Ukinrek Maars

Last updated
Ukinrek Maars
Highest point
Elevation 299 ft (91 m)
Coordinates 57°49′54″N156°30′35″W / 57.83167°N 156.50972°W / 57.83167; -156.50972 [1]
Location Becharof National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, on Alaska Peninsula
Parent range Aleutian Range
Mountain type Maars
Last eruption March to April 1977

The Ukinrek Maars are two phreatomagmatic vents that formed on the north side of the Aleutian Range on a low area bordering the Bering Sea. The maars are 1.5 km south of Becharof Lake and 12 km northwest of Peulik Volcano. The western of the two is elliptical in shape and up to 170 m in diameter and 35 m deep. The east maar lies 600 m to the east and is circular and up to 300 m in diameter and 70 m deep. The east maar has a 49 m-high lava dome within the crater lake. [2]

The eruption occurred in March and April 1977 and lasted for ten days. There was no previous eruption. The magmatic material was olivine basalt from a mantle source. Pyroclastic surge from the eruptions traveled to the northwest. [1] The volume of lava erupted was 9×105 m3 and the volume of tephra expelled was 2.6×107 m3. [3]

The Quaternary age Gas Rocks dacite domes some three km to the northeast were the site of a phreatic eruption some 2300 years ago. [1]

Ukinrek eruption 1977 Ukinrek eruption 1977.jpg
Ukinrek eruption 1977
Map showing volcanoes of Alaska. Map of Alaska Peninsula Volcanoes.gif
Map showing volcanoes of Alaska.

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