sydney, 13 km south of the Queensland border and 132 km south of Brisbane. At the 2016 census, Murwillumbah had a population of 9,245 people. The town's name is often abbreviated to M'bah or Murbah.

Coolangatta Suburb of Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

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South Coast railway line, Queensland

The South Coast railway line was a railway from Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland, Australia. The route via the Gold Coast to Tweed Heads on the border of Queensland and New South Wales. The line operated from 1889 to 1964. The Gold Coast railway line re-opened in 1996 along a modified alignment in the north and a new route south but does not extend as far south yet as the South Coast line.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tweed Heads (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 February 2018. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. 1 2 3 "Tweed Heads". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 1 April 2019. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  3. "Murwillumbuh (Bray Park)". Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  4. 1 2 "Page cannot be found – Tweed Shire Council".
  5. "Advertising". Southern Queensland Bulletin (166). Queensland, Australia. 26 May 1888. p. 3. Retrieved 14 June 2019 via National Library of Australia.
  6. "View from Boyd Estate". hdl:10462/deriv/280879.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. Rails to the Tweed – A QR Station in NSW Milne, Rod Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, October, 2001 pp363-377
  8. "VISITORS FROM NEW SOUTH WALES". The Brisbane Courier . National Library of Australia. 11 August 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  9. "TWEED HEADS, RAILWAY EXTENSION". The Brisbane Courier . National Library of Australia. 29 May 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  10. "South Coast Rail Line". Archived from the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  11. Coolangatta and Tweed Heads Revisited Newland, John R. Australian Railway History, August, 2005 pp304-307
  12. "Tweed Heads Life Saving Brigade". The Brisbane Courier . National Library of Australia. 16 September 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  13. Tweed Daily . III (78). New South Wales, Australia. 3 April 1916. p. 4 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page21457426 . Retrieved 14 June 2019 via National Library of Australia.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. "Charles' Tweed Heads subdivision". hdl:10462/deriv/251707.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. "Advertising". Tweed Daily . IV (274). New South Wales, Australia. 17 November 1917. p. 5. Retrieved 14 June 2019 via National Library of Australia.
  16. "Marks Estate subdivision". hdl:10462/deriv/251708.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  17. "Tweed Heads". VisitNSW.com. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  18. "Details - Summary". 31 March 2015.