Ubaidul Haq

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Ubaidul Haq
3rd Khatib of National Mosque of Bangladesh
In office
In office
1984–2007
TitleKhatib
Personal
Born(1928-05-02)2 May 1928
Died6 October 2007(2007-10-06) (aged 79)
Religion Islam
Nationality Bangladeshi
Denomination Sunni Islam
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Alma mater Darul Uloom Deoband
Muslim leader

Ubaidul Haq (Bengali : উবায়দুল হক 2 May 1928- 6 October 2007), also spelt Obaidul Haq (Bengali : ওবাইবদুল হক), is a Bangladeshi teacher, muhaddith, mufassir and writer. He was the former khatib of the national mosque of Bangladesh. [1]

Contents

Early life and education

Obaidul Haq was born on 2 May 1928 into a traditional Bengali Muslim family in Barothakuri, Zakiganj, Sylhet District. His father, Maulana Zahurul Haq was a notable Sylheti student of Ashraf Ali Thanwi and graduated in Hadith studies from the Darul Uloom Deoband in 1335. His mother was Musammat Aisha Begum. Haq was the second son out of three sons. His elder brother, Ahmadul Haq, collected old books and was the owner of a store known as the Ashrafiyyah Kutubkhana, which opened in Zindabazar, Sylhet not long after the Independence of Bangladesh in 1971. His younger brother, Mawlana Abdul Haq, was a graduate of the Government Madrasah-e-Alia in Dhaka and is a teacher of Hadith at a Qaumi Madrasa. [2]

Haq first studied at the Ghungadi Madrasah where he was taught Persian books such as Mizan Munshaib by Maulana Shamsul Haq. Two years later, he studied at a madrasa in Habiganj under Mawlana Muddathir Ahmad and Mawlana Musir Ali - both graduates of the Darul Uloom Deoband. Haq then studied at Munshibazar Ayargaon Madrasa, founded by his father. In 1942, he enrolled in Darul Uloom Deoband and received his vocation in Tafsir and Hadith from Husain Ahmad Madani and Muhammad Ilyas Kandhlawi. [2]

Career

Obaidul Haq started his career as a teacher in joined Dhaka's Hossainya Ashraful Ulum Madrasa near Bara Katra from 1949, teaching hadith studies. In 1953, he began teaching at the Nanak Wara Madrasa in Karachi. He returned to Bengal in 1954, joining as a teacher at the Dhaka Alia Madrasa, where he taught hadith studies between until 1971 and served as the additional vice principal from 1973 through 1979. He was the Shaikhul Hadith at Chittagong's Patia Madrasa between 1986 and 1987, and held the same position at Sylhet's Jamia Qasimul Uloom Dargah Madrasa from 1987 until his death. [2]

He was also a professor at Faizul Uloom Madrasa at Azimpur in the Dhaka. [2]

Khatib of Baitul Mukarram

He was the longest serving khatib of Baitul Mukarram, the national mosque of Bangladesh. In 2001, he was forced into retirement by the then Awami League government. [3] He then sought a writ petition which overturned the government's decision.

Anti- terror agitation

At a conference in 1 April 2005, organised in Paltan Maidan, Dhaka by the Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam he along with the leading ulema of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh declared a fatwa denouncing terrorism. [1]

Later that year, after a series of bombings in Bangladesh he led thousands of worshipers and political activists in a prayer and massive demonstration denouncing terrorism. [4] He remarked that those who were killing people with bombs, were the enemies of Islam and people as well. [5]

Views

In 1994, he expressed concern over the growing support for the unfair practices of Christian proselytizers by non-governmental organisations and the sympathy for them by Bangladeshi left-wing political parties. [6]

On March 21, 2003, he led a large anti-war rally in protest of the invasion of Iraq with Fazlul Haque Amini, where he remarked that:

The US will occupy all the oil-rich Middle East and Muslim countries, including Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, gradually. [7]

In 2005, following the series of bombings by the banned outfit Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) while leading the protest denouncing terrorism he remarked: [4]

Islam prohibits suicide bombings. These bombers are enemies of Islam. It is a duty for all Muslims to stand up against those who are killing people in the name of Islam. [4]

Books

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References

  1. 1 2 "Islam has no relation with terrorism: ulama" (1). The Milli Gazette. The Milli Gazette. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Khatib Obaidul Haq passes away". 1 (1). The Daily Star. The Daily Star. 8 October 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  3. Lipton, Edward P. (2002). Religious Freedom in Asia. Nova Publishers. p. 12. ISBN   9781590333914 . Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 "Protest against Bangladesh bombs". BBC. BBC. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  5. "Thousands raise hands to almighty during jumma to get rid of suicide bombings". BDNews24. BDNews24. 8 December 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  6. Islam, Saidul (2001). "The role of NGOs in promoting Christianity: The case of Bangladesh". Intellectual Discourse. 9 (2): 1. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  7. "Bangladesh Protests and Demonstrations". South Asia Terrorism Portal. Retrieved 31 January 2016.