|Namesake:||Name retained by the Navy|
|Owner:||mining engineer F. Augustus Heinze; later acquired by Boston banker Charles Hayden in 1907|
|Builder:||Charles L. Seabury Company and the Gas Engine and Power Company at Morris Heights, New York|
|Christened:||as the civilian "express" yacht Revolution; renamed Wacondah by a new owner in 1907|
|Completed:||in 1901 at Morris Heights, New York|
|Acquired:||24 May 1917|
|Commissioned:||USS Wacondah (SP-238) on 14 September 1917|
|Decommissioned:||21 August 1919 at New York City|
|Struck:||21 August 1919|
|Homeport:||New York City|
|Fate:||sold on 4 June 1920 to the Gas Engine and Power Company|
|Notes:||Her name was changed to Intercolonial after service with the Navy.|
|Tonnage:||190 gross tons|
|Draft:||7' 3" (mean)|
|Propulsion:||1400 I.H.P. triple-expansion engine, one steam turbine, one shaft|
|Complement:||28 officers and enlisted|
USS Wacondah (SP-238) was an advanced-design yacht acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War I. She was outfitted as an armed patrol craft assigned to guard the New York City harbor against German submarines and to provide escort protection to commercial ships. Post-war she was sold and continued her maritime career as the yacht Intercolonial.
A yacht is a watercraft used for pleasure or sports. The term originates from the Dutch word jacht, and was originally referencing light fast sailing vessels that the Dutch Republic navy used to pursue pirates and other transgressors around and into the shallow waters of the Low Countries. The yacht was popularized by Charles II of England as a pleasure or recreation vessel following his restoration in 1660.
World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Revolution—a steel-hulled, screw steam yacht designed by Charles L. Seabury—was completed in 1901, at Morris Heights, New York, by the Charles L. Seabury Co. and the Gas Engine and Power Co., for mining engineer F. Augustus Heinze. One of the first American turbine-powered steam "express" yachts, Revolution was later acquired by Boston, Massachusetts, banker Charles Hayden in 1907 and renamed Wacondah.
Gas Engine & Power Company & Charles L. Seabury Company was a ship building firm located in Morris Heights, New York. It was formed from the merger of the Charles L. Seabury Company founded in 1885 in Nyack, New York and the Gas Engine & Power Company founded about the same time in Morris Heights, New York. Seabury was famous for its steam yachts and Gas Engine & Power Company primary focus was in naptha-powered launches. Although initially, the company went by the name of Gas Engine & Power Company & Charles L. Seabury Company, after the First World War, it became known as Consolidated Shipbuilding. The shipyard was located on Mathewson Road in the Morris Heights neighborhood of the Bronx, near what is today the location of Roberto Clemente State Park. Consolidated Shipbuilding moved to Robert Jacobs shipyard on City Island after the Second World War and it continued to build ships until 1958.
Fritz Augustus Heinze was one of the three Copper Kings of Butte, Montana, along with William Andrews Clark and Marcus Daly. He was an intelligent, charismatic and devious character, but was also seen as a hero especially by many of the citizens of Montana.
When the United States entered World War I on 6 April 1917, the Navy soon began collecting ships and small craft from civilian owners to serve as auxiliaries and patrol craft. Inspected at the 3d Naval District, Wacondah was acquired by the Navy on 24 May 1917. Fitted out for wartime service, Wacondah was commissioned on 14 September 1917, Lt. (jg.) Samuel Wainwright, USNRF, in command.
By virtue of her light construction—built for speed rather than sea-keeping -- Wacondah was restricted to "sheltered waters." Assigned to the 3d Naval District, she operated on local patrol duties out of New York harbor for the duration of the war.
Decommissioned and struck from the Navy list on 21 August 1919, Wacondah was sold on 4 June 1920 to the International Steamship and Trading Company and renamed Intercolonial.
The first USS Sturdy (SP-82) was a patrol boat acquired by the U.S. Navy for the task of patrolling the coastal waters of the U.S. East Coast during World War I. Her primary task was to guard the coastal area against German submarines by tending to antisubmarine nets in New York harbor.
USS Halcyon II (SP-582) was a yacht acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War I. She was outfitted as an armed patrol craft and stationed in Boston harbor in Massachusetts. She spent much of the war patrolling the Massachusetts waterways for German submarines and, in 1919, was decommissioned after being damaged in a collision.
USS Lyndonia (SP-734), later known as USS Vega (SP-734) was a yacht acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War I. She was assigned as an armed patrol craft, but, at times, performed other duties along the U.S. East Coast, such as dispatch boat and training ship for the U.S. Naval Academy. Post-war, she was disposed of through sale to the public.
USS Arcturus (SP-182) was a yacht acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War I. She was reconfigured by the Navy as an armed patrol craft, and was assigned to patrol the waterways of New York City.
USS Chichota (SP-65) was an armed yacht that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1918.
USS Joyance (SP-72) was an armed yacht that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1919.
The third USS Mohican (SP-117), later USS SP-117, was an armed yacht that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1919.
USS Hoqua (SP-142) was an armed yacht that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1919.
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USS Privateer (SP-179), later YP-179, was an armed motorboat that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1930.
USS Navajo III (SP-298), later USS SP-298, was an armed motorboat that served in the United States Navy as a patrol vessel from 1917 to 1919.
USS Cigarette (SP-1234) was a patrol vessel that served in the United States Navy from 1917 to 1919.
USS Mary Alice (SP-397) was a United States Navy patrol vessel commissioned in 1917 and sunk in 1918.
USS Vivace (SP-583) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918.
USS Satilla (SP-687) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1919.
USS Linta (SP-721) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1919.
The second USS Calumet (SP-723) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1919.
USS Sister (SP-822) was a United States Navy tug in commission from 1917 to 1919.
USS Osprey II (SP-928) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918.
USS Hydraulic (SP-2584) was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1918 to 1919.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.
The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS) is the official reference work for the basic facts about ships used by the United States Navy.