Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baron Shuttleworth

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The Lord Shuttleworth

PC DL
Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth.jpg
Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
7 February 1886 12 April 1886
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by The Lord Harris
Succeeded by Stafford Howard
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
16 April 1886 20 July 1886
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Edward Heneage
Succeeded by The Viscount Cranbrook
Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty
In office
19 August 1892 21 June 1895
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by Arthur Forwood
Succeeded by William Ellison-Macartney
Personal details
Born(1844-12-18)18 December 1844
Died20 December 1939(1939-12-20) (aged 95)
NationalityBritish
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)Blanche Parish (d. 1924)
Caricature by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, August 1904 Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth Vanity Fair 18 August 1904.jpg
Caricature by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, August 1904

Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baron Shuttleworth, PC, DL (18 December 1844 – 20 December 1939), known as Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, Bt, between 1872 and 1902, was a British landowner and Liberal politician. He was Under-Secretary of State for India and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster under William Ewart Gladstone in 1886 and Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty under Gladstone and Lord Rosebery between 1892 and 1895.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

This is a list of Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State and Permanent Under-Secretaries of State at the India Office during the period of British rule between 1858 and 1937 for India(and Burma by extension), and for India and Burma from 1937 to 1948.

Contents

Background

Shuttleworth was the son of the physician, civil servant and social reformer James Kay-Shuttleworth. His father, born James Kay, had assumed the additional surname of Shuttleworth on his marriage to Janet Shuttleworth, the only child and heiress of Robert Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe Hall in Padiham, Lancashire. His father's brothers included the economist Joseph Kay and the Lord Justice of Appeal Sir Edward Kay.

James Kay-Shuttleworth British noble

Sir James Phillips Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baronet of Gawthorpe Hall, Lancashire, was a British politician and educationist.

Gawthorpe Hall Grade I listed historic house museum in Lancashire, United Kingdom

Gawthorpe Hall is an Elizabethan country house on the banks of the River Calder, in the civil parish of Ightenhill in the Borough of Burnley, Lancashire, England. Its estate extends into Padiham, with the Stockbridge Drive entrance situated there. Since 1953 it has been designated a grade I listed building. The hall is financed and run by the National Trust in partnership with Lancashire County Council. In 2015 the Hall was given £500,000 funding from Lancashire County Council for vital restoration work needed on the south and west sides of the house.

Padiham town in Lancashire, England

Padiham is a small town and civil parish on the River Calder, about three miles (5 km) west of Burnley and south of Pendle Hill, in Lancashire, England. It is part of the Borough of Burnley, but has its own town council with varied powers. Padiham was originally a rural village lying by the River Calder. It is still surrounded by attractive countryside on an arc running from the north-west to the north-east in the foothills of Pendle Hill.

The Shuttleworth family had been landowners in Lancashire from medieval times. Tradition states they made their fortune from wool weaving. They supported the parliamentary side in the English Civil War. Sir James and Lady Shuttleworth parted company after five children and Shuttleworth was raised largely apart from his father. For some years in his youth he lived in Germany with his mother. On her death, in 1872, he inherited large estates, including Gawthorpe Hall. His father then relocated to another of the estates, in Westmorland.[ citation needed ]

English Civil War series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

Westmorland historic county in England

Westmorland is a historic county in north west England. It formed an administrative county between 1889 and 1974, after which the whole county was administered by the new administrative county of Cumbria. In 2013, the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Eric Pickles, formally recognised and acknowledged the continued existence of England's 39 historic counties, including Westmorland.

Political career

Shuttleworth was returned to parliament for Hastings in 1869, a seat he held until 1880. [1] He remained out of parliament until 1885, when he was elected for the Clitheroe division of Lancashire, a constituency he continued to represent until his elevation to the peerage in 1902. [2] When the Liberals came to power under William Ewart Gladstone in February 1886, Shuttleworth was made Under-Secretary of State for India.[ citation needed ] Already in April he became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, replacing Edward Heneage, who had resigned over Irish Home Rule. [3] He was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time. [4] He remained Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until the Liberals fell from power in July 1886. [3]

Hastings was a parliamentary constituency in Sussex. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one member. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Hastings and Rye constituency.

Clitheroe (UK Parliament constituency) former parliamentary constituency in Lancashire

Clitheroe was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire.

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

Shuttleworth returned to office under Gladstone in 1892 when he was made Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, a post he held until 1895, the last year under the premiership of Lord Rosebery.[ citation needed ] In the 1902 Coronation Honours, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe, in the County Palatine of Lancaster. [5] From 1908 to 1928 he was Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, [3] in which capacity in 1910 he entertained King George V and Queen Mary at Gawthorpe Hall.[ citation needed ]

Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty

The Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty also known as the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty was a position on the Board of Admiralty and civil officer of the British Royal Navy. It was usually filled by a Member of Parliament although he attended Board of Admiralty meetings informally he was not made a full member of that Board until 1929, he served as the deputy to the First Lord of the Admiralty in Parliament, he was mainly responsible for all Naval Accounts, Estimates, Expenditure, Finance and Spending proposals from 1625 until 1959.

Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery British politician

Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian, was a British Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from March 1894 to June 1895. Between the death of his father, in 1851, and the death of his grandfather, the 4th Earl of Rosebery, in 1868 he was known by the courtesy title of Lord Dalmeny.

The 1902 Coronation Honours were announced on 26 June 1902, the date originally set for the coronation of King Edward VII. The coronation was postponed because the King had been taken ill two days before, but he ordered that the honours list should be published on that day anyway.

Family

Lord Shuttleworth married Blanche Marion, daughter of Sir Woodbine Parish, in 1871. They had two sons and four daughters. Both his sons, Captain the Hon. Lawrence Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth (1887–1917) and T/Captain the Hon. Edward James Kay-Shuttleworth (1890–1917) were killed in the First World War. Lady Shuttleworth died in June 1924. Lord Shuttleworth survived her by fifteen years and died in December 1939, aged 95.

Woodbine Parish British scientist and diplomat

Sir Woodbine Parish KCH was a British diplomat, traveller and scientist.

He was succeeded in his titles by his grandson, Richard, the eldest son of the Hon. Lawrence Kay-Shuttleworth. Richard was killed during the Battle of Britain only eight months later, [6] when his Hawker Hurricane went missing during a battle over a Channel convoy, south of the Isle of Wight. [7]

Richard's younger brother, Ronald, the third Baron, was killed in North Africa in 1942. The barony passed to Ronald's first cousin, Charles, the fourth Baron Shuttleworth. [6] He was badly injured in the Second World War, losing one leg and the use of the other. He moved to another home, Leck Hall at Leck, Lancashire, on his estates, which was more convenient to his disability, leaving Gawthorpe Hall to his aunt, Rachel, who lived on at Gawthorpe Hall until her death in 1967. The estate became a National Trust property in 1970. [8]

Styles of address

  1. Although The Lord Shuttleworth was a baronet, by custom the post-nominal of "Bt" is omitted, as Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.

Works

Related Research Articles

Baron Shuttleworth

Baron Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe in the County Palatine of Lancaster, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 15 July 1902 for the Liberal politician Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, 2nd Baronet. Both his sons were killed in the First World War and he was therefore succeeded by his grandson, the second Baron. However, both he and his brother, the third Baron, were killed in action during the Second World War. On the death of the third Baron in 1942 the titles passed to his first cousin, the fourth Baron, who survived the Second World War although he was badly wounded. As of 2017 the titles are held by the latter's son, the fifth Baron, who succeeded in 1975. He has been Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire since 1997.

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The 1902 Clitheroe by-election was held on 1 August 1902 after the incumbent Liberal MP Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth was elevated to the British House of Lords. Labour Representation Committee candidate David Shackleton won unopposed.

References

  1. leighrayment.com House of Commons: Haslemere to Herefordshire
  2. leighrayment.com House of Commons: Chichester to Clitheroe
  3. 1 2 3 leighrayment.com Peerage: Severn to Sligo
  4. "No. 25579". The London Gazette . 20 April 1886. p. 1894.
  5. "No. 27455". The London Gazette . 18 July 1902. p. 4587.
  6. 1 2 thepeerage.com Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baron Shuttleworth
  7. Record for Hurricane P3163 on lostaircraft.com, citing: Franks, Norman L R. (2008). RAF Fighter Command Losses of WW2: Vol. 1 – 1939–1941. Midland Publishing. ISBN   1857800753.
  8. "Gawthorpe Hall" at aboutbritain.com
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Frederick North
Thomas Brassey
Member of Parliament for Hastings
1869–1880
With: Thomas Brassey
Succeeded by
Charles James Murray
Thomas Brassey
Preceded by
Richard Fort
Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
1885–1902
Succeeded by
David Shackleton
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Harris
Under-Secretary of State for India
1886
Succeeded by
Stafford Howard
Preceded by
Edward Heneage
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1886
Succeeded by
The Viscount Cranbrook
Preceded by
Arthur Forwood
Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty
1892–1895
Succeeded by
William Ellison-Macartney
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Derby
Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire
1908–1928
Succeeded by
The Earl of Derby
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Phillips Kay-Shuttleworth
Baronet
(of Gawthorpe Hall)
1877–1939
Succeeded by
Richard Kay-Shuttleworth
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Shuttleworth
1902–1939
Succeeded by
Richard Kay-Shuttleworth