USS Sterope (AK-96)

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USS Sterope (AK-96).jpg
USS Sterope (AK-96) unloading cargo onto pontoons at Guadalcanal, 1943
History
Flag of the United States.svgUnited States
Name:James Wilson
Namesake: James Wilson
Owner: War Shipping Administration (WSA))
Operator: American President Lines Ltd. (APL)
Ordered: as a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 183 [1]
Builder: Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation, Portland, Oregon
Cost: $1,267,331 [2]
Yard number: 186
Way number: 3
Laid down: 9 December 1941
Launched: 22 February 1942
Sponsored by: Mrs. John Spady
Completed: 11 April 1942
Identification:
Fate: Transferred to the US Navy, 27 March 1943
Ensign of the United States Coast Guard.svgUnited States
Name:
  • James Wilson
  • Sterope
Namesake:
Acquired: 27 March 1943
Commissioned: 14 May 1943
Decommissioned: 16 May 1946
Refit: converted for Naval service by the Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.
Stricken: 19 November 1947
Identification: Hull symbol: AK-96
Fate: Laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay, California, 9 November 1947
Status: Sold for scrapping, 16 August 1963
General characteristics [3]
Class and type: Crater-class cargo ship
Displacement:
  • 4,023 long tons (4,088 t) (standard)
  • 14,550 long tons (14,780 t) (full load)
Length: 441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)
Beam: 56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)
Draft: 28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12.5  kn (23.2  km/h; 14.4  mph)
Complement: 207
Armament:

USS Sterope (AK-96) was an Crater-class cargo ship commissioned by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II. She was responsible for delivering troops, goods and equipment to locations in the war zone.

Contents

Construction

SS James Wilson (MC hull 183), was laid down on 9 December 1941, by the Oregon Shipbuilding Co., Portland, Oregon; launched on 22 February 1942; sponsored by Mrs. John Spady; acquired by the Navy on 27 March 1943; and commissioned on 14 May 1943, Lt. Comdr. Leo P. Toolin, USCG, in command. [4]

World War II Pacific Theatre operations

Sterope was converted to Navy specifications by the Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., and completed her shakedown cruise on 10 June. The ship --- assigned to the Naval Transportation Service ---proceeded to San Francisco, California, loaded, and sailed on 24 June for New Caledonia. Sterope arrived at Noumea on 16 July 1943 and, for the next two years, shuttled supplies to advanced bases as a part of the Service Force, Pacific Fleet. [4]

Highlights of her service came in July 1944, when she delivered supplies to American forces engaged in recapturing Guam and in May 1945 when she took supplies to troops fighting for Okinawa. [4]

End-of-war operations

Late in July 1945, Sterope headed for Pearl Harbor and the U.S. west coast. She reached San Francisco on 6 August and was undergoing overhaul there when the war ended. On 9 October 1945, the ship sailed for Guam and moved varied cargo among the islands of the Central Pacific for the next six months. [4]

Post-war decommissioning

Sterope arrived at Pearl Harbor on 18 April 1946 and was decommissioned there on 16 May. In August 1947, she was towed to San Francisco and returned to the Maritime Commission. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 19 November 1947. [4]

Military awards and honors

Sterope received two battle stars for World War II service. Her crew was eligible for the following medals: [3]

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References

  1. Oregon SB Corp. 2010.
  2. MARCOM.
  3. 1 2 Navsource.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 DANFS.

Bibliography