Uden

Last updated

Uden
Uden, de Sint Petruskerk RM25829 foto4 2012-03-19 15.08.JPG
Uden, gemeentehuis foto6 2012-03-19 15.14.jpg
Netherlands, Uden, Bedafse Bergen (1).JPG
F16-Hangar.jpg
Top left: Church of St. Peter, top right: Former town hall
Bottom left: Bedaf Dunes, bottom right: Volkel Air Base
Flag of Uden.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Uden.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0856 (2009).svg
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°39′N5°37′E / 51.650°N 5.617°E / 51.650; 5.617 Coordinates: 51°39′N5°37′E / 51.650°N 5.617°E / 51.650; 5.617
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Henk Hellegers (PvdA)
Area
[2]
  Municipality67.53 km2 (26.07 sq mi)
  Land67.05 km2 (25.89 sq mi)
  Water0.48 km2 (0.19 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (Municipality, January 2019; Urban area, January 2010; Metro region, January 2014) [4] [5] [6]
  Municipality41,782
  Density623/km2 (1,610/sq mi)
  Urban
40,535
  Urban density2,391/km2 (6,190/sq mi)
   Metro region
161,900
Demonym(s) Udenaar
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
5400–5409
Area code 0413
Website www.uden.nl
Topographic map of Uden (town), as of March 2014. Uden-plaats-OpenTopo.jpg
Topographic map of Uden (town), as of March 2014.

Uden (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈydə(n)] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a municipality and a town in the province of Noord-Brabant, Netherlands.

Contents

History

Uden was first recorded around 1190 as “Uthen”. However, earlier settlements have been found in the areas of the modern day Moleneind, Vorstenburg and Bitswijk and evidence of Ice Age settlements has been found near the hamlet of Slabroek. From 1324 Uden was ruled by the Valkenburg house and became a part of the Land van Ravenstein. After 1397 it became a part of the German duchy of Cleves.

Uden was hardly affected by the Eighty Years' War and gained religious freedom in 1631. A result of this was the establishment in the municipality of the Crosiers, who fled from Protestant Dutch oppression in 's-Hertogenbosch in 1638. After the peace of Munster in 1648, Uden remained outside the Dutch republic and was a haven of religious tolerance and Catholics from the nearby towns of Veghel, Nistelrode and Erp were able to build churches at the municipality's boundaries. The period of 1648–1795 saw an increase in prosperity due to the weekly markets, however, the town was almost destroyed by a fire in 1746. The Dutch folk-hero Kobus van der Schlossen was locally active at this time.

In 1795, Uden was taken by French troops and incorporated into the Dutch republic and has been a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1810. After that time Uden's wealth diminished, mainly due to competition from the neighbouring Brabant towns, resulting in emigration to the Midwestern United States. In 1848 The Dominican missionary Father Theodore J. van den Broek led a group from Uden to Little Chute, Wisconsin, beginning a pattern of immigration to northeast Wisconsin that would last until the early twentieth century.

On 12 June 1840, a meteorite weighing approximately 720 grams fell into a field just outside Uden. It narrowly missed a group of labourers digging for peat nearby. [7]

In 1855 the village of Volkel founded its own parish.

Uden began to specialise in the growth of cherries from 1860 onwards and in 1886 the old Petrus-church was demolished by fire and replaced by a new larger one.

During World War I (in which the Netherlands stayed neutral) North Brabant was inundated by Belgian refugees. A refugee camp was erected at Vluchtoord in Uden, which housed several thousand Flemish refugees until 1918.

In the 1920s people started to cultivate the extensive heathlands in the eastern part of the municipality, called "De Peel". In 1922 a new village was built, called Terraveen and later renamed Odiliapeel.

After Uden was struck by a devastating cyclone in 1925, it was visited by Wilhelmina, queen of the Netherlands.

Since the 1950s Uden has become a regional centre of development, providing much needed economic growth. Due to the growth, very little is left of the old town's character.

Church of Sint-Petrus Sint Petrus.jpg
Church of Sint-Petrus

Population centres

Places of interest

Notable people

Gerrit Braks, 1984 Opdracht Financieel Dagblad , minister Braks , close - NL-HaNA Anefo 933-1690 WM540 (cropped).jpg
Gerrit Braks, 1984

Sport

Laura de Vaan, 2016 Para-cycling German championships and Europe Cup 2016 132.jpg
Laura de Vaan, 2016


People from Uden

U.S. international football player Earnie Stewart was raised in Uden. His father was a U.S. Air Force airman stationed at Volkel Air Base. Fashion designer Addy van den Krommenacker was also born and raised in Uden. Producer Cilia van Dijk was born in Uden in 1941 and raised there. She won an Oscar in 1985 for producing the short animated movie Anna and Bella. The dancing pair Erik van Lieshout (born 1970) and Angelique Bisschops (born 1972) became Dutch Champion in Latin and Ballroom Dancing seven times and Champion of the Benelux four times. One of the more famous inhabitants is ‘Sjoerd Snor’ or ‘Den Poalling’, a regular at the bar of one of the more popular cafés in the center of Uden.

International relations

Uden is twinned with

See also

Related Research Articles

Veghel Town and Former municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Veghel is a town and a former municipality in the southern Netherlands. On 1 January 2017 Veghel, together with Schijndel and Sint-Oedenrode, merged into a new municipality called Meierijstad creating the largest municipality of the province North-Brabant in terms of land area.

Helmond Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Helmond is a municipality and a city in the Metropoolregio Eindhoven of the province of North Brabant in the southern Netherlands.

Noord-Beveland Municipality in Zeeland, Netherlands

Noord-Beveland(Dutch pronunciation: [ˈnoːrd ˈbeːvəlɑnt]) is a municipality and region in the southwestern Netherlands and a former island, now part of the Walcheren-Zuid-Beveland-Noord-Beveland peninsula. Noord-Beveland is enclosed by the Oosterschelde estuary to the north, and the former straits, now combined lake, of Veerse Meer and Zandkreek to the south. As part of the Delta Works, dams have connected Noord-Beveland to Walcheren and Zuid-Beveland.

Nederweert Municipality in Limburg, Netherlands

Nederweert is a municipality and a town in southeastern Netherlands with a population of 17,001 as of 2019 and has an area of 101.78 km2 (39.30 sq mi) of which 1.55 km2 (0.60 sq mi) is water.

Bergeijk Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Bergeijk is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. It consists of an area of 101.73 km2 (39.28 sq mi) and had a population of 18,491 in 2019. It is one of 21 municipalities, including Eindhoven, that make up the Eindhoven Region Cooperative.

Boekel Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Boekel is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands.

Deurne, Netherlands Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Deurne[ˈdøːrnə](listen) is a rural municipality and eponymous village in the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands. Including the villages of Liessel, Vlierden, Neerkant, and Helenaveen, Deurne had a population of 32,362 in 2019 and cover an area of 118.36 km2 (45.70 sq mi).

Halderberge Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Halderberge is a municipality in the southern Netherlands.

Landerd Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Landerd is a municipality within the province of North Brabant in the southern Netherlands.

Reusel-De Mierden Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Reusel-De Mierden is a municipality in the southern Netherlands. It is located in the North Brabant province, and has an area of 78.64 km2 (30.36 sq mi). It had a population of 13,060 in 2019.

Schijndel Town and former municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Schijndel is a town and former municipality in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant. Schijndel is located approximately 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) southeast of 's-Hertogenbosch. Schijndel was founded on 6 December in the year 1309. On 1 January 2017 Schijndel, together with Veghel and Sint-Oedenrode, merged into a new municipality called Meierijstad creating the largest municipality of the province North-Brabant in terms of land area.

Someren Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Someren is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands.

Werkendam Former municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Werkendam is a town and a former municipality in the southern Netherlands. The municipality, part of Land van Heusden en Altena, contained a large part of De Biesbosch area as is located in the province of North Brabant. On January 1sth 2019 it joined Woudrichem and Aalburg in the new municipality of Altena.

Waddinxveen Municipality in South Holland, Netherlands

Waddinxveen is a town and municipality along the Gouwe river in the western Netherlands in the province of South Holland near Gouda. The municipality had a population of 28,316 in 2019 and covers an area of 29.40 km2 (11.35 sq mi) of which 1.50 km2 (0.58 sq mi) is water.

Montferland Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Montferland is a municipality in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It was created on 1 January 2005 from the amalgamation of the former municipalities of Bergh and Didam.

Brabantse Stedenrij Megalopolis in Netherlands

Brabantse Stedenrij is a polycentric city region in the province of North Brabant, Netherlands. Its population is about 2 million. The main cities are 's-Hertogenbosch, Breda, Eindhoven, Helmond and Tilburg. Other municipalities of the area are Bergen op Zoom, Oss and Roosendaal. The metropolitan region also includes other large towns such as Boxtel, Etten-Leur, Oosterhout, Uden, Veghel, Veldhoven and Waalwijk.

Uden-Veghel Metropolitan region in Netherlands

Uden-Veghel is a polycentric metropolitan area, centred on the towns of Uden and Veghel, in the east of the province of North Brabant in the southern Netherlands. It consists of the neighbouring municipalities of Uden and Veghel with the surrounding municipalities of Schijndel, Sint-Oedenrode, Bernheze, Landerd and Boekel.

Meierijstad Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Meierijstad is a municipality in the province of North Brabant. The municipality is the result of a merger between the municipalities Schijndel, Sint-Oedenrode and Veghel in 2017. After the merger it became the largest municipality in terms of land area of North Brabant. The town of Veghel hosts the town hall, while the municipal council holds its meetings at the former town hall of Sint-Oedenrode.

Molenlanden Municipality in South Holland, Netherlands

Molenlanden is a municipality in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands. The municipality was created on 1 January 2019 by merging the municipalities of Giessenlanden en Molenwaard. It is located east of Rotterdam along the Lek. The World Heritage site of Kinderdijk is in the gemeente. The biggest town is Groot-Ammers.

Altena, North Brabant Municipality in North Brabant, Netherlands

Altena is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.

References

  1. "Portefeuille" (in Dutch). Gemeente Uden. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5401EJ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2010" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2010]. CBS Statline; Urban area (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  6. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2014" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2014]. CBS Statline; Metro region (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  7. Humphrys, Julian (June 2010). BBC History magazine. Bristol Magazines Ltd. ISSN   1469-8552.
  8. IMDb Database retrieved 17 March 2020
  9. IMDb Database retrieved 17 March 2020