USS MacLeish (DD-220)

Last updated
USS Melville AD-2 with 6 destroyers 1932.jpg
MacLeish with other destroyers alongside USS Melville, 1932
History
US flag 48 stars.svgUnited States
Namesake: Kenneth MacLeish
Builder: William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia
Yard number: 486
Laid down: 19 August 1919
Launched: 18 December 1919
Commissioned: 2 August 1920
Decommissioned: 11 March 1938
Recommissioned: 25 September 1939
Decommissioned: 8 March 1946
Reclassified: Miscellaneous auxiliary (AG-87), 5 January 1945
Stricken: 13 November 1946
Fate: Sold for scrap, 18 December 1946
General characteristics
Class and type: Clemson-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,190 tons
Length: 314 feet 5 inches (95.83 m)
Beam: 31 feet 9 inches (9.68 m)
Draft: 9 feet 3 inches (2.82 m)
Speed: 35.5 knots (66 km/h)
Complement: 101 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 x 4 in (100 mm) guns, 1 x 3 in (76 mm) gun, 12 x 21 inch (533 mm) TT.

USS MacLeish (DD-220/AG-87) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Lieutenant Kenneth MacLeish.

Contents

Construction and commissioning

MacLeish was laid down 19 August and launched 18 December 1919 from William Cramp & Sons; sponsored by Miss Ishbel MacLeish, sister of Lieutenant Kenneth MacLeish; and commissioned 2 August 1920, Lieutenant Commander F. T. Berry in command.

Service history

After brief duty with the U.S. Pacific Fleet, MacLeish sailed 5 June 1922 from Philadelphia to join the U.S. Naval Forces in Turkish waters. Until June 1924, she operated in the Black Sea and in the eastern Mediterranean, protecting American interests and assisting in the evacuation of refugees. In October 1922 members of her crew participated in the landings at Smyrna, Turkey. Joining the Scouting Fleet in 1924, the destroyer visited various ports in Europe before returning to the United States in July.

Shortly after arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, MacLeish departed for United States West Coast duty. On 7 May 1925 she sailed for the Asiatic Fleet, arriving at Shanghai 21 June. Operating between ports in China and the Philippines, the destroyer patrolled and trained while protecting American interests. In 1925, while on this station, members of her crew joined a force which landed at Shanghai during the civil disorder following shooting of Chinese students by municipal police. MacLeish remained in Asiatic and Pacific waters until 11 March 1938, when she was decommissioned and entered the Reserve Fleet at San Diego, California.

World War II

With the outbreak of hostilities in Europe in 1939, MacLeish recommissioned 25 September 1939. Assigned to the eastern sea frontier, she was ready for sea by 1 February 1940 and engaged in maneuvers and patrol duty in the Caribbean before being rearmed in preparation for convoy duty. By the end of January 1941, with new armament and additional fuel tanks, and following intensive training, she escorted several convoys on coastal voyages. In July, she was transferred to North Atlantic patrol and convoy operations, and continued this duty after the United States entered the war. In the spring of 1942, she was reassigned to coastal patrol and on 2 May was credited with a probable kill off the Florida coast. By February 1943, MacLeish had safely escorted 12 convoys between Norfolk, Virginia and Key West and 9 between New York and Guantanamo Bay.

MacLeish as a convoy escort, c. 1944. USS MACLEISH (DD-220 AG-87).jpg
MacLeish as a convoy escort, c. 1944.

With the Allied offensive in north Africa calling for an ever-increasing flow of supplies, by February 1943, every available escort was assigned to transatlantic duty. MacLeish made two voyages between New York and Casablanca. In June she joined one of the first escort carrier groups, and for the next 7 months steamed over 50,000 miles covering the Norfolk - Casablanca convoy route. On the second trip, in July, planes from MacLeish's group made three probable sinkings.

MacLeish served the first 3 months of 1944 as a target ship for marine torpedo planes off Key West. Following overhaul, she returned to convoy duties, departing in May for ports in the Mediterranean as flagship of TF 63. After D-Day, MacLeish escorted one more convoy across the Atlantic, this time to Cherbourg. Next she served as target ship for submarines, passing through the Panama Canal on their way to the Pacific. At Boston on 5 January 1945, she was redesignated AG-87 and her topside armament was removed. Following conversion, she returned to Panama to resume duties as target ship, training 25 submarines before steaming for Rhode Island to tow targets for naval aircraft.

Decommissioned 8 March 1946, MacLeish was struck from the Navy list 13 November, sold 18 December to Boston Metals Company, Baltimore, Maryland, and scrapped.

Convoys escorted

ConvoyEscort GroupDatesNotes
HX 153 7-13 Oct 1941 [1] from Newfoundland to Iceland prior to US declaration of war
ON 28 25Oct-3 Nov 1941 [2] from Iceland to Newfoundland prior to US declaration of war
HX 161 23 Nov-3 Dec 1941 [1] from Newfoundland to Iceland prior to US declaration of war
ON 43 11-15 Dec 1941 [2] from Iceland to Newfoundland
SC 70 20 Feb-3 March 1942 [3] from Newfoundland to Northern Ireland
ON 75 11–19 March 1942 [2] from Northern Ireland to Newfoundland
ON 148 11-28 Nov 1942 [2] Iceland shuttle

Awards

MacLeish received one battle star for her World War II service.

As of 2019, no other ships have been named MacLeish.

Related Research Articles

USS <i>Cole</i> (DD-155)

USS Cole (DD-155) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II, later reclassified as AG-116. It was named for Edward B. Cole, a United States Marine Corps officer who died as a result of the wounds he received at the Battle of Belleau Wood.

USS <i>Leary</i> (DD-158)

USS Leary (DD-158) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Lieutenant Clarence F. Leary, posthumously awarded the Navy Cross in World War I.

USS <i>Schenck</i> (DD-159)

USS Schenck (DD-159) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Rear Admiral James F. Schenck, USN (1807–1882).

USS <i>Herbert</i> (DD-160)

USS Herbert (DD-160) was a Wickes-class destroyer. She was named for Hilary A. Herbert (1834–1919), Secretary of the Navy from 1893 to 1897.

USS <i>Broome</i> (DD-210)

USS Broome (DD-210/AG-96) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy. She was named after Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel John L. Broome.

USS <i>Tarbell</i>

USS Tarbell (DD–142) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War I. She was the first ship named for Captain Joseph Tarbell.

USS <i>Du Pont</i> (DD-152)

USS Du Pont (DD–152) was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II, later reclassified as AG-80. She was the second ship named for Rear Admiral Samuel Francis Du Pont.

USS <i>Simpson</i> (DD-221)

USS Simpson (DD-221/APD-27/AG-97) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was the first ship named for Rear Admiral Edward Simpson.

USS <i>McCormick</i> (DD-223)

USS McCormick (DD-223/AG-118) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Lieutenant, junior grade Alexander McCormick, Jr.

USS <i>Truxtun</i> (DD-229)

USS Truxtun (DD-229) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was the third ship named for Thomas Truxtun.

USS <i>Bainbridge</i> (DD-246)

The third USS Bainbridge (DD-246) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Commodore William Bainbridge, who served in the War of 1812 and the First and Second Barbary Wars.

USS <i>Goff</i> (DD-247)

USS Goff (DD-247) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Secretary of the Navy Nathan Goff, Jr.

USS <i>Kearny</i> (DD-432)

USS Kearny (DD-432), a Gleaves-class destroyer, was a United States Navy warship during World War II. She was noted for being torpedoed by a German U-boat in October 1941, before the U.S. had entered the war. She survived that attack, and later served in North Africa and the Mediterranean.

USS <i>Edison</i> (DD-439)

USS Edison (DD-439), a Gleaves-class destroyer, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Thomas Alva Edison, an inventor and businessman who developed many important devices and received the Navy Distinguished Service Medal for his contributions to the Navy during World War I. Edison was one of the few U.S. Navy ships to be named for a civilian.

USS <i>Nicholson</i> (DD-442) WWII US destroyer

USS Nicholson (DD-442), a Gleaves-class destroyer, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for the Nicholson family, which was prominent in the early history of the Navy. The destroyer saw service during World War II in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and Pacific theaters. Following the war, the ship was placed in reserve and used as a training ship. In 1951, the destroyer was transferred to Italy and renamed Aviere. In service with the Marina Militare until 1975, Aviere was sunk as a target ship in 1975.

USS <i>Eberle</i> (DD-430)

USS Eberle (DD-430) was a Gleaves-class destroyer of the United States Navy. The ship is named for Rear Admiral Edward Walter Eberle, who commanded the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets and was Chief of Naval Operations from 1923 to 1927. The destroyer entered service in 1940 and spent the majority of her career in the Atlantic Ocean. Placed in reserve following the war, the ship was transferred to the Hellenic Navy in 1951. Renamed Niki, the destroyer remained in service until 1972 when she was scrapped.

USS <i>Decatur</i> (DD-341)

The third USS Decatur (DD-341) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy following World War I. She was named for Stephen Decatur.

USS <i>Madison</i> (DD-425)

USS Madison (DD-425) was a Benson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She is the third Navy ship of that name, and the first named for Commander James J. Madison (1888–1922), who was awarded the Medal of Honor during World War I.

USS <i>Hilary P. Jones</i>

USS Hilary P. Jones (DD-427) was a Benson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Admiral Hilary P. Jones.

USS <i>Charles F. Hughes</i>

USS Charles F. Hughes (DD-428) was a Benson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Charles Frederick Hughes.

References

  1. 1 2 "HX convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "ON convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
  3. "SC convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-06-19.