District of Zgorzelec
Park Ujazdowski in Ujazd
|Within town limits||1929|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Ujazd [ˈujast] (German : Moys, Upper Sorbian : Mojiš ) is a district in the town of Zgorzelec, in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in southwestern Poland. The district is located at the Germany–Poland border, and it straddles the river Czerwona Woda, a tributary of Lusatian Neisse, which defines the state border.
The earliest mention of Moys dates back to 1309. Similarly to Zgorzelec/Görlitz, the settlement changed its affiliation many times, being under the rule of Polish dukes from the Piast dynasty, kings of Bohemia, Hungary, electors of Saxony and kings of Poland. Afterwards, at the 1815 Congress of Vienna, Lusatia was divided, and its northeastern part including Görlitz and Moys was awarded to the Kingdom of Prussia, which since 1871 became part of the German Empire.
The city council of Görlitz, then a prosperous city and member of the Lusatian League, had acquired Moys in 1380 from Duke John of Görlitz. The city council had to give up Moys in 1547 as a punishment imposed by Bohemian King Ferdinand I; but none of his feudal lords expressed interest in purchasing Moys, and so in 1549 it was granted back to the city of Görlitz. After the Thirty Years' War brought the city into financial straits, the city council had to sell Moys in 1655 for 11,270 thalers.It wasn't until 1 July 1929 that Moys was incorporated back into the city.
It was the location of the historic battle of Moys on 7 September 1757, during the Seven Years' War.
The Berlin–Wrocław railway, which ran past Moys and opened on 1 September 1847, sped up the development of the suburb. The second line, Silesian Mountain Railway, opened in 1865 and connected Görlitz to Hirschberg (nowadays Jelenia Góra), with the railway junction constructed just north of Moys. This junction was then upgraded to a passenger station (Moys bei Görlitz) which opened in 1876. The urbanisation of Moys was recognised on 18 May 1900 by connecting it to the Görlitz tram network. By the time Moys was incorporated into the city of Görlitz in 1929, it had 2,752 inhabitants and covered 784 ha.
During World War II, in late 1939, Germany located the large Stalag VIII-A prisoner-of-war camp in the district.Initially Polish prisoners of war were held in the camp. In the first months of the camp's existence, Polish POWs, as forced laborers, built the camp barracks. Later on, also POWs of various other nationalities were held in the camp, including the French, Belgians, Russians, Jews, Britons, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, South Africans, Italians, Yugoslavs, Slovaks, Americans. Most POWs were evacuated by the Germans in February 1945 in a death march, during which POWs who either were unable to walk or tried to escape were murdered. Following Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II, Ujazd along with Zgorzelec became part of Poland. In the following decades, the Polish military was stationed in Ujazd.
The main sights include the Ujazdowski Park, the Saint John the Baptist church, the Baroque palace and the memorial to the victims of the Stalag VIII-A German World War II prisoner of war camp.
The Zgorzelec railway station is located in the district.
Legnica is a city in southwestern Poland, in the central part of Lower Silesia, on the Kaczawa River and the Czarna Woda. Between 1 June 1975 and 31 December 1998 Legnica was the capital of the Legnica Voivodeship. It is currently the seat of the county and since 1992 the city has been the seat of a Diocese. As of 2019, Legnica had a population of 99,350 inhabitants.
Görlitz is a town in the German state of Saxony. Located in the region of Lusatia on the Lusatian Neisse, it is the second largest town of Lusatia after Cottbus, and the largest in Upper Lusatia. The town is the seat of the district of Görlitz, Germany's easternmost district. Its approximately 56,000 inhabitants make Görlitz the sixth largest town in Saxony. While not Lusatiophone itself, the town is situated just east of the Sorbian-speaking parts of Lusatia.
Zgorzelec is a town in southwestern Poland with 30,374 inhabitants (2019). It lies in Lower Silesian Voivodeship. It is the seat of Zgorzelec County and of Gmina Zgorzelec. Zgorzelec is located on the Lusatian Neisse river, on the Polish-German border adjoining the German town of Görlitz, of which it constituted the eastern part up to 1945.
Lubań is a town in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in southwest Poland. It is the administrative seat of Lubań County and also of the smaller Gmina Lubań.
"The March" refers to a series of forced marches during the final stages of the Second World War in Europe. From a total of 257,000 western Allied prisoners of war held in German military prison camps, over 80,000 POWs were forced to march westward across Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Germany in extreme winter conditions, over about four months between January and April 1945. This series of events has been called various names: "The Great March West", "The Long March", "The Long Walk", "The Long Trek", "The Black March", "The Bread March", and "Death March Across Germany", but most survivors just called it "The March".
Upper Lusatia is a historical region in Germany and Poland. Along with Lower Lusatia to the north, it makes up the region of Lusatia, named after the Slavic Lusici tribe. Both Lusatias are home to the West Slavic minority group of the Sorbs.
Lower Silesia is the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia; Upper Silesia is to the southeast.
Stalag VIII-A was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp, located just to the south of the town of Görlitz in Lower Silesia, east of the River Neisse. The location of the camp lies in today's Polish town of Zgorzelec, which lies over the river from Görlitz.
Pieńsk is a town in Zgorzelec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the seat of the administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Pieńsk, and stands on the east bank of the Lusatian Neisse river, which forms the border between Poland and Germany.
Stalag VIII-B Lamsdorf was a German Army prisoner of war camp, later renumbered Stalag-344, located near the village of Lamsdorf in Silesia. The camp initially occupied barracks built to house British and French prisoners in World War I. At this same location there had been a prisoner camp during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71.
Świętoszów is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Osiecznica, within Bolesławiec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland in the Lower Silesian Wilderness, on the river Kwisa.
Węgliniec is a town in Zgorzelec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland, close to the border with Germany. It is the seat of the administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Węgliniec.
Raszowa is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Lubin, within Lubin County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Jędrzychowice is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Zgorzelec, within Zgorzelec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland, close to the German border.
The Silesian Mountain Railway is a railway line in south-west Poland. It leads from Görlitz/Zgorzelec on the Lusatian Neisse via Jelenia Góra to Wałbrzych in Lower Silesia.
Zalesie Śląskie is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Leśnica, within Strzelce County, Opole Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) east of Leśnica, 10 km (6 mi) south of Strzelce Opolskie, and 37 km (23 mi) south-east of the regional capital Opole.
Topictoday is a German alternative rock band from Görlitz. Formed in 2011, the band is mostly known for their Song "Helden ohne Namen", which is dedicated to prisoners of war(POWs) in the Second World War. Topictoday performed the song in 2015 at the location of the former POW camp called Stalag VIII-A, which today lies in Zgorzelec, Poland, in front of politicians from Germany and Poland.
Zgorzelec is the railway station located in the Ujazd district of Zgorzelec, Lower Silesia, Poland. It is one of the two railway stations in the town, the other being Zgorzelec Miasto.
Daubitz is a village and district of the municipality of Rietschen in the Saxon district of Görlitz. It is part of the Sorbian-inhabited region of Lusatia.
The Węgliniec–Görlitz railway is a double-track railway line connecting Węgliniec and Zgorzelec in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship of south-west Poland, then crossing the border over Lusatian Neisse into Görlitz in Saxony. Except for the final kilometre between the border and Görlitz station, the line is operated by PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe as route no. 278, and the corresponding timetable (SRJP) has no. 260.