U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania

Last updated
US 30.svg
U.S. Route 30
U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania
US 30 highlighted in red and business routes (except the Chester County route) in blue
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT, DRPA
Length333 mi [1] (536 km)
Existed1926 (1924 as PA 1; 1913 as the Lincoln Highway)–present
Tourist
routes
Exton Bypass Scenic Byway
Major junctions
West endUS 30.svg US 30 near Chester, WV
 I-376.svgUS 22.svg I-376 / US 22 in Pittsburgh (concurrent with I-376 and US 22 from Robinson Township to Wilkinsburg)
I-79.svgI-376.svgUS 22.svg I-79 / I-376 / US 22 near Pittsburgh

Toll plate yellow.svgNo image wide.svg
I-76.svgPennsylvania Turnpike logo.svg I-76 / Penna Turnpike in North Huntingdon Township
I-99.svgUS 220.svg I-99 / US 220 in Bedford
Toll plate yellow.svgToll plate yellow.svgNo image wide.svg
I-70.svgI-76.svgPennsylvania Turnpike logo.svg I-70 / I-76 / Penna Turnpike in Breezewood
I-81.svg I-81 in Chambersburg
I-83.svg I-83 in York
I-476.svg I-476 in Villanova
I-76.svg I-76 in Philadelphia (brief concurrency)

Contents

I-95.svg I-95 in Philadelphia
East endI-676.svgUS 30.svg I-676 / US 30 at Ben Franklin Bridge to Camden, NJ (concurrency starting at I-76)
Location
Counties Beaver, Allegheny, Westmoreland, Somerset, Bedford, Fulton, Franklin, Adams, York, Lancaster, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, Philadelphia
Highway system
PA-29.svg PA 29 PA-31.svg PA 31
US 1.svg US 1 PA-1 (1926).svg PA-2 (1926).svg PA 2

In the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, U.S. Route 30 (US 30) runs eastwest across the southern part of the state, passing through Pittsburgh and Philadelphia on its way from the West Virginia state line east to the Benjamin Franklin Bridge over the Delaware River into New Jersey. In Pennsylvania, US 30 runs along or near the transcontinental Lincoln Highway, an auto trail which ran from San Francisco, California to New York City before the U.S. Routes were designated. (However, the Lincoln Highway turned northeast at Philadelphia, using present US 1 and its former alignments to cross the Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey.)

Popular places along the route include the Gettysburg Battlefield, Dutch Wonderland, the Flight 93 National Memorial, Fort Ligonier, Westmoreland Mall, Jennerstown Speedway, Idlewild and Soak Zone, and Independence Mall of Independence National Historical Park.

Route description

West Virginia to Pittsburgh

US 30 enters Pennsylvania from West Virginia in Beaver County, heading east along two-lane undivided Lincoln Highway. The road passes through a mix of farmland and woodland with some development. The route comes to an intersection with PA 168 south of the borough of Hookstown, where it briefly becomes a divided highway. US 30 continues as an undivided road through wooded areas with some fields and development, turning northeast and then southeast before it comes to a junction with the western terminus of PA 151. The road heads southeast and crosses PA 18 in the community of Harshaville. The route continues through forests and passes through Raccoon Creek State Park, where it turns south and crosses Raccoon Creek. The road leaves the state park and runs through woodland, curving to the southeast. [2] [3]

US 30 enters Allegheny County and continues east along Lincoln Highway through farmland with some woods and development, reaching the community of Clinton. Here, the route turns to the southeast and runs through wooded areas, coming to an interchange with the PA 576 toll road to the southwest of Pittsburgh International Airport, where the route briefly becomes a divided highway. The road continues southeast through woodland with some development and comes to the community of Imperial, where it passes under the Montour Trail. US 30 heads into commercial areas, crossing Steubenville Pike, and comes to a partial cloverleaf interchange with the US 22 freeway, where US 30 heads east for a concurrency with US 22 and PA 978 continues southeast. US 22/US 30 head east as a four-lane freeway through a mix of fields, woods, and suburban development, coming to a partial cloverleaf interchange with Oakdale Road that serves Hankey Farms. Farther east, the freeway has a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with McKee Road that provides access to the borough of Oakdale to the south. From here, US 22/US 30 turn east-northeast and head into a commercial area, reaching an interchange that connects to Old Steubenville Pike, Bayer Road, and Montour Church Road. The freeway comes to an interchange with I-376, where US 22/US 30 head southeast concurrent with I-376 and PA 60 continues east (south) at-grade along a four-lane divided highway. [2] [3]

I-376/US 22/US 30 head southeast as the four-lane Penn-Lincoln Parkway through commercial areas, reaching an interchange with Ridge Road. The freeway continues through a mix of wooded areas and development and comes to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with Campbells Run Road, where the freeway widens to six lanes. The highway curves to the east and meets I-79 at an interchange. Past this interchange, I-376/US 22/US 30 narrows to two lanes eastbound and head into the borough of Rosslyn Farms, turning southeast and coming to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with Rosslyn Road that serves Rosslyn Farms. The freeway crosses into the borough of Carnegie and reaches a bus-only eastbound exit and westbound entrance connecting to the PAAC's West Busway before passing over a Pittsburgh and Ohio Central Railroad line. The highway passes over Chartiers Creek and another Pittsburgh and Ohio Central Railroad line near industrial areas as it leaves Carnegie and comes to the PA 50 interchange. I-376/US 22/US 30 narrows to four lanes and runs through wooded areas near development, passing under a Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway line and curving northeast into the borough of Green Tree, passing between industry to the northwest and residential areas to the southeast. The freeway reaches the PA 121 interchange, where it gains a third westbound lane, and heads east, entering the city of Pittsburgh and coming to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with Parkway Center Drive. The highway turns north through wooded areas and reaches a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with US 19, where US 19 joins I-376/US 22/US 30 on the Penn-Lincoln Parkway. Within this interchange, the road has an eastbound runaway truck ramp and passes under a ramp carrying both directions of US 19 Truck. The freeway widens to six lanes and passes under a Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway line before reaching an interchange with PA 51, where US 19 Truck joins the Penn-Lincoln Parkway from PA 51 and US 19 splits from the Penn-Lincoln Parkway by heading north along with PA 51. Past this interchange, I-376/US 22/US 30/US 19 Truck narrows to four lanes and passes under Mount Washington in the Fort Pitt Tunnel. [2] [3]

US 30 westbound concurrent with I-376 and US 22 on the Penn-Lincoln Parkway in Pittsburgh 376 00.jpg
US 30 westbound concurrent with I-376 and US 22 on the Penn-Lincoln Parkway in Pittsburgh

After emerging from the Fort Pitt Tunnel, the freeway passes over Norfolk Southern's Mon Line and PA 837, coming to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance that connects to northbound PA 837. The Penn-Lincoln Parkway heads onto the Fort Pitt Bridge, a double-decker bridge carrying four lanes in each direction, and passes over CSX's Pittsburgh Subdivision railroad line and the Monongahela River as it heads into Downtown Pittsburgh at Point State Park and comes to an interchange with the southern terminus of I-279, where US 19 Truck heads north along I-279 and I-376/US 22/US 30 continue east along the Penn-Lincoln Parkway. The I-279 interchange also includes eastbound exits and westbound entrances with Boulevard of the Allies/Liberty Avenue and Fort Duquesne Boulevard that serve Downtown Pittsburgh. The four-lane freeway heads east-southeast between Downtown Pittsburgh to the north and the Monongahela River to the south, reaching a partial interchange with Stanwix Street with no eastbound exit. The highway heads under the Smithfield Street Bridge and comes to an interchange with Grant Street, where it widens to six lanes. I-376/US 22/US 30 pass under the Panhandle Bridge carrying PAAC's Pittsburgh Light Rail line and then the Liberty Bridge before the lanes split as it reaches a westbound ramp to Second Avenue north of the South Tenth Street Bridge and south of the Duquesne University campus. Past this, the highway continues east between urban areas to the north and the Monongahela River to the south, with the Three Rivers Heritage Trail in the median. The freeway comes to an interchange connecting to PA 885 and Forbes Avenue north of the Birmingham Bridge, at which point the trail leaves the median of the freeway and the river heads further south from the freeway. I-376/US 22/US 30 head southeast near urban areas, with the Three Rivers Heritage Trail parallel to the south, and reaches a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with PA 885. The highway turns east away from the trail and passes over the Allegheny Valley Railroad's P&W Subdivision line as it runs through a mix of wooded areas and urban residential development. The freeway comes to an interchange with Beechwood Boulevard before it narrows to four lanes and passes under the southern portion of Squirrel Hill in the Squirrel Hill Tunnel. Past the tunnel, I-376/US 22/US 30 head through wooded areas and pass over Ninemile Run in Frick Park. The highway leaves Pittsburgh as it comes to an interchange with Braddock Avenue that serves the boroughs of Edgewood and Swissvale. The freeway continues east through suburban residential areas in Edgewood, passing under Norfolk Southern's Pittsburgh Line and the PAAC's Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway. I-376/US 22/US 30 turn to the northeast and head through a corner of the borough of Braddock Hills before entering the borough of Wilkinsburg. In Wilkinsburg, the freeway comes to an interchange with the southern terminus of PA 8, where US 30 splits from I-376/US 22 on the Penn-Lincoln Parkway by heading southeast at-grade on Ardmore Boulevard. [2] [3]

Pittsburgh to Breezewood

US 30 follows Ardmore Boulevard, a five-lane divided highway with two eastbound lanes and three westbound lanes, and enters the borough of Forest Hills, running through wooded areas of development as it curves to the south. The road narrows to two westbound lanes before it curves to the southeast. The route turns to the south-southeast and passes through the center of Forest Hills. The road gains a third eastbound lane and continues through wooded areas and development. US 30 skirts the border between the borough of North Braddock to the west and the borough of Chalfant to the east as it comes to an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with Electric Avenue. Past this interchange, the route becomes four-lane undivided Lincoln Highway and heads south through woodland with nearby development, crossing into the borough of East Pittsburgh. The road crosses over Bessemer Avenue on a bridge before it curves southeast and heads onto the George Westinghouse Bridge, where it passes over Braddock Avenue, a Union Railroad line, Norfolk Southern's Pittsburgh Line, Turtle Creek, and Norfolk Southern's Port Perry Branch. After passing over Turtle Creek, US 30 leaves East Pittsburgh and runs through forested areas, turning into a divided highway and passing over East Pittsburgh McKeesport Boulevard before heading into business areas. The route comes to an interchange with Greensburg Pike and becomes undivided before it enters the borough of East McKeesport as Greensburg Avenue. Here, the road turns northeast and runs past development, curving east and intersecting the northern terminus of PA 148. US 30 runs east-southeast as it leaves East McKeesport and continues through suburban areas along Lincoln Highway. Along this stretch, the route briefly becomes a divided highway at intersections with Luehm Avenue and PA 48. [2] [3]

US 30 enters Westmoreland County in the Laurel Highlands region and continues south along four-lane undivided Lincoln Highway through suburban development, curving southeast and passing through the community of Stewartsville. The road briefly becomes a divided highway at intersections with Leger Road/Carpenter Lane and Center Highway/Robbins Station Road. The route turns to the east and comes to an eastbound exit and entrance with Main Street in the community of Fairmont before it enters the borough of Irwin. US 30 gains a center left-turn lane and heads east-southeast through business areas. The route leaves Irwin and becomes a four-lane divided highway as it comes to the Irwin interchange with the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-76). Past this interchange, the road continues past suburban development, with the median becoming a center left-turn lane. US 30 runs along the southern border of the borough of Adamsburg and turns into a divided highway as it reaches an interchange with Edna Road serving Adamsburg. Past Adamsburg, the route runs east through woodland with some commercial development. The road becomes five lanes with a center left-turn lane as it heads into built-up areas, passing through the community of Lincoln Heights and running along the southern border of the city of Jeannette. Past Jeannette, US 30 curves southeast and turns into a four-lane divided highway, coming to an interchange with the PA 66 toll road. After this interchange, the route briefly widens to six lanes before curving east and becoming a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane as it passes several businesses, turning into a four-lane divided highway as it passes south of the Greengate Centre shopping center and comes to a bridge over the Southwest Pennsylvania Railroad's Radebaugh Subdivision line. US 30 becomes a freeway that bypasses the city of Greensburg to the south and curves southeast, reaching an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with West Pittsburgh Street. The road enters Greensburg and runs near developed areas, coming to a partial cloverleaf interchange with PA 136. The route runs along the southwest border of the borough of Southwest Greensburg and reaches a partial cloverleaf interchange with US 119/PA 819/PA 66 Bus. Past this interchange, US 30 passes over the Southwest Pennsylvania Railroad's Greensburg Industrial Track line and the Five Star Trail, at which point it heads through a section of the borough of South Greensburg before it comes to a right-in/right-out interchange with Cedar Street. At this point, the freeway curves northeast and runs through a mix of wooded areas and development, reaching a diamond interchange with Mt. Pleasant Road. The road passes through a section of Greensburg and comes to an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with PA 130. A short distance later, the freeway section ends at westbound exit and eastbound entrance with East Pittsburgh Street to the east of Greensburg. [2] [3]

US 30 heads east as six-lane divided Lincoln Highway through business areas and reaches an interchange serving the Westmoreland Mall to the south of the road. The road narrows to four lanes and continues east-southeast through a mix of woodland and development. Farther east, the route runs through a mix of farm fields and woods with some development, passing to the north of Arnold Palmer Regional Airport as it widens to six lanes and comes to an intersection with PA 981 to the south of the borough of Latrobe. US 30 heads into business areas and narrows to four lanes before it reaches a cloverleaf interchange with PA 982 that provides access to Latrobe to the north and the borough of Youngstown to the south. The median of the road widens and the westbound lanes cross the Loyalhanna Creek, at which point the Loyalhanna Creek runs in the median of US 30. The route runs through wooded areas with some development and comes to an intersection with the southern terminus of PA 217. Past this intersection, US 30 winds southeast through forested areas in a gap in Chestnut Ridge, with the eastbound lanes crossing the Loyalhanna Creek. At this point, the road heads east as a four-lane divided highway with the Loyalhanna Creek parallel to the south, passing to the north of the Idlewild and Soak Zone amusement park. The median widens again and the route intersects the southern terminus of PA 259 in the community of Millbank. US 30 curves south and runs through a mix of farm fields and woods, turning to the east. The road curves southeast and the median narrows, at which point it heads along the southwest border of the borough of Ligonier as a four-lane divided highway, running through developed areas. The route crosses PA 711 and passes to the south of Fort Ligonier. US 30 leaves Ligonier and narrows to a two-lane undivided road, heading through forested areas with some fields and homes, intersecting the northern terminus of PA 381. The route passes through the community of Laughlintown and runs along the southern border of the borough of Laurel Mountain. Past the borough of Laurel Mountain, the road ascends forested Laurel Hill and comes to a westbound runaway truck ramp. Further up the hill, the route reaches a westbound truck brake check station and briefly becomes a divided highway through a sharp turn before it comes to another westbound truck brake check station. [2] [3]

US 30 westbound in West Providence Township in Bedford County 1679 - W Providence Twp - US30 WB.JPG
US 30 westbound in West Providence Township in Bedford County

At the summit of Laurel Hill, US 30 enters Somerset County and begins to descend the hill along two-lane undivided Lincoln Highway, passing through a section of Laurel Ridge State Park where it crosses the Laurel Highlands Hiking Trail. After descending the hill, the road runs east-southeast through a mix of farmland and woodland with some homes. The route enters the borough of Jennerstown and becomes West Pitt Street, passing through developed areas. US 30 intersects PA 985 and becomes East Pitt Street. The road leaves Jennerstown and becomes Lincoln Highway again. The route passes through a mix of farms and woods with some development, heading through the community of Jenners Crossroads befcre it has a junction with PA 601 in the community of Ferrellton. US 30 continues through rural areas with some development and briefly becomes a four-lane divided highway as it comes to an interchange with the US 219 freeway. Past this interchange, the route becomes a two-lane undivided road again and winds southeast through forested areas with some fields. The road runs along the southwest border of the borough of Stoystown and passes under Somerset Street before it reaches an interchange with the northern terminus of PA 281. Past Stoystown, US 30 crosses the Stonycreek River and intersects the southern terminus of PA 403 before it comes to a bridge over CSX's S&C Subdivision railroad line. The route runs through a mix of farm fields and woodland and comes to the entrance road to the Flight 93 National Memorial to the south. The road runs through the community of Buckstown and passes north of the borough of Indian Lake before it reaches an intersection with PA 160 in the community of Reels Corner. US 30 continues east-southeast through more rural land and passes to the north of the Stony Creek Wind Farm before it begins to ascend forested Allegheny Mountain, winding to the east. Approaching the summit of the mountain, the road comes to an eastbound truck brake check station. [2] [3]

US 30 leaves the Laurel Highlands region as it crosses into Bedford County and reaches the summit of Allegheny Mountain, where it turns north-northeast and begins to descend the mountain. The road makes a hairpin turn to the southeast and winds east, coming to an eastbound truck brake check station as it continues to descend through a mix of farm fields and forests. The route heads east-northeast and enters the borough of Schellsburg, where US 30 becomes Pitt Street and passes through developed areas, crossing PA 96. Upon leaving Schellsburg, the road becomes Lincoln Highway again and passes north of Shawnee State Park as it runs through forested areas with some fields and homes, curving southeast and then east. The route passes under the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-70/I-76) before intersecting the eastern terminus of PA 31. US 30 heads east-northeast through farmland with some development a short distance to the south of the Pennsylvania Turnpike and reaches a junction with the eastern terminus of PA 56 before it curves southeast and crosses the Raystown Branch Juniata River in the community of Wolfsburg. The route runs south near development and comes to an intersection with the western terminus of US 30 Bus., at which point US 30 becomes a four-lane freeway that bypasses the borough of Bedford to the north. US 30 heads southeast and reaches a cloverleaf interchange with the US 220 freeway a short distance south of the southern terminus of I-99 at US 220's interchange with the Pennsylvania Turnpike. The freeway crosses the Raystown Branch Juniata River and runs through developed areas in Bedford to the north of the river, passing over US 220 Bus. The route leaves Bedford and crosses the river again before it comes to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with the eastern terminus of US 30 Bus., where the freeway section ends and US 30 becomes four-lane divided Lincoln Highway. [2] [3]

View east along the non-freeway portion of I-70 and west along US 30 in Breezewood 2015-12-14 11 19 59 View east along the non-freeway portion of Interstate 70 and west along U.S. Route 30 in Breezewood, Pennsylvania.jpg
View east along the non-freeway portion of I-70 and west along US 30 in Breezewood

US 30, the Raystown Branch Juniata River, and the Pennsylvania Turnpike pass southeast through the Bedford Narrows, a gap in Evitts Mountain. Here, US 30 intersects the northern terminus of PA 326 and curves northeast, crossing over the river and under the turnpike. The route becomes a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane and passes businesses and wooded areas, curving east. The road turns into a four-lane divided highway and has interchanges with Pennknoll Road, where it passes south of UPMC Bedford hospital, and Lutzville Road. US 30 continues east and southeast through a mix of farms and woods with some development and passes east through a gap in forested Tussey Mountain. The route has an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with the western terminus of US 30 Bus., where it becomes a freeway that bypasses the borough of Everett to the north. The freeway turns north between the mountain the west and developed areas of Everett to the east before it turns east and passes over PA 26 prior to an interchange with the Bud Shuster Bypass that connects to PA 26. The freeway section of US 30 ends at an intersection with the eastern terminus of US 30 Bus. east of Everett, where US 30 becomes four-lane divided Lincoln Highway. The road runs through a mix of fields, woods, and some development, curving southeast as it runs north of the Raystown Branch Juniata River. The route crosses the river and winds east, with the median widening. The median narrows again and the route heads into the community of Breezewood, where it passes several businesses and comes to an at-grade intersection with I-70. At this point, I-70 joins US 30 in a wrong-way concurrency on a non–limited access section of Interstate Highway that has two eastbound lanes, three westbound lanes, and a center left-turn lane before the road comes to an interchange with the Pennsylvania Turnpike, where I-70 splits from US 30 and heads west along with I-76 on the turnpike. From here, US 30 narrows to a two-lane undivided road and crosses the Abandoned Pennsylvania Turnpike before it heads northeast and climbs forested Rays Hill, gaining a second eastbound lane and passing over the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-76). [2] [3]

Breezewood to Lancaster

At the summit of Rays Hill, US 30 enters Fulton County and descends the hill as two-lane undivided Lincoln Highway, with the Pennsylvania Turnpike parallel to the north. The route turns east away from the turnpike and comes to an intersection with PA 915, at which point PA 915 heads east for a concurrency with US 30. The road passes through wooded areas of homes before it heads into the Buchanan State Forest, with PA 915 splitting to the north. US 30 ascends Sideling Hill and reaches the summit, where it comes to an eastbound truck brake check station. At this point, the road begins to descend Sideling Hill, winding east. Along the descent, the roadway comes to two truck brake check stations and two runaway truck ramps in the eastbound direction. The route leaves the state forest and heads southeast through a mix of farm fields and woodland with some development, passing through the community of Saluvia. US 30 curves east-southeast and comes to an intersection with PA 655 in the community of Harrisonville. The road turns southeast in the community of Breezy Point and ascends forested Scrub Ridge. The route comes to a westbound truck brake check station before it reaches the community of Summit, where it heads south to descend Scrub Ridge. US 30 continues south through a mix of fields and woods and briefly becomes a divided highway as it intersects Lincoln Way, where it turns into a two-lane expressway that bypasses the borough of McConnellsburg to the north. The road makes a hairpin turn to the northeast and gains a second westbound lane. The route curves east into agricultural areas and comes to a diamond interchange with US 522 that serves McConnellsburg, where it becomes a four-lane divided expressway. Past this interchange, the expressway becomes a three-lane undivided road with two eastbound lanes and one westbound lane, heading into forests and turning to the south-southeast. US 30 becomes a divided highway and intersects Lincoln Way again, where the expressway section ends. The route becomes a three-lane undivided road with two eastbound lanes and one westbound lane as it ascends Tuscarora Mountain. The road narrows to two lanes as it continues to climb the mountain and follow a winding alignment. [2] [3]

At the summit of Tuscarora Mountain, US 30 enters Franklin County and curves northeast to descend the mountain. The road comes to an eastbound truck brake check station as it winds northeast and reaches an eastbound runaway truck ramp and gains a westbound truck lane. The route curves to the east-southeast and narrows to two lanes. At the bottom of the mountain, US 30 enters the Cumberland Valley and becomes Lincoln Way West, briefly turning into a divided highway as it reaches an intersection with PA 75. The road becomes undivided again and heads to the south of the community of Fort Loudon, running between forested mountains to the north and farmland to the south. The route continues east-northeast through agricultural areas with some woods and development, intersecting the northern terminus of PA 416 and passing through the community of St. Thomas. US 30 gains a center left-turn lane and runs through farmland and increasing development, crossing Back Creek. Farther east, the road has a junction with the northern terminus of PA 995 before it enters the borough of Chambersburg. At this point, the route splits into the one-way pair of West Loudon Street eastbound and Lincoln Way West westbound, with West Loudon Street a two-way, two-lane road and Lincoln Way West carrying two lanes of one-way traffic. US 30 heads through developed areas and crosses the Conococheague Creek and the Chambersburg Rail-Trail, with the eastbound direction shifting to West Queen Street, which carries two lanes of one-way traffic. The route heads into downtown Chambersburg and intersects US 11, which is routed on the one-way pair of Main Street southbound and 2nd Street northbound. Westbound US 30 meets southbound US 11 at Memorial Square, which features a fountain in the middle of the intersection. Upon crossing southbound US 11, US 30 becomes East Queen Street eastbound and Lincoln Way East westbound, crossing under Norfolk Southern's Lurgan Branch railroad line before both directions of US 30 rejoin on Lincoln Way East, a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane. The road runs east through developed areas and passes south of WellSpan Chambersburg Hospital before it widens to five lanes as it comes to an interchange with I-81 on the eastern border of Chambersburg. Past this interchange, the route heads through the community of Stoufferstown and heads through business areas as a four-lane divided highway, soon becoming a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane. US 30 narrows to three lanes as it continues through a mix of farmland and development, passing south of the community of Fayetteville before it forms a short concurrency with PA 997 upon intersecting that route in the community of Greenwood. The road leaves the Cumberland Valley as it heads into the Michaux State Forest, where it crosses South Mountain. The route passes south of Caledonia State Park and becomes a three-lane road with two eastbound lanes and one westbound lane, crossing the Appalachian Trail. US 30 briefly becomes four lanes before it loses the second lane eastbound and intersects PA 233, where it turns into a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane. [2] [3]

US 30 in Abbottstown Abbottstown, Pennsylvania, U.S. 30.jpg
US 30 in Abbottstown

US 30 enters Adams County and becomes Chambersburg Road, continuing east through Cashtown Gap in forested South Mountain. The road becomes three lanes with two eastbound lanes and one westbound lane before it turns back to a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane. The route heads into wooded areas with some development and intersects the western terminus of PA 234. US 30 continues east with one eastbound lane and two westbound lanes before narrowing to a two-lane road. The route curves southeast in the community of Hilltown and gains a center left-turn lane as it runs through farmland with some woods and development. The road passes through the community of McKnightstown, where it narrows to two lanes. US 30 crosses CSX's Hanover Subdivision railroad line at-grade in the community of Seven Stars. The route heads to the north of Gettysburg Regional Airport and passes through the community of Stremmels before it runs through a section of Gettysburg National Military Park. US 30 enters the borough of Gettysburg and becomes Buford Avenue, passing north of the United Lutheran Seminary as it heads into developed areas and turns east onto Chambersburg Street. The route continues into downtown Gettysburg and meets US 15 Bus./PA 116 at Lincoln Square, a traffic circle. At this point, US 30 heads east concurrent with PA 116 on York Street and continues through developed areas, with PA 116 splitting to the east and US 30 continuing northeast along York Street. The route leaves Gettysburg upon crossing Rock Creek and becomes York Road, a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane that passes through commercial areas, with CSX's Hanover Subdivision parallel to the northwest. The road turns into an four-lane divided highway as it comes to an interchange with the US 15 freeway. US 30 continues east-northeast as a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane through a mix of farmland, woodland, and development, passing through the community of Guldens. The route curves east and briefly gains a second westbound lane before heading through the community of Brush Run. The road narrows to two lanes and crosses the South Branch Conewago Creek, where the name changes to Lincoln Way West. US 30 enters the borough of New Oxford and passes through developed areas, crossing CSX's Hanover Subdivision at-grade and meeting Carlisle Street/Hanover Street at the New Oxford Town Square, a traffic circle. The route becomes Lincoln Way East before it leaves New Oxford, where it turns into York Road and gains a center left-turn lane as it passes a mix of farmland and development. The road crosses PA 94 in the community of Cross Keys and gains a second westbound lane further east before it reaches the borough of Abbottstown. Upon entering Abbottstown, US 30 becomes two-lane West King Street and runs past development, meeting PA 194 at the Abbottstown Square traffic circle, before it continues along East King Street. [2] [3]

Upon crossing Beaver Creek, US 30 leaves Abbottstown and heads into York County. The route follows Lincoln Highway, a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane, through farmland with some residential and commercial development. The road curves to the northeast and passes through the community of Farmers, where it bends to the east-northeast. US 30 heads to the north of York Airport before it reaches the community of Thomasville, where it narrows to two lanes and passes homes and some businesses, crossing a York Railway line at-grade. The route gains a center left-turn lane and passes between industrial areas and a golf course to the north and residential areas to the south. The road widens to a four-lane divided highway and reaches an intersection with the eastern terminus of PA 116. US 30 heads east-northeast past homes and some businesses as West Market Street, a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane, and turns into a four-lane divided highway as it comes to a junction with the northern terminus of PA 616. Past this intersection, US 30 splits from West Market Street at a trumpet interchange by heading north onto a four-lane freeway, with PA 462 continuing east along West Market Street towards the city of York. The freeway passes over a York Railway line as it heads west of industrial areas and curves northeast, running through wooded areas and passing under PA 234. The route continues northeast near residential development and comes to a diamond interchange with PA 74 in a business area north of the borough of West York, with the West Manchester Town Center shopping center located northwest of the interchange. US 30 widens to six lanes and passes to the west of a quarry before the freeway section ends, with US 30 becoming a six-lane divided highway with at-grade intersections called Loucks Road that passes businesses. The road enters the city of York and curves east as it continues past development. The route leaves the city of York and crosses Susquehanna Trail/11th Avenue, where the name changes to Arsenal Road, before it reaches an intersection with I-83 Bus. and the southern terminus of PA 181 north of the borough of North York. US 30 comes to a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-83, where it narrows to four lanes, before it passes over Codorus Creek and the York County Heritage Rail Trail and then Norfolk Southern's York Secondary railroad line. The route continues east past development, turning into an unnamed four-lane freeway and reaching an interchange with Memory Lane that serves the community of East York. The freeway reaches a partial cloverleaf interchange with PA 24 in a business area south of the York Galleria shopping mall. US 30 continues east-northeast past business parks before heading near residential development. The route passes north of the Haines Shoe House and heads into farmland with some development, coming to a diamond interchange with Kreutz Creek Road that provides access to PA 462 and the borough of Hallam to the south. The freeway continues through rural land and reaches a diamond interchange at Cool Springs Road, which heads south to connect to PA 462 and the borough of Wrightsville. [2] [3]

US 30 crosses the Susquehanna River on the Wright's Ferry Bridge into Lancaster County, where it heads into the borough of Columbia and passes over Norfolk Southern's Port Road Branch railroad line and the Northwest Lancaster County River Trail before coming to an interchange with PA 441 that serves Columbia; the Turkey Hill Experience is located south of this interchange. From here, the freeway heads northeast to the north of residential areas, curving to the southeast. The route leaves Columbia and turns east, running through farmland and coming to a diamond interchange with Prospect Road. US 30 continues near residential development and passes through the borough of Mountville before it reaches a diamond interchange with Stony Battery Road that serves Mountville. The freeway runs east-northeast between homes to the north and industrial areas to the south, coming to a partial cloverleaf interchange with Centerville Road. The route runs between farm fields to the north and industry to the south before it turns northeast and crosses under PA 23. US 30 passes near suburban development and curves east as it reaches a diamond interchange with PA 741. The freeway widens to six lanes and runs near a mix of farmland and development. The route curves northeast and crosses the Little Conestoga Creek before it comes to an interchange with Harrisburg Pike, at which point it enters the city of Lancaster and narrows to four lanes with an auxiliary lane in each direction, passing southeast of the Park City Center shopping mall that is served by the Harrisburg Pike interchange. US 30 leaves the city limits as it passes over Amtrak's Keystone Corridor and Norfolk Southern's Lititz Secondary railroad lines, reaching an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with PA 72. The route passes commercial development and comes to an interchange with the eastern terminus of the PA 283 freeway. At this point, the US 30 freeway widens to six lanes and turns east as it becomes paralleled by a pair of frontage roads called Chester Road eastbound and York Road westbound. The frontage roads serve the interchanges at Fruitville Pike, PA 501, and US 222/PA 272 to the north of Lancaster, passing near development. Past the US 222/PA 272 interchange, the frontage roads end and US 222 heads east concurrent with US 30 on the freeway before US 222 splits northeast on a freeway at a trumpet interchange. From here, US 30 continues southeast near residential development as a four-lane freeway with an auxiliary lane in each direction, coming to a diamond interchange with PA 23 at New Holland Pike. At this point, PA 23 joins US 30 in a wrong-way concurrency, with the freeway crossing the Conestoga River before PA 23 splits to the southwest at a partial cloverleaf interchange. US 30 runs through a developed section of the city of Lancaster before it meets Greenfield Road at a partial cloverleaf interchange; Greenfield Road provides access to the Discover Lancaster Visitors Center. The freeway passes industrial development and curves to the south-southeast, passing over Norfolk Southern's New Holland Secondary and Amtrak's Keystone Corridor railroad lines before coming to a partial interchange with PA 340 that has no westbound exit. US 30 continues near residential areas as a four-lane freeway with an eastbound auxiliary lane before the freeway section ends at an interchange with the eastern terminus of PA 462 to the east of Lancaster. [2] [3]

Lancaster to New Jersey

US 30 westbound in East Lampeter Township to the east of Lancaster US 30 WB past Ronks Road.jpeg
US 30 westbound in East Lampeter Township to the east of Lancaster

Past the interchange with the eastern terminus of PA 462, US 30 heads east-southeast along Lincoln Highway, a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane, through business areas, passing through the community of Greenland. [2] [3] The route heads into the Pennsylvania Dutch Country of eastern Lancaster County and is lined with many Amish tourist attractions. [4] [5] The road crosses Mill Creek and heads north of the Tanger Outlets Lancaster outlet mall and south of the Dutch Wonderland amusement park. US 30 passes south of the American Music Theatre and runs between two shopping centers before it reaches an intersection with PA 896. Past this intersection, the route narrows to a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane and heads through agricultural areas with some development. The road becomes lined with development as it passes through the community of Soudersburg. US 30 crosses the Pequea Creek and runs through the community of Paradise before it comes to a bridge over Amtrak's Keystone Corridor railroad line. From here, the route continues east-southeast through developed areas and farmland a short distance to the north of the Amtrak line. The road closely parallels the railroad tracks as it heads through the community of Kinzers. The Amtrak line splits to the south and US 30 passes north of a warehouse before running through farmland. The route splits into a one-way pair, with two lanes in each direction, as it reaches the community of Gap and comes to an intersection with the eastern terminus of PA 772. US 30 continues along the one-way pair between farm fields to the north and development to the south, with both directions rejoining at a junction with the northern terminus of PA 41. Past the PA 41 junction, the route heads into business areas as a four-lane divided highway that soon becomes a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane, intersecting the southern terminus of PA 897. The road leaves Gap and heads into a mix of farmland and woodland with some development, turning into a three-lane road two eastbound lanes and one westbound lane as it ascends a hill. Farther east, the route becomes three lanes with a center left-turn lane. [2] [3]

US 30 enters Chester County and continues east along Lincoln Highway through farmland with some woods and development, passing through the community of Black Horse. The route turns into a four-lane undivided road and comes to an intersection with PA 10 in a business area to the north of the borough of Parkesburg, where it becomes a divided highway. US 30 splits from Lincoln Highway at an eastbound exit and westbound entrance by heading onto a four-lane freeway called the Coatesville Downingtown Bypass, with US 30 Bus. continuing east along Lincoln Highway. The freeway heads east through a mix of farmland, woods, and development, crossing Buck Run and coming to a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with Airport Road that provides access to Chester County G. O. Carlson Airport. Following this, the route runs east-northeast through wooded areas and residential development. US 30 heads into the city of Coatesville and crosses the West Branch Brandywine Creek before it comes to an interchange with PA 82 that provides access to Coatesville. Past this interchange, the freeway leaves the city limits of Coatesville and continues through wooded areas with nearby suburban development, passing under PA 340 before reaching an interchange with Reeceville Road. The route curves east-southeast and crosses under PA 340 again before running east and coming to a diamond interchange with PA 340 north of the community of Thorndale. US 30 heads east-northeast and reaches a partial cloverleaf interchange with US 322 that serves the borough of Downingtown. Farther east, the freeway passes over PA 282 and the East Branch Brandywine Creek before it comes to a bridge over the Struble Trail and enters a section of Downingtown, reaching a westbound exit and eastbound entrance with Norwood Road that provides access to PA 282. The route widens to six lanes and heads near residential development before it comes to an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with PA 113, at which point it leaves the borough limits of Downingtown and narrows back to four lanes. US 30 runs between homes to the north and businesses to the south prior to curving southeast and reaching an interchange with US 30 Bus. Past this interchange, the name of the freeway changes to Exton Bypass and it passes between industrial areas to the north and a quarry to the south. The route turns northeast and runs parallel to Amtrak's Keystone Corridor railroad line to the south of the road as it continues through wooded areas with nearby development. US 30 comes to a partial cloverleaf interchange with PA 100 that serves the community of Exton to the north. Following this, the freeway continues east-northeast parallel to the Amtrak line. US 30 comes to an interchange with the US 202 freeway and the eastern terminus of US 30 Bus., at which point the freeway section ends. [2] [3] The Exton Bypass portion of US 30 is designated the Exton Bypass Scenic Byway, a Pennsylvania Scenic Byway. [6]

US 30 westbound past PA 252 in Paoli US 30 WB past PA 252.jpeg
US 30 westbound past PA 252 in Paoli

Past the interchange with US 202 and US 30 Bus., US 30 heads east-northeast along four-lane divided Lincoln Highway and passes south of a park and ride lot, running through the community of Glenloch. The route soon becomes Lancaster Avenue, a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane that passes suburban development. In the community of Frazer, the road comes to an intersection with the northern terminus of PA 352. Farther east, US 30 widens to five lanes with a center turn lane before it reaches a junction with the eastern terminus of PA 401. The route turns into a four-lane divided highway prior to intersecting the southern terminus of PA 29. Past this intersection, the road crosses under Norfolk Southern's Dale Secondary railroad line and continues east through wooded areas of development to the north of the borough of Malvern, becoming undivided. US 30 briefly gains a center left-turn lane before it becomes a divided highway again as it passes south of Paoli Hospital prior to crossing under Amtrak's Keystone Corridor railroad line to the north of the community of Green Tree. At this point, the route enters an area of suburbs called the Philadelphia Main Line as it heads into the community of Paoli, becoming a four-lane undivided road that runs through developed areas. In the center of Paoli, the road passes south of the Paoli station serving Amtrak's Keystone Corridor and SEPTA's Paoli/Thorndale Line. US 30 gains a center left-turn lane and reaches an intersection with PA 252. Following this intersection, the route runs between the parallel Amtrak line to the north and suburban development to the south, passing south of the Daylesford SEPTA station in the community of Daylesford. The road loses the center turn lane and runs through wooded areas of development further south but still parallel to the railroad tracks, turning northeast. US 30 reaches the community of Berwyn, where it passes south of the Berwyn SEPTA station and curves east and then southeast past suburban development, gaining a center left-turn lane. The route turns to the northeast and reaches the community of Devon, where it drops the center turn lane and runs south of the Devon SEPTA station before passing to the north of the Devon Horse Show grounds. Past Devon, the road bends to the east-southeast. [2] [3]

Upon intersecting Old Eagle School Road/Sugartown Road, US 30 enters Delaware County and continues east-southeast along four-lane undivided Lancaster Avenue through suburban development, curving east and running through the downtown area of the community of Wayne. The route runs through wooded areas of development as it passes through the community of St. Davids and turns southeast. The road becomes a divided highway as it passes commercial development before turning undivided again and heading through woodland. US 30 briefly becomes a divided highway again as it curves east and reaches an interchange with I-476. Past this interchange, the route turns back into an undivided road and crosses under SEPTA's Norristown High Speed Line before passing commercial development and coming to an intersection with PA 320 in the community of Villanova. Following this intersection, the road runs through the Villanova University campus and curves southeast prior to the Ithan Avenue intersection, where it heads to the south of Villanova Stadium and the Finneran Pavilion. After passing through the university campus, US 30 runs through wooded residential neighborhoods in the community of Rosemont. Upon intersecting County Line Road, the route enters Montgomery County and heads into the community of Bryn Mawr, passing through the downtown area of the community. The road continues southeast through suburban development and briefly re-enters Delaware County before heading back into Montgomery County. US 30 runs through wooded areas of development as it passes through the community of Haverford, where it heads north of the Haverford School. The route continues into the community of Ardmore and runs through the community's downtown area, passing south of the Ardmore station serving Amtrak's Keystone Corridor and SEPTA's Paoli/Thorndale Line. Past Ardmore, the road continues past suburban development as it heads through the community of Wynnewood. The route runs southeast through wooded residential neighborhoods before it crosses the East Branch Indian Creek and passes between the St. Charles Borromeo Seminary to the northeast and Lankenau Medical Center to the southwest as a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane prior to reaching an intersection with US 1 (City Avenue). [2] [3]

US 30 concurrent with I-676 along the Vine Street Expressway in Philadelphia Phila Vine St Expressway21.png
US 30 concurrent with I-676 along the Vine Street Expressway in Philadelphia

Upon crossing US 1, US 30 enters the city of Philadelphia in Philadelphia County and continues southeast along two-lane undivided Lancaster Avenue through wooded residential areas in the Overbrook neighborhood. At the intersection with 62nd Street/Malvern Avenue, the route passes north of the 63rd and Malvern Loop that serves as the terminus of SEPTA's Route 10 trolley line and heads into urban areas of West Philadelphia a short distance to the south of Amtrak's Keystone Corridor railroad line, running north of Overbrook High School after the 59th Street intersection. Farther southeast, a SEPTA trolley track follows the westbound lanes past the 54th Street junction. At the intersection with 52nd Street/Lansdowne Avenue, US 30 heads further south from the Amtrak tracks and SEPTA's Route 10 trolley line begins following Lancaster Avenue. The route splits from Lancaster Avenue by turning east onto Girard Avenue, which carries two lanes of traffic and SEPTA's Route 15 trolley line. The road runs east past urban development and crosses over Amtrak's Keystone Corridor railroad line at the Belmont Avenue intersection before widening to four lanes. Farther east, US 30 passes over CSX's Harrisburg Subdivision railroad line before it comes to an interchange with I-76 (Schuylkill Expressway) and US 13 to the north of the Philadelphia Zoo, crossing under the Pennsylvania Railroad, Connecting Railway Bridge carrying Amtrak's Northeast Corridor railroad line at this interchange. At this interchange, US 13 heads south along 34th Street and continues east (north) along the Girard Avenue Bridge over the Schuylkill River while US 30 becomes concurrent with I-76 on the six-lane Schuylkill Expressway at this point and the road heads south, with the Philadelphia Zoo to the west and Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, the Schuylkill River Trail, and the Schuylkill River parallel to the east. The freeway turns southeast and runs between Amtrak's Northeast Corridor to the southwest and the river drive, trail, and river to the northeast, with Boathouse Row on the opposite bank of the river. The Schuylkill Expressway comes to an eastbound exit and westbound entrance with Spring Garden Street, which heads east across the Schuylkill River towards the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The freeway continues south, heading east of a large Amtrak railroad yard, and comes to an interchange with the western terminus of I-676. [2] [3]

At this point, US 30 heads east concurrent with I-676 on the six-lane Vine Street Expressway. It immediately crosses the Schuylkill River and then the Schuylkill River Trail and CSX's Philadelphia Subdivision on the river's east bank on the Vine Street Expressway Bridge before coming to an interchange with 23rd Street and 22nd Street and the Benjamin Franklin Parkway that has access to the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Franklin Institute science museum. From this point, the Vine Street Expressway enters a depressed road cut and passes under several streets, running along the northern edge of Center City Philadelphia. Vine Street serves as a street-level frontage road to the freeway. Within this alignment, there is an exit for PA 611 (Broad Street). After passing under 10th Street in Chinatown, the last street the depressed alignment passes under, the highway rises up and reaches a split between the Vine Street Expressway, which continues to I-95, and I-676/US 30. At this split, there is also an eastbound exit and westbound entrance for 8th Street. After exiting the Vine Street Expressway, eastbound I-676/US 30 has a brief at-grade portion along southbound 6th Street to the Benjamin Franklin Bridge approach, an example of a non–limited access section of Interstate Highway. Westbound I-676/US 30 has a ramp from the bridge to the Vine Street Expressway that intersects 7th Street and 8th Street at-grade. From this point, I-676/US 30 crosses over the Delaware River into New Jersey on the seven-lane Benjamin Franklin Bridge, which also carries pedestrians and the PATCO Speedline. [2] [3] This bridge and its approaches are maintained by the Delaware River Port Authority. [7]

History

LincolnHighwayMarker.svg

Lincoln Highway
Location Greene TownshipMorrisville
Existed1913–1928

PA-1 (1926).svg

Pennsylvania Route 1
Location Greene TownshipMorrisville
Existed1924–1928

The path of the Lincoln Highway was first laid out in September 1913; it was defined to run through Canton, Ohio, Beaver, Pittsburgh, Greensburg, Ligonier, Bedford, Chambersburg, Gettysburg, York, Lancaster and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden, New Jersey. [8] This bypassed Harrisburg to the south, and thus did not use the older main route across the state between Chambersburg and Lancaster. From Pittsburgh to Philadelphia, this incorporated a number of old turnpikes, some of which still collected tolls: [9]

This original 1913 path of the Lincoln Highway continued east from Philadelphia, crossing the Delaware River to Camden, New Jersey on the Market Street Ferry. The city of Philadelphia marked the route from the ferry landing west on Market Street through downtown and onto Lancaster Avenue to the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike in early 1914. [11] By 1915[ citation needed ] Camden was dropped from the route, allowing the highway to cross the Delaware on a bridge at Trenton (initially the Calhoun Street Bridge, later the Bridge Street Bridge).

In 1924, the entire Lincoln Highway in Pennsylvania was designated Pennsylvania Route 1. [12] In late 1926 the route from West Virginia to Philadelphia (using the new route west of Pittsburgh) was assigned US 30, while the rest of the Lincoln Highway and PA 1 became part of U.S. Route 1. The PA 1 designation was gone by 1929, [13] but several branches from east to west PA Route 101, PA Route 201, PA Route 301, PA Route 401, PA Route 501 and PA Route 601  – had been assigned by then. (PA Route 701 was assigned later as a branch of PA 101.)

Ohio to Downtown Pittsburgh

As defined in 1913, the Lincoln Highway ran east-northeast from Canton, Ohio to Alliance and east via Salem, crossing into Pennsylvania just east of East Palestine. From there it continued southeasterly to Beaver, crossing the Beaver River there and heading south along its left bank to Rochester and the Ohio River's right bank to Pittsburgh. [9]

By 1915, the highway had been realigned to the route it would follow until the end of 1927. It ran east from Canton, Ohio to Lisbon and then southeast to East Liverpool on the Ohio River. After crossing into Pennsylvania, it turned north away from the river at Smiths Ferry, taking an inland route to Beaver, where it rejoined the Ohio River. It crossed the Beaver River into Rochester, joining the 1913 alignment, and turned south with the Ohio to Pittsburgh. [9]

1915 route

This route entered Pennsylvania along PA Route 68. After crossing Little Beaver Creek, it turned south on Main Street, passing under the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad (PRR) into Glasgow. After passing through that community on Liberty Street, the highway turned north and passed under the railroad again at Smiths Ferry, merging with Smiths Ferry Road. [9] This alignment through Glasgow carried the Lincoln Highway until ca. 1926, when the present PA 68 was built on the north side of the railroad. [14]

The Lincoln Highway left the banks of the Ohio River on Smiths Ferry Road, which includes an old stone bridge over Upper Dry Run. It turned east on Tuscarawas Road through Ohioville, entering Beaver on Fourth Street and turning south on Buffalo Street to reach Third Street (PA Route 68). [9] By 1929 this inland Glasgow-Beaver route was numbered PA Route 168, while the route along the river, never followed by the Lincoln Highway, was PA 68. [13]

Where PA 68 crosses the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad from Beaver into Bridgewater along Third Street and then the Beaver River on the ca. 1963 [14] Rochester-Bridgewater Bridge, the Lincoln Highway instead ran along Bridge Street, just to the north, and crossed the Old Rochester-Bridgewater Bridge into Rochester. [9]

Continuing through Rochester to Pittsburgh, the Lincoln Highway left the Old Rochester-Bridgewater Bridge on Madison Street, turning onto Brighton Avenue, and then crossing the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway (PRR) on New York Avenue. After running alongside the Ohio River on Railroad Avenue, the highway crossed the railroad again in Freedom (about a block north of Third Street [15] ), running through Freedom on Third Avenue. [9]

South of downtown Freedom, Third Avenue merges into the Ohio River Boulevard, also known as PA Route 65, which runs along the old Lincoln Highway into Conway. There the old highway went onto First Avenue and State Street, rejoining PA 65 in Baden. Further into Baden, the old highway left PA 65 again, onto State Street, becoming Duss Avenue in Harmony Township. At the Ambridge limits, this becomes PA Route 989, but the old highway turned west at 14th Street and then south on Merchant Street. [9]

Crossing Big Sewickley Creek from Ambridge, Beaver County into Leetsdale, Allegheny County, Merchant Street becomes Beaver Street, a brick road. Beaver Road and Beaver Street continues through Edgeworth, Sewickley, and Osborne, merging back into PA 65 at the border with Haysville. Sewickley officially changed the name of its piece to Lincoln Highway by an ordinance in January 1916, and Osborne, Edgeworth and Leetsdale soon followed suit, but that name is no longer used. [9]

In Glenfield, the highway crossed the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway twice, once near the present overpass and again west of Toms Run Road. [16] The old road next to the Ohio River, Beaver Street, is still a yellow brick road but now used only by local traffic. [9]

The old road left PA 65 again in Emsworth as Beaver Road, becoming Brighton Road in Ben Avon before re-merging with PA 65. It splits yet again, also in Ben Avon, onto Brighton Road, another yellow brick road. In Avalon it is California Avenue, and in Bellevue it is Lincoln Avenue, coincidentally named after Lincoln soon after the U.S. Civil War. [9] [17]

The highway crosses into Pittsburgh on a high concrete arch bridge over Jack's Run, built in 1924 to replace an earlier bridge built for a streetcar line, and returns to the California Avenue name. [17] It crosses Woods Run on a similar 1928 bridge next to a newer bridge built for the Ohio River Boulevard (PA Route 65). [18] Where California Avenue curves away from PA 65, the Lincoln Highway continued next to it on Chateau Street, turning east on Western Avenue and then south on Galveston Avenue onto the 1915 Manchester Bridge to the Point. [9]

During the time that the Lincoln Highway ran through Rochester, the Rochester-Pittsburgh segment was locally maintained. It was often foggy, and a July 1926 Lincoln Highway Association road report states that it was "paved city streets, mostly poor", in stark contrast to the good paving east of Pittsburgh. By 1924, reports recommended following an alternate on the other side of the river between Rochester and Pittsburgh. [9] The route west of Rochester had similar problems; it was a dirt road, despite being a state highway. [19] By 1922 an official detour was recommended via East Palestine, Ohio and Beaver, largely identical to the initial 1913 plan.

1927 route

Work began in the mid-1920s on a new route to the south of the existing route, passing through West Virginia and bypassing the problematic sections on both sides of Rochester; the Lincoln Highway was moved to it December 2, 1927. [9] This new route had already been numbered U.S. 30 in late 1926. [20]

The new Lincoln Highway bypassed the community of Imperial on a bypass built for it. [14] Just southeast of Imperial, the highway turned east on Steubenville Pike, joining what was U.S. Route 22 before the present U.S. 22/U.S. 30 freeway was built ca. 1964. [14] Steubenville Pike runs along the north side of the freeway, crossing to the south side and then merging with it just west of the I-376 interchange. From the late 1940s to 1982, the appropriately-named Penn-Lincoln Drive-In Theater operated on a stretch of the original Lincoln Highway in North Fayette, just east of Imperial. It reopened for one season in 1985 as the Super 30 West Drive-In. The site is now occupied by Penn-Lincoln Shopping Center.

US 22 and US 30 now join I-376 and turn southeast, but the Lincoln Highway (and US 22/30 before the nearby part of what is now I-376 opened in 1953) continued east with PA 60 through Robinson Township. In 1950, the Twin Hi-Way Drive-In Theater opened along the Robinson Township stretch, its name derived from the road's former designation of dual U.S. Route 22/30. Through Crafton, the highway used Steuben Street, Noble Avenue, Dinsmore Avenue, and Crafton Boulevard,[ citation needed ] now northbound PA 60. In Pittsburgh, the highway ran along Crafton Boulevard, Noblestown Road, and South Main Street, as PA 60 still does. It turned onto Carson Street (now PA Route 837) at the West End Circle, crossing the 1927Point Bridge into the Point. [9]

Downtown Pittsburgh to North Huntingdon

Marker for Lincoln Highway along US 30 westbound at PA 655 in Licking Creek Township US30wRoad-LincolnHighwaySign-AtPA655 (35906283342).jpg
Marker for Lincoln Highway along US 30 westbound at PA 655 in Licking Creek Township

From 1915 to late 1927, the Lincoln Highway crossed the Allegheny River on the Manchester Bridge to the Point, touching down at the foot of Penn Avenue after meeting the Point Bridge. [21] It made its way through downtown to Bigelow Boulevard (now PA Route 380), using Water Street, Liberty Avenue and Oliver Avenue. [22] It continued to follow present PA 380 onto Craig Street and Baum Boulevard to East Liberty. The highway left East Liberty and Pittsburgh on Penn Avenue, the old Pittsburgh and Greensburg Turnpike, also now part of PA 380, and further east part of PA Route 8. (PA 380 however bypasses the center of East Liberty.) [9]

The Boulevard of the Allies opened east from downtown Pittsburgh in 1923, and in 1924 it was designated as an alternate route. [23] By 1930, this bypass ran along the Boulevard of the Allies, Forbes Avenue, Beeler Street, Wilkins Avenue and Dallas Avenue, rejoining the Lincoln Highway at Penn Avenue, west of Wilkinsburg. [24]

Leaving the Pittsburgh area, the Lincoln Highway turned onto Ardmore Boulevard (now signed as PA 8 north of I-376, and U.S. 30 south of I-376). It then branched away from Ardmore Boulevard along Electric Avenue, turned northeast on Braddock Avenue, then east on Penn Avenue. The Lincoln Highway originally continued onto Airbrake Avenue and then turned south at 11th Street to cross Turtle Creek and the Pennsylvania Railroad main line over a bridge; a 1925 replacement bridge starts at the intersection of Airbrake Avenue, Penn Avenue, Monroeville Avenue, and Greensburg Pike. [25] The Lincoln Highway then followed Greensburg Pike up to current U.S. 30.

In 1932, a bypass of the grades into and out of Turtle Creek, including the George Westinghouse Bridge, was opened. It runs along current U.S. 30 from the interchange with Electric Avenue in Chalfant to the intersection with Greensburg Pike in North Versailles.

The borough of White Oak had named their main street Lincoln Way in an attempt to convince the Lincoln Highway Association to use it, [26] but instead the highway continued along Greensburg Pike through North Versailles.

Later history

The Penn-Lincoln Parkway was built from 1953 to 1962 as a freeway bypass across the Pittsburgh area for both the Lincoln Highway (US 30) and the William Penn Highway (US 22).

In 1967, US 30 was shifted to a freeway bypass between Prospect Road east of Columbia and east of Lancaster; PA 462 was designated onto the former alignment of US 30 between those two points. [27] In 1972, US 30 was shifted to a bypass between west of York and Columbia, with PA 462 extended west along the former alignment of US 30. [28] [29]

In 1963, the freeway bypass of US 30 between east of PA 10 and east of Downingtown was completed, with US 30 Bus. designated onto the former alignment of US 30. [30] [27] In December 1995, the US 30 freeway was extended east to bypass Exton, ending at an interchange with the US 202 freeway. [31] [32] As a result, US 30 Bus. was extended east through Exton along the former alignment of US 30 to its current eastern terminus. [31] [33]

From 1997 to 2004 significant construction was completed to the US 30 bypass around Lancaster.

A bypass of the section of US 30 in Gap, in Lancaster County, was first proposed in February 2012. In 2015, a PennDOT project began to build a bypass to the north of Gap for westbound US 30 between the PA 772 and PA 41 intersections to improve traffic flow and safety at the congested intersection of US 30 and PA 41. The bypass, which cost $10 million, was opened on August 4, 2016. [34]

On April 7, 2018, a section of US 30 in East Pittsburgh sank 40 feet (12 m) down a hill after a landslide. One apartment building was destroyed, another threatened and ultimately demolished. [35] The damaged road section reopened in late June 2018. [36]

Major intersections

CountyLocation [37] mi [38] kmExitDestinationsNotes
Beaver Greene Township 0.0000.000US 30.svg US 30 west (Lincoln Highway) East Liverpool Continuation into West Virginia
2.3283.747PA-168.svg PA 168  Hookstown, Washington
4.8837.858PA-151.svg PA 151 east (Bocktown Road)Western terminus of PA 151
Hanover Township 7.73312.445PA-18.svg PA 18 (Frankfort Road) Frankfort Springs, Monaca
Allegheny Findlay Township 17.530–
17.643
28.212–
28.394
No image.svgToll plate yellow.svgNo image.svg
Turnpike-576.svgAirport Sign.svg PA Turnpike 576 (Southern Beltway) Pittsburgh International Airport
Exit 2 on PA 576; E-ZPass or toll-by-plate
North Fayette Township 20.98133.766Western end of freeway
US 22.svg US 22 west (William Penn Highway) Weirton
PA-978.svg PA 978 south (Bateman Road) Imperial
Western end of concurrency with US 22, northern terminus of PA 978
22.48636.188 Hankey Farms
23.47537.779Pittsburgh PA Orange Belt shield.svg Orange Belt  Oakdale Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; western end of concurrency with Orange Belt
24.49139.414Old Steubenville Pike / Bayer Road / Montour Church Road
Robinson Township 24.93740.132I-376.svgPittsburgh PA Orange Belt shield.svgAirport Sign.svg I-376 west (Airport Parkway) / Orange Belt  Pittsburgh International Airport Eastern end of concurrency with Orange Belt; western end of concurrency with I-376; Exit 60A on I-376
60BPA-60.svgPittsburgh PA Yellow Belt shield.svg PA 60 south / Yellow Belt  Crafton
25.83141.57161Ridge Road
RobinsonCollier
township line
26.96643.39862Pittsburgh PA Yellow Belt shield.svg Yellow Belt (Campbells Run Road)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Robinson Township 28.235–
29.144
45.440–
46.903
64AI-79.svg I-79  Washington, Erie Exit 59 on I-79
Rosslyn Farms 29.44847.39264B Rosslyn Farms Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Carnegie 29.88248.090Buses only (West Busway)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
30.29048.74765PA-50.svg PA 50  Carnegie, Heidelberg
Green Tree 32.19251.80867PA-121.svgPittsburgh PA Blue Belt shield.svg PA 121 / Blue Belt  Green Tree, Mount Lebanon, Crafton
Pittsburgh 32.66652.57168Parkway Center DriveWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
33.33953.65469AUS 19.svg US 19 south (Banksville Road) Mt. Lebanon, Uniontown Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; western end of concurrency with US 19
33.77554.35669BTruck plate.svgNo image wide.svg
US 19.svgPA-51.svg US 19 Truck south / PA 51 south Uniontown
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; western end of concurrency with US 19 Truck
33.85054.47669CUS 19.svgPA-51.svg US 19 north / PA 51 north West End Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; eastern end of concurrency with US 19
33.920–
34.611
54.589–
55.701
Fort Pitt Tunnel under Mount Washington
34.67555.80469CPA-837.svgPA-51.svg PA 837 north to PA 51  West End Westbound exit and eastbound left entrance
34.611–
34.840
55.701–
56.070
Fort Pitt Bridge over the Monongahela River
34.840–
34.996
56.070–
56.321
70A Boulevard of the Allies, Liberty AvenuePPG Paints Arena Eastbound left exit and westbound entrance
70B Fort Duquesne Boulevard  Convention Center, Strip District Eastbound left exit and westbound entrance
70CI-279.svg I-279 north / US 19 Truck north Fort Duquesne Bridge, North Shore Left exit eastbound; eastern end of concurency with US 19 Truck, southern terminus of I-279
35.07556.44870DStanwix StreetNo eastbound exit; left exit and entrance westbound; left entrance eastbound
35.47557.09171AGrant StreetLeft exit and entrance
36.00357.94171BSecond AvenueWestbound exit only
36.92959.43172AForbes Avenue Oakland Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
37.05559.63472BI-579.svg To I-579 (Crosstown Blvd) / PA 885 north (Boulevard of the Allies) / Liberty Bridge Westbound exit and eastbound left entrance
37.70960.68773PA-885.svg PA 885 (Bates Street) Glenwood, Oakland Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as Exits 73A (south) and 73B (north)
39.33863.30874Pittsburgh PA Blue Belt shield.svg Blue Belt  Squirrel Hill, Homestead
39.585–
40.589
63.706–
65.322
Squirrel Hill Tunnel under Squirrel Hill
PittsburghSwissvale
Edgewood tripoint
41.52166.82277 Edgewood, Swissvale
Forest Hills 42.88769.020I-376.svgUS 22.svg I-376 east / US 22 east Monroeville Eastern end of concurrency with I-376 / US 22; Exit 78A on I-376
PA-8.svg PA 8 north Wilkinsburg Exit 78B on I-376; southern terminus of PA 8
Eastern end of freeway
North BraddockChalfant line45.26572.847 East Pittsburgh, Turtle Creek Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
North Versailles Township 47.71376.787Greensburg PikeInterchange
East McKeesport 48.05377.334PA-148.svgPittsburgh PA Yellow Belt shield.svg PA 148 south / Yellow Belt (5th Avenue)Northern terminus of PA 148
North Versailles Township 49.98780.446PA-48.svgPittsburgh PA Orange Belt shield.svg PA 48 / Orange Belt (Mosside Boulevard / Jacks Run Road) Monroeville, McKeesport, White Oak
Westmoreland North Huntingdon Township 54.94788.429Main StreetEastbound exit and entrance
56.85091.491Toll plate yellow.svgNo image wide.svg
I-76.svgPennsylvania Turnpike logo.svg I-76 / Penna Turnpike  Pittsburgh, Harrisburg
Exit 67 (Irwin) on Penna Turnpike; E-ZPass or toll-by-plate
Hempfield TownshipAdamsburg line58.15793.595 Adamsburg, Penn, Arona Interchange
Hempfield Township 61.43298.865Toll plate yellow.svg
Turnpike-66.svg PA Turnpike 66  New Stanton, Delmont
Exit 6 on PA 66; E-ZPass or toll-by-plate
62.975101.348Western end of freeway
63.230101.759Pittsburgh StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
GreensburgHempfield Township line63.994102.988PA-136.svg PA 136 west West Newton Eastern terminus of PA 136
Southwest Greensburg 64.904104.453No image wide.svgBusiness plate.svgNo image wide.svgNo image wide.svg
US 119.svgPA-66.svgPA-819.svgI-70.svg US 119 / PA 66 Bus. / PA 819 to I-70  Connellsville, Blairsville
Southern terminus of PA 66 Bus.
Hempfield Township 65.337105.150Cedar StreetNo access across US 30
65.991106.202 Greensburg, Mount Pleasant
66.778107.469PA-130.svg PA 130 (Pittsburgh Street) Pleasant Unity Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
67.328108.354 Greensburg Business DistrictWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Eastern end of freeway
Westmoreland Mall Interchange
Unity Township 74.051119.174PA-981.svg PA 981 (Clearview Drive) Pleasant Unity, Latrobe
75.319121.214PA-982.svg PA 982  Youngstown, Baggaley, Bradenville, New Derry Interchange
UnityDerry
township line
76.880123.726PA-217.svg PA 217 north Derry Southern terminus of PA 217
Ligonier Township 81.623131.359PA-259.svg PA 259 north Bolivar Southern terminus of PA 259
Ligonier 83.875134.984PA-711.svg PA 711 (Market Street) Stahlstown, Oak Grove, Johnstown
Ligonier Township 85.825138.122PA-381.svg PA 381 south Rector, Linn Run State Park Northern terminus of PA 381
Somerset Jennerstown 95.113153.070PA-985.svg PA 985 (Somerset Pike) Somerset, Johnstown
Jenner Township 96.713155.644PA-601.svg PA 601 (Front Street / Penn Avenue) Somerset, Boswell
98.360–
98.449
158.295–
158.438
US 219.svg US 219  Somerset, Johnstown Interchange
Quemahoning Township 103.100165.923PA-281.svg PA 281 south (Pine Avenue) Friedens Interchange; northern terminus of PA 281
103.518166.596PA-403.svg PA 403 north (Triple S Road) Kanter, Hooversville Southern terminus of PA 403
StonycreekShade
township line
110.444177.742PA-160.svg PA 160 (Huckleberry Highway / Rock Cut Road) Berlin, Windber
Bedford Schellsburg 121.637195.756PA-96.svg PA 96 (Market Street) Manns Choice, Pleasantville
Napier Township 126.386203.399PA-31.svg PA 31 west (Allegheny Road) Manns Choice, Cumberland, Somerset Eastern terminus of PA 31
Bedford Township 126.972204.342PA-56.svg PA 56 west (Pensyl Hollow Road) Altoona, Johnstown Eastern terminus of PA 56
128.890207.428Business plate.svg
US 30.svg US 30 Bus. east (Pitt Street) Bedford
Western terminus of US 30 Bus.
Western end of freeway
129.798208.890US 220.svg US 220 south Cumberland
US 220.svgI-99.svg US 220 north to I-99 north Altoona
131.979212.400Business plate.svg
US 30.svg US 30 Bus. west Bedford Business District
Westbound left exit and eastbound left entrance; eastern terminus of US 30 Bus.
Eastern end of freeway
Snake Spring Township 132.226212.797PA-326.svg PA 326 south (Egolf Road) Rainsburg Northern terminus of PA 326
134.493216.446Pennknoll Road / Upper Snake Spring Road Pennwood Interchange; no westbound exit
135.173217.540Lutzville Road / Upper Snake Spring Road Pennwood Interchange; no westbound entrance
Everett 137.482221.256Western end of freeway
Business plate.svgNo image wide.svg
US 30.svgPA-26.svg US 30 Bus. east to PA 26 south Everett
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; western terminus of US 30 Bus.
West Providence Township 139.338224.243PA-26.svg To PA 26 north Huntingdon, Raystown Lake Raystown Lake only appears on eastbound signage
Eastern end of freeway
140.319225.822Business plate.svgNo image wide.svg
US 30.svgPA-26.svg US 30 Bus. west (Main Street) to PA 26 south Everett
Eastern terminus of US 30 Bus.
East Providence Township 147.243236.965I-70.svg I-70 east Washington, D.C., Baltimore Western end of concurrency with I-70
147.537237.438Toll plate yellow.svgToll plate yellow.svgNo image wide.svg
I-70.svgI-76.svgPennsylvania Turnpike logo.svg I-70 west to I-76 / Penna Turnpike  Pittsburgh, Harrisburg, New Stanton
Eastern end of concurrency with I-70; Exit 161 (Breezewood) on Penna Turnpike; E-ZPass or toll-by-plate
Fulton Brush Creek Township 150.652242.451PA-915.svg PA 915 west (Crystal Springs Road) Crystal Springs Western end of concurrency with PA 915
152.036244.678PA-915.svg PA 915 east (North Valley Road) Hopewell Eastern end of concurrency with PA 915
Licking Creek Township 158.300254.759PA-655.svg PA 655 (Pleasant Ridge Road) Saltillo, Hancock
Todd Township 164.745265.131US 522.svgPA-16.svg US 522 to PA 16  McConnellsburg, Mount Union Interchange
Franklin Peters Township 172.541277.678PA-75.svg PA 75 (Fort Loudon Road / Path Valley Road) Mercersburg, Fannettsburg, Willow Hill
St. Thomas Township 177.517285.686PA-416.svg PA 416 south (Mercersburg Road) Lemasters, Mercersburg Northern terminus of PA 416
Hamilton Township 184.462296.863PA-995.svg PA 995 south (Warm Spring Road) Williamson Northern terminus of PA 995
Chambersburg 186.273299.777US 11.svg US 11 south (Main Street)
186.384299.956US 11.svg US 11 north (2nd Street)
ChambersburgGuilford Township line187.766–
187.786
302.180–
302.212
I-81.svg I-81  Hagerstown, Carlisle Exit 16 on I-81
Greene Township 194.100312.374PA-997.svg PA 997 south (Anthony Highway) Mont Alto, Waynesboro Western end of concurrency with PA 997
194.215312.559PA-997.svg PA 997 north (Black Gap Road) Scotland Eastern end of concurrency with PA 997
196.384316.049PA-233.svg PA 233 (Rocky Mountain Road) Mont Alto, Newville
Adams Franklin Township 199.247320.657PA-234.svg PA 234 east (Buchanan Valley Road) Arendtsville, Biglerville Western terminus of PA 234
Gettysburg 211.075339.692Business plate.svgNo image wide.svgNo image wide.svgNo image wide.svg
US 15.svgPA-116.svgPA-97.svgPA-34.svg US 15 Bus. / PA 116 west (Carlisle Street / Baltimore Street) to PA 97 / PA 34
Traffic circle; western end of concurrency with PA 116
211.314340.077PA-116.svg PA 116 east (Hanover Street) Hanover Eastern end of concurrency with PA 116
Straban Township 213.288343.254US 15.svg US 15  Frederick, Harrisburg Interchange
OxfordHamilton
Berwick township tripoint
222.530358.127PA-94.svg PA 94 (Carlisle Pike) Harrisburg, Hanover
Abbottstown 225.074362.221PA-194.svg PA 194 (Queen Street) Traffic circle
York West Manchester Township 234.387377.209PA-116.svg PA 116 west (Hanover Road)Eastern terminus of PA 116
235.247378.593PA-616.svg PA 616 south (Trinity Road) New Salem Northern terminus of PA 616
235.859379.578Western end of freeway
PA-462.svg PA 462 east York Western terminus of PA 462
238.494383.819PA-74.svg PA 74 (Carlisle Avenue) Dover, West York
Eastern end of freeway
Manchester Township 241.023387.889Business Loop 83.svgPA-181.svgI-83.svg I-83 BL / PA 181 north (North George Street) to I-83 north Harrisburg, Emigsville, York Southern terminus of PA 181
241.277388.298I-83.svg I-83  Baltimore, Harrisburg No eastbound exit to I-83 north; no westbound entrance from I-83 south; Exit 21 on I-83
Springettsbury Township 243.169391.343Western end of freeway
243.749392.276Memory Lane East York No westbound exit; no westbound entrance from southbound Memory Lane
244.663393.747PA-24.svg PA 24 (Mt. Zion Road)
Hellam Township 247.700398.635PA-462.svg To PA 462  Hallam
251.473404.707PA-462.svg To PA 462  Wrightsville
Susquehanna River 252.677406.644 Wright's Ferry Bridge
Lancaster West Hempfield TownshipColumbia line253.903408.617PA-441.svg PA 441  Columbia, Marietta
West Hempfield Township 256.997413.597Prospect Road
258.812416.518 Mountville
East Hempfield Township 260.276418.874Centerville Road
262.393422.281PA-741.svg PA 741  Millersville, Rohrerstown Access to Millersville University
Manheim TownshipLancaster line263.486424.040Harrisburg PikeAccess to Franklin & Marshall College
Manheim Township 264.100425.028PA-72.svg PA 72 (Manheim Pike)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
264.423425.548PA-283.svg PA 283 west Harrisburg, Downtown Lancaster Eastbound access to Downtown Lancaster and Fruitville Pike; eastern terminus of PA 283
265.034–
265.757
426.531–
427.694
PA-501.svgPA-272.svgUS 222.svg PA 501 (Lititz Pike) / PA 272 (Oregon Pike) / US 222 southEastbound signage
PA-501.svgUS 222.svg PA 501 / US 222 south (Lititz Pike) / Fruitville Pike Westbound signage; western end of concurrency with US 222
PA-272.svg PA 272 north (Oregon Pike)Westbound signage
266.416428.755US 222.svgI-76.svg US 222 north to I-76  Ephrata, Reading I-76 only appears on eastbound signage; Ephrata only appears on westbound signage; eastern end of concurrency with US 222
267.161429.954PA-23.svg PA 23 east (New Holland Avenue/Pike)Western end of concurrency with PA 23
LancasterEast Lampeter Township line267.771430.936PA-23.svg PA 23 west (Walnut Street)Eastern end of concurrency with PA 23
268.497432.104Greenfield Road
East Lampeter Township 269.387433.536PA-340.svg PA 340 (Old Philadelphia Pike)No westbound exit
270.150434.764PA-462.svg PA 462 west (Lincoln Highway) Downtown Lancaster Eastern terminus of PA 462
Eastern end of freeway
272.705438.876PA-896.svg PA 896 (Eastbrook Road / Hartman Bridge Road) Strasburg
Salisbury Township 281.639453.254PA-772.svg PA 772 west (Newport Road)Eastern terminus of PA 772
282.034453.890PA-41.svg PA 41 south (Gap Newport Pike) Wilmington, DE Northern terminus of PA 41
282.313454.339PA-897.svg PA 897 north (White Horse Road)Southern terminus of PA 897
Chester West SadsburySadsbury
township line
286.823461.597PA-10.svg PA 10 (Octorara Trail) Honey Brook, Parkesburg
Sadsbury Township 287.555462.775Western end of freeway
Business plate.svg
US 30.svg US 30 Bus. east (Lincoln Highway)
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; western terminus of US 30 Bus.
Valley Township 290.087466.850 Chester County Airport Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
CoatesvilleValley Township line292.916471.403PA-82.svg PA 82  Coatesville
Caln Township 294.673474.230Reeceville Road
297.056478.065PA-340.svg PA 340  Thorndale
298.173479.863US 322.svg US 322 (Manor Avenue)
Downingtown 299.393481.826PA-282.svg PA 282 (Wallace Avenue)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
East Caln Township 299.933482.695PA-113.svgPA-100.svg PA 113 (Uwchlan Avenue) to PA 100  Downingtown, Lionville Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
300.913484.273Business plate.svg
US 30.svg US 30 Bus. (Lancaster Avenue)
West Whiteland Township 303.841488.985PA-100.svgUS 202.svg PA 100 to US 202 south Exton, West Chester US 202 only appears on eastbound signage
West WhitelandEast Whiteland
township line
306.055492.548US 202.svg US 202  King of Prussia, West Chester
Business plate.svg
US 30.svg US 30 Bus. west (Lancaster Avenue) Exton
Eastern terminus of US 30 Bus.
Eastern end of freeway
East Whiteland Township 307.519494.904PA-352.svg PA 352 south (Sproul Road) Chester, Immaculata University Northern terminus of PA 352
309.186497.587PA-401.svg PA 401 west (Conestoga Road) Elverson Southern terminus of PA 401
309.486498.069PA-29.svgUS 202.svg PA 29 north (Morehall Road) to US 202 Southern terminus of PA 29
Tredyffrin Township 312.020502.148PA-252.svg PA 252 (Bear Hill Road / Leopard Road) Valley Forge, Newtown Square
Delaware Radnor Township 318.773–
318.902
513.015–
513.223
I-476.svg I-476 (Mid-County Expressway) Chester, Plymouth Meeting Exit 13 on I-476
319.158513.635PA-320.svg PA 320 (North Spring Mill Road  / Sproul Road)
Montgomery
No major junctions
Delaware
No major junctions
MontgomeryPhiladelphia
county line
Lower Merion TownshipPhiladelphia line325.258523.452US 1.svg US 1 (City Avenue) Bala Cynwyd, Upper Darby
Philadelphia Philadelphia 328.691528.977Western end of freeway
342I-76.svg I-76 west (Schuylkill Expressway) Valley Forge
US 13.svg US 13 (34th Street / Girard Avenue)
Western end of concurrency with I-76
343Spring Garden Street / Haverford AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance
329.8530.8344I-76.svgAirport Sign.svg I-76 east (Schuylkill Expressway) International Airport
I-676.svg I-676 begins
Eastern end of concurrency with I-76; western terminus of I-676
Vine Street Expressway Bridge over the Schuylkill River
330.2531.4 Ben Franklin Parkway  / 23rd Street
330.8532.4PA-611.svg PA 611 (Broad Street) Central Philadelphia
331.2533.08th Street south Chinatown, Market East At-grade intersection westbound
331.3533.2I-95.svgAirport Sign.svg I-95  Chester, Philadelphia International Airport, New York Exit 22 on I-95; to Penn's Landing
PA-611.svg To PA 611 / Vine Street Pennsylvania Convention Center Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
331.7533.86th Street south Independence Hall, Penn's Landing At-grade intersection
5th StreetWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Delaware River 332.0534.3 Benjamin Franklin Bridge
(Westbound toll, cash or E-ZPass)
334.6538.5I-676.svgUS 30.svg I-676 south / US 30 east Camden, Cherry Hill Continuation into New Jersey
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

Related Research Articles

The Schuylkill Expressway, locally known as "the Schuylkill" or "the Skook", is a two to eight lane freeway through southwestern Montgomery County and the city of Philadelphia, and the easternmost segment of Interstate 76 (I-76) in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It extends from the Valley Forge exit of the Pennsylvania Turnpike in King of Prussia, paralleling its namesake Schuylkill River for most of the route, to the Walt Whitman Bridge in South Philadelphia. It serves as the primary corridor into Philadelphia from points west. Maintenance and planning are administered through Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) District 6. Constructed over a period of ten years from 1949 to 1959, a large portion of the expressway predates the 1956 introduction of Interstate Highway System; many of these portions were not built to contemporary standards. The rugged terrain, limited riverfront space covered by the route and narrow spans of bridges passing over the highway have largely stymied later attempts to upgrade or widen the highway. With the road being highly over capacity, it has become notorious for its chronic congestion. An average of 163,000 vehicles use the road daily in Philadelphia County, and an average of 109,000 use the highway in Montgomery County, making it the busiest road in Pennsylvania. Its narrow lane and left shoulder configuration, left lane entrances and exits, common construction activity and generally congested conditions have led to many accidents, critical injuries and fatalities, leading to the highway's humorous nickname of the "Surekill Expressway" or in further embellishment, the "Surekill Distressway" or the “Surekill Crawlway".

Pennsylvania Route 248 is a 31.29 mi (50.4 km) long state highway in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The western terminus of the route is at U.S. Route 209 in Weissport East, a CDP in Franklin Township. The eastern terminus is at PA 611 in Easton. The route begins at US 209 in Carbon County and heads southeast parallel to the Lehigh River as a four-lane divided highway to Bowmanstown, where it becomes a freeway and heads through Palmerton. Upon crossing Lehigh Gap in Blue Mountain, PA 248 enters Northampton County and becomes a two-lane undivided highway that heads southeast through rural areas, serving Bath and Nazareth. From here, the route heads southeast through suburban areas to Wilson, where it turns east and follows city streets through Easton.

U.S. Route 422 (US 422) is a 271-mile (436 km) long spur route of US 22 split into two segments in the U.S. states of Ohio and Pennsylvania. The western segment of US 422 runs from downtown Cleveland, Ohio east to Ebensburg, Pennsylvania. The eastern segment, located entirely within Pennsylvania, runs from Hershey east to King of Prussia, near Philadelphia. US 422 Business is the offshoot road into each of 4 towns along the way.

In the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, Interstate 70 (I-70) runs east–west across the southwest part of the state serving the southern fringe of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. About half of the route is concurrent with I-76 on the Pennsylvania Turnpike. This is the oldest segment of I-70 in Pennsylvania, having been completed in 1940, and is only one of two segments of I-70 that are tolled, with the other being the Kansas Turnpike. I-70 is one of only a few Interstate Highways to have a traffic signal—in this case, with U.S. Route 30 in Breezewood, where it leaves the Pennsylvania Turnpike and heads toward Maryland.

U.S. Route 6 (US 6) travels east–west near the north edge of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania from the Ohio state line near Pymatuning Reservoir east to the Mid-Delaware Bridge over the Delaware River into Port Jervis, New York. It is the longest highway segment in the Commonwealth. Most of it is a two-lane rural highway, with some freeway bypasses around larger towns. Except east of Dunmore, where it is paralleled by Interstate 84 (I-84), it is the main route in its corridor. What is now I-80—the Keystone Shortway—was once planned along the US 6 corridor as a western extension of I-84. The corridor was originally the Roosevelt Highway from Erie, Pennsylvania to Port Jervis, New York, designated Pennsylvania Route 7 (PA 7) in 1924. The PA 7 designation soon disappeared, but as US 6 was extended and relocated, the Roosevelt Highway followed it. The Pennsylvania section of US 6 was renamed the Grand Army of the Republic Highway in 1946; this name was applied to its full transcontinental length by 1953.

The Baltimore Pike was an auto trail in the United States, connecting Baltimore, Maryland, with Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania Route 291 is an east–west route in Pennsylvania that runs from U.S. Route 13 in Trainer, Delaware County east to Interstate 76 (I-76) in South Philadelphia near the Walt Whitman Bridge and the South Philadelphia Sports Complex. Except for a short 1-mile (1.6 km) section between US 13 and the Chester/Trainer line, PA 291 is mostly a four-lane highway. It runs parallel to the Delaware River. The route passes through industrial areas near the river in Delaware County, serving Chester, Eddystone, Essington, and Lester. PA 291 enters Philadelphia near the Philadelphia International Airport, at which point it has an interchange with I-95. The route crosses the Schuylkill River on the George C. Platt Memorial Bridge and continues along Penrose Avenue to I-76. It has been designated the Industrial Heritage Highway.

Pennsylvania Route 73 (PA 73) is a 62.32-mile (100.29 km) long east–west state highway in southeastern Pennsylvania. It runs from PA 61 in Leesport southeast to the New Jersey state line on the Tacony–Palmyra Bridge over the Delaware River in Philadelphia, where the road continues as New Jersey Route 73. The route passes through rural areas of Berks County, crossing U.S. Route 222 (US 222) in Maiden Creek before heading southeast through Oley and Boyertown. PA 73 continues into Montgomery County and intersects PA 100 in Gilbertsville and PA 29 in Schwenksville before it heads into the northwest suburbs of Philadelphia. The route passes through Skippack and intersects US 202 in Center Square, PA 309 in Springfield Township, and PA 611 near Jenkintown. PA 73 continues through Northeast Philadelphia on Cottman Avenue, crossing US 1 and US 13 before coming to an interchange with Interstate 95 (I-95) near the Tacony–Palmyra Bridge.

Pennsylvania Route 23 is an 81.14-mile-long (130.58 km) state highway in southeastern Pennsylvania. The route begins at PA 441 in Marietta and heads east to U.S. Route 1 at City Avenue on the border of Lower Merion Township and Philadelphia. PA 23 begins at Marietta in Lancaster County and continues east to Lancaster, where it passes through the city on a one-way pair and intersects US 222 and US 30. East of Lancaster, the route passes through agricultural areas in Pennsylvania Dutch Country, serving Leola, New Holland, and Blue Ball, where it crosses US 322. PA 23 passes through the southern tip of Berks County and serves Morgantown, where a ramp provides access to Interstate 176 (I-176). The route runs through northern Chester County and serves Elverson, Bucktown, Phoenixville, and Valley Forge. PA 23 continues into Montgomery County and intersects US 422 in King of Prussia and US 202 in Bridgeport. The route follows the Schuylkill River to West Conshohocken, where it has access to I-76 and I-476, before it continues southeast through Lower Merion Township to US 1, which there is running on the border between Montgomery County and Philadelphia.

Pennsylvania Route 68 is a 90.036-mile-long (144.899 km) east–west state highway located in western Pennsylvania in the United States. The western terminus of the route is at the Ohio state line west of Glasgow, where PA 68 continues into Ohio as State Route 39. The eastern terminus is at U.S. Route 322 in Clarion. The route runs southwest-northeast across Beaver, Butler, Armstrong, and Clarion counties. PA 68 follows the Ohio River between the Ohio border and Beaver, where it crosses the Beaver River into Rochester and heads northeast away from the Ohio River. The route runs through rural areas to Butler County, where it intersects Interstate 79 (I-79) in Zelienople before serving Evans City and Butler. PA 68 passes through a section of Armstrong County before crossing the Allegheny River into Clarion County. Here, the route passes through Rimersburg and Sligo before it has an interchange with I-80 and continues to its terminus in Clarion.

U.S. Route 422 Business (Reading, Pennsylvania)

U.S. Route 422 Business is a 7.29-mile-long (11.73 km) business route of US 422 located in the Reading, Pennsylvania area. The route is one of four auxiliary routes of US 422 in Pennsylvania. Its western terminus is at an interchange with US 222 and US 422 in Wyomissing. Its eastern terminus is at an interchange with US 422 in Reiffton. US 422 Bus. heads east from US 222/US 422 along Penn Avenue, passing through Wyomissing and West Reading. The route has an interchange with the US 422 freeway before it crosses the Schuylkill River into Reading. US 422 Bus. passes through downtown Reading on the one-way pair of Franklin Street eastbound and Washington Street westbound, intersecting the southern terminus of Pennsylvania Route 183 and crossing US 222 Bus. The business route heads into the eastern part of the city southeast on Perkiomen Avenue before following the one-way pair of Perkiomen Avenue eastbound and Mineral Spring Road westbound into Mount Penn. US 422 Bus. continues along Perkiomen Avenue to St. Lawrence, where it intersects the western terminus of PA 562 and turns southeast. The route passes through Reiffton before it merges into eastbound US 422.

Pennsylvania Route 462 is a 32-mile-long (51 km) east–west running local state route in York and Lancaster counties in central Pennsylvania. The western terminus is west of York, and the eastern terminus is east of Lancaster. At both ends, PA 462 terminates at U.S. Route 30, which follows a mostly freeway alignment parallel to the north between York and Lancaster. The route heads east into York, where it follows the one-way pair of Market Street eastbound and Philadelphia Street westbound. In York, PA 462 runs concurrent with PA 74 and crosses Interstate 83 Business. East of York, the route becomes a multilane road that has an interchange with I-83 and crosses PA 24. PA 462 continues east through Hallam to Wrightsville and passes through that town before it crosses the Susquehanna River and runs through Columbia. East of here, the route continues through Mountville before reaching the city of Lancaster. In Lancaster, PA 462 is routed on the one-way pair of King Street eastbound and Walnut Street westbound, with the westbound direction concurrent with PA 23. The route crosses US 222/PA 272 and northbound PA 72 in Lancaster. East of Lancaster, PA 462 becomes a multilane road again and continues to its eastern terminus.

Pennsylvania Route 230 is a 28.4-mile (45.7 km) long state route in central Pennsylvania. Its western terminus is at an intersection with U.S. Route 22 in Harrisburg. Its eastern terminus is at an interchange with PA 283 near Salunga. The route passes through Dauphin and Lancaster counties and serves as a surface road parallel to the PA 283 freeway that connects the cities of Harrisburg and Lancaster. Along the way, PA 230 passes through Middletown, Elizabethtown, and Mount Joy. The route intersects the Airport Connector near the Harrisburg International Airport, PA 441 and PA 341 in the Middletown area, PA 241 and PA 743 in Elizabethtown, and PA 772 in Mount Joy.

Interstate 78 (I-78) is an east–west Interstate Highway stretching from Union Township in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania east to New York City. In the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, I-78 runs for about 77 miles (124 km), from the western terminus at I-81 in Union Township, Lebanon County east to the New Jersey state line near Easton, Northampton County.

U.S. Route 40 in the U.S. state of Maryland runs from Garrett County in Western Maryland to Cecil County in the state's northeastern corner. With a total length of 221 miles (356 km), it is the longest numbered highway in Maryland. Almost half of the road overlaps or parallels with Interstate 68 (I-68) or I-70, while the old alignment is generally known as US 40 Alternate, US 40 Scenic, or Maryland Route 144. West of Baltimore, in the Piedmont and Appalachian Mountains / Blue Ridge region of the Western Maryland panhandle of the small state, the portions where it does not overlap an Interstate highway are mostly two-lane roads. The portion northeast of Baltimore going toward Wilmington in northern Delaware and Philadelphia in southeastern Pennsylvania is a four-lane divided highway, known as the Pulaski Highway. This section crosses the Susquehanna River at the north end of the Chesapeake Bay on the Thomas J. Hatem Memorial Bridge.

U.S. Route 1 is a major north–south U.S. Highway, extending from Key West, Florida in the Florida Keys in the south to Fort Kent, Maine at the Canadian border in the north. In the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, US 1 runs for 81 miles (130 km) from the Maryland state line near Nottingham to the New Jersey state line in Morrisville, through the southeastern portion of the state. The route runs southwest to northeast, and serves as a major arterial road for many of the suburbs in the Delaware Valley area. South of Philadelphia, the road mostly follows the alignment of the old Baltimore Pike. Within Philadelphia, it mostly follows Roosevelt Boulevard.

Pennsylvania Route 130 is a 49-mile-long (79 km) state highway located in Allegheny and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania. The western terminus is at PA 8 in Pittsburgh. The eastern terminus is at PA 381 near Kregar.

Pennsylvania Route 819 is a 46.6-mile-long (75.0 km) state highway located in Fayette and Westmoreland counties in Pennsylvania, United States. The southern terminus is at PA 201 in Vanderbilt. The northern terminus is at PA 66 in Oklahoma.

U.S. Route 322 Business, designated internally as State Route 3014, is a 9-mile (14 km) business loop of US 322 in Centre County, Pennsylvania. Its western terminus is at an interchange with Interstate 99 (I-99)/US 220/US 322 near State College; its eastern terminus is at US 322 near Boalsburg.

Ridge Pike is a major historic road that opened in 1706 that originally connected Wissachickon Creek to Perkiomen Creek. Inside Philadelphia, it is called Ridge Avenue. Going westward, it traverses many eastern Pennsylvania neighborhoods including Conshohocken and beyond, eventually connecting with Germantown Pike to the west. 13th Street and Ridge Avenue is notable for being the location of Benjamin Franklin's kite experiment which led to the proof that lightning is electricity. Portions of Ridge Pike carried U.S. Route 422 before US 422 was moved to a freeway alignment between west of Pottstown and King of Prussia.

References

  1. Google (June 21, 2014). "U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Google (August 18, 2020). "U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Pennsylvania State Road Atlas (Map). ADC Map. 2003.
  4. "Interactive Map of Lancaster County". Discover Lancaster. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  5. "Amish & PA Dutch Countryside". Discover Lancaster. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  6. "Exton Bypass". VisitPA.com. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  7. "I-676 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation . Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  8. Lincoln Highway Association, Proclamation of the Route of the Lincoln Highway, September 14, 1913
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Brian Butko, The Lincoln Highway: Pennsylvania Traveler's Guide, ISBN   978-0-8117-2497-5
  10. Pennsylvania (1822). Laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: Dec. 21, 1812-Mar. 25, 1817. J. Bioren.
  11. How "Lincoln Way" Project Now Stands, New York Times April 5, 1914
  12. "U.S. 22 - The William Penn Highway". Federal Highway Administration . Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  13. 1 2 1929 Map of Pennsylvania (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. Archived from the original on 2012-02-04.
  14. 1 2 3 4 National Bridge Inventory
  15. "1904 USGS Beaver quadrangle". Archived from the original on 2006-04-18. Retrieved 2006-07-18.
  16. "1908 USGS Sewickley quadrangle". Archived from the original on 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2006-07-19.
  17. 1 2 Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, California Av over Jacks Run
  18. Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, California Av over Woods Run
  19. 1911 state map [ permanent dead link ]
  20. Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey. OCLC   32889555 . Retrieved November 7, 2013 via University of North Texas Libraries.
  21. 1923 plat map, Central Pittsburgh
  22. Butko, Brian (May 30, 2005). Greetings from the Lincoln Highway. Stackpole Books. p. 74.
  23. Lincoln Highway Resource Guide, Appendix A - Lincoln Highway Chronology Archived 2007-08-10 at the Wayback Machine
  24. 1930 Pennsylvania Transportation Map, back side [ permanent dead link ]
  25. Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, Greensburg Pike over Turtle Creek
  26. Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, Field Notes: "Mosside Bridge, the Great Valley and PA48"
  27. 1 2 Official Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1970. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  28. Smith, Stephen H. (March 27, 2013). "Haines Shoe House will be a June 23rd Lunch Stop on 100th Anniversary Lincoln Highway Auto Tour". York Daily Record. Retrieved February 9, 2016. From The York Dispatch issue of Fri. Nov. 24, 1972 back page: With the opening of the full 20-miles extending from a point near Thomasville to Columbia on the Lancaster County side of the river, the new artery now becomes officially designated as U.S. 30... the hard-traveled highway now becomes Pennsylvania Traffic Route 462 but retains its nationwide identity as the Lincoln Highway.
  29. Pennsylvania Official Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 1980. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 24, 2011. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  30. Federal Highway Administration (2012). "NBI Structure Number: 000000000009967". National Bridge Inventory. Federal Highway Administration.
  31. 1 2 Pennsylvania Official Transportation and Tourism Map (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 2000. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  32. "PennDOT completes Route 30 bypass project". Daily Local News. West Chester, PA. June 17, 2010. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  33. Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (October 27, 1995). "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Standing Committee on Highways" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  34. Blest, Lindsey (August 5, 2016). "New bypass for routes 30 and 41 Gap bottleneck project now open to traffic". LancasterOnline. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  35. Clift, Theresa (April 7, 2018). "Route 30 collapses in East Pittsburgh landslide, will be closed for months". TribLive. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  36. Signorini, Renatta; Rittmeyer, Brian C. (June 27, 2018). "Collapsed stretch of Route 30 reopens in East Pittsburgh". Tribune-Review. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  37. "Video Log". Pennsylvania Department of Transportation . Retrieved June 9, 2016.
  38. Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (January 2016). Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams (Report) (2015 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 12, 2016.

Route map:

KML file (edithelp)
    KML is from Wikidata
    US 30.svg U.S. Route 30
    Previous state:
    West Virginia
    PennsylvaniaNext state:
    New Jersey
    LincolnHighwayMarker.svg Lincoln Highway
    Previous state:
    West Virginia
    PennsylvaniaNext state:
    New Jersey