|Status||UCI ProTeam (2005–2007)|
|General manager||Bill Stapleton|
|Team manager(s)||Johan Bruyneel|
|Team name history|
U.S. Postal Service
U.S. Postal Service-Discovery Channel
U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team was a United States-based professional road bicycle racing team. On June 15, 2004, the Discovery Channel signed a deal to become sponsor of the team for the 2004–2007 seasons and its name changed to Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team ( UCI team code:DSC) From 2005 until 2007, the team was one of the 20 teams that competed in the new UCI ProTour. As part of the sponsorship deal, Lance Armstrong, the team's undisputed leader, provided on-air appearances for the Discovery Networks TV channels. The deal did not affect the rights of secondary sponsor OLN, now known as NBC Sports Network in the US, to air major cycling events such as the Tour de France, although the two channels are competitors.
The team was directed by Belgian Johan Bruyneel, who also managed U.S. Postal. The chief mechanic was Julien DeVries. The team was co-owned by Tailwind Sports Corp. of San Francisco and Capital Sports & Entertainment of Austin, Texas. On February 10, 2007, Discovery Channel announced that it would not renew its sponsorship of the team at the end of the 2007 season.On August 10, 2007 the cycling team announced that it would not search for a new sponsor, but cease operations and disband at the end of the 2007 season.
In October 2012 USADA released a report saying that the team had run "the most sophisticated, professionalised and successful doping programme the sport has ever seen".The report contained affidavits from eleven riders on the team including Frankie Andreu, Tyler Hamilton, George Hincapie, Floyd Landis, Levi Leipheimer, and others, describing their own usage of erythropoietin (EPO), blood transfusion, testosterone, and other banned practices during the Tour de France and other races. They also implicated seven-time Tour winner Armstrong. On October 22, 2012 the UCI upheld the USADA's recommendation to strip Armstrong of all results since August 1, 1998, and ban him from cycling for life. In February 2013, the US government joined Landis' False Claims Act lawsuit against Armstrong, alleging that Armstrong had defrauded the US Postal Service of sponsorship funds by violating cycling rules by using performance-enhancing drugs while riding for the team.
On August 10, 2007, Tailwind Sports announced the end of the Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team. Tailwind officials stopped their search for a new title sponsor for the Discovery team, citing the current tumultuous conditions within the sport of cycling.Team operations continued until the end of the 2007 season.
After the 2007 season Johan Bruyneel went to rebuild Team Astana for the 2008 season. He brought with him much of Discovery's personnel, such as riders Alberto Contador, Levi Leipheimer, Yaroslav Popovych, Tomas Vaitkus, and coach Sean Yates.
The 2007 U.S. national road champion George Hincapie signed a contract for the 2008 season Team High Road, later known as Team HTC-Columbia, run by the American Bob Stapleton.
As of April 30, 2007.Ages are from August 10, 2007.
|Jonathan Patrick McCarty||2005|
|Jurgen Van den Broeck||2005–2006|
|Max van Heeswijk||2005–2006|
|Juan Llaneras Rosello||1998|
|Víctor Hugo Peña||2001–2004|
|Christian Vande Velde||1998–2003|
|2005||Team Classification, Hervis Tour of Austria||Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team|
|2005-04||Overall, Tour of Georgia||Tom Danielson|
|2005-05-19||Stage 11, Giro d'Italia||Paolo Savoldelli|
|2005-05-22||Overall, Volta a Catalunya||Yaroslav Popovych|
|2005-05-29||General Classification, Giro d'Italia ||Paolo Savoldelli|
|2005-06-05||Prologue, Dauphiné Libéré||George Hincapie|
|2005-06-12||Points Classification, Dauphiné Libéré ||Lance Armstrong|
|2005-06-12||Team Classification, Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré|
Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team
|2005-06-12||Stage 7, Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré||George Hincapie|
|2005-07-05||Stage 4 (TTT) Speed record, Tour de France||Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team|
|2005-07-17||Stage 15, Tour de France||George Hincapie|
|2005-07-20||Stage 17, Tour de France||Paolo Savoldelli|
|2005-07-24|| Best Young Rider Classification, Tour de France ||Yaroslav Popovych|
|2005-08-04||Stage 1, Eneco Tour of Benelux||Max van Heeswijk|
|2005-08-08||Stage 5 Eneco Tour of Benelux||Max van Heeswijk|
|2005-08-28||GP Ouest-France||George Hincapie|
|2005-09-02||Stage 6, Vuelta a España||Max van Heeswijk|
|2006-02-21||Stage 2, Tour of California||George Hincapie|
|2006-02-26||Stage 5, Tour of California||George Hincapie|
|2006-03-28||Stage 1, Three Days of De Panne||Leif Hoste|
|2006-03-30||Stage 4, Three Days of De Panne||Leif Hoste|
|2006-03-30||KOM, Three Days of De Panne||Leif Hoste|
|2006-03-30||Overall, Three Days of De Panne||Leif Hoste|
|2006-04-25||Prologue, Tour de Romandie||Paolo Savoldelli|
|2006-05-06||Prologue, Giro d'Italia||Paolo Savoldelli|
|2006-05-28||Combination Classification (Maglia Blu), Giro d'Italia||Paolo Savoldelli|
|2006-07-03||yellow jersey as leader of the general classification after stage 1, Tour de France ||George Hincapie|
|2006-07-09||Overall, Tour of Austria||Tom Danielson|
|2006-07-14||Stage 12, Tour de France||Yaroslav Popovych|
|2006-07-23||Overall, Sachsen Tour International||Vladimir Gusev|
|2006-08-01||Prologue, Deutschland Tour||Vladimir Gusev|
|2006-08-09||Best Young Rider, Deutschland Tour||Vladimir Gusev|
|2006-08-20||Stage 4 (ITT), Eneco Tour of Benelux||George Hincapie|
|2006-09-04||Stage 1, Tour de Pologne||Max van Heeswijk|
|2006-09-06||Stage 11, Vuelta a España||Egoi Martínez|
|2006-09-13||Stage 17, Vuelta a España||Tom Danielson|
|2006-09-17||King of the Mountains, Vuelta a España ||Egoi Martínez|
|2006-09-17||Team Classification, Vuelta a España||Discovery Channel|
|2007-02-15||Metas Volantes, 2007 Vuelta a Mallorca||Tomas Vaitkus|
|2007-02-18||Prologue, 2007 Tour of California||Levi Leipheimer|
|2007-02-23||Stage 5 (ITT), 2007 Tour of California||Levi Leipheimer|
|2007-02-25||Overall, 2007 Tour of California||Levi Leipheimer|
|2007-03-02||Stage 4, 2007 Vuelta a la Comunidad Valenciana||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-15||Stage 4, 2007 Paris–Nice||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-16||Stage 5, 2007 Paris–Nice||Yaroslav Popovych|
|2007-03-18||Stage 7, 2007 Paris–Nice||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-18||Best Young Rider, 2007 Paris–Nice||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-18||Overall, 2007 Paris–Nice||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-29||Stage 4, 2007 Vuelta Ciclista a Castilla y León||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-30||Spanish Rider Classification, 2007 Vuelta Ciclista a Castilla y León||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-30||Combination Classification, 2007 Vuelta Ciclista a Castilla y León||Alberto Contador|
|2007-03-30||Overall, 2007 Vuelta Ciclista a Castilla y León||Alberto Contador|
|2007-04-05||Stage 4 (ITT), 2007 Three Days of De Panne||Stijn Devolder|
|2007-04-18||Stage 3, 2007 Tour de Georgia||Gianni Meersman|
|2007-04-19||Stage 4 (ITT), 2007 Tour de Georgia||Levi Leipheimer|
|2007-04-20||Stage 5, 2007 Tour de Georgia||Levi Leipheimer|
|2007-04-22||Team Classification, 2007 Tour de Georgia||Discovery Channel|
|2007-04-22||Best Young Rider, 2007 Tour de Georgia||Janez Brajkovič|
|2007-04-22||Overall, 2007 Tour de Georgia||Janez Brajkovič|
|2007-05-23||Stage 3, 2007 Volta a Catalunya||Allan Davis|
|2007-06-01||Stage 3 (ITT), 2007 Tour of Belgium||Vladimir Gusev|
|2007-06-03||Overall, 2007 Tour of Belgium||Vladimir Gusev|
|2007-06-21||Stage 6, 2007 Tour de Suisse||Vladimir Gusev|
|2007-06-24||Mountains Classification, 2007 Tour de Suisse||Vladimir Gusev|
|2007-07-12||Stage 5, 2007 Tour of Austria||Gianni Meersman|
|2007-07-14||Stage 1, 2007 Tour of Qinghai Lake||Allan Davis|
|2007-07-14||Stage 7 (ITT), 2007 Tour of Austria||Stijn Devolder|
|2007-07-15||Overall, 2007 Tour of Austria||Stijn Devolder|
|2007-07-16||Stage 3, 2007 Tour of Qinghai Lake||Allan Davis|
|2007-07-18||Stage 5, 2007 Tour of Qinghai Lake||Allan Davis|
|2007-07-19||Stage 6, 2007 Tour of Qinghai Lake||Allan Davis|
|2007-07-21||Stage 8, 2007 Tour of Qinghai Lake||José Luis Rubiera|
|2007-07-22||Stage 9, 2007 Tour of Qinghai Lake||Allan Davis|
|2007-07-22||Points Classification, 2007 Tour of Qinghai Lake||Allan Davis|
|2007-07-22||Stage 14, 2007 Tour de France||Alberto Contador|
|2007-07-28||Stage 19 (ITT), 2007 Tour de France||Levi Leipheimer|
|2007-07-29||Team Classification, 2007 Tour de France ||Discovery Channel|
|2007-07-29|| Best Young Rider, 2007 Tour de France ||Alberto Contador|
|2007-07-29|| General classification, 2007 Tour de France ||Alberto Contador|
|2007-08-13||Stage 2, 2007 Tour de l'Ain||Brian Vandborg|
|2007-09-12||Stage 2, 2007 Tour of Missouri||George Hincapie|
|2007-09-13||Stage 3, 2007 Tour of Missouri||Levi Leipheimer|
|2007-09-15||Stage 14, 2007 Vuelta a España||Jason McCartney|
|2007-09-16||Overall, 2007 Tour of Missouri||George Hincapie|
The US Postal Service Pro Cycling Team and later named the US Postal Service Pro Cycling Team presented by Berry Floor operated from 1996 through 2004. The United States Postal Service was the title (primary) sponsor from 1996 through 2004 and the team was nicknamed the "Blue Train". Berry Floor, a Belgian flooring company, was the secondary sponsor, also known as a Presenting Sponsor. Domestically the USPS Pro Cycling Team was presented by Alloc, the American subsidiary of Berry Floor.
Lance Armstrong won six Tours de France (1999–2004) (that were later stripped) with US Postal, and in 2003 Roberto Heras—at that time a US Postal rider—won the Vuelta a España. Armstrong went on to win a seventh Tour de France in 2005 (that was later also stripped), after the USPS contract and sponsorship ended.
The US Postal Service announced that it would cease sponsorship at the end of the 2004 racing season when its eight-year contract expired. It had previously been under fire for the expenditure from organizations such as Postal Watch, a website critical of the United States Postal Service. Legitimate problems of mismanagement and sloppy accounting were pointed out by the Postal Service itself, via the USPS Office of the Inspector General. Before the expiration of the USPS contract, Armstrong insisted that he would only continue to ride with the USPS team structure. This demand was met on June 15, 2004 when Discovery Networks stepped in and agreed to sponsor the team for the next three years as the Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team.
With the help of Thomas Weisel and Eddie Borysewicz, the United States Postal Service begins its reign as title sponsor to what has become the most successful cycling team from the United States. Borysewicz served as the team's directeur sportif and the team raced mainly in domestic events in the United States.
|1996||USPRO National Road Race Championships||Eddy Gragus|
|1996||Stage Tour of China||Eddy Gragus|
Thomas Weisel brought in Mark Gorski, the 1984 Olympic Gold Medalist in the Men's 1000 m Sprint (Scratch) event, as team manager. Due in large part to Russian Viatcheslav Ekimov and his key stage wins at Paris–Nice and the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, the USPS squad got its first invitation to ride in the Tour de France.
|1997||Stage, Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré||Viatcheslav Ekimov|
|1997||Stage, Paris–Nice||Viatcheslav Ekimov|
|1997||Stage, Redlands Classic||Eddy Gragus|
|1997||Stage, Setmana Catalana||George Hincapie|
Lance Armstrong joined the US Postal team in late 1997, when returning to professional cycling following his cancer treatments.
|1998||Overall, Tour de Luxembourg||Lance Armstrong|
|1998||Stage, Tour de Luxembourg||Lance Armstrong|
|1998||Overall, Rheinland Pfalz||Lance Armstrong|
|1998||Killington (Vermont) Stage Race||George Hincapie|
|1998||First Union Invitational (Lancaster, Pa.)||Frankie Andreu|
|1999||First Union Classic (Trenton, New Jersey)||George Hincapie|
|1999||Redlands Classic (Redlands, California)||Christian Vande Velde|
|1999||Best Young Rider Classification, Four Days of Dunkirk||Christian Vande Velde|
|2000||Grand Prix Eddy Merckx||Viatcheslav Ekimov|
In 2001, the U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team was named the USOC Team of the Year. Also, Armstrong was named USOC SportsMan of the Year, which he also won in 1999.
|2001-09||San Francisco Grand Prix||George Hincapie|
|2002-07-18||Overall, Vuelta a Murcia||Víctor Hugo Peña|
|2003-07-09||Stage 4 (TTT), Tour de France||U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team|
|2003-09-27||Stage 20, Vuelta a España||Roberto Heras|
|2003-09-28||Overall, Vuelta a España ||Roberto Heras|
|2004-04-01||Overall, Three Days of De Panne||George Hincapie|
|2004-07-07||Stage 4 (TTT), Tour de France||U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team|
Eddie Borysewicz, known as "Eddy B", was the road coach of a pro/amateur cycling team formed by George Taylor and sponsored by Sunkyong, a South Korea-based manufacturing and industrial conglomerate. At the 1984 Summer Olympics, Borysewicz served as the U.S. Olympic Cycling Coach and led American cyclists to an unprecedented nine Olympic medals.
Subaru and Montgomery Securities, led by Thomas Weisel, serve as co-title sponsors.
|1990||Tour de Gastown||Jonas Carney|
|1991||Stage 2, Redlands Classic||Jim Copeland|
|1991||Tour de Gastown||Lance Armstrong|
|1991||Stage 6, Redlands Classic||Krzysztof Wiatr|
|1992||Herald Sun Tour||Bart Bowen|
|1992||USPRO National Road Race Championships||Bart Bowen|
|1993||Stage 1, Redlands Classic||Miguel Arroyo|
Montgomery Securities Chief Executive Thomas W. Weisel, an avid cyclist, continued his support for cycling.
|1995||Stage 8, Tour Du Pont||Clark Sheehan|
|1995||Stage 4, Tour de Pologne||Eddy Gragus|
The following companies and organizations served as sponsors for the 2007 squad:
Astana Pro Team is a professional road bicycle racing team sponsored by the Samruk-Kazyna, a coalition of state-owned companies from Kazakhstan and named after its capital city Astana. Astana attained UCI ProTeam status in its inaugural year, 2007. Following a major doping scandal involving Kazakhstani rider Alexander Vinokourov, team management was terminated and new management brought in for the 2008 season. The team was then managed by Johan Bruyneel, former team manager of U.S. Postal/Discovery Channel team. Under Bruyneel the ethical nature of the team did not improve, although Astana in this period was very successful. With a lineup including Grand Tour winner Alberto Contador, as well as runner-up Andreas Klöden the results were there, however the team was on the verge of financial collapse in May 2009. A battle for control of the team led to the return of Vinokourov for the 2009 Vuelta a España caused Bruyneel and at least fourteen of its riders to leave at the end of the 2009 season, most for Team RadioShack. Only four Spanish riders, including Contador, and most of the Kazakhs remained with the rebuilt team for 2010. Those four Spaniards all left the team for Saxo Bank–SunGard in 2011.
Levi Leipheimer is an American former professional road racing cyclist. He was twice US national champion, winning the time trial title in 1999 and the road race in 2007, and is an Olympic medalist. Leipheimer was born and raised in Butte, Montana and resides in Santa Rosa, California. He is the patron of the widely attended King Ridge GranFondo, a mass participation ride in Sonoma County.
Floyd Landis is an American former professional road racing cyclist. Landis at first appeared to be the winner of the 2006 Tour de France, and the third non-European winner in the event's history, before testing positive for performance-enhancing drugs. The competition was ultimately won by Óscar Pereiro. Landis was an all-around rider, with special skills in climbing, time-trialing, and descending. Landis turned professional in 1999 with the Mercury Cycling Team. He joined the U.S. Postal Service team in 2002, and moved to the Phonak Hearing Systems team in 2005. In January 2010, a French judge issued a national arrest warrant for Landis on computer hacking charges related to the 2006 doping allegations.
Johan Bruyneel is a Belgian former road bicycle racer in professional cycling and a former directeur sportif for UCI ProTour team RadioShack–Nissan, and U.S. Postal Service, a US-based UCI ProTour cycling team. In November 2018, the World Anti Doping Agency imposed a lifetime ban on Bruyneel for his role in a doping scandal that saw Lance Armstrong stripped of his seven Tour de France titles.
Francisco "Frankie" Andreu is an American former professional cyclist whose career highlights include riding as team captain of the U.S. Postal Service cycling team in 1998, 1999 and 2000. During his career, he won a number of race stages and finished fourth in the cycling road race at the 1996 Olympics. His testimony played a key part in the United States Anti-Doping Agency's investigation of fellow U.S. Postal cyclist Lance Armstrong's doping practices.
Yaroslav Popovych is a Ukrainian former professional cyclist, who rode professionally between 2002 and 2016.
Michele Ferrari is an Italian physician, cycling coach and author, who is mostly known for his role in supplying bicycle racers with performance-enhancing drugs, notably EPO. His most famous client was Lance Armstrong.
ONCE cycling team, also known as Liberty Seguros, Liberty Seguros–Würth and in succession in its final year, Astana–Würth and Astana was a Spanish cycling team. It competed in the UCI ProTour circuit.
L.A. Confidentiel: Les secrets de Lance Armstrong is a book by sports journalist Pierre Ballester and The Sunday Times sports correspondent David Walsh. The book contains circumstantial evidence of cyclist Lance Armstrong having used performance-enhancing drugs. The book has only been published in French.
Michael Barry is a Canadian author and former professional road racing cyclist. Barry raced for numerous world-class teams with the role of 'domestique'. His greatest personal successes were placing eighth in the 2008 Beijing Olympics' road race, finishing second in the Canadian National Road Race Championships in 2001 and 2012, and winning a stage of the Tour of Missouri in 2008. He announced his retirement in September 2012, stating that the 2012 Tour of Beijing would be his last race. He is also an author who has written three books.
Edward 'Eddie B' Borysewicz was a cycling coach who brought the United States to world prominence, even though at first he barely spoke English. The US team, under his direction, won nine medals at the Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1984. It was the first time Americans had won medals since 1912. Audrey McElmury won the World Road Cycling Championships in 1969, followed by Beth Heiden, in 1980.
The Tour of the Gila is a cycling stage race for both men and women located in New Mexico, United States. It is sponsored by the component maker SRAM. The "Gila" began in 1987. Beginning in 2012, the men's Gila has been added to the UCI America Tour as a UCI classification 2.2 stage race, which permits UCI ProTeams to enter if they so choose; beginning in 2015, the women's Gila has also been added to the women's UCI international tour as a UCI classification 2.2 stage race.
Lance Edward Armstrong is an American former professional road racing cyclist. He was regarded as a sports icon for his seven consecutive Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005, the most in the event's history. However, Armstrong's reputation was tarnished by a doping scandal and he was stripped of all of his achievements from August 1998 onward, including his seven Tour de France titles.
The 2009 season for the Astana cycling team began in January with the Tour Down Under and ended in October with the Giro di Lombardia. As a UCI ProTour team, they were automatically invited to and obliged to attend every UCI ProTour event, and were invited to every event in the inaugural UCI World Calendar as well.
Team RadioShack was a professional road bicycle racing team, with RadioShack as the title sponsor, the creation of which was announced on July 23, 2009. Lance Armstrong co-owned and led the team, which raced in the Grand Tours and the UCI ProTour. The team was managed by Capital Sports and Entertainment, an Austin, Texas sports and event management group that also manages the Trek-Livestrong U23 development cycling team and that ran the former Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team.
Thomas "Thom" Weisel is an American banker, businessman, and investor. He was one of the pioneers in the development of the high tech industry in Silicon Valley. Weisel is the founder of Montgomery Securities and later Thomas Weisel Partners.
Team Exergy was a professional cycling team, classified as a Continental pro team as of 2009. They participated in the 2011 and 2012 USA Pro Cycling Challenge. Former Tour de France rider Fred Rodriguez was a member of the 2012 team.
For much of the second phase of his career, American cyclist Lance Armstrong faced constant allegations of doping. Armstrong consistently denied allegations of using performance enhancing drugs until a partial confession during a broadcast interview with Oprah Winfrey in January 2013.
The Lance Armstrong doping case was a doping investigation that led to American former professional road racing cyclist Lance Armstrong being stripped of his seven Tour de France titles and his eventual admission to using performance-enhancing drugs.
At the time of the 1999 Tour de France there was no official test for EPO. In August 2005, 60 remaining antidoping samples from the 1998 Tour and 84 remaining antidoping samples given by riders during the 1999 Tour, were tested retrospectively for recombinant EPO by using three recently developed detection methods. More precisely the laboratory compared the result of test method A: "Autoradiography — visual inspection of light emitted from a strip displaying the isoelectric profile for EPO", with the result of test method B: "Percentage of basic isoforms — using an ultra-sensitive camera that by percentage quantify the light intensity emitted from each of the isoelectric bands". For those samples with enough urine left, these results of test method A+B were finally also compared with the best and latest test method C: "Statistical discriminant analysis — taking account all the band profiles by statistical distinguish calculations for each band".