Umar Bin Muhammad Daudpota

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Umar Bin Muhammmad Daudpota
Born(1896-03-25)25 March 1896
Talti, Dadu District, British India (now in Pakistan)
Died22 November 1958(1958-11-22) (aged 61)
Karachi, Buried at Bhit Shah, Sindh, Pakistan

Umar Bin Mohammad Daudpota (25 March 1896 22 November 1958) (Sindhi : عمر بن محمد داؤد پوٽو; Urdu : عمر بن محمد داؤد پوتہ) was a researcher, historian, linguist and scholar of the Indus Valley. [1]



Daudpota was born on 25 March 1896 at Talti, Dadu District. His family was poor. His father, Mohammad Daudpota, was a farmer and Carpenter. His primary education was in his hometown. For secondary education, he went to Larkana in 1914 and later to the Madressah school of Naushahro Feroze. Eventually, he matriculated from Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam in Karachi. He got first position in 1917. After passing his Matriculation, he went to D. J. Science College, Sindh at Karachi, where he received his BA and MA degrees. Government of India awarded him a scholarship for higher studies at Cambridge University where he received his Ph.D. degree. [1]

In 1927, he wrote his doctoral thesis entitled "The effect of Arabic Poetry on Persian Poetry" and received the degree of Ph.D. After completion of his doctoral degree, he returned to his homeland in 1927 and was appointed as Principal of Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam. [1] Later on, he joined Ismail Yusuf College, Bombay as professor of Arabic. [2] He worked there for nine years. He was appointed Director of Public Instruction in Sindh in 1939 taking over from Khan Bahadur Ghulam Nabi Kazi. He was given the honorary title of Shams-ul-Ulama ("Sun of the Scholars") from the British Government in 1940. [3] [1]

He was a member of the Pakistan Public Service Commission from 1950 to 1955. He performed Hajj in 1955. He served as superior (care taker) of Quarterly Mehran in 1957.

Daudpota was the father of the famous Air Marshall Azim Daudpota who also was a Governor of Sindh and a former chairman of Pakistan International Airlines. [4]

Daudpota did his scholarly research in English, Arabic, Persian, and Sindhi. His fields of research included history, poetry, criticism, biography, religion and Sindhi literature. He wrote more than two dozens books and a number of columns and essays. [5]


Daudpota died on 22 November 1958 at Karachi. His last resting place is at the Shrine of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai at Bhitshah, Sindh, Pakistan. [6]


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  1. 1 2 3 4 Ardeshir Cowasjee (28 May 2000). "The educated of Sindh". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  2. Hafeez Tunio (3 April 2017). "Former Sindh governor Azim Daudpota is no more". The Express Tribune (newspaper). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  3. Nasrullah Kabooro, Muhammad Ali Laghari and Farzana Solangi. "Shamsul Ulema Dr. Umar Bin Muhammad Daudpota Academic & Literary Services". University of Sindh - The Government - Annual Research Journal of Political Science website. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  4. Shazia Hasan (4 April 2017). "1965 war hero Daudpota passes away". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  5. The sands of time: New books capture the rich history that Sindh is gradually losing The Express Tribune (newspaper), Published 27 September 2014, Retrieved 29 May 2021
  7. "The Chachnama (Persian Text): Edited by Umar Bin Muhammad Daudpota for the Persian Texts Society, Hyderabad, Deccan". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Cambridge University Press. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  8. Maleeha Hamid Siddiqui (27 September 2014). "Three books on Sindh launched". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  9. History of Sindh: Endowment Fund to launch three books tomorrow Business Recorder (newspaper), Published 25 September 2014, Retrieved 29 May 2021