Umán Municipality

Last updated
Umán
Municipality
Uman, Yucatan (02).jpg
Principal Church of Umán, Yucatán
Municipios de Yucatan con regiones.svg
Region 2 Noroeste #101
Mexico States blank map.svg
Red pog.svg
Umán
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°53′N89°45′W / 20.883°N 89.750°W / 20.883; -89.750 Coordinates: 20°53′N89°45′W / 20.883°N 89.750°W / 20.883; -89.750
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind.1821
Yucatán Est.1824
Municipality Est1921
Government
  Type PRI logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015 [1]
  Municipal PresidentJesús Adrian Quintal Ic [2]
Area
  Total234.30 km2 (90.46 sq mi)
  [2]
Elevation
7 m (23 ft)
Population
 (2010 [3] )
  Total50,993
  Density220/km2 (560/sq mi)
   Demonym
Umanense
Time zone UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
Postal Code
97390
Area code(s) 988
INEGI Code101
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Municipalities of Yucatán

Umán Municipality is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (234.30 km2) of land and located roughly 15 km southwest of the city of Mérida. [2] The word "Umán" means “purchase” in the Yucatec Maya language.

Contents

History

There is no accurate data on when the town was founded, though it existed before the conquest and in antiquity belonged to the chieftainship of Ah Canul. [2] At colonization, Umán became part of the encomienda system with Francisco Hernández recorded as one of the earliest encomenderos. [4]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821 and in 1825, the area was assigned to the Lower Camino Real with its headquarters in Hunucma Municipality. In 1921, was designated as its own municipality. [2]

Governance

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has nine councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of heritage and sports, policing, education and health, public works, potable water, rural development and social management, roads and markets, nomenclature and recruiting, ecology, public monuments. [5]

Communities

The head of the municipality is Umán, Yucatán. There are 87 populated areas of the municipality. [5] The most notable include Bolón, Dzibikak, Dzununcán, Itzincab, Oxcum, Oxholón, Poxilá, San Antonio Mulix, Tebec, Xtepen, and Yaxcopoil. The significant populations are shown below: [2]

CommunityPopulation
Entire Municipality (2010)50,993 [3]
Bolón1271 in 2005 [6]
Dzibikak1238 in 2005 [7]
Itzincab4744 in 2005 [8]
Oxcum1049 in 2005 [9]
Oxholón797 in 2005 [10]
Poxilá801 in 2005 [11]
Tebec459 in 2005 [12]
Umán29135 in 2005 [13]
Xtepén485 in 2005 [14]
Yaxcopoil1102 in 2005 [15]

Local festivals

Every year from 13 to 15 September the town holds a celebration for the Christ of Love. [2]

Tourist attractions

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References

  1. "Presidentes Municipales" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI yucatan. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Municipios de Yucatán »Umán" (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  3. 1 2 "Mexico In Figures:Umán, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  4. de la Serna, Juan Manuel (editor) (1998). Iglesia y sociedad en América Latina colonial: interpretaciones y proposiciones (in Spanish) (1 ed.). México, D.F.: Univ. Autónoma de México. p. 131. ISBN   978-9-683-64828-0.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  5. 1 2 "Umán". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  6. "Bolón". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  7. "Dzibikak". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  8. "Itzincab". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  9. "Oxcum". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  10. "Oxholón". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  11. "Poxilá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  12. "Tebec". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  13. "Umán". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  14. "Xtepén". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  15. "Yaxcopoil". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2015.