Uden

Last updated

Uden
Town and municipality
Uden, de Sint Petruskerk RM25829 foto4 2012-03-19 15.08.JPG
Uden, gemeentehuis foto6 2012-03-19 15.14.jpg
Netherlands, Uden, Bedafse Bergen (1).JPG
F16-Hangar.jpg
Top left: Church of St. Peter, top right: Former town hall
Bottom left: Bedaf Dunes, bottom right: Volkel Air Base
Flag of Uden.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Uden.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0856 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°39′N5°37′E / 51.650°N 5.617°E / 51.650; 5.617 Coordinates: 51°39′N5°37′E / 51.650°N 5.617°E / 51.650; 5.617
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government [1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Henk Hellegers (PvdA)
Area [2]
  Municipality 67.53 km2 (26.07 sq mi)
  Land 67.05 km2 (25.89 sq mi)
  Water 0.48 km2 (0.19 sq mi)
Elevation [3] 16 m (52 ft)
Population (Municipality, August 2017; Urban area, January 2010; Metro region, January 2014) [4] [5] [6]
  Municipality 41,663
  Density 621/km2 (1,610/sq mi)
  Urban 40,535
  Urban density 2,391/km2 (6,190/sq mi)
   Metro region 161,900
Demonym(s) Udenaar
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode 5400–5409
Area code 0413
Website www.uden.nl
Topographic map of Uden (town), as of March 2014. Uden-plaats-OpenTopo.jpg
Topographic map of Uden (town), as of March 2014.

Uden (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈydə(n)]  ( Loudspeaker.svg   listen )) is a municipality and a town in the province of Noord-Brabant, Netherlands.

Contents

History

Uden was first recorded around 1190 as “Uthen”. However, earlier settlements have been found in the areas of the modern day Moleneind, Vorstenburg and Bitswijk and evidence of Ice Age settlements has been found near the hamlet of Slabroek. From 1324 Uden was ruled by the Valkenburg house and became a part of the Land van Ravenstein. After 1397 it became a part of the German duchy of Cleves.

Valkenburg aan de Geul Municipality in Limburg, Netherlands

Valkenburg aan de Geul is a municipality situated in the southeastern Dutch province of Limburg. The name refers to the central town in the municipality, Valkenburg, and the small river Geul.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Uden was hardly affected by the Eighty Years' War and gained religious freedom in 1631. A result of this was the establishment in the municipality of the Crosiers, who fled from Protestant Dutch oppression in 's-Hertogenbosch in 1638. After the peace of Munster in 1648, Uden remained outside the Dutch republic and was a haven of religious tolerance and Catholics from the nearby towns of Veghel, Nistelrode and Erp were able to build churches at the municipality's boundaries. The period of 1648–1795 saw an increase in prosperity due to the weekly markets, however, the town was almost destroyed by a fire in 1746. The Dutch folk-hero Kobus van der Schlossen was locally active at this time.

Eighty Years War 16th and 17th-century Dutch revolt against the Habsburgs

The Eighty Years' War or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands. After the initial stages, Philip II deployed his armies and regained control over most of the rebelling provinces. Under the leadership of the exiled William the Silent, the northern provinces continued their resistance. They eventually were able to oust the Habsburg armies, and in 1581 they established the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The war continued in other areas, although the heartland of the republic was no longer threatened; this included the beginnings of the Dutch Colonial Empire, which at the time were conceived as carrying overseas the war with Spain. The Dutch Republic was recognized by Spain and the major European powers in 1609 at the start of the Twelve Years' Truce. Hostilities broke out again around 1619, as part of the broader Thirty Years' War. An end was reached in 1648 with the Peace of Münster, when the Dutch Republic was definitively recognised as an independent country no longer part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Peace of Münster is sometimes considered the beginning of the Dutch Golden Age.

Canons Regular of the Order of the Holy Cross

The Canons Regular of the Order of the Holy Cross, commonly called Crosiers, are a Roman Catholic religious order.

s-Hertogenbosch City and municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

's-Hertogenbosch, colloquially known as Den Bosch, is a city and municipality in the Southern Netherlands with a population of 152,968. It is the capital of the province of North Brabant.

In 1795, Uden was taken by French troops and incorporated into the Dutch republic and has been a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1810. After that time Uden's wealth diminished, mainly due to competition from the neighbouring Brabant towns, resulting in emigration to Wisconsin and other parts of the United States. In 1848 The Dominican missionary Father Theodore Van de Broek led a group from Uden to Little Chute, Wisconsin, beginning a pattern of immigration to northeast Wisconsin that would last until the early twentieth century.

Wisconsin A north-central state of the United States of America

Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Little Chute, Wisconsin Village in Wisconsin, United States

Little Chute is a village in Outagamie County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 10,449 at the 2010 census.

On 12 June 1840, a meteorite weighing approximately 720 grams fell into a field just outside Uden. It narrowly missed a group of labourers digging for peat nearby. [7]

Meteorite piece of solid matter from outer space that has hit the earth

A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon. When the object enters the atmosphere, various factors such as friction, pressure, and chemical interactions with the atmospheric gases cause it to heat up and radiate that energy. It then becomes a meteor and forms a fireball, also known as a shooting star or falling star; astronomers call the brightest examples "bolides". Meteorites vary greatly in size. For geologists, a bolide is a meteorite large enough to create an impact crater.

Peat accumulation of partially decayed vegetation

Peat, also known as turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter. It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. The peatland ecosystem is the most efficient carbon sink on the planet, because peatland plants capture CO2 naturally released from the peat, maintaining an equilibrium. In natural peatlands, the "annual rate of biomass production is greater than the rate of decomposition", but it takes "thousands of years for peatlands to develop the deposits of 1.5 to 2.3 m [4.9 to 7.5 ft], which is the average depth of the boreal [northern] peatlands". Sphagnum moss, also called peat moss, is one of the most common components in peat, although many other plants can contribute. The biological features of Sphagnum mosses act to create a habitat aiding peat formation, a phenomenon termed 'habitat manipulation'. Soils consisting primarily of peat are known as histosols. Peat forms in wetland conditions, where flooding obstructs the flow of oxygen from the atmosphere, slowing the rate of decomposition.

In 1855 the village of Volkel founded its own parish.

Uden began to specialise in the growth of cherries from 1860 onwards and in 1886 the old Petrus-church was demolished by fire and replaced by a new larger one.

During World War I (in which the Netherlands stayed neutral) North Brabant was inundated by Belgian refugees. A refugee camp was erected at Vluchtoord in Uden, which housed several thousand Flemish refugees until 1918.

In the 1920s people started to cultivate the extensive heathlands in the eastern part of the municipality, called "De Peel". In 1922 a new village was built, called Terraveen and later renamed Odiliapeel.

After Uden was struck by a devastating cyclone in 1925, it was visited by Wilhelmina, queen of the Netherlands.

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands Queen of the Netherlands 1898 - 1948

Wilhelmina was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948.

Since the 1950s Uden has become a regional centre of development, providing much needed economic growth. Due to the growth, very little is left of the old town's character.

Population centres

Places of interest

Church of Sint-Petrus Sint Petrus.jpg
Church of Sint-Petrus

People from Uden

U.S. international football player Earnie Stewart was raised in Uden. His father was a U.S. Air Force airman stationed at Volkel Air Base. Fashion designer Addy van den Krommenacker was also born and raised in Uden. Producer Cilia van Dijk was born in Uden on 22 November 1941 and raised there. She won an Oscar in 1985 for producing the short animated movie Anna and Bella. The dancing pair Erik van Lieshout (born 19 November 1970) and Angelique Bisschops (born 29 January 1972) became Dutch Champion in Latin and Ballroom Dancing seven times and Champion of the Benelux four times.

Relationships with other towns

Uden is twinned with the German city of Lippstadt.

See also

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References

  1. "Portefeuille" (in Dutch). Gemeente Uden. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5401EJ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2010" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2010]. CBS Statline; Urban area (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  6. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2014" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2014]. CBS Statline; Metro region (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  7. Humphrys, Julian (June 2010). BBC History magazine. Bristol Magazines Ltd. ISSN   1469-8552.