Udachny

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Udachny

Удачный
Town under district jurisdiction [1]
Other transcription(s)
  YakutУдачнай
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View of Udachny
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Flag
Udachny coat of arms (2009).png
Coat of arms
Location of Udachny
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Red pog.svg
Udachny
Location of Udachny
Yakutia notext.svg
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Udachny
Udachny (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 66°24′N112°19′E / 66.400°N 112.317°E / 66.400; 112.317 Coordinates: 66°24′N112°19′E / 66.400°N 112.317°E / 66.400; 112.317
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
Administrative district Mirninsky District [1]
Town Udachny [1]
Founded1968
Town status since1987 [1]
Government
  HeadArtur Prikhodko
Area
  Total2 km2 (0.8 sq mi)
Elevation
380 m (1,250 ft)
Population
  Total12,613
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
11,676 (-7.4%)
  Density6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
   Capital ofTown of Udachny [1]
   Municipal district Mirninsky Municipal District [4]
  Urban settlementUdachny Urban Settlement [4]
   Capital ofUdachny Urban Settlement [4]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6 Blue pencil.svg [5] )
Postal code(s) [6]
678188
Dialing code(s) +7 41136
OKTMO ID98631109001
Website мо-город-удачный.рф
Udachny population
2010 Census 12,613 [2]
2002 Census 15,698 [7]
1989 Census 19,603 [8]
1979 Census 11,604 [9]

Udachny (Russian :Удачный,IPA:  [ʊˈdatɕnɨj] , lit. successful or lucky; Yakut : Удачнай, Udaçnay) is a town in Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Markha River, 508 kilometers (316 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 12,613. [2]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Yakut language Turkic language spoken in Sakha Republic, Russia

Yakut, also known as Sakha, Saqa or Saxa, is a Turkic language with around 450,000 native speakers spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation by the Yakuts.

The classification system of the types of inhabited localities in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries.

Contents

History

Udachnaya pipe Udachnaya pipe.JPG
Udachnaya pipe

The Udachnaya pipe diamond deposit was discovered in 1955. Due to its isolated location, it was not exploited until the 1960s. In conjunction with the beginnings of diamond production, the urban-type settlement of Udachny was founded in 1968;[ citation needed ] town status was granted to it in 1987. [1]

Udachnaya pipe diamond mine

The Udachnaya pipe is a diamond deposit in the Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field in Sakha Republic, Russia. It is an open-pit mine, and is located just outside the Arctic circle at 66°26′N112°19′E.

Urban-type settlement is an official designation for a semi-urban settlement, used in several Eastern European countries. The term was historically used in Bulgaria, Poland, and the Soviet Union, and remains in use today in 10 of the post-Soviet states.

As part of a plan to create the basin for a tailings dam for the nearby diamond mine, a 1.7  kiloton atomic bomb was detonated 98 meters (322 ft) underground near Udachny on October 2, 1974. Original plans had called for eight similar explosions to be conducted; however, due to radioactive fallout being far greater than expected, the project was halted after the first blast. The shaft in which the explosion was held was not plugged until eighteen years later, with an estimated 7-to-20-meter (23 to 66 ft) thick concrete sarcophagus. [10]

The ton is a unit of measure. It has a long history and has acquired a number of meanings and uses over the years. It is used principally as a unit of mass. Its original use as a measurement of volume has continued in the capacity of cargo ships and in terms such as the freight ton. It can also be used as a measure of energy, for truck classification, or as a colloquial term.

Administrative and municipal status

As an inhabited locality, Udachny is classified as a town under district jurisdiction. [1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality (the selo of Polyarny), incorporated within Mirninsky District as the Town of Udachny. [1] As a municipal division, the Town of Udachny is incorporated within Mirninsky Municipal District as Udachny Urban Settlement. [4]

Polyarny, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Polyarny is a rural locality, one of two settlements, in addition to Udachny, the administrative centre of the Town, in the Town of Udachny of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located 536 kilometers (333 mi) from Mirny, the administrative center of the district and 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) from Udachny. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 0; down from 429 recorded during the 2002 Census.

Mirninsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirninsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders Olenyoksky District in the north and northeast, Nyurbinsky and Suntarsky Districts in the east, Lensky District in the south, and Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 165,800 square kilometers (64,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Mirny. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 38,802.

Town of district significance is an administrative division of a district in a federal subject of Russia. It is equal in status to a selsoviet or an urban-type settlement of district significance, but is organized around a town ; often with surrounding rural territories.

Economy

Diamond mining remains the principal economic activity in the town. Udachny is the second most important diamond production site after Mirny for the state-owned ALROSA corporation. It is served by Polyarny Airport 12km outside of town.

Mirny, Sakha Republic Town under republic jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirny is a town and the administrative center of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Irelyakh River, 820 kilometers (510 mi) west of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 37,188.

Polyarny Airport airport in Russia

Polyarny Airport is an airport in Yakutia, Russia located 1 km west of Novy and about 12 km west of Udachny. It services all types of aircraft. The airfield is built on a 4000 x 190 m gravel base, with the first 100 m of runway unusable for takeoff. It is designated as an emergency airfield for cross-polar airline traffic between North America and Asia. The airport works as base for Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise.

Climate

Udachny has an extreme subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfd). Winters are extremely cold, with average temperatures from −43.6 °C (−46.5 °F) to −35.2 °C (−31.4 °F) in January, while summers are mild, with average temperatures from +8.4 °C (47.1 °F) to +20.1 °C (68.2 °F) in July. Precipitation is quite low, but is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Subarctic climate

The subarctic climate is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. It is found on large landmasses, away from the moderating effects of an ocean, generally at latitudes from 50° to 70°N poleward of the humid continental climates. These climates represent Köppen climate classification Dfc, Dwc, Dsc, Dfd, Dwd and Dsd. In very small areas at high altitudes around the Mediterranean Basin, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Alaska and other parts of the northwestern United States and Russian South-Eastern regions the climate is classified as Dsc with a dry summer climate, such as in Seneca, Oregon or Atlin, British Columbia.

Köppen climate classification widely used climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Precipitation product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity. The main forms of precipitation include drizzle, rain, sleet, snow, graupel and hail. Precipitation occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud. Short, intense periods of rain in scattered locations are called "showers."

Climate data for Udachny
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−35.2
(−31.4)
−30.3
(−22.5)
−17.6
(0.3)
−6.1
(21.0)
3.8
(38.8)
15.6
(60.1)
20.1
(68.2)
15.8
(60.4)
6.3
(43.3)
−7.7
(18.1)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−7.7
(18.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−39.4
(−38.9)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−12.6
(9.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
10.1
(50.2)
14.2
(57.6)
10.2
(50.4)
2.1
(35.8)
−11.5
(11.3)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−36.0
(−32.8)
−12.7
(9.1)
Average low °C (°F)−43.6
(−46.5)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
4.6
(40.3)
8.4
(47.1)
4.6
(40.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−15.3
(4.5)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−40.4
(−40.7)
−17.8
(0.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)12
(0.5)
9
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
16
(0.6)
27
(1.1)
46
(1.8)
59
(2.3)
50
(2.0)
34
(1.3)
28
(1.1)
20
(0.8)
14
(0.6)
326
(12.9)
Source: http://en.climate-data.org/location/30312/

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z #353-III
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  10. Report on the underground explosion near Udachny in 1974 and its status in 2000 (in Russian)

Sources