|Builder:||Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company, Seattle, Washington|
|Laid down:||8 May 1964|
|Launched:||28 June 1965|
|Commissioned:||3 March 1969|
|Decommissioned:||22 September 1978|
|Stricken:||30 September 1978|
|Fate:||Partially scrapped, hull still extant|
|Displacement:||310 long tons (315 t)|
|Length:||220 ft 6 in (67.21 m)|
|Beam:||40 ft 5 in (12.32 m)|
|Draft:||24 ft 4 in (7.42 m)|
|Speed:||40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph)|
USS Plainview (AGEH–1) was, in its time, the world's largest hydrofoil.Named for the cities of Plainview, New York and Plainview, Texas. She was also the United States Navy's first hydrofoil research ship. Plainview was designed under project SCB 219; laid down 8 May 1964 by the Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company, Seattle, Washington; launched 28 June 1965; sponsored by Mrs. John T. Hayward; and placed in service on 3 March 1969. She cost $21 million to construct.
Propulsion consisted of two General Electric LM1500 free-turbine turboshaft engines, derivatives of the J79 turbojets used in the F-4 Phantom aircraft, but during conventional operations she was driven by two diesel engines. Her homeport was Bremerton, Washington. Plainview carried out long range experimental programs to evaluate the design principles of hydrofoils and to develop and evaluate tactics and doctrine for hydrofoils, particularly in anti-submarine warfare, and helped to determine the feasibility of hydrofoil operations in high seas.
Plainview was decommissioned at 10:30 am, 22 September 1978, at Pier 7, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 September 1978, Plainview was sold for scrapping by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) on 1 July 1979 to General Metals (now Schnitzer Metals) on the Hylebos Waterway, Tacoma, Washington. She was partially scrapped in 2004. As of 10 April 2019 [update] , she lies abandoned on mudflats, on private property, near Astoria, Oregon Coordinates: . In 2019, the Washington Department of Natural Resources expressed concerns about Plainview's derelict hull leaking pollutants into the environment.
Plainview traveled on her foils for a total of 268 hours, over her entire lifetime.
The United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, and United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) use a hull classification symbol to identify their ships by type and by individual ship within a type. The system is analogous to the pennant number system that the Royal Navy and other European and Commonwealth navies use.
The Balao-class was a successful design of United States Navy submarine used during World War II, and with 120 boats completed, the largest class of submarines in the United States Navy. An improvement on the earlier Gato class, the boats had slight internal differences. The most significant improvement was the use of thicker, higher yield strength steel in the pressure hull skins and frames, which increased their test depth to 400 feet (120 m). Tang actually achieved a depth of 612 ft (187 m) during a test dive, and exceeded that test depth when taking on water in the forward torpedo room while evading a destroyer.
USS Cachalot (SC-4/SS-170), the lead ship of her class and one of the "V-boats", was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the sperm whale. Her keel was laid down by the Portsmouth Navy Yard. She was launched on 19 October 1933 as V-8 (SC-4) sponsored by Miss K. D. Kempff, and commissioned on 1 December 1933 with Lieutenant Commander Merril Comstock in command. Cachalot was the first submarine to have the Torpedo Data Computer, Arma Corporation's Mark 1, installed.
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USS Bluegill (SS-242) was a Gato-class submarine in service with the United States Navy from 1943 to 1946 and from 1951 to 1969. She was scuttled in 1970.
USS Cusk (SS/SSG/AGSS-348), a Balao-class submarine, was a ship of the United States Navy named for the cusk, a large food fish related to the cod.
USS Sablefish (SS/AGSS-303), a Balao-class submarine, was a ship of the United States Navy named for the sablefish, a large, dark fish found along North America's Pacific coast from California to Alaska.
The second USS Menhaden (SS-377) was United States Navy Balao-class submarine. Launched in 1944, she operated out of Pearl Harbor until 1946, then continued in use out of various ports in the Pacific until the 1970s. She was then decommissioned and re-fitted as a remotely controlled, unmanned acoustic test vehicle known as the "Yellow Submarine", until she was scrapped in 1988.
USS High Point (PCH-1) was a High Point-class patrol craft of the United States Navy. She was designed beginning in April 1958 under project SCB 202, and was launched 17 August 1962 by J.M. Martinac Shipbuilding Corp. in Tacoma, Washington as a sub-contractor to Boeing in Seattle, Washington at a cost of $2.08 million, together with Vickers, Inc. Marine and Ordnance Department in Waterbury, Connecticut, which provided hydraulic components and controls. Electronic equipment aboard, including automatic stabilization equipment, dead reckoning navigation system, was developed and manufactured by the United Aircraft Corp. Hamilton Standard Division.
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USS Koiner (DE-331) was an Edsall-class destroyer escort built for the U.S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and provided destroyer escort protection against submarine and air attack for Navy vessels and convoys. Post-war, she was loaned to the U.S. Coast Guard, and also reclassified as a radar picket ship.
USS Rockaway (AVP-29), later AG-123, was a United States Navy Barnegat-class seaplane tender in commission from 1943 to 1946. She served in both the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean during World War II. In 1948, she was loaned to the United States Coast Guard, in which she served as the cutter USCGC Rockaway (WAVP-377), later WAGO-377, WHEC-377, and WOLE-377, from 1949 to 1972.
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This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships .
Launched in 1965, the USS Plainview was the Navy’s biggest and fastest hydrofoil, a 210-foot, 320-ton prototype built by Lockheed in Seattle. The sleek aluminum vessel was powered by twin turbo fan jet engines, capable of speeds exceeding 50 knots as it rose 10 feet above the water on three struts.
The keel was laid on 8 May 1964, and the ship was launched on 28 June 1965. It was christened PLAINVIEW in honor of Plainview, New York and Texas. The ship made its first foilborne flight of 11-1/2 minutes on 21 March 1968, but it was nearly a year later, on 3 February 1969, that it began Preliminary Acceptance Trials.