Uijong of Goryeo

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Uijong of Goryeo
Hangul 의종
Hanja 毅宗
Revised Romanization Uijong
McCune–Reischauer Ŭijong
Birth name
Hangul 왕현
Hanja 王晛
Revised Romanization Wang Hyeon
McCune–Reischauer Wang Hyŏn
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Ilseung
McCune–Reischauer Ilsŭng

Uijong (23 May 1127 – 7 November 1173) (r. 1146–1170) was the 18th monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He honored his advisors with many ceremonies but hated the warriors, often forcing them to participate in martial arts competitions for the entertainment of himself and the civil officials, as well as assigning them petty portions during land distributions. He also was often drunk, further angering the warriors. Finally, in the autumn of 1170, after constant discriminations, the rage of the military officials burst. Three warriors (Jeong Jung-bu, Yi Ui-bang, Yi Go) and others, started a military revolt, murdering the civil officials, deposing King Uijong, and appointing a new king in his place.

A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy. A monarch may exercise the highest authority and power in the state, or others may wield that power on behalf of the monarch. Typically a monarch either personally inherits the lawful right to exercise the state's sovereign rights or is selected by an established process from a family or cohort eligible to provide the nation's monarch. Alternatively, an individual may become monarch by conquest, acclamation or a combination of means. A monarch usually reigns for life or until abdication.

Goryeo Korean dynasty

Goryeo was a Korean kingdom founded in 918, during a time of national division called the Later Three Kingdoms period, that unified and ruled the Korean Peninsula until 1392. Goryeo achieved what has been called a "true national unification" by Korean historians as it not only unified the Later Three Kingdoms but also incorporated much of the ruling class of the northern kingdom of Balhae, who had origins in Goguryeo of the earlier Three Kingdoms of Korea. The name "Korea" is derived from the name of Goryeo, also spelled Koryŏ, which was first used in the early 5th century by Goguryeo.

Korea Region in East Asia

Korea is a region in East Asia. Since 1948, it has been divided between two distinct sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea. Korea consists of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea is bordered by China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, and neighbours Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan.

Contents

He was preceded by Injong and succeeded by Myeongjong.

Injong of Goryeo was the 17th monarch of the Korean Goryeo dynasty. He was the eldest son of King Yejong and Queen Sundeok, the daughter of Yi Cha-gyeom. His reign saw two major internal crises that nearly ended the House of Wang, and a collapse of the Northern Song and the establishment of the Jurchen Jin dynasty as the dominant power in the East Asia.

King Myeongjong was monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the third son of King Injong.

Family

Yejong of Goryeo was the 16th monarch of the Korean Goryeo dynasty. He was the eldest son of King Sukjong and Queen Myeongui, and succeeded to the throne upon his father's death. Yejong's reign was a period of strengthening of the central administration, a strong army, the development of education and arts, and a high point of Buddhist and Daoist spirituality.

Queen Gongye was the wife and queen consort of King Injong of Goryeo the 17th monarch of the Goryeo Dynasty. She was mother of three sons who became kings of Goryeo, Uijong, Myeongjong and Sinjong. She was of the Jangheung Im clan.

  1. Queen Janggyeong of the Kim clan (장경왕후 김씨) [2] [3]
    1. Wang Ki, Crown Prince Hyoryeong (March 1149 – ?) (왕기 효령태자) [4]
    2. Princess Gyeongdeok (경덕궁주) [5]
    3. Princess Anjeong (안정궁주) [6]
    4. Princess Hwasun (화순궁주) [7] [8]
  2. Queen Jangseon of the Jiksan Choi clan (장선왕후 최씨) [9]
  3. Royal Consort Mu-Bi (무비)

Notes

  1. Known then as Dowager Queen Gongye (恭睿太后 공예태후).
  2. She is part of the Gaeseong Wang clan (開城王氏 개성왕씨), but since the royal family is also of the same clan lineage (she is the great-granddaughter of King Munjong on her father's side), she is officially declared as part of the Kim clan (金氏 김씨), which is her stepmother's clan. But once she became Queen Consort her true lineage was still recognized (History of Goryeo, Volume 17, Uijong's 3rd year, April 1152: "戊寅 王妃王氏生元子.").
  3. Daughter of Wang On (王溫 왕온), Lord Gangneung (江陵公 강릉공).
  4. His first name was Wang Hong (王泓 왕홍).
  5. Later married Wang Pyeong (王評 왕평).
  6. Later married Wang Bak (王璞 왕박).
  7. She's also known as Princess Sunhwa (順和宮主 순화궁주)
  8. Later married Wang Myeon (王沔 왕면).
  9. Daughter of Choe Dan (崔端 최단).

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References

Uijong of Goryeo
Born: 23 May 1127 Died: 7 November 1173
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Injong
King of Goryeo
1146–1170
Succeeded by
Myeongjong