USA Rugby

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USA Rugby
Usa rugby textlogo.png
Sport Rugby union
Founded1975;47 years ago (1975) (1975;47 years ago (1975))
World Rugby affiliation1987
RAN affiliation2001
Website www.usa.rugby

USA Rugby (officially the United States of America Rugby Football Union, Ltd.) is the national governing body for the sport of rugby union in the United States. Its role is to achieve and maintain “high levels of quality in all aspects of rugby." [1] USA Rugby is responsible for the promotion and development of the sport in the U.S., and promotion of U.S. international participation. [2]

Contents

USA Rugby was founded in 1975 as the United States of America Rugby Football Union, and it organized the first U.S. national team match in 1976. Today, USA Rugby has over 130,000 members, the largest segment being college rugby with over 32,000 members. USA Rugby oversees 1,200 high school teams, 900 college teams, 700 senior club teams, and 400 youth teams. [3] It administers all United States national teams: senior men's and women's teams, sevens teams for both men and women, and under-20 national teams for both sexes. The organization also sponsors college rugby for both sexes, although since the 2010–11 academic year the NCAA has designated women's rugby an emerging varsity sport.

USA Rugby is governed by an 11-member Board of Directors and four National Councils across Youth & High School, College, Senior Club and International Athlete, and its CEO is Ross Young. It is a member of World Rugby through membership with Rugby Americas North, and a member of the United States Olympic Committee. The headquarters for USA Rugby is located in Glendale, Colorado.

History

The U.S. men's national team, the Eagles, won the Gold Medal in Olympic rugby in 1920 and 1924. After that time, rugby in the U.S. stagnated while continuing to grow in other parts of the world.

Beginning in the 1960s and continuing through the 1970s, the sport of rugby union enjoyed a renaissance in the US. This created the need for a national governing body to represent the United States. On June 7, 1975, four territorial organizations (Pacific Coast, West, Midwest, and East) gathered in Chicago, Illinois, and formed the United States of America Rugby Football Union (now known as USA Rugby). USA Rugby then fielded its first national team on January 31, 1976, in a match against Australia in Anaheim, California, which Australia won, 24–12.

In 1993, the Southern California RFU, a local area union of the Pacific Coast RFU, applied to become a separate territory. This was an impetus for others around the country to do the same, changing the make-up of USA Rugby, which now has seven territories (Pacific, Southern California, West, Midwest, South, Northeastern, and Mid-Atlantic).

USA Rugby lobbied for several years for participation in the IRB Sevens World Series. It was finally awarded the annual USA Sevens tournament, beginning in 2004 with Los Angeles as the venue for the initial USA Sevens tournaments. In summer 2006, the tournament was moved to Petco Park in San Diego. Since 2010, the tournament has been held every year at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas Valley and has been broadcast live on NBC.

USA Rugby is a Founding Sports Partner of the Sports Museum of America, joining more than 50 other single-sport Halls of Fame, national governing bodies, museums, and other organizations across North America, to celebrate the history, grandeur, and significance of sports in American culture. Opened in New York City on May 7, 2008, the Sports Museum of America showcases USA Rugby in its Hall of Halls Gallery, in return for their support of the creation of the nation's first all-sports museum experience.

In 2014, USA Rugby created Rugby International Marketing, a for-profit company that is responsible for promoting the sport of rugby. [4]

In 2021, a female rugby referee reported sexual misconduct by referee Joseph Burpoe to the United States Center for SafeSport, misconduct which Burpoe did not dispute and which resulted in him being put on probation, only to have SafeSport then in turn investigate and attempt to punish her (the victim) for sharing documents related to the case. [5] After Burpoe's probation was lifted, despite his admission of sexual misconduct, he was back to acting as a rugby referee, without SafeSport providing any protection to or informing the rugby community of his sexual misconduct. [5] USA Rugby, however, has since established a new policy, and notified Burpoe in July 2022 that he is barred from officiating federation-sanctioned matches, because USA Rugby will now not hire employees or contractors who have an actual finding of sexual misconduct against them from SafeSport. [5]

Recent achievements

  • the U.S. Women's Sevens finished 4th in the World Rugby Women's Sevens World Series, their highest finish to date.
  • the U.S. vs New Zealand match sold out Soldier Field in Chicago, drawing over 60,000 fans and setting a U.S. attendance record.
  • the Women's U.S. National Team finished 4th at the Women's Rugby World Cup in Ireland. Their second highest finish since winning the 1991 tournament.
  • the U.S. Men's Sevens team finished fifth in the 2016-17 World Rugby Sevens Series, their highest-ever finish.
  • the U.S. Men's National Team won the America's Rugby Championship (ARC) for the second consecutive year.
  • the United States hosted its first ever Rugby World Cup event with the Rugby World Cup Sevens 2018 in San Francisco at AT&T Park. The event welcomed more than 100,000 in attendance, setting the mark for highest attended Rugby World Cup Sevens to date.

Governance and leadership

USA Rugby is governed by its board of directors and its congress. The board is composed of 11 members: 4 independent directors, 4 international athletes, and 3 representatives from USA Rugby's National Councils across Youth, College ,and Adult Club. Board members as of 2020 were: [9]

Gary Gold began his tenure as the head coach of the men's national team on January 1, 2018. [10] Mike Friday is the head coach of the men's national sevens team. Rob Cain was appointed as the Women's Eagles head coach in May 2018. Chris Brown is the head coach of the Women's Sevens team, who ranked 2nd in the world through the 2018-19 Women's World Rugby Sevens Series.

International representation

USA Rugby became a member of the International Rugby Football Board in 1987. The worldwide body would become the International Rugby Board (IRB) in 1998 and World Rugby in 2014. USA Rugby does not hold a vote on WR's 28-member Executive Council—the majority of votes are held by the 8 founding nations—although NACRA members collectively hold one vote on the Executive Council. [11] In December 2011, for the first time, USA Rugby placed a representative on the 10-man executive committee. Bob Latham, in his role as chair of Rugby Americas North (RAN; known as NACRA before 2016), represents RAN on the executive committee. [12]

USA Rugby also has relationships with international multi-sport organizations. USA Rugby is a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee and interacts with the International Olympic Committee. USA Rugby also interacts with the Pan American Sport Organization, and rugby has been a sport at the Pan Am Games since 2011.

Financials

USA Rugby generally earns between $8 million to $16 million in annual revenues, with the majority of the revenue coming from: (1) membership dues, (2) event revenue, (3) grants, and (4) sponsorship. Their principal expenses are: (1) High Performance, (2) Men's National Team, and (3) Marketing and Fundraising. [1] In 2010, USA Rugby paid over $200,000 each to its CEO Nigel Melville and its then head coach Eddie O'Sullivan. [1] As of 2012, Nigel Melville's compensation was $250,000. [13] USA Rugby experienced a financial crunch in 2016–17, due to the bankruptcy of kit sponsor BLK and currency exchange rates that affect grants received from World Rugby. [14]

USA Rugby lost more than $4.4 million in 2017, and $4.2 million in 2018. Most of the losses were attributed to USA Rugby Partners, formerly known as Rugby International Marketing (RIM), which was the majority owner of The Rugby Channel which was sold in 2018 to FloSports. [15] In early 2020, with the outbreak of coronavirus, USA Rugby filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy to develop a financial restructuring plan. [16] USA finished the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process as the Delaware Bankruptcy Court approved USA Rugby's debtor plan and the sport's National Governing Body. [17] Effective September 1, 2020 USA rugby are officially a reorganized organization and started paying back creditors over the next five years. [17]

USA Rugby annual revenues are below, along with the components that generated the majority of revenue: [18]

YearTotal
Revenue
Member
dues
GrantsSpon­sorsEvent
revenue
International comparisons
(annual reported revenue)
2020 [19] $8.8m$3.3m$4.0m
2019 [20] $13.4m$5.2m$5.1m$1.0mEngland - £213.2m [21]
2018 [15] $27.4m$5.2m$2.7m$1.9m$2.8mScotland - £57.2m
2017 [22] $14.0m$5.0m$2.0m$1.9m$2.1m
2016 [23] $14.7m$4.8m$2.0m$2.3m$2.7mScotland - £47.3m, Ireland - €76m/£67m, Wales - £73.3m [24]
2015 [25] $14.6m$4.7m$2.4m$2.5m$2.1mWales - £64m; [26] Scotland - £44m. [27]
2014 [28] $16.4m$4.5m$2.0m$2.2m$5.4mWales - £58m, [29] Scotland - £44m. [30]
2013 [31] $12.2m$4.3m$1.7m$1.9m$1.8mWales - £61m,

New Zealand - £54m, Scotland - £39m.

2012 [32] $10.2m$4.3m$1.7m$1.6m$1.1mScotland - £38m. [33]
2011 [34] $7.5m$3.2m$1.7m$1.5m$0.2mScotland - £35m; [35] Canada - C$9m. [33]
2010 [36] $6.4m$2.8m$1.4m$1.0m$0.2mScotland - £34m [37]
2009 [38] $8.1m$2.7m$1.3m$2.4m$0.8m
2008 [39] $8.0m$2.0m$1.4m$2.7m$0.9m
2007 [40] $6.7m$2.2m$1.7m$0.9m$1.0m
2006 [41] $5.3m$2.0m$1.3m$0.2m$0.7m

Notes:

Board performance

In a February 2017 assembly, Board Chair Will Chang called for a vote of confidence in the board from USA Rugby's Congress, which passed by a vote of 43–1. Steve Lewis, the sole Congress member who voted no confidence in the board, cited three issues — RIM's performance, the sanctioning of the PRO Rugby competition, and overspending by the high performance department. [42] With RIM's financial performance continuing to deteriorate, in August 2017, Lewis proposed what was effectively a vote of no confidence in the board, this time getting seven votes and a similar number of abstentions. [43] RIM's product “The Rugby Channel”, which was supposed to be a money maker for USA Rugby, finished 2017 with $4.2 million in losses for the year. [43]

Bankruptcy

On March 31, 2020, the board of USA Rugby voted to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy as a result of "insurmountable financial constraints" in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic crisis. [44] On August 31, 2020, the Delaware Bankruptcy Court approved USA Rugby's plan to reimburse its bankruptcy debts owed to creditors over five years effective the following day, allowing the governing body to exit bankruptcy and enter the post-bankruptcy phase. [45] [46]

National teams: The Eagles

USA Rugby is responsible for organizing the various US national teams:

Men's teams

Women's teams

Professional rugby

The Professional Rugby Organization, known as PRO Rugby, was a USA Rugby sanctioned American professional rugby union competition that played in 2016. This was the first professional rugby competition in North America. [47] PRO played only the 2016 season, before it ceased operations as of January 2017.

Major League Rugby, another professional competition, was founded in late 2017. It began play in 2018 with seven teams, all in the U.S., and expanded to nine teams for the 2019 season, with one of the new teams in Canada. 2020 was expected to see 12 teams with East and West divisions.

While not yet professional, the top domestic competition for women's rugby in the US is the Women's Premier League (WPL) with 10 teams. The league completed its 10th season in 2020. [48]

Club competitions

USA Rugby hosts two national championships in the club space. The Club National Championships in early June along with the Club 7s National Championship in mid August. [49]

Rugby Super League, organized and sanctioned by USA Rugby, was the premier national level of men's club competition in the US. [50] It was founded in 1996, but ended play as of 2012 following the Great Recession. [51] Following the demise of the Super League, the Pacific Rugby Premiership was formed in 2013, and began play in 2014 as the top level of men's club competition in the U.S.

The USA Rugby club structure sees the United States divided into two leagues: West and East. Within each league there are four conferences, with the winners of each conference's division advancing to the league semifinals, and the two league champions competing in the national championship. [52]

East: Atlantic North, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, Southern

West: Pacific North, Pacific South, Frontier, Red River

College rugby

USA Rugby hosts 5 total championship competitions annually. The Men's Division 1-A, Women's D1 Elite, Spring College, Fall College and College 7s Championships. [53]

The Collegiate Rugby Championship is a rugby sevens competition that has been held every year in June since 2010. [54] The tournament is the highest profile college rugby tournament in the U.S., and is broadcast live on NBC every year from PPL Park in Philadelphia. Every year, the number of spectators increase, and in 2015 the College Rugby Championship broke an attendance record at over 24,000 spectators, which shows how the popularity of the sport is expanding.[ citation needed ]

State Governing Bodies

State Governing Bodies are responsible for developing an administrative structure with the objective of promoting the development of youth rugby within their state. They are also responsible for day-to-day governance, including organizing league structures, collecting dues, implementing a state championship, and conducting rugby outreach. USA Rugby has 44 state rugby organizations. [55]

Hall of Fame

World Rugby Hall of Fame

The following have been inducted into the World Rugby Hall of Fame:

InducteeYear
Inducted
Accomplishments
1920 U.S. Olympic rugby team 2012Won the gold medal.
1924 U.S. Olympic rugby team 2012Won the gold medal.
Patty Jervey 2014Played in five Women's World Cups.
Daniel Carroll 2016A member of the 1920 Olympic team
Phaidra Knight 2017Won All-World Team honors in 2002, 2006

U.S. Rugby Hall of Fame

To date, 68 individuals and three teams who have made a lasting impression on rugby in the United States, have been inducted into the U.S. Rugby Hall of Fame. For full bios of all the inductees and for more information about the U.S. Rugby Hall of Fame, visit: usrugbyhalloffame.org.

InducteeYear
Inducted
Accomplishments
1920 U.S. Olympic rugby team 2011Won the 1920 Olympic gold medal.
1924 U.S. Olympic rugby team 2011Won the 1924 Olympic gold medal.
Patrick Vincent 2011Co-founder of USA Rugby (1975). Governor of the U.S. Union (1975–1977).
Dennis Storer 2011First head coach of the U.S. national team (1976).
Keith Seaber 2011Served for 15 years on the U.S. Union's board of directors.
Managed the first Eagles team in 1976.
Miles "Doc" Hudson 2011Head coach of the Cal Golden Bears for 36 seasons (1938–1974);
339 wins, 84 losses and 23 ties; most wins by a coach in U.S. college rugby.
Kevin Higgins 2012Played in 28 test matches for the Eagles and was captain in three.
Played for the United States in the 1987 and 1991 Rugby World Cups.
Robinson Bordley 2012Captained the United States in the first two tests they played in the 1970s.
Harry Langenberg 2012Co-founded the Missouri Rugby Football Union in 1933; Secretary from 1933–1983.
Ed Lee 2012Founding member of the USA Rugby Football Union (USA Rugby).
Colby "Babe" Slater 2012Captain of the 1924 U.S. team than won Olympic gold.
Craig Sweeney 2012Played in the first four tests for the United States Eagles.
Captained the team in the third and fourth tests.
Victor Hilarov 2013Founding member and first President of U.S. Rugby Football Union (USA Rugby) in 1975.
Ray Cornbill 2013Head coach for the USA Eagles for eight test matches during the 1970 and 1980s.
Edward Hagerty 2013Editor in Chief of Rugby Magazine from 1977 to 2009.
Ian Nixon 2013USARFU's 6th president from 1991–1995. Refereed several test matches.
Jon Prusmack 2013Founded Rugby Magazine (originally known as Scrumdown) in 1968.
Purchased the USA Sevens tournament in 2005.
Created the Collegiate Rugby Championship in 2010 in partnership with NBC.
Dick Smith 2013Founding member and Director of the U.S. Rugby Football Union (USA Rugby) in 1975.
Jack Clark 2014Former U.S. national team player, former head coach of the U.S. national team, and the current head coach at the University of California, Berkeley, where he became the sixth coach in team history in 1984.
Kevin R. Swords 2014Former U.S. national team player and captain who represented the U.S. at the 1987 and 1991 Rugby World Cups.
Jay Hanson 2014Earned seven caps for the U.S. national team and toured with the Eagles on their first three international tours to England, Australia and Japan.
Tom Selfridge 2014Played in the first three matches for the United States in the Modern Era: Australia, France and Canada. Is a past president of the Eastern Rugby Union.
Richard Aldo Donelli 2014Had a profound influence on the game as a leader, innovator, coach and administrator, and was one of the best players of his era.
Terry Fleener 2014First president of the Eastern Rockies Rugby Football Union and a former president of the United States RFU.
Ron Mayes 2014Coached the Old Blues to the first five National Club Championship titles. Coached the U.S. National team from 1972 thru the first ever Rugby World Cup in 1987.
Anne Barry2014Served USA Rugby as its president from 1998-2002 and as treasurer from 1990-1998. She continued serving on the USA Rugby Board until 2005.
Mickey Ording 2015Started at tighthead prop for the United States against Australia in the first game of the Modern Era. He went onto play in three of the next four U.S. matches.
Don Morrison 2015Was an international referee from 1981-1990. Was Chairman of USA Rugby’s Referees and Laws Committee from 1990-1998 and concurrently, was Chairman of the Evaluation Committee from 1990-2002.
Dick Poulson 2015Former president of the Washington Rugby Club. Founded the Washington 7s and Cherry Blossom tournaments; and later, the Potomac Rugby Union and the Potomac Referee’s Society.
Jeff Lombard 2015Became the first person in U.S. rugby history to play and manage the U.S. national team when he managed the Eagles at the 1987 Rugby World Cup.
Bill Fraumann 2015Was a reserve for the United States against Australia in the first match of the Modern Era. Scored the first two tries for the U.S. in their next match against France.
Mike Purcell 2015Played for the United States at the first ever Rugby World Cup in 1987 and scored the first try for the United States in RWC history. Captained the U.S. 7s team to the Plate Championship in 1986.
Bob Watkins 2015Founding Director of the United States of America Rugby Football Union in 1975 and was a three-term president of USA Rugby. Was instrumental in the formation of the U.S. Rugby Super League and served as its chairman for the first five years.
Tom Billups 2015Played for both the United States 15s (44 caps) and 7s (25 caps) teams, and was head coach of the U.S. 15s team (2001-2006) and 7s team (2005).
Patty Jervey 2015Scored 38 tries during her 40-test match career for the United States national team. Played in five Rugby World Cups for the U.S., including the 1991 victorious team.
Emil Signes 2015Was a successful club and representative side before being named coach of both the United States national men’s and women’s 7s teams.
Rudy Scholz 2015Was heavily involved as a player and administrator on both the 1920 and 1924 U.S. Olympic Gold Medal winning rugby teams. Played his last game of rugby in 1979 at age 83.
Ed Burlingham 2015Was captain for the United States at the first ever Rugby World Cup in 1987. Was an assistant coach for the U.S. at the 1991 Rugby World Cup.
Steve Gray 2016Was part of the U.S. men’s national team that played the first match of the Modern Era in 1976. Was capped for the U.S. in both 7s and 15s and went onto coach the U.S. Men’s 7s team.
Dan Lyle 2016Former captain of the U.S. men’s national team who starred in both 7s and the 15s for the United States. Following his playing career, he has working as a rugby broadcaster and is currently the Director of Rugby for AEG Worldwide.
Dave Sitton 2016For many years, was the voice of rugby in the United States. He also coached the University of Arizona for over 35 years and mentored over 1,600 student athletes through the years.
Brian Vizard 2016Played for both the U.S. national 7s and 15s teams. He played in the first two 15s Rugby World Cup and the first 7s RWC. He is the current president of the United States Rugby Foundation.
Brad Andrews 2016Played for the United States national team from 1977-1979 and captained the team in 1979. He was on the U.S. team that won their first international in the Modern Era.
Jay Berwanger 2016In 1935, became the first winner of the Downtown Athletic Club Trophy (the following year the award was renamed the Heisman Trophy). He started playing rugby in 1939 and starred on a Chicago team that won 19 straight matches, including a victory over New York in front of 10,000 spectators at Soldier Field.
George Betzler 2016Former head coach and assistant coach of the United States national team. He also held many other head coaching positions, including with the Eastern Penn All Stars, USA East, Marine Corps All Service Team and the USA Maccabi Team.
Kathy Flores 2016Former U.S. national team player and a member of the victorious 1991 Rugby World Cup U.S. team. She also coached the United States Women’s national team from 2002-2010 and coached the Eagles at the 2006 and 2010 RWC.
Jim Russell 2017After a long playing career, made his mark in U.S. rugby as a referee. During his 26 years as a referee: was an A Panel ref, earned an appointment at the 1987 Rugby World Cup and the 1990 Hong Kong 7s, and more recently, served as a World Rugby Judicial and Appeal Officer.
Ed Schram Sr. 2017Former chairman of the National Team Selection Committee from 1986-1991. Was also named U.S. National Team Manager and served in that role in 33 test matches, including at the 1991 Rugby World Cup.
Tommy Smith 2017Named to the All-Time, All-World 20th anniversary team for the Hong Kong Sevens Tournament. Won the Best and Fairest Award at the 1986 Hong Kong Sevens, the only American to win the award.
Jay Waldron 2017Has played on various representative sides, and served in various coaching and administrative positions with different clubs and unions throughout the country for over 50 years.
1991 USA Women's Team 2017 1991 Women's Rugby World Cup Champions
Steve Finkel 2017Played on the first U.S. Men’s Rugby World Cup team in 1987. Also played for several years on the U.S. 7s team and would later head coach the U.S. Men’s 7s team, including at the first ever 7s Rugby World Cup in 1993.
Dave Hodges 2017Earned 53 caps over an eight year career with the U.S. Men’s national team and was captain of the team in more than half of those matches. He held many positions with USA Rugby and was general manager of the U.S. men’s national team at the 2019 Rugby World Cup.
Dr. Lyle Micheli 2017Was a prop for over 40 years for several clubs in the East and Midwest before finally hanging up his boots his boots at 60 years of age. He was Chairman of USA Rugby’s Medical and Risk Management Committee and was inducted into the USA Rugby Sports Medicine Hall of Fame in 2013.
Tim O'Brien 2017Represented the United States in both 15s and 7s. Won national championships as a player for both Cal and the Old Blues, and as a head coach at St. Mary’s College of California.
Candi Orsini 2017Former U.S. national team player and a member of the victorious 1991 Rugby World Cup U.S. team. She also played on the 1994 and 1998 U.S. Women’s RWC teams and was an assistant coach for the US women’s team at the 2006 and 2010 RWC.
Mike Saunders2018Captained OMBAC to four national championship titles. Was a former captain of the United States national team and played in the first ever Rugby World Cup. Played and coached the U.S. men’s 7s team and coached the Snake River Rugby Club for over 20 years.
Denis Shanagher Sr. 2018The pioneering referee in Northern California, the Pacific Coast and the USA from 1957-1987.He was the first referee to handle an international match, refereeing the U.S.-Canada match in 1977.
Alexandra Williams 2018Played 11 years for the United States women’s national team and played in the 1994, 1998 and 2002 Rugby World Cups. A brilliant leader by example, she captained every rugby team she played on.
Dr. John Chase 2018Served as the U.S. Men’s National Team’s on the team’s first international tour (to England) of the Modern Era in 1977, the first time a medical specialist traveled with an international team. Subsequently, all international teams traveled with their own physician.
Reldon "Bing" Dawson 2018Was one of the premier props in the country during his playing days. Coached OMBAC to six National Club titles and one Rugby Super League crown, and the Pacific Coast Grizzlies to numerous territorial titles. Was an assistant coach for the U.S. at the 1991 Rugby World Cup.
Don Haider 2018Started his rugby career at Stanford University and played his last game, for the Stanford Alumni in 2014. In between, he played and served for several East Coast based teams. He is a Founding member of the U.S. Rugby Foundation.
Gary Lambert 2018Starred for the United States in both 7s and 15s. Was capped 18 times in 15s, played in the first Rugby World Cup and was selected for two World XVs teams. He played for the U.S. 7s team from 1982-1991 and played in the Hong Kong Sevens on eight occasions.
Vaea Anitoni 2019
Bob Causey2019
Jen Crawford 2019
John Decker2019
Luke Gross 2019
Shawn Lipman 2019
J. Tyke Nollman2019
Don Reordan2019

Coaching

USA Rugby oversees coaching and referee development of the game. USA Rugby requires coaches and referees to register and complete a number of certification courses depending on the level of play.

Geographical unions

USA Rugby organizes amateur registered rugby teams into thirteen geographical unions at the senior club level. [56] High school and youth teams affiliate with State Rugby Organizations while college teams register with either Geographical Unions or College Conferences.

The current Geographical Unions are:

The following states are not currently covered by a geographic union:

Past leaders

Elected governance history

Election DatePresidentVice-PresidentTreasurerSecretary
June 1975Victor HilarovRichard MoneymakerGail TennantEdmond Lee
June 1977Victor HilarovRichard MoneymakerGail TennantEdmond Lee
June 1979Richard MoneymakerFritz GrunebaumDavid ChambersVacant
June 1981David ChambersFritz GrunebaumJoe ReaganKeith Seaber
June 1983Robert WatkinsKeith SeaberTerry FleenerRobert Jones
June 1985 [57] Robert WatkinsKeith SeaberTerry FleenerTom Selfridge (resigned summer of 86, and not replaced) [58]
June 1987 [59] Terry FleenerBill McEnteerEdward KaneDick Elliot (replaced by Ian Nixon by December 1987 [60] )
June 1989Robert WatkinsW.T. HaffnerBrad SharpIan Nixon
June 1991Ian NixonW.T. HaffnerBill PodewilsGene Roberts
November 1992 [61] Ian NixonRandy StainerAnne BarryW.T. Haffner (resigned June 94; replaced by Jami Jordan)
November 1994 [62] John D’AmicoRandy StainerAnne BarryJami Jordan

In June 1987, the position of Chairman of the Board was added to the executive committee, and Bob Watkins was named to that position. [59] Effective June 1989, that position was retitled Post of Past President, and remained an appointed post until the position was dropped in 1996.

Effective January 1996, an executive vice president was added.

Election DatePresidentExecutive Vice-PresidentVice-PresidentTreasurerSecretary
January 1996 [63] Gene RobertsTony SkillbeckNeal BrendelAnne BarryReyn Kinzey
January 1998 [64] Anne BarryNeal BrendelTristan LewisBarbara FugatePat O’Connor

Effective March 2000, the Vice President was replaced with Athlete Vice President.

Election DatePresidentExecutive Vice-PresidentAthlete Vice-PresidentTreasurerSecretary
March 2000 [65] Anne BarryNeal Brendel Mary Dixey Fred Roedel IIIPat O’Connor
March 2002 [66] Neal BrendelRobert LathamJen CrawfordFred Roedel IIIPat O’Connor

Effective April 2004, the President title was replace with Chairman, and an USARRA Representative was added.

Election DateChairmanVice ChairmanAthlete Vice ChairmanTreasurerSecretaryUSARRA Rep
April 2004 [67] Neal BrendelRobert LathamDon JamesFred Roedel IIIDavid PeltonBuzz McClain
March 2006 [68] Robert LathamFrank Merrill Alex Magleby Thomas SchmidtDavid PeltonJohn McConnell

Effective July 14, 2006 the governance was changed to a model with a board of directors nominated and approved by a congress. [69]

National office

The governing body of USA Rugby opened a national office on June 3, 1988. [70] The office has been headed by:

NameTitleStart DateEnd Date
Kirk MilesExecutive DirectorMay 2, 1988 [70] December 20, 1989 [71]
Roger NepplExecutive DirectorMay 1, 1995 [72] September 6, 1995 [73]
Paul MontvilleExecutive DirectorNovember 24, 1997 [74] April 1999 [75]
Terry FleenerInterim DirectorApril 1999 [76] June 21, 1999
Mark RudolphExecutive DirectorJune 21, 1999 [77] November 9, 2001
Dean HahnNovember 9, 2001
Doug Arnot CEODecember 1, 2002 [78] July 14, 2006 [79]
Steve Griffiths
Nigel Melville CEO and President of Rugby OperationsOctober 11, 2006June 25, 2016 [80]
Jim SnyderInterim CEOJune 27, 2016 [81] July 31, 2016
Dan Payne CEOAugust 1, 2016 [82]
Ross Young CEOApril 30, 2018 [83]

See also

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College rugby, more specifically rugby union, is played throughout universities in the United States of America. Between 2004 and 2010, rugby was the fastest growing sport in the United States when its popularity increased by roughly 350% .. College rugby is governed by USA Rugby, and does not fall under the auspices of the NCAA, except for 27 NCAA women's programs. Women's rugby has been classified as an NCAA Emerging Sport since 2002.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby World Cup Sevens</span> International rugby sevens tournament

Rugby World Cup Sevens (RWCS) is the quadrennial world championship of rugby sevens, a variant of rugby union. Organised by World Rugby, it currently consists of men's and women's tournaments, and is the highest level of competition in the sport outside of the Summer Olympics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2015 Rugby World Cup</span> 8th Rugby World Cup

The 2015 Rugby World Cup was the eighth Rugby World Cup, the quadrennial rugby union world championship. The tournament was hosted by England from 18 September to 31 October. Of the 20 countries competing in the World Cup in 2011, there was only one change: Uruguay replaced Russia. This was the first World Cup with no new teams to the tournament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby union in the United States</span> Sport in the United States

Rugby union in the United States is played at youth, high school, college, amateur, professional, and international levels and governed by USA Rugby. There were over 125,000 players registered with USA Rugby as of 2016. Over 2,500 rugby union clubs exist around the country, including those who are part of college rugby. Professional club competition has existed as Major League Rugby since 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby union in Tonga</span>

Rugby union is the national sport of Tonga. Tonga are considered to be a tier 2 rugby nation by the International Rugby Board.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby union in Brazil</span>

Rugby union in Brazil is a minor but growing sport, with rugby union increasing in popularity at universities across Brazil.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby union in Kenya</span>

Rugby union in Kenya is a popular sport, in particular due to the success of the Kenya national rugby sevens team in the rugby sevens format, and tournaments such as the Safari Sevens, which has been growing yearly, and now includes numerous international teams.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">World Rugby Under 20 Championship</span> International rugby union competition

The World Rugby Under 20 Championship is an international rugby union competition. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, World Rugby, and is contested by 12 men's junior national teams with an under-20 age requirement. This event replaced the IRB's former age-grade world championships, the Under 19 and Under 21 World Championships.

Rugby union in Moldova is a popular sport. The governing body in Moldova is the Moldovan Rugby Federation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby union in Bosnia and Herzegovina</span>

Rugby union in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a minor sport. They are currently ranked sixty-eight in the International Rugby Board's world rankings, despite the lack of recognition as an official sport by the government. The governing body for the sport in the country is Rugby Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1992.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby union in Poland</span>

Rugby union in Poland is a minor, but growing sport and currently, the Polish men`s national team are ranked 34th in the world as of 31 October 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">England national under-20 rugby union team</span> Rugby team

The England Under 20 rugby team are the newest representative rugby union team from England. They replace the two former age grade teams Under 19s and Under 21s. They compete in the annual Six Nations Under 20s Championship and World Rugby Under 20 Championship.

Rugby union in Kazakhstan is a fairly popular sport. As of May 2018, they are ranked 61st by World Rugby, and as of June 2009, they had 2335 registered players and twenty clubs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Australia women's national rugby sevens team</span> Rugby team

The Australia women's national rugby sevens team, are the Australia national rugby sevens team of women. They were champions of the inaugural Women's Sevens World Cup in 2009. The team plays in the World Rugby Women's Sevens Series as one of the "core teams" on the world tour, of which they have been crowned Champions three times. The team also played in the preceding competition to the current world series, the IRB Women's Sevens Challenge Cup. In 2016, they won the inaugural gold medal at the Rio Summer Olympics.

The Papua New Guinea Rugby Football Union, or Rugby PNG is the governing body for rugby union in Papua New Guinea. It was established in 1962 and was affiliated to the International Rugby Board in 1993.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rugby Europe</span> Administrative body for rugby union in Europe

Rugby Europe is the administrative body for rugby union in Europe. It was formed in 1999 to promote, develop, organise, and administer the game of rugby in Europe under the authority of World Rugby. However, it is not responsible for the organisation of the Six Nations Championship or the competitions run by European Professional Club Rugby.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madison Hughes</span> Rugby player

Madison John Hughes is an American rugby union player who is the captain of the United States national rugby sevens team. Hughes was named captain of the United States national team at the start of the 2014 Sevens World Series, shortly after the appointment of new head coach Mike Friday.

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