Владимир Владимирович Наумов
|Minister of Internal Affairs of Belarus|
25 September 2000 –4 April 2009
|Preceded by||Yuri Sivakov|
|Succeeded by||Anatoly Kuleshov|
|Head of the Presidential Security Service of Belarus|
20 January 1999 –25 September 2000
|Preceded by||Vladimir Kuzhanov (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Leonid Yerin|
Vladimir Vladimirovich Naumov
7 February 1956
Smolensk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||School of the Ministry of the Interior of the USSR|
|Years of service||1974–76|
Uladzimir Navumau (Belarusian : Уладзімір Навумаў, Russian : Владимир Наумов, Vladimir Naumov, also Uladzimir Naumau; born 7 February 1956 in Smolensk, Russia) is a Belarusian politician accused of human rights violations.
He was Minister of the Internal Affairs of Belarus(2000-2009) and chairman of Belarus Ice Hockey Federation.
Navumau has been accused of violent crackdown of opposition protests following the Belarusian presidential election in 2006 and of being related to the disappearances of opposition leaders in 1999–2000.
Navumau has been working in the Minsk Militsiya since 1976.
Between 1991 and 1999 he was commander of Berkut and Almaz special units (OMON) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus.The OMON participated in the crackdown of protests before and after the controversial 1996 referendum.
Between 1999 and 2000 Navumau was Head of the Presidential Security Service.
From 2000 to 2009 he was Minister of Internal Affairs of Belarus. During his service in this position, the police and OMON forces have dispersed protests related to the controversial presidential election of 2001, referendum of 2004 and presidential election in 2006.
Navumau has been included into the sanctions lists of the United Statesand the European Union.
According to a decision by the European Union, Navumau "failed to take action to investigate the case of the unresolved disappearances of Yuri Zakharenko, Viktor Gonchar, Anatoly Krasovski and Dmitri Zavadski in Belarus in 1999-2000 (...) As a Minister of Interior he was responsible for the repression over peaceful demonstrations until his retirement on 6 April 2009 for health reasons".
Alexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko or Alyaksand(a)r Ryhoravich Lukashenka is a Belarusian politician who has served as the president of Belarus since the establishment of the office on 20 July 1994. Prior to his political career, Lukashenko worked as director of a state farm (sovkhoz), and served in the Soviet Border Troops and in the Soviet Army.
Belarus elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The National Assembly has two chambers. The'House of Representatives has 110 members elected in single-seat constituencies elected for a four-year term. The Council of the Republic has 64 members, 56 members indirectly elected and eight members appointed by the president.
The Belarusian Presidential Guard or officially the Presidential Security Service is a law-enforcement body that was designed to protect the President of Belarus and other high-ranking officials and officers.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus, abbreviated МUS (МУС) in Belarusian and MVD (МВД) in Russian, is a body of the Belarusian Government that is charged with the internal affairs of Belarus. Day to day law enforcement is carried out by the Militsiya. The Ministry is also tasked with providing security to state buildings and officials. Organizations such as the Presidential Guard are under the control of the Ministry. The clearing of landmines is among the tasks of the ministry.
The State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus is the national intelligence agency of Belarus. Along with its counterparts in Transnistria and South Ossetia, it is one of the few intelligence agencies that kept the Russian name "KGB" after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, albeit it is lost in translation when written in Belarusian.
Interstate relations between the United States and Belarus began in 1991 upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union, of which Belarus had been a part. However, the relations have turned sour due to accusations by the United States that Belarus has been violating human rights. Belarus, in turn, has accused the United States of interfering in its internal affairs.
Dmitri Valeriyevich Pavlichenko is head of the Belarusian Special Rapid Reaction Unit (SOBR).
The Belarusian government is criticized for human rights violations and its persecution of non-governmental organisations, independent journalists, national minorities, and opposition politicians. In a testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, former United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice labeled Belarus as one of the world's six "outposts of tyranny". In response, the Belarusian government called the assessment "quite far from reality". As at 2017, the Viasna Human Rights Centre listed two political prisoners detained in Belarus, down from 11 in 2016. During 2020 Belarusian presidential election and protests, the number of political prisoners recognized by Viasna rose dramatically to 470 as of 6 June 2021.
Belarus State Economic University is a university in Minsk, Belarus. It specializes in Finance and Economics. It was founded in 1933 as Belarusian Institute for National Economy. It was renamed Belarus State Economic University (BSEU) in January 1992. In 1997, the university was officially given the status of a leading educational institution in preparing specialists in the field of economics.
Viktar Hanchar, or Viktar Hančar was a Belarusian politician who disappeared and was presumably murdered in 1999. He was born in the village of Radzichava, Slutsk Raion.
Presidential elections were held in Belarus on 19 December 2010. The election was originally planned for the beginning of 2011. However, the final date was set during an extraordinary session of the National Assembly of Belarus on September 14, 2010.
Viktor Vladimirovich Sheiman is a Belarusian politician.
The Administration of the President of the Republic of Belarus is a state administration body of Belarus that supervises the implementation of the resolutions of the President of Belarus.
OMON or AMAP is a Belarusian law enforcement force under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus (MUS).
The following is list of the official reactions to the 2020 Belarusian presidential election and the surrounding 2020 Belarusian protests.
Pavel Liohki is a Belarusian statesman, diplomat and propagandist. Following the 2020 Belarusian protests, he was included in the list of Belarusian officials sanctioned by the Baltic states for participating in the falsification of the 2020 presidential elections, repressions against peaceful protesters and propaganda.
The Belarusian protests of 2010 is a mass protest action in Belarus against the results of the presidential election, which took place on December 19, 2010 and was brutally dispersed. Between 10,000 and 60,000 people took part in the protest on October Square and Independence Square in Minsk. It was announced that a people's movement for free elections would be created without Lukashenka. Some participants tried to break into the Government House. Clashes with riot police took place. As a result, dozens of people were detained and beaten, including presidential candidates Khaklyaeu, Sannikov, Kastusyou, Statkevich, and Rymasheuski.
Mikalai Karpiankou is a state security official of the regime of Alexander Lukashenko in Belarus.
The most infamous cases of people's disappearances in Belarus have occurred during the presidency of Alexander Lukashenko. For the most part, the people who have disappeared have been opponents of the president. They are considered cases of forced disappearance.