Ufa

Last updated
Ufa

Уфа
Other transcription(s)
  BashkirӨфө
OFO-6.jpg
Views of Ufa
Flag of Ufa.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Ufa.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: none [2]
Location of Ufa
Ufa
Outline Map of Bashkortostan 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Ufa
Location of Ufa
European Russia laea location map (Crimea disputed).svg
Red pog.svg
Ufa
Ufa (European Russia)
Europe blank laea location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ufa
Ufa (Europe)
Coordinates: 54°43′34″N55°56′51″E / 54.72611°N 55.94750°E / 54.72611; 55.94750 Coordinates: 54°43′34″N55°56′51″E / 54.72611°N 55.94750°E / 54.72611; 55.94750
Country Russia
Federal subject Bashkortostan [1]
Founded1574 [3]
City status since1586 [4]
Government
  BodyCity Council [5]
  Head [5] Sergey Grekov
Area
[6]
  Total707.93 km2 (273.33 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
  Total1,062,319
  Estimate 
(2018) [8]
1,120,547 (+5.5%)
  Rank 11th in 2010
  Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
  Subordinated to city of republic significance of Ufa [1]
  Capital ofRepublic of Bashkortostan [9]
   Capital ofcity of republic significance of Ufa [1] , Ufimsky District [10]
  Urban okrugUfa Urban Okrug [11]
   Capital ofUfa Urban Okrug [11] , Ufimsky Municipal District [11]
Time zone UTC+5 (MSK+2   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [12] )
Postal code(s) [13]
450000–450010, 450013–450015, 450017–450019, 450022, 450024, 450026–450030, 450032–450035, 450037–450040, 450043–450045, 450047, 450049–450059, 450061–450065, 450068, 450069, 450071, 450073–450081, 450083, 450091–450093, 450095–450101, 450103–450106, 450880, 450890, 450911–450948, 450951–450966, 450971–450979, 450981–450986, 450989–450999, 901139, 901229, 992200
Dialing code(s) +7 347
OKTMO ID80701000001
Website ufacity.info

Ufa (Russian:Уфа́, tr. Ufá,IPA:  [ʊˈfa] ; Bashkir : Өфө Loudspeaker.svg [ʏ̞ˈfʏ̞]  , romanized: Öfö) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Bashkortostan in Russia. The city lies at the confluence of the Belaya and Ufa rivers, in the centre-north of Bashkortostan, on hills forming the Ufa Plateau to the west of the southern Ural Mountains, with a population of over 1 million residents, [14] up to 1.4 million residents in the urban agglomeration. Ufa is the eleventh-most populous city in Russia, and the fourth-most populous city in the Volga Federal District.

Contents

The city is considered to have been founded in 1574, when a fortress was built on the site of the city by order of Ivan the Terrible. Ufa was made capital of Ufa Governorate in 1865, when the governorate split from Orenburg Governorate. Ufa's population expanded during the early 20th century.

Today, Ufa's economy consists primarily of the oil refining, chemistry, and mechanical engineering industries; the petroleum company Bashneft and several of its subsidiaries are headquartered in Ufa. Ufa is an ethnically diverse city, home to a substantial number of ethnic Bashkirs and Tatars, with an ethnic Russian majority population. A number of educational institutions are located in Ufa, including Bashkir State University, Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, and Ural State Law University. The city hosted separate summits of the BRICS group as well as the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation in 2015.

Etymology

The name Ufa comes from the Ufa River on which the city lies, but the origin of the river's name is disputed. The Russian linguist Aleksandr Matveyev proposes that the name is of Iranian origin, from "ap", meaning water. [15]

In a paper published in 2014, researchers Karimov and Khabibov from Bashkir State Pedagogical University present and argue for a hypothesis according to which before the construction of the foundational Russian fortress in 1574 which has since grown to become the current city of Ufa, there had already been an ancient settlement called Ufa on a hilltop near the mouth of the Ufa river. According to them, this settlement was founded by Turkic-speaking tribes to perform rituals and sacrifices to the sky god Tengri and they called this place Upe or Ufe because, they argue, in ancient Turkic languages a place of ritual sacrifice used to be called an "opo" or an "ope". They further hypothesize that the inhabitants of the settlement themselves also came to be called the Upe or Ufe tribe and subsequently the river along which they flourished and expanded their settlement towards its source also came to be called Ufa. Karimov and Khabibov claim that the Russian fortress builders were probably aware of this ancient name and consequently named their new settlement Ufa. [16]

History

Gerardus Mercator's map of Europe with Pascherti (Bashkort) settlement presumably in the position of modern Ufa. The map was compiled in 1554, twenty years before the official date of the foundation of Ufa. Atlas Cosmographicae (Mercator) 035.jpg
Gerardus Mercator's map of Europe with Pascherti (Bashkort) settlement presumably in the position of modern Ufa. The map was compiled in 1554, twenty years before the official date of the foundation of Ufa.

Early history of the surrounding area of Ufa dates back to Paleolithic times. [18] Presumably, from the 5th to the 16th century there was a medieval city on the site of Ufa. [19] On the Pizzigano brothers' map (1367) [20] and on the Catalan Atlas (1375) [21] a town approximately on the Belaya River was designated Pascherti (Bashkort), [22] and Gerardus Mercator's map (1554) also marked the settlement with the Pascherti name. French orientalist Henri Cordier associates the position of Pascherti with the current location of Ufa. [17]

Ibn Khaldun called the town, among the largest cities of the Golden Horde, Bashkort. [23]

Russian historian of the 18th century Peter Rychkov wrote that there was a great city on the territory of Ufa before the arrival of the Russians. [24]

The official of the Orenburg Governorate government Vasily Rebelensky wrote that Ufa was founded by the Bashkirs. [25]

Early color photograph of Ufa taken in 1910 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky Ufa prokudin.jpg
Early color photograph of Ufa taken in 1910 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky

By order of Ivan the Terrible a fortress was built on the site of modern Ufa in 1574, [26] and originally bore the name of the hill it stood on, Tura-Tau. [27] 1574 is now considered to be the official date of Ufa's foundation. [3] Town status was granted to it in 1586. [4]

Before becoming the seat of a separate Ufa Governorate in 1781, the city, along with the rest of the Bashkir lands, was under the jurisdiction of the Orenburg governors. And even though the 172131233212396 reform reunited Orenburg and Ufa again, in 1802 the city of Ufa became a new center of the entire Orenburg Governorate that included large territories of modern-day Republic of Bashkortostan, Orenburg Oblast, and Chelyabinsk Oblast. During the 1800-1810s, Scottish Russian architect William Heste developed a general city plan for Ufa as a regional capital shaping the modern outline of its historical center. [ citation needed ]

The Belaya River Waterway (1870) and the Samara-Zlatoust Railroad (1890) connected the city to the European part of the Russian Empire and stimulated development of the city's light industry. As a result, by 1913 the population of Ufa grew to 100,000. [ citation needed ] During World War II, following eastward Soviet retreat in 1941, the Abwehr operated in Ufa, 1941–1943, [28] some German infiltration, occurred 1914–1943 in espionage, a number of industrial enterprises of the western parts of the Soviet Union were evacuated to Ufa. The city also became the wartime seat of the Soviet Ukrainian government. [ citation needed ]

During 9—10 July 2015 Ufa hosted summits of the BRICS group and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. [29]

Administrative and municipal status

Ufa is the capital of the republic [9] and, within the framework of the administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Ufimsky District, [10] even though it is not a part of it. [1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Ufa, an administrative unit with status equal to that of the districts. [1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Ufa is incorporated as Ufa Urban Okrug. [11]

Administrative districts

Ufa administrative districts:
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
01 Dyomsky
02 Kalininsky
03 Kirovsky
04 Leninsky
05 Oktyabrsky
06 Ordzhonikidzevsky
07 Sovetsky Ufa map division.svg
Ufa administrative districts:
  01 Dyomsky
  02 Kalininsky
  03 Kirovsky
  04 Leninsky
  05 Oktyabrsky
  06 Ordzhonikidzevsky
  07 Sovetsky

Ufa is divided into seven administrative districts.

No.DistrictPopulation as of January 1, 2020 [30]
1Dyomsky80,714
2Kalininsky207,750
3Kirovsky162,958
4Leninsky89,062
5Oktyabrsky246,476
6Ordzhonikidzevsky164,682
7Sovetsky177,145

Economy

National Bank of Bashkortostan National Bank in Ufa.jpg
National Bank of Bashkortostan

According to Forbes, in 2013, Ufa was the best city in Russia for business among cities with population over one million. [31]

Many urban enterprises engaged in oil refining, chemistry, and mechanical engineering reside in Ufa. Additionally, the economy of Ufa is composed of many fuel, energy, and engineering complexes.

Ufa is home to about 200 large and medium industrial enterprises. [32]

Some important enterprises in Ufa include:

Transportation

Ufa Station is linked to the rest of Russia, being on a historic branch of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Ufa is the only city connected to Moscow by more than one federal highway. The M7 motorway links the city to Kazan and Moscow and the M5 motorway links Ufa to Moscow and to the Asian part of Russia.

The Ufa International Airport has international flights to Turkey, Tajikistan, Egypt, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Cyprus as well as domestic flights to many Russian cities and towns, including Moscow.

The Ufa Metro is a planned and oft-delayed subway system, discussed since the late 1980s. On May 30, 1996, there was a ceremony marking the beginning of preparatory construction work, attended by then-President Boris Yeltsin. [36]

Public transportation in Ufa includes trams (since 1937) and trolleybuses (since 1962), as well as bus and marshrutka (routed cabs) lines.[ citation needed ]

Demographics

Ufa population
2010 Census 1,062,319 [7]
2002 Census 1,042,437 [37]
1989 Census 1,082,052 [38]
1979 Census 969,289 [39]

The population of Ufa exceeded one million in 1980.[ citation needed ] It currently ranks 11th among Russian cities by population, and the 29th among cities in Europe by city proper. As of January 1, 2009, the city accounted for 25.4% of all residents of the republic or 42.2% of the urban population.

As of the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of Ufa was: [40]

EthnicityNumberPercentage
Russians 494,72348.9%
Tatars 286,40928.3%
Bashkirs 172,79417.1%
Ukrainian 12,4851.2%
others4.5%

Geography

Ufa is situated in Eastern Europe near its land boundary with Northern Asia, at the confluence of the Belaya (Agidel) and Ufa Rivers, on low hills forming the Ufa Plateau to the west of the southern Urals. The area of the city is 707.93 km2 (273.33 sq mi). [6] It stretches from north to south for 53.5 km (33.2 mi) and from west to east for 29.8 km (18.5 mi). [6]

Climate

Ufa has a warm summer continental climate (Köppen: Dfb). Ufa's climate is characterized by harsh winters, but in some cases summers can be quite long and hot.

The growing season in Ufa lasts for about 139 days or about 4.5 months usually from early May to late September. The growing season rarely begins before mid-April or begins after early June and rarely ending before mid-September or after mid-October.


s=22782&cityname=Ufa,+Bashkortostan,+Russia&units=|title=Ufa, Russia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)|website=Weatherbase|access-date=2018-11-13}}</ref>

Climate data for Ufa, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1921–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)5.8
(42.4)
9.2
(48.6)
16.2
(61.2)
31.1
(88.0)
36.2
(97.2)
38.3
(100.9)
38.6
(101.5)
38.5
(101.3)
33.4
(92.1)
26.8
(80.2)
15.4
(59.7)
5.0
(41.0)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F)−8.2
(17.2)
−6.8
(19.8)
0.2
(32.4)
10.9
(51.6)
19.9
(67.8)
24.6
(76.3)
25.9
(78.6)
23.5
(74.3)
17.2
(63.0)
8.7
(47.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
9.0
(48.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−12.3
(9.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−5.1
(22.8)
5.2
(41.4)
13.2
(55.8)
18.1
(64.6)
19.7
(67.5)
17.2
(63.0)
11.3
(52.3)
4.6
(40.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
−10.7
(12.7)
3.8
(38.8)
Average low °C (°F)−17.0
(1.4)
−17.0
(1.4)
−10.4
(13.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.8
(44.2)
11.9
(53.4)
13.7
(56.7)
11.6
(52.9)
6.5
(43.7)
1.1
(34.0)
−7.5
(18.5)
−14.9
(5.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
Record low °C (°F)−48.5
(−55.3)
−43.5
(−46.3)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.4
(34.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
−6.8
(19.8)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−45.0
(−49.0)
−48.5
(−55.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)48
(1.9)
39
(1.5)
32
(1.3)
33
(1.3)
47
(1.9)
67
(2.6)
55
(2.2)
58
(2.3)
51
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
52
(2.0)
51
(2.0)
590
(23.2)
Average rainy days33612161615161818114138
Average snowy days25211661000182024122
Average relative humidity (%)83807769616871747679838375
Mean monthly sunshine hours 59961552162802882892521668250401,973
Source 1: Погода и Климат [41]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990) [42]

Governance

House of Republic or Bashkir White House BashkirWhiteHouse.jpg
House of Republic or Bashkir White House
Local government

The bodies of local self-government of Ufa are:

Sports

Akbuzat racecourse. Named after the winged horse in the mythology of Bashkirs, analogue of Pegasus Ippodrom Akbuzat.jpg
Akbuzat racecourse. Named after the winged horse in the mythology of Bashkirs, analogue of Pegasus

[ citation needed ]

ClubSportFoundedCurrent LeagueLeague
Rank
Stadium
Salavat Yulaev Ufa Ice Hockey 1961 Kontinental Hockey League 1st Ufa Arena
Tolpar Ufa Ice Hockey 2009 Minor Hockey League Jr. 1st Ice Palace Salavat Yulaev
HC Agidel Ufa Ice Hockey 2010 Russian Women's Hockey League 1st Ice Palace Salavat Yulaev
FC Ufa Football 2009 Russian Premier League 1st Neftyanik Stadium
Ural Ufa Volleyball 1992 Volleyball Super League 1stDynamo Sports Palace
Samrau-UGNTU Volleyball 1970Women's Volleyball Super League2ndDynamo Sports Palace
Ugntu-VNZM Handball 1960 Russian Handball Super League 1stSports Complex UGNTU
Ufa-Alisa Handball 1989 Russian Women's Handball Super League 1stFOK Sports School 32
Ufimets Basketball 20123rdBGAU

Education and science

Bashkir State University, the main campus Bashkir State University at night.jpg
Bashkir State University, the main campus

Educational institutions include:

Graduate universities and law schools:

Scientific institutions include:

In Ufa there is the Ufa branch of the Financial University and the Ufa branch of the Russian State Economic University. Plekhanov, where there are practically no check digits for admissions to the budget. They are housed in good-quality buildings, but they don't benefit from them to society, more and more often rumors are circulating about them that they are designed for siphoning money - since there are practically no budget places for economic specialties in Ufa. In the economic specialties of the magistracy, the plan for admission to Ufa universities is no more than 30 budget places.

Ecological problems

Periodically, a suffocating, unpleasant chemical smell is felt on the territory of the Ufa. [46] [47] [48] The media reports about the smell come out with an enviable regularity. All these reports are not groundless, and the culprits are getting out of responsibility due to the fact that there is no Continuous Emission Control System (CEMS) in the city.

Absence of cleaning streets, there are no street vacuum cleaners, road vacuum sweepers, industrial (street) vacuum cleaners on the streets. Unfortunately, there is a complete lack of cleaning in the city.

According to the letter of the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet) No. 20-18 / 218 of 11.07.18: "In the framework of solving problems at the federal level in the implementation of the state monitoring of atmospheric air, the territorial office of Roshydromet - FGBU Bashkir UGMS monitors pollution of atmospheric air in Ufa at 9 stationary posts of the state observation network located in different parts of the city to estimate the level of air pollution generated by the total release and stationary and mobile sources of pollutants. Suspended substances (dust) are measured at all 9 posts of the state observation network. The results of observations of the pollutants content are presented on the official website of the Bashkir State Hydrometeorological Service in the section "Monitoring of environmental pollution" [49] daily and monthly. In 2017, the maximum single concentration of suspended solids reached 4.6 MPC m. in March 2017, at the address: Oktyabrya Ave., 141, located near the motorway with heavy traffic, and in April 2017 at the post: Dostoyevsky St., 102/1, located in the area of the industrial enterprise. During 2017 almost all posts of the state observation network recorded exceedances of a single concentration of suspended substances. At the same time, in order to implement regional state environmental oversight aimed at preventing, detecting and suppressing violations by public authorities, local authorities, and legal entities, individual entrepreneurs and citizens of requirements in the field of atmospheric air protection, under the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment of the Republic Bashkortostan operates the State Bank of the Republic of Belarus "Office of State Analytical Control", to whose tasks, including GSI "organization of periodic environmental monitoring mobile laboratories in the areas where the population lives in the republic and in the zones of protective measures in the system of the general program of integrated environmental and sanitary-hygienic monitoring. " Going to the site [50] found that all 9 posts of the state observational network of Roshydromet are located at a considerable distance from the area of Inors and Sipaylovo, from residential areas. Control of MPC and air quality in residential areas is not carried out.

Religion

The major religions in the city are Sunni Islam and Russian Orthodoxy. The Bezpopovtsy strain of Russian Old Believers is also registered in Ufa. [51]

Ufa is a place of location of The Central Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Russia  [ ru ]. In 1989, the Russian Islamic University was opened. One of the largest mosques in Europe, Ar-Rahim  [ ru ], is under construction in Ufa.

Notable people

International relations

Ufa is twinned with: [52]

Related Research Articles

Oktyabrsky, Republic of Bashkortostan City in Bashkortostan, Russia

Oktyabrsky is a city in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the Ik River. Population: 109,474 (2010 Census); 108,647 (2002 Census); 104,732 (1989 Census). Oktyabrsky was ranked first among Category II cities in the 2015 edition of Most Comfortable City in Russia.

Birsk Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Birsk is a town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River, 102 kilometers (63 mi) from Ufa, the capital of the republic. Population: 41,635 (2010 Census); 39,992 (2002 Census); 34,881 (1989 Census).

Kumertau Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Kumertau is a town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located 250 kilometers (160 mi) from Ufa and 102 kilometers (63 mi) from Sterlitamak. Population: 62,851 (2010 Census); 65,003 (2002 Census); 64,260 (1989 Census).

Belebey Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Belebey is a town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the bank of the Usen River, 180 kilometers (110 mi) from Ufa. Population: 60,188 (2010 Census); 60,928 (2002 Census); 53,443 (1989 Census).

Sibay Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Sibay is a town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the border between Europe and Asia, on the east slope of the Southern Urals, in the spurs of Irendyk, 464 kilometers (288 mi) from Ufa, the capital of the republic. Population: 62,763 (2010 Census); 59,082 (2002 Census); 47,257 (1989 Census).

Baymak Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Baymak is a town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located in the upper streams of the Tanalyk River 489 kilometers (304 mi) south of Ufa. Population: 17,710 (2010 Census); 17,223 (2002 Census); 15,976 (1989 Census).

Blagoveshchensk, Republic of Bashkortostan Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Blagoveshchensk is a town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located 42 kilometers (26 mi) north of Ufa on the right bank of the Belaya River. Population: 34,239 (2010 Census); 32,989 (2002 Census); 27,705 (1989 Census).

Yanaul Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Yanaul is a town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the Yanaulka River, 230 kilometers (140 mi) north of Ufa. Population: 26,924 (2010 Census); 27,909 (2002 Census); 25,727 (1989 Census).

Ufimsky District District in Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Ufimsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic and borders with Kushnarenkovsky District in the northwest and north, Blagoveshchensky District in the north, Iglinsky District in the east, Karmaskalinsky District in the south, Chishminsky District in the southwest and west, and is split into two uneven parts by the territory of the city of republic significance of Ufa. The area of the district is 1,598.77 square kilometers (617.29 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Ufa. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 67,067.

Mezhgorye, Republic of Bashkortostan Town in Bashkortostan, Russia

Mezhgorye is a closed town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located in the southern Ural Mountains near Mount Yamantau, about 200 kilometers (120 mi) southeast of Ufa, the capital of the republic, on the banks of the Maly Inser River. Population: 17,352 (2010 Census); 19,082 (2002 Census).

Krasnokamsky District District in Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Krasnokamsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the republic and borders with the territory of the city of republic significance of Neftekamsk in the north, Yanaulsky District in the northeast, Kaltasinsky District in the east, Ilishevsky District in the south, the Republic of Tatarstan in the south and southwest, and with the Udmurt Republic in the west and northwest. The area of the district is 1,594.92 square kilometers (615.80 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Nikolo-Beryozovka. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 27,986, with the population of Nikolo-Beryozovka accounting for 21.8% of that number.

Kugarchinsky District District in Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Kugarchinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders Meleuzovsky District in the north, Burzyansky District in the northeast, Zilairsky District in the east, Zianchurinsky District in the south, Orenburg Oblast in the southwest, and Kuyurgazinsky District in the west. The area of the district is 3,371 square kilometers (1,302 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Mrakovo. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 31,444, with the population of Mrakovo accounting for 27.6% of that number.

Mechetlinsky District District in Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Mechetlinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic and borders with Sverdlovsk Oblast in the north, Belokataysky District in the east, Kiginsky District in the southeast, and with Duvansky District in the south and west. The area of the district is 1,556.67 square kilometers (601.03 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Bolsheustyikinskoye. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 25,032, with the population of Bolsheustyikinskoye accounting for 31.3% of that number.

Salavatsky District District in Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Salavatsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic and borders Duvansky District in the north, Kiginsky District in the northeast, Chelyabinsk Oblast in the east, south, and west, and Nurimanovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,182 square kilometers (842 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Maloyaz. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 26,566, with the population of Maloyaz accounting for 18.5% of that number.

Tatyshlinsky District District in Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Tatyshlinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic and borders with Perm Krai in the north, Askinsky District in the east, Baltachevsky District in the southeast and south, Burayevsky District in the south, and with Yanaulsky District in the southwest and west. The area of the district is 1,376.16 square kilometers (531.34 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Verkhniye Tatyshly. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 25,159, with the population of Verkhniye Tatyshly accounting for 26.4% of that number.

Zianchurinsky District District in Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Zianchurinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. It is located in the south of the republic and borders with Kugarchinsky District in the north, Zilairsky District in the northeast and east, Khaybullinsky District in the east, and with Orenburg Oblast in the south and west. The area of the district is 3,342.35 square kilometers (1,290.49 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Isyangulovo. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 27,626, with the population of Isyangulovo accounting for 26.9% of that number.

Chekmagush Selo in Bashkortostan, Russia

Chekmagush is a rural locality and the administrative center of Chekmagushevsky District in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 11,382.

Karaidel Selo in Bashkortostan, Russia

Karaidel is a rural locality and the administrative center of Karaidelsky District in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the Ufa River. Population: 5,980 (2010 Census); 5,174 (2002 Census); 4,284 (1989 Census).

Verkhniye Kigi Selo in Bashkortostan, Russia

Verkhniye Kigi is a rural locality and the administrative center of Kiginsky District in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. Population: 6,637 (2010 Census); 6,872 (2002 Census); 6,259 (1989 Census).

Starobaltachevo, Baltachevsky District, Republic of Bashkortostan Rural locality and the administrative center of Baltachevsky District of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

Starobaltachevo is a rural locality and the administrative center of Baltachevsky District of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. Population: 5,598 (2010 Census); 5,601 (2002 Census); 4,171 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Resolution #391
  2. The official website of Ufa does not list an anthem among the official symbols of the city.
  3. 1 2 Official website of Ufa. Brief Information About Ufa (in Russian)
  4. 1 2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 498. ISBN   5-7107-7399-9.
  5. 1 2 Charter of Ufa, Article 18
  6. 1 2 3 Official website of Ufa. Land Utilization (in Russian)
  7. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  8. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  9. 1 2 Law #166-z
  10. 1 2 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 80 252», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 80 252 , as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  11. 1 2 3 4 Law #162-z
  12. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  13. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  14. "RUSSIA: Privolžskij Federal'nyj Okrug: Volga Federal District". City Population.de. August 4, 2020. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  15. Matveyev, Aleksandr (2008). "Географические названия Урала: Топонимический словарь. — Екатеринбург". Socrates: 294–296.
  16. S. G. Karimov; L. G. Khabibov (2014), "To the question of origin of the city name Ufa" (PDF), Bulletin of Bashkir University (in Russian), 19 (2): 577-581
  17. 1 2 «Mercator and Hondius (loth Ed., 1630) and N. Sanson (1650) show Jorman on the south of the Kama R., Pascherti in the position of Ufa, the present head-quarter of the Bashkirs, Sagatin ( = Fachatim of the text) at the head of the Ufa River, Marmorea on the Bielaya south of Ufa». — Cathay and the Way Thither: Being a Collection of Medieval Notices of China, Chʻeng-wen Publishing Company, 1967. Henri Cordier
  18. Главархитектура г. Уфы — История г. Уфы
  19. Псянчин А. В. Башкортостан на старых картах. Уфа, 2001. С 70, 71, Он же. Mons Et Urbis: Уральские горы и город Уфа в европейской средневековой картографической традиции//Архив Башкортостана, № 1. 2007. С. 17-23.
  20. Рудаков В. Г. К вопросу о двух столицах в Золотой Орде и местоположении города Гюлистана // Научное наследие А. П. Смирнова и современные проблемы археологии Волго-Камья. Материалы научной конференции. Труды ГИМ. Вып. 122. — М., 2000. — Рис. 1.
  21. Там же; Псянчин А. В. Башкортостан на старых картах. — Уфа, 2001. — С. 71.
  22. Мажитов Н.А,, Султанова А. Н. Сунгатов Ф. А. Башкирские города по арабским источникам IX—X вв. // Вестник АН РБ. 2008. Т. 13, № 2. С. 44-—48; Мажитов Н. А., Сунгатов Ф. А., Иванов В. А., Сатаров Т. Р., Султанова А. Н., Иванова Е. В. Городище Уфа II. Материалы раскопок 2006 года. Т. 1. Уфа, 2007. 160 с: ил.
  23. Золотая Орда в источниках. T.I. Арабские и персидские сочинения. М., 2003. С 169.
  24. Рычков П. И. История Оренбургская (1730—1750 гг.). Оренбург, 1896. С. 68,69.
  25. «Краткое описание губернского города Уфы с начала его построения до сего 1806 года». // Что ж касается башкирцев, то видно из многих описаний, как сего народа, так и о жительстве их, кои от различных возмущений, как и междоусобных воин, так и соседних своих народов, строили маленькие укрепления и городки и наконец, соединясь во множестве, распространили свои жилища и укрепления, а для сей причины и город Уфа построен.
  26. History of Ufa
  27. "Beyond Moscow -Ufa. Khristina Narizhnaya". The Moscow Times . October 16, 2011.
  28. As counterintelligence Ufa outwitted Abwehr (in Russian)
  29. Ufa – 2015 SCO BRICS. Official site
  30. "Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2020 года" (in Russian). Rosstat . Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  31. 30 лучших городов для бизнеса — 2013 // Forbes.ru
  32. Ufa – capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan Archived May 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  33. "УМПО начало поставку двигателей 117С для истребителя Су-35С - Поволжье || Интерфакс Россия".
  34. "In Ufa opened a new Center for the production of parts of helicopter engines".
  35. http://www.oaobtz.ru/
  36. Yeltsin lays cornerstone of first subway station Archived August 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , accessed June 6, 2013
  37. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  38. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  39. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  40. "Итоги Всероссийской переписи населения по Республике Башкортостан". Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Республике Башкортостан. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  41. "Climate Ufa". Pogoda.ru.net. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  42. "UFA 1961–1990". NOAA. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  43. "Charter of the Urban Okrug of Ufa of the Republic of Bashkortostan". Archived from the original on December 1, 2010. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
  44. http://www.anrb.ru/
  45. http://www.ufaras.ru/
  46. 24.06.18г. Жители Уфы пожаловались на зловонный химзапах, взяты пробы. Источник
  47. 24.11.17г. Минэкологии Башкирии: Причина химического запаха в Уфе – пыль. Уфимцы из разных районов города жаловались на клубы пыли и запах серы.
  48. 09.06.16 г. Неприятный химический запах в городе, в чем причина? Источник материала
  49. http://www.meteorb.ru/monitorinu/air-pollution-ufa
  50. "Мониторинг загрязнения атмосферного воздуха г.Уфа | Башкирское управление по гидрометеорологии и мониторингу окружающей среды".
  51. "БАШКОРТОСТАН". Православная Энциклопедия. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  52. "Какие у Уфы есть города-побратимы и чем выгодна эта дружба?". aif.ru (in Russian). Ufa. June 11, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2020.

Sources