Tyumen

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Tyumen
Тюмень
Krestovozdvizhenkaia tserkov' (Tiumen')-1.jpg
A view of central Tyumen
Flag of Tyumen (Tyumen oblast) (2005).png
Wapen Tjoemen.png
Location of Tyumen
Tyumen
Russia administrative location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tyumen
Location of Tyumen
Outline Map of Tyumen Oblast.svg
Red pog.svg
Tyumen
Tyumen (Tyumen Oblast)
Coordinates: 57°09′N65°32′E / 57.150°N 65.533°E / 57.150; 65.533 Coordinates: 57°09′N65°32′E / 57.150°N 65.533°E / 57.150; 65.533
Country Russia
Federal subject Tyumen Oblast [1]
FoundedJuly 29, 1586 [2]
Government
  Head of Administration [3] Ruslan Kuharuk [3]
Area
[4]
  Total698 km2 (269 sq mi)
Elevation
102 m (335 ft)
Population
  Total581,907
  Estimate 
(2018) [6]
768,358 (+32%)
  Rank 25th in 2010
  Density830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
  Subordinated to City of Tyumen [1]
   Capital ofTyumen Oblast [4] , Tyumensky District [1]
  Urban okrugTyumen Urban Okrug [7]
   Capital ofTyumen Urban Okrug [7] , Tyumensky Municipal District [7]
Time zone UTC+5 (MSK+2   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [8] )
Postal code(s) [9]
625000 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Dialing code(s) +7 3452 [10]
OKTMO ID71701000001
City DayLast Sunday of July [2]
Website www.tyumen-city.ru

Tyumen ( /tjˈmɛn/ tew-MEN; [11] [12] Russian:Тюмень, tr. Tyumen',IPA:  [tʲʉˈmʲenʲ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), Siberian Tatar: Тора [13] ) is the administrative center and largest city and of Tyumen Oblast, Russia. It is situated just east of the Ural Mountains, along the Tura River, and has a population of over 750,000. Tyumen is among the largest cities of the Ural region and the Ural Federal District.

Contents

Tyumen was the first Russian settlement in Siberia. Founded in 1586 to support Russia's eastward expansion, the city has remained one of the most important industrial and economic centers east of the Ural Mountains. Located at the junction of several important trade routes and with easy access to navigable waterways, Tyumen rapidly developed from a small military settlement to a large commercial and industrial city. The central part of Old Tyumen retains many historic buildings from throughout the city's history.

Today, Tyumen is an important business center. It is the transport hub and industrial center of Tyumen Oblast – an oil-rich region bordering Kazakhstan – as well as the home of many companies active in Russia's oil and gas industry.

Etymology

From the Mongol word, "Tümen/Түмэн" which means a myriad, or ten thousand. Etymologically connected to the Tuman River that delineates sections of the borders between North Korea, Russia, and China.

Geography

Tyumen covers an area of 235 square kilometers (91 sq mi). [4] Its primary geographical feature is the Tura River, which crosses the city from northwest to southeast. The river is navigable downstream of the city. The left bank of the Tura is a floodplain surrounded by gently rolling hills. The Tura is a shallow river with extensive marshlands.

The river floods during the snow melting season in the spring. The spring flood usually peaks in the second half of May, [14] when the river becomes 8–10 times wider than during the late-summer low water season. The city is protected from flooding by a dike which can withstand floods up to 8 meters (26 ft) high. [15] The highest ever flood water level in Tyumen was 9.15 meters (30.0 ft), recorded in 1979. More recently, in 2007, a water level of 7.76 was recorded. [16] In spring 2005, a flood higher than the critical 8 meters (26 ft) mark was expected, [17] but did not appear.

Climate

Tyumen has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with warm, somewhat humid summers and long, cold winters. The weather in the region is very changeable, and the temperature in town is always higher than in the surrounding area by a few degrees. The town area also attracts more precipitation. The average temperature in January is −16.7 °C (1.9 °F), with a record low of −50 °C (−58 °F) measured in February 1951. The average temperature in July is +18.6 °C (65.5 °F), with a record high of +38 °C (100 °F).

The average annual precipitation is 457 millimeters (18.0 in). The wettest year on record was 1943, with 581 millimeters (22.9 in), and the driest was 1917, with only 231 millimeters (9.1 in). [18]

Climate data for Tyumen (1991–2020, extremes 1885–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
7.3
(45.1)
17.1
(62.8)
30.7
(87.3)
34.9
(94.8)
36.4
(97.5)
38.0
(100.4)
37.4
(99.3)
31.2
(88.2)
24.1
(75.4)
12.8
(55.0)
9.0
(48.2)
37.5
(99.5)
Average high °C (°F)−11.0
(12.2)
−7.7
(18.1)
0.4
(32.7)
10.0
(50.0)
18.5
(65.3)
23.1
(73.6)
24.4
(75.9)
21.6
(70.9)
15.2
(59.4)
7.5
(45.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
7.5
(45.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−15.1
(4.8)
−12.9
(8.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
4.3
(39.7)
12.0
(53.6)
17.0
(62.6)
18.7
(65.7)
16.1
(61.0)
10.0
(50.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−12.9
(8.8)
2.4
(36.3)
Average low °C (°F)−19.2
(−2.6)
−17.6
(0.3)
−9.8
(14.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.8
(42.4)
11.1
(52.0)
13.4
(56.1)
11.2
(52.2)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.2
(31.6)
−9.9
(14.2)
−16.6
(2.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
Record low °C (°F)−46.2
(−51.2)
−43.7
(−46.7)
−38.4
(−37.1)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−10.2
(13.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.0
(30.2)
−8.6
(16.5)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−41.0
(−41.8)
−49.2
(−56.6)
−49.2
(−56.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)21
(0.8)
15
(0.6)
22
(0.9)
24
(0.9)
44
(1.7)
61
(2.4)
86
(3.4)
60
(2.4)
45
(1.8)
37
(1.5)
34
(1.3)
25
(1.0)
474
(18.7)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches)32
(13)
40
(16)
37
(15)
8
(3.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
9
(3.5)
22
(8.7)
40
(16)
Average rainy days0.40.22916171719191340117
Average snowy days241915840.2002112023126
Average relative humidity (%)80767062586572777777808073
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68.2123.2167.4243.0272.8300.0328.6238.7165.0102.369.055.82,134
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net [19]
Source 2: Climatebase (sun, 1933–2011) [20]

History

Tumen on Sigismund von Herberstein's map, published in 1549 Herberstein-Moscovia-NE.png
Tumen on Sigismund von Herberstein's map, published in 1549
Weliki Tumen (the Great Tyumen) is shown on Gerhard Mercator's map of Asia (published in 1595) as located south of Perm and Sibier CEM-15-Asia-Mercator-1595-Russia-2533.jpg
Weliki Tumen (the Great Tyumen) is shown on Gerhard Mercator's map of Asia (published in 1595) as located south of Perm and Sibier


The Cossack ataman Yermak Timofeyevich conquered the Tyumen area, originally part of the Siberia Khanate, to the Tsardom of Russia in 1585. Both capitals of the Siberia Khanate, Sibir/Qashliq and Tyumen/Chimgi-Tura (the capital in the 15th century), were completely destroyed. Sibir was never rebuilt, though it gave its name to all concurrent and future lands in North Asia annexed by Russia, but Tyumen was later founded again. On July 29, 1586, [2] Tsar Feodor I ordered two regional commanders, Vasily Borisov-Sukin and Ivan Myasnoy, to construct a fortress on the site of the former Siberian Tatar town of Chingi-Tura ("city of Chingis"), also known as Tyumen, from the Turkish and Mongol word for "ten thousand" [21] tumen.

Tyumen stood on the "Tyumen Portage", part of the historical trade route between Central Asia and the Volga region. Various South Siberian nomads had continuously contested control of the portage in the preceding centuries. As a result, Siberian Tatar and Kalmyk raiders often attacked early Russian settlers. The military situation meant that streltsy and Cossack garrisons stationed in the town predominated in the population of Tyumen until the mid-17th century. As the area became less restive, the town began to take on a less military character.

By the beginning of the 18th century Tyumen had developed into an important center of trade between Siberia and China in the east and Central Russia in the west. Tyumen had also become an important industrial center, known for leatherworkers, blacksmiths, and other craftsmen. In 1763, 7,000 people were recorded[ by whom? ] as living in the town.

In the 19th century the town's development continued. In 1836, the first steam boat in Siberia was built in Tyumen. In 1862, the telegraph came to the town, and in 1864 the first water mains were laid. Further prosperity came to Tyumen after the construction, in 1885, of the Trans-Siberian Railway. For some years, Tyumen was Russia's easternmost railhead, and the site of transhipment of cargoes between the railway and the cargo boats plying the Tura, Tobol, Irtysh, and Ob Rivers.

By the end of the 19th century Tyumen's population exceeded 30,000, surpassing that of its northern rival Tobolsk, and beginning a process whereby Tyumen gradually eclipsed the former regional capital. The growth of Tyumen culminated on August 14, 1944 when the city finally became the administrative center of the extensive Tyumen Oblast.

Monument to deceased graduates of Tyumen schools Tyumen Monument WWII to Perished School Graduates.jpg
Monument to deceased graduates of Tyumen schools

At the outbreak of the Russian Civil War in 1917, forces loyal to Admiral Alexander Kolchak and his Siberian White Army controlled Tyumen.[ citation needed ] However, the city fell to the Red Army on January 5, 1918.

During the 1930s, Tyumen became a major industrial center of the Soviet Union. By the onset of World War II, the city had several well-established industries, including shipbuilding, furniture manufacture, and the manufacture of fur and leather goods. World War II saw rapid growth and development in the city. In the winter of 1941, twenty-two major industrial enterprises evacuated to Tyumen from the European part of the Soviet Union. [22] These enterprises went into operation the following spring. Additionally, war-time Tyumen became a "hospital city", where thousands of wounded soldiers were treated. When it seemed that Moscow might fall to German forces during Operation Barbarossa, in 1941 Vladimir Lenin's body was secretly moved from his mausoleum in Moscow to a hidden tomb in what is now the Tyumen State Agriculture Academy. [23] Between 1941 and 1945 more than 20,000 Tyumen natives fought at the front, and some 6,000 were killed.[ citation needed ]

Rich oil- and gas-fields were discovered in the Tyumen Oblast in the 1960s. While most of these lay hundreds of kilometers away, near the towns of Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen was the nearest railway junction and so the city became their supply base while the railway was extended northwards. [24] As the result of this economic and population boom, with tens of thousands of skilled workers arriving from across the Soviet Union between 1963 and 1985, the rapid growth of the city also brought a host of problems. Its social infrastructure was limited and the lack of city planning has resulted in uneven development, with which Tyumen has continued to struggle.

Administrative and municipal status

Tyumen is the administrative center of the oblast and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Tyumensky District, even though it is not a part of it. [1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the City of Tyumen—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. [1] As a municipal division, the City of Tyumen is incorporated as Tyumen Urban Okrug. [7]

City divisions


Tyumen is divided into four administrative okrugs: Kalininsky, Leninsky, Tsentralny, and Vostochny.

Government

City government

Tyumen Puppet Oblast Duma Tjumena Provinca Dumao.jpg
Tyumen Puppet Oblast Duma

The legislative authority of Tyumen is the City Duma. In addition to legislative activities, the City Duma appoints the Head of the Tyumen City Administration, who is the chief executive officer of the city.

Oblast government

Since Tyumen is the administrative center of the oblast, all the governing bodies of the oblast are located in the city. They include the elected Legislative Assembly (Duma) of Tyumen Oblast, which also confirms the appointment of the Governor of Tyumen Oblast, who is nominated by the President of Russia.

Demographics

Tyumen's population grew steadily from the 16th century through the 19th century. However, when the Trans-Siberian Railway arrived at the end of the 19th century, the town's rate of population growth was greatly boosted. Tyumen rapidly became the largest town in the region, with about 30,000 inhabitants by the beginning of the 20th century. Tyumen again experienced rapid population growth with the coming of World War II. The evacuation of workers from factories in central Russia in 1941 more than doubled Tyumen's population to 150,000.[ citation needed ]

In the 1960s, the discovery of the rich oil and gas fields in Western Siberia caused the city's population, which had not been forecast to exceed 250,000 inhabitants that decade, to swell to almost half a million. After the growth of the 1960s, a period of population stability lasted until 1988, when economic depression hit the Soviet Union. The city's population in 1989 was 476,869, according to the census of that year. However, within five or six years Tyumen was again a major economic center with a rising population. By 2002, Tyumen's population had risen to 510,719. Further population growth (mainly due to migration and the incorporation of surrounding settlements) meant that by 2008 regional government statistics put Tyumen's population at 588,600 inhabitants.[ citation needed ]

Ethnic groups

While the population of Tyumen includes people from over a hundred different ethnicities, most belong to one of the following ethnicities:

Religion

The mid-18th-century Trinity Monastery in Tyumen, as photographed ca. 1912 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky Trinity Monastery in Tiumen (Prokudin-Gorskii).png
The mid-18th-century Trinity Monastery in Tyumen, as photographed ca. 1912 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky
The Trinity Monastery Panorama tiumenskikh khramov. Steny i tserkvi Sviato-troitskogo monastyria na vtorom plane.JPG
The Trinity Monastery

As of 2009, there are over ten operational Orthodox temples (both newly built and historical), two mosques (both newly built), one synagogue, and one Roman Catholic church in Tyumen (St. Joseph's Church).

Orthodox Christianity

While the state religion of the Russian Empire was Orthodoxy, this religion historically prevailed in Tyumen.[ clarification needed ] In 1616, Trinity Monastery was established in Tyumen by Nifont of Kazan. In 1709–1711, this monastery was rebuilt in stone by the order of Filofey Leshchinsky, the first Metropolitan of Siberia. In 1761, the Tyumen Religious School was established. Overall, from 1708 to 1885, twelve stone Orthodox churches of different size, and two monasteries were constructed in Tyumen.

During Soviet times, two of the churches were completely destroyed, but the rest remained. As of 2008, most of them are accessible and operating. [25] Some operational churches are also under restoration. Tyumen Religious School was reopened in 1997.

Other religions

Despite the predominance of Orthodoxy, Catholic churches as well as mosques and synagogues were also built. However, only one Catholic church remains preserved. The Tyumen Mosque was completely destroyed, but its reconstruction on the same site caused controversy. The Tyumen synagogue collapsed in 2000, but was reconstructed on the same site.[ citation needed ] At the start of the 20th century, there was a strong Old Believers community in Tyumen.

All of the aforementioned religions operate cultural centers in Tyumen. There are also several other religious bodies with a few adherents in Tyumen.[ clarification needed ]

Tyumen Trinity Monastery was built with special permission of Peter the Great. At the time, the construction of stone buildings outside Saint Petersburg was prohibited.[ citation needed ] The Church of Savior Uncreated was visited by Crown prince Alexandr (later Alexander II) during his Siberian tour.

Economy

Tyumen is an important service center for the gas and oil industries in Russia. Due to its advantageous location at the crossing of the motor, rail, water and air ways and its moderate climate Tyumen was an ideal base town for servicing the oil and gas industry of the West Siberia. As a result, today Tyumen is a center of industry, science, culture, education and medicine. Many large oil and gas companies such as Gazprom, LUKoil, Gazpromneft and Shell have their representative offices in Tyumen.

There are numerous factories, engineering companies, oil industry service companies (KCA DEUTAG and Schlumberger), design institutes, shipyard and other oil servicing companies located in Tyumen. Schwank, market leader for industrial heaters, has its subsidiary, SibSchwank, in Tyumen, holding market shares of about 25%. [26] UTair is also based in Tyumen.

Transportation

Railway

Tyumen railway station Tracks 2008 Tyumen RailwayStation 01.jpg
Tyumen railway station Tracks 2008
Tyumen Railway Station Terminal 2008 Tyumen RailwayStation Terminal 2008.jpg
Tyumen Railway Station Terminal 2008

Tyumen railway station was built in 1885. Currently the station administratively belongs to the Tyumen Division of Sverdlovskaya Rail Road. The station is located in the center of the city. At the regional level, the station services three directions to Yekaterinburg, Omsk, and Tobolsk. The railroad to Yekaterinburg has been electrified since 1980.[ citation needed ] At the international level, the station services passage to (Trans-Siberian Railway): Poland, Germany, China, Mongolia, and Azerbaijan.

Additional stations within the city territory include: Tyumen North, Tyumen yard, Voynovka yard.

Public transportation

Public transportation in Tyumen is dominated by both municipal bus services and by numerous private operators (marshrutkas), which account for nearly a third of all transport capacity. The city's bus fleet is in process of modernization and expansion, with newly acquired Russian buses replacing the severely aged Soviet models.

Tyumen is a major hub for intercity bus service, centered on the bus terminal, which was constructed in 1972, and greatly expanded between 2006 and 2008.[ citation needed ]

Air transportation

Roschino International Airport of Tyumen in 2017 Terminal airport roshino.jpg
Roschino International Airport of Tyumen in 2017

Tyumen is served by the international Roschino Airport located 13 kilometres (8 miles) west of the city. In addition Plekhanovo Airport is in the area. The Roschino airport has permits to handle the following types of aircraft: Tu-154, Tu-134, An-12, An-24, An-26, Yak-40, Yak-42, IL-18, L-410, B-737, B-767, B-757, IL-86, IL-76, ATR-42, ATR-72, HS-125. The airport also has a permit to handle all types of helicopters. The airstrip is capable of handling large freight aircraft such as the An-22 Antaeus.

The city has a regular service to a large number of Russian towns, including, Moscow (9 flights a day), St. Petersburg, and Samara. There are also weekly or biweekly flights to the following international locations: Baku, Erevan, Khujand, and Tashkent.

Road

Tyumen is divided by the Tura River, the Tyumneka River, and the Trans-Siberian Railroad, creating several isolated zones. Ten bridges, one footbridge, seven flyovers, and five foot crossings connect these zones.[ citation needed ]

In addition, the road network was planned before the fall of the Soviet Union, and in its current state, it can operate normally only in the scheme which includes public transportation only. Compact planning of the city center prevents expansion of main roads; congestion coming from the city periphery moves slower and slower as it approaches the town center. To date, the road network serves about 200% above planned capacity, which leads to numerous traffic jams and high accident rates.

Since 2002, city and regional authorities have undertaken numerous initiatives to improve Tyumen's road network, but due to the continued growth of private automobile ownership rates, these efforts have only had short term positive effects. To date, a complex transport infrastructure reconstruction project is being directed by Regional Administration. [27] In January 2015, a paid parking program and prohibition of vehicle access for non-residents began.[ citation needed ]

  • Total length of the city roads: 925 kilometres (575 miles) (Jan 2009). [28]
  • Total number of cars: 380,000 of 1,176,441 [29] total in Tyumen Oblast (as of March 2015 [30] ), previous count 151,000 (Jan. 2008)

Cityscape

Tyumen Footbridge Sipoj sur rivero Turo en Tjumeno 02.jpg
Tyumen Footbridge

Historically, Tyumen occupied a small area on the high bank of the Tura River around the foundation site of the city. The city consisted of one and two-storey wooden buildings, surrounded by a number of villages. With time, the territory of the city was developed and extended by including the surrounding villages.

When viewed from above, present-day Tyumen appears to be a collection of low-rise towns with occasional clusters of tall buildings. Two areas of the city, Yamskaya Sloboda and Republic Street are noted for their historic character. These areas are dominated by old brick and wooden merchant houses and buildings, with the occasional intrusion of mid-century Soviet low-rise buildings.

Yamskaya Sloboda Tyumen Historic Center Yamskaya Sloboda.jpg
Yamskaya Sloboda

Bukharskaya Sloboda is a historic residential area on the low bank of the Tura river. This area is mostly made up of very old one and two-storey wooden buildings. The area is part of the Historical Centre on the city and has a mostly Muslim population. Low bank Dormitories is a cluster of standard 9-storey buildings was built on reclaimed land east of Bukharskaya Sloboda – Zareka and Vatutina.

Center Republic St. Tyumen Center 50Buildings.JPG
Center Republic St.

The area to the east of the historical town centre built between 1948 and 1978 and is mostly 4 and 5-storey buildings. Earlier buildings in this area have individual designs, but the later buildings have a rectangular style. This area contains most of the political and business activities of the town.

Dom Oboroni Tyumen Panorama Oborona 2008.jpg
Dom Oboroni
Melnikaite Street Strato Melnikaite (Tjumeno) 02.jpg
Melnikaitė Street

The Old Dormitories area features standard 5-storey blocks of flats constructed in the 1960s and 1970s at the west and east extremities of the city. However, today this area is actually in the town centre. While there are almost no variety in the area's architecture, this area has the most greenery in the city and the best social infrastructure.

Yuzhny Microdistrict Tyumen Yuzhniy Micri District.jpg
Yuzhny Microdistrict

The New dormitories area features clusters of standard tall buildings constructed after 1980 at the south and south-east edges of Tyumen. This area is considered[ by whom? ] to be the worst place to live in the city.[ citation needed ] The area is remote, badly planned, and has very poor social infrastructure.[ citation needed ]

Architecture

Tyumen is not characterized by any particular architectural style. The town was built without planning for decades and because of that its architecture is an eclectic mix of buildings of different styles and eras.

Tyumen's nickname is the Capital of Villages because the most of its territory is built up by lumber houses. Many of the wooden buildings located in the historical part of the city are considered culturally valuable.

Society and culture

Leisure and entertainment

Tyumen Theater of the Drama and the Comedy at Night Tyumen Title Theatre Night.jpg
Tyumen Theater of the Drama and the Comedy at Night


Tyumen has many cinemas and clubs.[ citation needed ]

Literature and film

A writer closely associated with the city is the children's writer Vladislav Krapivin.

Museums and art galleries

Museum House of Merchant Masharov Tyumen Museums 01.jpg
Museum House of Merchant Masharov

Museums and art galleries in Tyumen include the Tyumen Museum of Local Lore, the Tyumen Museum of the Fine Arts, Museum of Kolokolnikov estate and the Medical History Museum.

Music

Tyumen philharmonic Tyumen philharmonic.jpg
Tyumen philharmonic

The town has its own philharmonic orchestra and the Tyumen Music hall hosts performances.

Sports

Many Soviet and Russian sportsmen started their careers in Tyumen youth sport, including Soviet cyclists Sergey Uslamin, Yury Korotkikh, and Oleg Polovnikov

Tyumen has a national level ice hockey team, soccer team and futsal team.

Important ice hockey and soccer teams are:

Education

Higher education

In 1964, Tyumen Industrial Institute was founded to supply the oil industry with a qualified local workforce.[ citation needed ] Most students are not counted in the city population since they are non-residents of the Tyumen city according to Russian law.

Libraries

Tyumen Scientific Library Tyumen Scientific Library general view May 2010.jpg
Tyumen Scientific Library

There are about fifty public libraries in Tyumen.[ citation needed ]

Twin towns - sister cities

Tyumen is twinned with: [31]

Notable people

Natives of Tyumen

Other

See also

Related Research Articles

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Armizonsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Armizonsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Armizonsky Municipal District. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,109 square kilometers (1,200 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Armizonskoye. Population: 10,064 ; 11,027 (2002 Census); 13,922 (1989 Census). The population of Armizonskoye accounts for 47.5% of the district's total population.

Aromashevsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Aromashevsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Aromashevsky Municipal District. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,900 square kilometers (1,500 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Aromashevo. Population: 12,202 ; 14,175 (2002 Census); 16,960 (1989 Census). The population of Aromashevo accounts for 44.0% of the district's total population.

Berdyuzhsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Berdyuzhsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Berdyuzhsky Municipal District. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,800 square kilometers (1,100 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Berdyuzhye. Population: 11,490 ; 13,019 (2002 Census); 14,659 (1989 Census). The population of Berdyuzhye accounts for 44.9% of the district's total population.

Golyshmanovsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Golyshmanovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Golyshmanovsky Municipal District. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 4,085 square kilometers (1,577 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Golyshmanovo. Population: 26,747 ; 27,907 (2002 Census); 29,265 (1989 Census). The population of the administrative center accounts for 51.0% of the district's total population.

Isetsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Isetsky District is an administrative district (raion);one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Isetsky Municipal District. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,751 square kilometers (1,062 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Isetskoye. Population: 26,061 ; 26,565 (2002 Census); 25,862 (1989 Census). The population of Isetskoye accounts for 28.7% of the district's total population.

Ishimsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Ishimsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. Within the framework of municipal divisions, it is incorporated as Ishimsky Municipal District. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 5,500 square kilometers (2,100 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Ishim. Population: 31,085 ; 34,693 (2002 Census); 35,063 (1989 Census).

Kazansky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Kazansky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Kazansky Municipal District. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,094.5 square kilometers (1,194.8 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Kazanskoye. Population: 22,490 ; 23,978 (2002 Census); 23,997 (1989 Census). The population of Kazanskoye accounts for 26.4% of the district's total population.

Omutinsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Omutinsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Omutinsky Municipal District. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,828 square kilometers (1,092 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Omutinskoye. Population: 19,608 ; 20,913 (2002 Census); 24,279 (1989 Census). The population of Omutinskoye accounts for 46.9% of the district's total population.

Tobolsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Tobolsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. Within the framework of municipal divisions, it is incorporated as Tobolsky Municipal District. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 17,222 square kilometers (6,649 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Tobolsk. Population: 22,354 ; 23,679 (2002 Census); 29,661 (1989 Census).

Tyumensky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Tyumensky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. Within the framework of municipal divisions, it is incorporated as Tyumensky Municipal District. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,700 square kilometers (1,400 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Tyumen. Population: 107,175 ; 93,248 (2002 Census); 87,272 (1989 Census).

Vagaysky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Vagaysky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Vagaysky Municipal District. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 18,400 square kilometers (7,100 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Vagay. Population: 22,539 ; 24,561 (2002 Census); 27,801 (1989 Census). The population of Vagay accounts for 22.2% of the district's total population.

Yalutorovsky District District in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

Yalutorovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the twenty-two in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. Within the framework of municipal divisions, it is incorporated as Yalutorovsky Municipal District. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,800 square kilometers (1,100 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Yalutorovsk. Population: 14,461 ; 15,799 (2002 Census); 16,696 (1989 Census).

Zavodoukovsky Urban Okrug is a municipal formation in Tyumen Oblast, Russia, one of the five urban okrugs in the oblast. Its territory comprises the territories of two administrative divisions of Tyumen Oblast—Zavodoukovsky District and the Town of Zavodoukovsk.

Church of the Saviour, Tyumen Church in Tyumen Oblast, Russia

The Church of the Saviour, also known as the Church of the Image of "The Saviour Not Made by Hands" or shorter Spasskaya Church, is a church in Tyumen, Tyumen Oblast, Russia, located at Lenin Street, 43, in a crossroad between the Chelyuskintsev Street. Built in a late 18th-century Siberian Baroque and early 20th-century neorussian style, the building is one of the oldest and most expressive churches in Siberia, which is under monument protection.

Aleksandr Moor Russian politician

Aleksandr Viktorovich Moor, is a Russian politician who is currently the 5th Governor of Tyumen Oblast from 14 September 2018.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Law No. 53
  2. 1 2 3 "Charter of Tyumen (city proper) January 1, 2010. The Tyumen City Administration" . Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  3. 1 2 "Неожиданный поворот: на должность врио главы администрации Тюмени назначили Руслана Кухарука".
  4. 1 2 3 "Geography of Tyumen (city proper), January 1, 2010. The City Government of Tyumen". Archived from the original on June 27, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  5. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Law No. 263
  8. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. "Population of Tyumen (city proper)January 1, 2010. The City Government of Tyumen" . Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  11. "Tyumen". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  12. "Tyumen'". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  13. Социокультурное пространство сибирского города: история и современность, материалы Первой межвузовской научно-практической конференции молодых ученых. 2006 г. С. 203
  14. В Тюмени готовятся к паводку (Tyumen is preparing for the spring flood) Archived June 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  15. "Тюмени паводок не страшен (Flooding is no threat to Tyumen)". Archived from the original on September 8, 2012.
  16. "Уровень воды в р. Тура не превышает паводкового значения (Тюмень) (Water level in the Tura River does not exceed the [normal] spring-flood mark)". Archived from the original on January 17, 2012. ... максимальный уровень паводковых вод в Тюмени составил 9,15 м в 1979 г., а в 2007 г. он составлял 7,76 м.
  17. "Уровень воды в реке Тобол уже начал подниматься" [Water level in the Tobol has started to rise]. March 25, 2005. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2009. Ожидается, что уровень воды в Туре превысит критический и достигнет восьми метров. (The water level in the Tura is expected to exceed the critical level and to reach 8 meters (26 ft)
  18. http://slovari.yandex.ru/dict/bse%7CGreat%5B%5D Soviet Encyclopedia
  19. "Tyumen Climate" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
  20. "Tjumen (Tyumen) Climatological Normals 1933–2011". Climatebase. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  21. E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 427.
  22. http://www.tyumen-city.ru/gorodtumeny/istoriigoroda/pg1/106/%7C Archived April 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Official Site of Tyumen City History of the Town Section
  23. http://www.tsaa.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=frontpage&Itemid=28 | Official Site of the Tyumen State Agriculture Academy [ dead link ]
  24. Eric Newby, The Big Red Train Ride, Penguin 1980, p.99
  25. "Церкви, часовни и монастыри: Тюмень, город". www.temples.ru. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009.
  26. Chamber of Commerce Nuremberg: Short Description of the Region Tyumen / Kurzbeschreibung der Region Tjumen., Nuremberg 2008
  27. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. "Общество - Тюмень: портал". www.tyumen-city.ru. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011.
  29. ТОП-10 регионов России по количеству легковых автомобилей, поставленных на госучет - Колеса.ру Archived March 24, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  30. "Автомобилей в Тюмени больше, чем в Москве и Санкт-Петербурге / Новости Тюмени и Тюменской области - Наша Газета". ng72.ru. Archived from the original on March 27, 2016.
  31. "Города – побратимы города Тюмени". invest.tyumen-city.ru (in Russian). Tyumen. Retrieved February 1, 2020.

Sources