The U language or P'uman (Chinese :濮满), is spoken by 40,000 people in the Yunnan Province of China and possibly Myanmar. It is classified as an Austroasiatic language in the Palaungic branch. In China, U speakers are classified as ethnic Bulang.
U is spoken in Shuangjiang County of Yunnan and other nearby counties.
There 2 main dialects of U in Shuangjiang County: one spoken in Gongnong 公弄 (now part of Mengku Town, 勐库镇) and one spoken in Bangbing 邦丙 and Dawen Mangga 大文乡忙嘎; the Dawen dialect is reportedly mutually intelligible with that of Shidian County (Shuangjiang County Ethnic Gazetteer 1995:160).
Avala (autonym: a21 va21 la21) is spoken in Bangliu 邦六,Manghuai Township 芒怀乡, Yun County 云县, Yunnan, China.
U has four tones, high, low, rising, falling, which developed from vowel length and the nature of final consonants.
The Blangpeople are an ethnic group. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China.
Lancang Lahu Autonomous County is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Pu'er City, in southwestern Yunnan province, China. Lancang is the same as Lan Xang, and refers to the Mekong River on its eastern borders and adopted by modern Laos, a Tai word meaning Million Elephants.
Bit is an Austroasiatic language spoken by around 2,000 people in Phongsaly Province, northern Laos and in Mengla County, Yunnan, China (Ethnologue).
Shidian County is under the administration of the [[prefecture-level city of Baoshan, in the west of Yunnan province, China. Its seat is the town of Dianyang (甸阳镇).
Shuangjiang Lahu, Va, Blang and Dai Autonomous County is a county in the southwest of Yunnan province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Lincang.
Mojiang Hani Autonomous County is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Pu'er City, in the south of Yunnan Province, China.
Lalo is a Loloish language cluster spoken in western Yunnan, China by 300,000 speakers. Speakers are officially part of the Yi nationality, and Chinese linguists refer to it as "Western Yi" due to its distribution in western Yunnan. Lalo speakers are mostly located in southern Dali Prefecture, especially Weishan County, considered the traditional homeland of the Lalo. Historically, this area is the home of the Meng clan, who ruled the Nanzhao Kingdom (737–902 CE). Many speakers of Core Lalo dialects claim to be descendants of the Meng clan.
The Lisoish languages are a branch of the Loloish languages proposed by Ziwo Lama (2012) that includes Lisu and several of the Yi languages. David Bradley (1997) considers Lisoish languages to be part of the Central Loloish branch.
Caijia is an endangered Sino-Tibetan language spoken in an area centred on Bijie, in the west of the Chinese province of Guizhou. It was discovered in the 2000s. It has been described by different authors as a relative of Bai or an early split from Old Chinese. The autonym is.
The Hani languages are a group of closely related but distinct languages of the Loloish (Yi) branch of the Tibeto-Burman linguistic group. They are also referred to as the Hanoid languages by Lama (2012) and as the Akoid languages by Bradley (2007).
The Angkuic languages are spoken in Yunnan province, China and Shan State, Burma.
Nuobi is a Loloish language of south-central Yunnan, China.
Nuomei is a Southern Loloish language of Yunnan, China. Nuomei is spoken in Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County, and Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County.
Duota is a Southern Loloish language of Yunnan, China. Duota is spoken in Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County, Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County, and Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County.
Ati is an unclassified Loloish language of Huaning County, Yunnan, China.
Long or Nong is an unclassified Loloish language of Huaning County, Yunnan, China. It is also called Luowu 罗婺.
Xiqi is an unclassified Loloish language of Huaning County, Yunnan, China. It is also called Siqipo 斯期颇 in Mile County.
Adu is an unclassified Loloish language of Huaning County, Yunnan, China.
Guozuo is a Southern Loloish language of Yunnan, China. It is spoken in Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County and Lüchun County, Yunnan.
Gazetteers and other Chinese government sources with lexical data