USS Marabout (AMc-50)

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History
US flag 48 stars.svgUnited States
Laid down: 20 December 1940
Launched: 17 February 1941
Commissioned: 8 July 1941
Decommissioned: 29 May 1946
Struck: c1946
Fate: sold to the City of Boston, 31 July for service as a fireboat
General characteristics
Displacement: 173 tons
Length: 97 ft 1 in (29.59 m)
Beam: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Draught: 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
Speed: 10.0 knots
Complement: 17
Armament: two .50 cal (12.7 mm) machine guns

USS Marabout (AMc-50) was an Accentor-class coastal minesweeper acquired by the U.S. Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing.

Coastal minesweeper is a term used by the United States Navy to indicate a minesweeper intended for coastal use as opposed to participating in fleet operations at sea.

Contents

Marabout was laid down 20 December 1940 by the Herreshoff Mfg. Co., Bristol, Rhode Island; launched 17 February 1941; sponsored by Mrs. R. F. Haffenreffer; and commissioned 8 July 1941, Lt. H. M. Larsen, USNR, in command.

Bristol, Rhode Island Town in Rhode Island, United States

Bristol is a town in Bristol County, Rhode Island, as well as the county seat. It is a deep-water seaport named after Bristol, England.

World War II service

Following shakedown off the mid Atlantic seaboard, Marabout was assigned to the 1st Naval District at Boston, Massachusetts. On 9 December, two days after the United States entered World War II, she sailed for Bermuda to help combat German U-boats in the western Atlantic Ocean.

Shakedown (testing)

A shakedown is a period of testing or a trial journey undergone by a ship, aircraft or other craft and its crew before being declared operational. Statistically, a proportion of the components will fail after a relatively short period of use, and those that survive this period can be expected to last for a much longer, and more importantly, predictable life-span. For example, if a bolt has a hidden flaw introduced during manufacturing, it will not be as reliable as other bolts of the same type.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Bermuda British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean

Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is approximately 1,070 km (665 mi) east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina; 1,236 km (768 mi) south of Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia; and 1,759 km (1,093 mi) northeast of Cuba. The capital city is Hamilton. Bermuda is self-governing, with its own constitution and its own government, which enacts local laws, while the United Kingdom retains responsibility for defence and foreign relations. As of July 2018, its population is 71,176, the highest of the British overseas territories.

German subs plant mines on U.S. East Coast

In May 1942, the U-boats began laying mines off the Atlantic coasts. Starting 14 May at St. Johns, Newfoundland, these activities threatened merchantmen as far as St. Lucia in the West Indies. Marabout, a coastal minesweeper, had the mission of ensuring safe passage to Allied shipping through the entrances of the ports.

St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial capital city in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

St. John's is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the large Canadian island, Newfoundland. The city spans 446.04 square kilometres (172.22 sq mi) and is North America's easternmost city.

West Indies Island region in the Caribbean

The West Indies is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagos: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.

Reassigned to the 5th Naval District

On 13 June, Marabout was assigned to the 5th Naval District, where mines laid by U-701, 12 June, sank a tanker, a trawler, and a coal barge; and damaged another tanker and destroyer USS Bainbridge (DD-246). Joining ServRon 5 in the fall, she supported units of the Fleet Operation Training Command, in particular task group TG 23.1, until ordered to New London, Connecticut, 7 November 1944, for duty under ComSubLant. There, for the next year and a half, she performed widely varied duties including radar jamming and sonar operations with other Naval and Coast Guard units in the area and at the Submarine School.

German submarine <i>U-701</i> U-boat

German submarine U-701 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine that served in the North Atlantic during World War II. It was launched on 16 April 1941 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Horst Degen, with a crew of 43.

Destroyer Type of warship

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers. They were originally developed in the late 19th century by Fernando Villaamil for the Spanish Navy as a defense against torpedo boats, and by the time of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, these "torpedo boat destroyers" (TBDs) were "large, swift, and powerfully armed torpedo boats designed to destroy other torpedo boats". Although the term "destroyer" had been used interchangeably with "TBD" and "torpedo boat destroyer" by navies since 1892, the term "torpedo boat destroyer" had been generally shortened to simply "destroyer" by nearly all navies by the First World War.

USS <i>Bainbridge</i> (DD-246) destroyer

The third USS Bainbridge (DD-246) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Commodore William Bainbridge, who served in the War of 1812 and the First and Second Barbary Wars.

Deactivation

On 16 May 1946, she steamed for Boston, where she decommissioned on 29 May. Transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal, she was sold to the City of Boston, 31 July for service as a fireboat.

Fireboat specialized watercraft and with pumps and nozzles designed for fighting shoreline and shipboard fires

A fireboat is a specialized watercraft with pumps and nozzles designed for fighting shoreline and shipboard fires. The first fireboats, dating to the late 18th century, were tugboats, retrofitted with firefighting equipment. Older designs derived from tugboats and modern fireboats more closely resembling seafaring ships can both be found in service today. Some departments would give their multi-purpose craft the title of "fireboat" also.

See also

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