Uko Fockena

Last updated
Uko Fockena
Bornc.1408
possibly Oldersum
Died(1432-06-13)13 June 1432
near Suurhusen
Buried Emden
Spouse(s) Heba von Dornum
Father Focko Ukena
Mother Theda of Rheide

Uko Fockena (also known as: "Uko of Oldersum"; c.1408, Oldersum (uncertain) 13 June 1432 near Suurhusen) was an East Frisian chieftain of Moormerland and Emsigerland.

Suurhusen Ortsteil of Hinte in Lower Saxony, Germany

Suurhusen is a village north of Emden in the German region of East Frisia. It has about 1200 inhabitants and is administered by the municipality of Hinte. The steeple of the Suurhusen church, inclined at an angle of 5.19 degrees, is the most leaning tower of the world, beating the world-famous Leaning Tower of Pisa by 1.22 degrees.

East Frisia coastal region in the northwest of Germany

East Frisia or Eastern Friesland is a coastal region in the northwest of the German federal state of Lower Saxony. It is the middle section of Frisia between West Frisia in the Netherlands and North Frisia in Schleswig-Holstein.

Moormerland Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Moormerland is a municipality in the Leer District, in Lower Saxony, northwestern Germany.

Contents

Life

Uko was one of the sons of the East Frisian chieftain Focko Ukena (born: around 1370; died: 29 August 1436) and his wife Theda of Rheide (born c.1365; died: before 1411).

Focko Ukena 14th and 15th-century East Frisian chieftain

Focko Ukena was an East Frisian chieftain (hovetling) who played an important part in the struggle between the Vetkopers and Schieringers in the provinces of Groningen and Friesland. Aside from this he was one of the leading figures in the resistance against the forts of stately authority in East-Frisia of the tom Brok family.

In 1424 Uko acquired together with Udo Poppinga the farm tor Brake (also spelled to Brahe / Brae) in the Emsland region from the Squire Ecerd von der Bele. [1] His brother-in-law Ocko II tom Brok (Ocko to Broke), chief of the Brokmerland asked the abbot of Werden, in a letter dated 17 September 1424, to enfeoff Uko with this farm and confirmed that Uko was by birth a free man, honest and genuine, with four free-born grandparents. [2]

Emsland District in Lower Saxony, Germany

Landkreis Emsland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany named after the river Ems. It is bounded by the districts of Leer, Cloppenburg and Osnabrück, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, the district of Bentheim in Lower Saxony, and the Netherlands.

Ocko II tom Brok East Frisian chieftain

Ocko II tom Brok (1407–1435) was Chieftain of the Brokmerland and the Auricherland in East Frisia.

Brokmerland historical region

The Brokmerland is a landscape and an historic territory, located in western East Frisia, which covers the area in and around the present-day communities of Brookmerland and Südbrookmerland. The Brokmerland borders in the east on the Harlingerland and in the north on the Norderland. The historic Brokmerland is usually written with only one "o". Occasionally one also finds the spelling "Broekmerland", while today's communities have chosen to spell the name with a double "o".

Between 1425 and 1427 Uko married Hebe (or Heba) of Dornum, a daughter of Lütet Attena of Dornum and Nesse and Ocka tom Brok, a daughter of Ocko I tom Brok. Documentary evidence exists that the heiress of this marriage was Theda Ukena (born: before 1432; died 17 September 1494), who married in 1455 Ulrich I Cirksena who was stadtholder of East Frisia and became the first Count of East Frisia in 1464.

Lütet Attena was a 14th-century East Frisian chieftain of Dornum and Nesse in the Norderland area.

Dornum Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Dornum is a village and a municipality in the East Frisian district of Aurich, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated near the North Sea coast, approx. 15 km east of Norden, and 20 km north of Aurich.

Ocko I tom Brok followed his father Keno I tom Brok as chieftain of the Brokmerland and the Auricherland in East Frisia, a former territory on Germany's North Sea coast.

In 1424 Uko and his father opposed the tom Brok family of East Frisian chieftains, who had transferred the village and castle of Oldersum to them in 1413. Ocko II tom Brok demanded from Focko the return of the castle and won a court case to that effect in the city of Groningen dated 6 June 1426. [3] Focko rejected this decision and defeated Ocko in the Battle of Detern on 27 September 1426 and in the Battle of the Wild Fields on 28 October 1427. Thus, Focko Ukena became a pioneer of the principle of Frisian freedom.

tom Brok family name

The tom Brok family were a powerful East Frisian line of chieftains, originally from the Norderland on the North Sea coast of Germany. From the second half of the 14th century, the tom Broks tried to gain control of East Frisia over the other chieftain families. The line of tom Brok died out in 1435.

The Battle of Detern on 27 September 1426 marked the prelude to the East Frisian rebellion against the rule of the tom Brok family over East Frisia.

Frisian freedom

Friese freedom or freedom of the Frisians was the absence of feudalism and serfdom in Frisia, the area that was originally inhabited by the Frisians. Historical Frisia included the modern provinces of Friesland and Groningen, and the area of West Friesland, in the Netherlands, and East Friesland in Germany. During the period of Frisian freedom the area did not have a sovereign lord who owned and administered the land. The freedom of the Frisians developed in the context of ongoing disputes over the rights of local nobility.

From the spoils of war Uko Fockena kept the Lordship of Oldersum, includeding the parishes of Gandersum, Rorichum, Tergast and Simonswolde. In 1428, Uko Fockena styled himself Häuptling zu Oldersum (chieftain at Oldersum). [4] The Oldersumer Chronik reports that he strengthened the castle at Oldersum using 80000stones obtained by demolishing Focken Castle in Borssum. [4]

In 1430, Uko was besieged in his Oldersum castle by a group of Frisian chieftains who had joined forces under the leadership of the Cirksena family and who opposed Ukena's Lordship. On 2 November 1430, Uko gave up his claim, in a treaty with the besiegers. He was able, however, to retain the right to live in the castle, based on a legal claim his wife held as granddaughter of Ocko I tom Brok. [5] Uko lived in the castle until his death in 1432.

His father had fled to Münster after his castle at Leer had fallen. Father Focko had not given up the power struggle and he invited his son Uko to Groothusen to meet his ally Imel Allena. On the way to there, Uko was attacked and slain in a reed land between Marienwehr und Suurhusen. He was buried in the church of the Franciscan monastery in Emden. His daughter Theda Ukena ordered an effigy tomb stone to be put on his grave. [6] [7] The church and the monastery were destroyed by a fire on 21 July 1938.

References and sources

Footnotes

  1. Reinhard Bojer: Emsländische Heimatkunde im Nationalsozialismus, self-published, Lingen/Ems, 2005, p. 182.
  2. St.A. Osnabrück, Rep.26a Emsland-Meppen Certificate Nr. 5, with the seal of the issuer pressed on: s(igillum) Ockonis in Brok capit.(alis)
  3. Ernst Friedländer: Ostfriesisches Urkundenbuch, vol. 1, Emden, 1878, Nr. 324
  4. 1 2 Herbert Kannegieter: Oldersumer Chronik, vol. 1.A, self-published, Emden, 1987. p. 19
  5. Ostfriesisches Urkundenbuch, certificate Nr. 389 of 5 November 1430
  6. Hajo van Lengen: Die spätgotischen Bildnisgrabmäler der Heba Attena und des Uko Ukena und ihre politische Bedeutung, in: Emder Jahrbuch, vol. 80, 2000, p. 68-69
  7. Stephanie Hahn and Michael Sprenger (eds): Herrschaft - Architektur- Raum, Berlin, 2008, p. 71.

Related Research Articles

Wittmund Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Wittmund is a town and capital of the district of Wittmund, in Lower Saxony, Germany.

County of East Frisia

The County of East-Frisia was a county in the region of East Frisia in the northwest of the present-day German state of Lower Saxony.

Ulrich I, Count of East Frisia First Count of East Frisia

Ulrich I of East Frisia, first count of East Frisia, was a son of the chieftain Enno Edzardisna of Norden and Greetsiel, and Gela of Manslagt.

Cirksena noble family

The Cirksena are a noble East Frisian family descended from a line of East Frisian chieftains from Greetsiel.

History of East Frisia

The history of East Frisia developed rather independently from the rest of Germany because the region was relatively isolated for centuries by large stretches of bog to the south, while at the same time its people were oriented towards the sea. Thus in East Frisia in the Middle Ages there was little feudalism, instead a system of fellowship under the so-called Friesian Freedom emerged. It was not until 1464, that the House of Cirksena was enfeoffed with the Imperial County of East Frisia. Nevertheless absolutism had been, and continued to be, unknown in East Frisia. In the two centuries after about 1500, the influence of the Netherlands is discernable - politically, economically and culturally. In 1744, the county lost its independence within the Holy Roman Empire and became part of Prussia. Following the Vienna Congress of 1815, it was transferred to the Kingdom of Hanover, in 1866 it went back to Prussia and, from 1946, it has been part of the German state of Lower Saxony.

Emsigerland

The Emsigerland—sometimes Emderland—was a historic region, situated on the western edge of East Frisia by the Wadden Sea, which covered a wide area around the town of Emden. The Emsigerland borders in the north on the Federgau, in the northeast on the Brokmerland in the east on the Moormerland and in the south on the Rheiderland.

Theda Ukena East Frisian countess by marriage Countess and later regent of East Frisia

Theda Ukena was from 1466 to about 1480 regent of the County of East Frisia.

Enno Edzardisna was a chieftain of Norden, Greetsiel, Berum and Pilsum in East Frisia. He was the son of the chieftain Edzard II of Appingen-Greetsiel and his wife Doda tom Brok. Enno was a pioneer of the claim of the house Cirksena to the rule over all of East Frisia, which his son finally Ulrich I formally achieved when he was made an Imperial Count in 1464.

East Frisian chieftains

The East Frisian chieftains assumed positions of power in East Frisia during the course of the 14th century, after the force of the old, egalitarian constitution from the time of Frisian Freedom had markedly waned.

Berum Castle castle

Berum Castle is located in the Berum district the East Frisian town of Hage in Germany. It is one of the most important sites in East Frisian history.

Sibet Attena East Frisian chieftain

Sibet Attena was an East Frisian chieftain. He was a son of Sibet of Dornum and Frouwa of Manslagt, a daughter of Enno Cirksena.

The Appeal War was a conflict between Prince George Albert of East Frisia and the Estates of East Frisia about the authority to raise taxes, so properly speaking, it should be classified as a civil war. It was named after Heinrich Bernhard von dem Appelle. Heinrich Bernard was one of the leaders of the rebellious faction, who were called the renitents. He owned the Groß-Midlum manor in Krummhörn and was the administrator of the chamber of knights in the Estates of East Frisia.

<i>Brokmerbrief</i> code

The Brokmerbrief or Law of Brokmerland is the early 13th-century law code of the brocmanni, the inhabitants of Brokmerland, west of Aurich in East Frisia. The area had been placed under cultivation and settled by the end of the 12th century. It survives in two manuscripts. The work is sometimes referred to as the Brookmerbrief, using the modern spelling of "Brookmerland".