Ubort River

Last updated
Ubort
Emilchyne river ubort.jpg
The Ubort River at Yemilchyne, Ukraine
Location
Country Ukraine, Belarus
Physical characteristics
Source 
  coordinates 50°42′36″N27°53′56″E / 50.71000°N 27.89889°E / 50.71000; 27.89889
Mouth Pripyat River
  coordinates
52°06′05″N28°27′56″E / 52.10139°N 28.46556°E / 52.10139; 28.46556 Coordinates: 52°06′05″N28°27′56″E / 52.10139°N 28.46556°E / 52.10139; 28.46556
Length292 km (181 mi)
Basin size5,820 km2 (2,250 sq mi)
Basin features
Progression PripyatDnieperDnieper–Bug estuaryBlack Sea

The Ubort River (Russian : Уборть) is a river in the Zhytomyr Oblast (Ukraine) and the Homiel Voblast (Belarus), a right tributary to the Pripyat River in the Dnieper river basin. [1] It is 292 kilometres (181 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 5,820 square kilometres (2,250 sq mi). [2]

Contents

The Ubort River is fed mostly by melting snow (~70%) and peaks during the spring run-off, usually mid-March to early May, and maintains an even, albeit lower, flow during the summer months. It can freeze as early as mid-November or as late as January, and the ice breaks up as early as mid-February or as late as mid-April.

Course

The Ubort River originates in the hills above and south of the village of Andreyevichi [3] in Zhytomyr Oblast. It arises at elevation 207 m., from a series of small creeks flowing westward off of the Simony Hills, elevation 222 m, and northeastward off of the Marynivka Hills, elevation 225 m. The river flows north past Yemilchyne and Olevsk, thence across the international border into Belarus near Borovoye [4] (Баравое). It then flows northeast and north past Lelchytsy, and Moiseyevichi, before entering the Pripyat at Pyetrykaw. The mouth of the river is at an elevation of 120 meters.

The principle tributaries [5] of the Ubort are the 67 km Perga River (Перга) with its mouth at 51°24′00″N027°52′57″E / 51.40000°N 27.88250°E / 51.40000; 27.88250 in the Ukraine, and the 58 km Svidovets (Свидовець) with its mouth at 51°42′55″N028°17′28″E / 51.71528°N 28.29111°E / 51.71528; 28.29111 in Belarus. [6]

The river has a low incline dropping only 87 meters over its 292 kilometer length. The result is a meandering river with lots of swamps and oxbox lakes. The area of its drainage basin is 5,820 square kilometres (2,247 sq mi). The average annual flow of water at the mouth of the Ubort River is 24.4 Cubic metres per second.

History

The name appears in Latin as Hubort in a 1412 survey document. Some maps in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries mark it as the Олевская (Olevskaya) or in Polish Olewsko, as being of the town of Olevsk. The origin of the name Ubort is obscure, but seems to be related to the use of boards (ubort) in making artificial hollow trees for honey bees. [7]

In July 1941, between 30 and 40 Jews from Olevsk were taken to the Ubort River, where they were humiliated and tortured; some of them were murdered in the pogrom. [8]

It was contaminated during the Chernobyl disaster.

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References

  1. "Uborć" (in Polish). in Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego ( Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland ) volume XII, page 734, (1892)
  2. Уборть, Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  3. Andreyevichi (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  4. Baravoye (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  5. Other tributaries are the Бересток, Мала Глумча, Зольня, Телина, Угля, Мудрич, Божанка, and Силець.
  6. "Świdówka (Svidovets of the Dnieper)" (in Polish). in Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego ( Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland ) volume XI, page 649, (1890)
  7. ZHUCHKEVICH, Vadim Andreevich (1974). Краткий топонимический словарь Белоруссии (in Russian). OCLC   749097432.
  8. McBride, Jared (July 20, 2016). "Ukrainian Holocaust Perpetrators Are Being Honored in Place of Their Victims". The Tablet. Retrieved July 22, 2016.

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