Ulysses Grant Bourne (1873–1956) was an American physician and civic leader in Frederick, Maryland.
Bourne was born in Island Creek, Calvert County, Maryland, on March 17, 1873, the ninth of ten children. His parents were Lewis and Emily Bourne. In 1902, he graduated from Leonard Medical College (now Shaw University) in Raleigh, North Carolina. In 1903, he opened his medical practice in Frederick.
Because he was African American, Bourne was not allowed to practice at Frederick City Hospital (now Frederick Memorial Hospital). So he set up his practice at 30 West All Saints Street in downtown Frederick. He accepted both African American and white patients.
Bourne attended to most of his patients at his office, but he also used a horse and buggy to make house calls. If his patients could not afford to pay, he accepted meat and produce as payment. He delivered 2,600 babies over the course of his 50-year career.
In 1919, he and Charles Brooks founded the 15-bed Hospital for Blacks at 173 West All Saints Street, which was the only hospital in Frederick to accept African American patients. It operated until 1928, when the Frederick City Hospital opened a new wing for African American patients. Dr. Bourne became the first African American doctor permitted to practice there.
Bourne was very active in civic affairs. In 1931, he founded the Maryland Negro Medical Society, and in 1934 he co-founded the Frederick County Branch of the NAACP and served as its president for 20 years. Bourne became the first African American man from western Maryland to run for a seat in the Maryland House of Delegates. He also served as the regional vice president of the sixth Republican district. When he and his friends were not allowed to enter the front door of the only opera house in Frederick, they opened their own opera house, which later became known as Pythian Castle.
Bourne was married three times. He and his first wife Grace had two children: Ulysses Grant Bourne Jr. and Gladys. Grace died in 1914. Bourne and his second wife Mary Frances Beane Bourne had one daughter, Isabella Blanche. Mary Frances died in 1950. Dr. Bourne married his third wife in 1953.
Bourne was a trustee of Asbury Methodist Church in Frederick for 50 years. He was also an active member of the Masonic Lodge. Bourne retired in 1953, and he died three years later.
All three of Bourne's children became involved in medicine. In 1961, his son Ulysses Grant Bourne Jr. became the first African American doctor to have privileges at Frederick Memorial Hospital, while his daughter Gladys (Thornton) became a nurse. Blanche Bourne-Tyree became the first woman from Frederick County to obtain a medical degree. She was a pediatrician and public health administrator in Washington, D.C., for 40 years.
Blanche Bourne-Tyree said of her father, “My dad was a very positive person ... he gave us the legacy of service to others.”Esther Jewell, who worked as a nurse with both Dr. Bourne and his son, said of Dr. Bourne, “He was a very good influence. He was a good leader and he knew how to treat his patients with respect. You weren't just a number, you were respected as a human being.” In his eulogy for Bourne, Cecil B. LaGrange of Asbury Methodist Church said, "He was a quiet, unassuming man, doing only those things which he felt were for the good of his people and the community in which he lived."
In 2007, a permanent memorial to Bourne, with a bronze bust, was installed at Frederick Memorial Hospital. Blanche Bourne-Tyree established a scholarship in her father’s name, the Dr. Ulysses Grant Bourne Memorial Scholarship Fund, which is administered by the Community Foundation of Frederick County. In 2014, Frederick County renamed a public building (located at 355 Montevue Lane) after Bourne. The building houses the Division of Public Works and the Parks and Recreation Department.
The Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) is the teaching hospital and biomedical research facility of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, located in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S. It was founded in 1889 using money from a bequest of over $7 million by city merchant, banker/financier, civic leader and philanthropist Johns Hopkins (1795–1873). Johns Hopkins Hospital and its school of medicine are considered to be the founding institutions of modern American medicine and the birthplace of numerous famous medical traditions including rounds, residents and house staff. Many medical specialties were formed at the hospital including neurosurgery, by Dr. Harvey Cushing; cardiac surgery by Dr. Alfred Blalock; and child psychiatry, by Dr. Leo Kanner.
Nathan Francis Mossell was the first African-American graduate of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1882. He did post-graduate training at hospitals in Philadelphia and London. In 1888, he was the first black physician elected as member of the Philadelphia County Medical Society in Pennsylvania. He helped found the Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital and Training School in West Philadelphia in 1895, which he led as chief-of-staff and medical director until he retired in 1933.
Matilda Evans, M.D., was the first African-American woman licensed to practice medicine in South Carolina and an advocate for improved health care for African Americans, particularly children.
James Marion Sims was an American physician and a pioneer in the field of surgery, known as the "father of modern gynaecology". His most significant work was the development of a surgical technique for the repair of vesicovaginal fistula, a severe complication of obstructed childbirth. He is also remembered for inventing Sims' speculum, Sims' sigmoid catheter, and the Sims' position. However, "one would be hard pressed to find a more controversial figure in the history of medicine."
Howard County General Hospital is a 267-bed, not-for-profit health care provider located in Columbia, Maryland.
Ulysses Simpson Kay was an African-American composer. His music is mostly neoclassical in style.
Maurice F. Rabb Jr. was an African-American ophthalmologist. He is widely known for his pioneering work in cornea and retinal vascular diseases.
Kent State University College of Podiatric Medicine (KSUCPM), is the graduate podiatric medical school of Kent State University (KSU). The college is located in Independence, Ohio, south of Cleveland, approximately 30 miles (48 km) from the main KSU campus in Kent. Established in 1916, the college, formerly the Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine, was among the first in the nation to offer a program in podiatric medicine and surgery. The 122,000-square-foot (11,300 m2) facility operates as a regional KSU facility in podiatric medical education.
Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Arabic: سامي ابراهيم حداد was a doctor, surgeon and writer. He was born in Palestine and spent most of his life in Lebanon.
Aris T. Allen was an American politician who was the first African-American chair of the Maryland Republican party and the first to run for a statewide office in Maryland.
Michael D. Lockshin, M.D., is an American professor and medical researcher. He is a researcher of autoimmune diseases, with focus on antiphospholipid syndrome and lupus. He is currently Professor of Medicine and Obstetrics-Gynecology at the Weill-Cornell University Medical College in New York City. In addition, he is Director, Barbara Volcker Center for Women and Rheumatic Disease and Co-Director, Mary Kirkland Center for Lupus Research both at the Hospital for Special Surgery
John Miller Hyson, Jr. was the former curator, director of curatorial services, and director of archives and history at the National Museum of Dentistry, an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution located in Baltimore, Maryland. He was also the author of many articles and books on the history of dentistry and was a practicing dentist for nearly 50 years.
The growth and development of the American Presbyterian Medical Mission in Weixian, Shandong is an instance of the growth and influence of rural, missionary medicine in China. Moreover, the medical mission at Weixian exemplifies the shift from medicine being a component of evangelism to being able to exist as its own entity.
Frank William Green was a Canadian physician and politician.
Mercy Hospital was a hospital located at 1344 22nd Street South in the city of St. Petersburg, Florida. The hospital was the only primary care facility for the African-American community of St. Petersburg from 1923 to 1966. It was designed by the local architect Henry Taylor, which has also designed other important structures such as the City Comfort Station, the Vinoy Park Hotel and the Jungle Country Club Hotel. It was constructed by Edgar Weeks in July 1923. Mercy Hospital not only served as a medical facility but also as a site for protesting against the segregation of the other hospitals in the city during the Civil Rights Movement. In 1994, it was declared a Historic Place. The city purchased the facility in 1998 due to a lack of redevelopment and deterioration.*change site Then the city leased the facility to Community Health Centers of Pinellas, Inc., which also runs the Johnnie Ruth Clarke Medical Center.
Helen Elizabeth Nash was a pediatrician known for breaking racial and gender barriers in the medical field. She began her career at the Homer G. Phillips Hospital, and later worked at the Saint Louis Children’s Hospital. She started her own private practice, and was a faculty member at the Washington University School of Medicine. Her earliest work included decreasing infant mortality in Homer G. Phillips Hospital. Her private practice was notable for educating teens on proper sexual health. Additionally, she was one of the first doctors to address patient health as care for the patient and their support systems.
Walter Samuel Graf was an American cardiologist. He was a pioneer in establishing paramedic emergency care, "one of a handful of doctors who created the modern paramedic emergency system".
Jerome Michael Adams is an American anesthesiologist and a vice admiral in the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps who currently serves as the 20th Surgeon General of the United States. Prior to becoming Surgeon General, he served as the Indiana State Health Commissioner, from 2014–2017. On June 29, 2017, President Donald Trump nominated Adams to become Surgeon General of the United States. Adams was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 3, 2017. He assumed office on September 5, 2017.
Eugene Heriot Dibble Jr. (1893–1968) was an American physician and head of the John A. Andrew Memorial Hospital at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. He played an important role in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, which was a clinical study conducted on syphilis in African American males from 1932 to 1972.
Ulysses Simpson Wiggins was an American doctor, civil rights activist, president of the Camden County branch of the NAACP, and president of the New Jersey Conference of Branches of the NAACP. Wiggins was a proponent of desegregating Camden's schools during his time as president of the Camden NAACP, and he was a well respected leader in his community.