|Name:||USS Spray II (proposed)|
|Namesake:||Previous name retained (proposed)|
|Builder:||Charles L. Seabury and Company, Morris Heights, the Bronx, New York|
|Fate:||Never taken over for U.S. Navy service|
|Notes:||Served as civilian motorboat Spray II|
|Type:||Patrol vessel (proposed)|
|Length:||65 ft 0 in (19.81 m)|
|Beam:||12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)|
|Draft:||4 ft 0 in (1.22 m) mean|
USS Spray II (SP-308) was the proposed name and designation for a United States Navy World War I patrol vessel that the Navy never actually took over.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.
World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.
Spray II was built as a wooden-hulled civilian launch in 1911 by Charles L. Seabury and Company at Morris Heights in the Bronx, New York. On 9 May 1917, she was ordered delivered to the U.S. Navy for World War I section patrol duty, but the Navy never actually took control of her and she remained in civilian hands.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. It is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers that are strong in tension and embedded in a matrix of lignin that resists compression. Wood is sometimes defined as only the secondary xylem in the stems of trees, or it is defined more broadly to include the same type of tissue elsewhere such as in the roots of trees or shrubs. In a living tree it performs a support function, enabling woody plants to grow large or to stand up by themselves. It also conveys water and nutrients between the leaves, other growing tissues, and the roots. Wood may also refer to other plant materials with comparable properties, and to material engineered from wood, or wood chips or fiber.
A hull is the watertight body of a ship or boat. The hull may open at the top, or it may be fully or partially covered with a deck. Atop the deck may be a deckhouse and other superstructures, such as a funnel, derrick, or mast. The line where the hull meets the water surface is called the waterline.
In general, a civilian is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force". The definition distinguishes from persons whose duties involves risking their lives to protect the public at large from hazardous situations such as terrorism, riots, conflagrations, or wars. It also does not include "criminals" in the category, as authorities and the media wants to distinguish between those who are law-abiding and those who are not.
Spray II was stricken from the Navy List in late 1918.
A Navy List or Naval Register is an official list of naval officers, their ranks and seniority, the ships which they command or to which they are appointed, etc., that is published by the government or naval authorities of a country.
Spray II should not be confused with USS Spray (ID-2491), a naval trawler and minesweeper in commission from 1918 to 1919.
USS Spray (ID-2491) was a United States Navy trawler which served as a minesweeper and was in commission from 1918 to 1919.
A naval trawler is a vessel built along the lines of a fishing trawler but fitted out for naval purposes. Naval trawlers were widely used during the First and Second World Wars. Fishing trawlers were particularly suited for many naval requirements because they were robust boats designed to work heavy trawls in all types of weather and had large clear working decks. One could create a mine sweeper simply by replacing the trawl with a mine sweep. Adding depth charge racks on the deck, ASDIC below, and a 3-inch (76 mm) or 4-inch (102 mm) gun in the bow equipped the trawler for anti-submarine duties.
USS Arawan II (SP-1) was a motor yacht that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1918.
The second USS Cossack (SP-695) was an armed motorboat that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1919.
The second USS Sovereign (SP-170) was an armed yacht that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1918 to 1919.
USS Nirvana II (SP-204) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918.
USS Nirvana (SP-706), later USS SP-706, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission in 1917 and from 1918 to 1919.
USS Volunteer (SP-207) was the proposed name and designation of a civilian motorboat considered for United States Navy service as a patrol vessel in World War I but never acquired by the Navy.
The first USS Josephine (SP-913), later USS SP-913, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918.
USS Ahdeek (SP-2589) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1918 to 1919.
USS Legonia II (SP-399) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1921.
USS Wild Goose II (SP-891), later USS SP-891, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in service from 1917 to 1920.
USS Kuwana II (SP-594) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918.
USS Charmian II (SP-696) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918.
USS Katherine (SP-715), later USS SP-715, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918.
The second USS Itasca (SP-810), later USS SP-810, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1919 which was employed as a hospital boat.
The first USS Arcadia (SP-856) was a motorboat that may have seen brief service as a United States Navy patrol vessel in late 1918.
USS Marguerite II (SP-892) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 and 1919.
USS Herreshoff No. 308 (SP-2232), also written Herreshoff #308, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1918 to 1923.
USS Herreshoff No. 321 (SP-2235), also written Herreshoff #321, was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1918 to 1921.
USS Sparrow II (SP-3231) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1918 to 1919.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.
The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS) is the official reference work for the basic facts about ships used by the United States Navy.