Una O'Connor (actress)

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Una O'Connor
Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936) 4.jpg
Una O'Connor (right) as Mary from Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936) with (l. to r.) Henry Stephenson, Freddie Bartholomew and Dolores Costello
Born
Agnes Teresa McGlade

(1880-10-23)23 October 1880
Died4 February 1959(1959-02-04) (aged 78)
OccupationActress
Years active1911–1957

Una O'Connor (born Agnes Teresa McGlade, 23 October 1880 4 February 1959) was an Irish-American actress who worked extensively in theatre before becoming a character actress in film and in television. She often portrayed comical wives, housekeepers and servants. In 2020, she was listed at number 19 on The Irish Times list of Ireland's greatest film actors. [1]

Contents

Life and work

O'Connor was born to a Catholic nationalist family in Belfast, Ireland. Her mother died when she was two; her father was a landowner/ farmer, ensuring that the family always had income from family land. [2] He soon left for Australia and McGlade was brought up by an aunt, studying at St Dominic's School, Belfast, convent schools and in Paris. Thinking she would pursue teaching, she enrolled in the South Kensington School of Art. [2]

Before taking up teaching duties, she enrolled in the Abbey School of Acting (affiliated with Dublin's Abbey Theatre). [2] Her career with the Abbey was between 1912 - 1934 where she performed in many productions; these are listed in the Abbey Theatre Archives. [3] She changed her name when she began her acting career with the Abbey Theatre. One of her earliest appearances was in George Bernard Shaw's The Shewing-Up of Blanco Posnet in which she played the part of a swaggering American ranch girl. The production played in Dublin as well as in New York, opening 20 November 1911 at the Maxine Elliott Theatre, marking O'Connor's American debut. [2] [4]

By 1913 she was based in London, where she appeared in The Magic Jug , The Starlight Express (1915-16 at the Kingsway Theatre), and Paddy the Next Best Thing. In the early 1920s she appeared as a cockney maid in Plus Fours followed in 1924 by her portrayal of a cockney waitress in Frederick Lonsdale's The Fake. [5] In a single paragraph review, an unnamed reviewer noted "Una O'Connor's low comedy hotel maid was effectively handled." [6] The latter show also played in New York (with O'Connor in the cast), opening 6 October 1924 at the Hudson Theatre. A review of the New York performances of The Fake recounts details of the plot, but then mentions

... two players of more than ordinary excellence. In the third act of The Fake occurs a scene between Una O'Connor and Godfrey Tearle, with Miss O'Connor as a waitress trying a crude sort of flirtation with Mr. Tearle. He does not respond at all and the longing, the pathos of this servant girl when she has exhausted her charms and receives no encouragement, is the very epitome of what careful character portrayal should be. Miss O'Connor is on the stage for only this single act, but in that short space of time she registers an indelible impression. Rightly, she scored one of the best hits of the performance. [7]

These two plays in which she portrayed servants and waitresses appear to have portended her future career. Returning to London, she played in The Ring o' Bells (November 1925), Autumn Fire (March 1926), Distinguished Villa (May 1926), [2] and Quicksands of Youth (July 1926). [8] When Autumn Fire toured the U.S., opening first in Providence, Rhode Island, a critic wrote: "Una O'Connor, who plays Ellen Keegan, the poor drudge of a daughter, bitter against life and love, does fine work. Her excellence will undoubtedly win her the love of an American public." [9]

She made her first appearance on film in Dark Red Roses (1929), followed by Murder! (1930) directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and an uncredited part in To Oblige a Lady (1931).

Despite her lengthy apprenticeship, she had not attracted much attention. British critic Eric Johns recalled meeting her in 1931 in which she confessed "I don't know what I'm going to do if I don't get work ... The end of my savings is in sight and unless something happens soon, I'll not be able to pay the rent". [10] Her luck changed when she was chosen by Noël Coward to appear in Cavalcade at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in 1933. Expressing surprise that Coward noticed her, Coward responded that he had watched her for years and wrote the part with her in mind. [10] She portrayed an Edwardian servant who transforms herself into a self-made woman. [10] When the curtain came down after a performance attended by Hollywood executives, they exclaimed to each other "We must have that Irish woman. That is obvious". [10] Her success led her to reprise her role in the film version of Cavalcade , released in 1933, and with its success, O'Connor decided to remain in the United States.

Among O'Connor's most successful and best remembered roles are her comic performances in James Whale's The Invisible Man (1933) as the publican's wife, and in Bride of Frankenstein (1935) as the Baron's housekeeper. She also appeared in The Informer (1935) and The Plough and the Stars (1936) for director John Ford. Feeling homesick, in 1937 she returned to London for twelve months in the hope of finding a good part but found nothing that interested her. While in England she appeared in three live BBC Television productions, [11] including a play by Irish playwright Teresa Deevy called In Search of Valour (1939) [12] in which she played the part of Stasia Claremorris. After her return to America, the storage facility that housed her furniture and car was destroyed in one of The Blitz strikes, which she took as a sign to remain in America. [10]

Her film career continued with roles in Michael Curtiz's The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) and The Sea Hawk (1940); and in Leo McCarey's The Bells of St. Mary's (1944). She also appeared in supporting roles in stage productions and achieved an outstanding success in the role of Janet McKenzie, the nearly deaf housemaid, in Agatha Christie's Witness for the Prosecution at Henry Miller's Theatre on Broadway from 1954–56; she also appeared in the film version in 1957, directed by Billy Wilder. As one of the witnesses, in what was essentially a serious drama, O'Connor's character was intended to provide comic relief. It was her final film performance. [10]

After a break from her initial forays in television, she took up the medium again by 1950. [11] In 1952, she was able to state that she had been in 38 productions that year alone. [13] In a rare article that she authored, O'Connor called working in television "the most exacting and nerve-racking experience that has ever come my way. It is an attempt to do two things at once, a combination of stage and screen techniques with the compensations of neither". [13] Noting that many actors dislike television work, O'Connor said that she liked it because it allowed her to play many parts. She lamented that preparation for television work was too short a period for an actor to fully realize the depths of role characterization, but that it showed an actor's mettle by the enormous amount of work needed. "Acting talent alone is not enough for the job. It requires intense concentration, an alert-quickmindedness that can take changes in direction at the last minute". [13] O'Connor concluded presciently: "It sounds fantastic and that is just exactly what it is, but it also an expanding field of employment that has come to stay. As such it is more than welcome here, where the living theatre seems determinedly headed the opposite way". [13]

Reportedly she was "happily resigned" to being typecast as a servant. "There's no such thing as design in an acting career. You just go along with the tide. Nine times out of ten one successful part will set you in a rut from which only a miracle can pry you". [14]

Her weak heart was detected as early as 1932, when her arrival in America began with detention at Ellis Island because of a "congenital heart condition". [15] By the time of her appearance in the stage version of Witness for the Prosecution she had to stay in bed all day, emerging only to get to the theater and then leaving curtain calls early to return to her bed. Her appearance in the film version was intended to be her last. [10]

Critical responses

O'Connor's gravestone Wikist aces 0049.jpg
O'Connor's gravestone

Eric Johns described O'Connor as

... a frail little woman, with enormous eyes that reminded one of a hunted animal. She could move one to tears with the greatest of ease, and just as easily reduce an audience to helpless laughter in comedies of situation. She was mistress of the art of making bricks without straw. She could take a very small part, but out of the paltry lines at her disposal, create a real flesh-and-blood creature, with a complete and credible life of its own. [10]

She admired John Galsworthy and claimed to have read all his works. [10]

She once said "Acting is a gift from God. It is like a singer's voice. I might quite easily wake up one morning to find that it has been taken from me." [10]

Personal life and death

She became a United States citizen on 3 March 1952. [16] She died, having never married nor had children, in New York City from heart disease, aged 78, on 4 February 1959 at the Mary Manning Walsh Home. She had been living at the Windsor House at 100 West 58th Street in Manhattan. [2]

Complete filmography

Stage credits

Dates are of the first performance.

Date (year, month, day)TitleAuthor(s)CityTheaterRole
1911-11-20 The Playboy of the Western World John Millington Synge New York City Maxine Elliott's Theatre IBDB. [17]
1911-11-20 The Well of the Saints John Millington SyngeNew York City Maxine Elliott's Theatre IBDB. [18]
1911-12-15 The Shewing-Up of Blanco Posnet George Bernard Shaw New York City Maxine Elliott's Theatre Jessie [19]
1912-02-12 The Countess Cathleen William Butler Yeats Dublin Abbey Theatre Angel [20]
1912-02-16 An Tincear agus an t-Sidheog Douglas Hyde Dublin Abbey Theatre Bean Og [21]
1912-02-22 The Land of Heart's Desire William Butler Yeats Dublin Abbey Theatre Maire Bruin [22]
1912-02-29 Spreading the News Lady Gregory Dublin Abbey Theatre Mrs. Fallon [23]
1912-10-03 The Country Dressmaker George Fitzmaurice Dublin Abbey Theatre Ellie Clohessy [24]
1913-01-03The Dean of St. Patrick'sG. Sidney PaternosterDublin Abbey Theatre Mistress Anne Long [25]
1913-02-20 Hannele Gerhart Hauptmann Dublin Abbey Theatre Sister Martha [26]
1913-04-17 The Stronger August Strindberg translated by Edith and Warner Oland Dublin Abbey Theatre Mdlle. Y [27]
1913-04-17Broken Faith Suzanne R. Day and Geraldine Cummins Dublin Abbey Theatre Mrs. Gara [28]
1913-06-28The Country Dressmaker George Fitzmaurice London Royal Court Theatre Min [29]
1913-06-28The Magic GlassesGeorge FitzmauriceLondon Royal Court Theatre Aunt Jug [29]
1915-12-29The Starlight Express Algernon Blackwood London Kingsway Theatre Grannie [30]
1916-01-18BauldyPatrick WilsonLondon Royalty Theatre Martha Doyle [31]
1916-02-25The Holy BondMonica EwerLondon New Theatre Mary [32]
1917-12-16InsurrectionW. F. CaseyLondon Criterion Theatre Nora O'Connell [33]
1920-04-05Paddy the Next Best ThingGayer Mackay and Robert Ord (Edith Ostlere)London Strand Theatre Miss O'Hara [34]
1923-01-17Plus Fours Horace Annesley Vachell and Harold SimpsonLondon Haymarket Theatre Mrs. Plumbridgea [35]
1923-12-26Paddy the Next Best ThingGayer Mackay and Robert Ord (Edith Ostlere)London Savoy Theatre Miss O'Hara [36]
1924-03-13The Fake Frederick Lonsdale London Apollo Theatre Waitress [37]
1925-05-10By Right of Conquest Michael Morton London Scala Theatre Annie [38]
1925-07-01The Show John Galsworthy London St Martin's Theatre Cook [39]
1925-07-01The Ring o' BellsNeil LyonsLondon Comedy Theatre Miss Bibby [40]
1926-01-20The Man Who Was Thursday Ada Elizabeth Chesterton and Ralph NealeLondon Everyman Theatre Cook [41]
1926-01-31Beyond the Horizon Eugene O'Neill LondonRegent TheatreMrs. Atkins [42]
1926-03-28The Rescue PartyPhyllis MorrisLondonRegent TheatreMaid [43]
1926-04-13Autumn Fire T. C. Murray LondonLittle TheatreEllen Keegan [44]
1926-05-02Distinguished Villa Kate O'Brien London Aldwych Theatre Mabel Hemworth [45]
1926-07-04Quicksands of YouthRoy JordanLondonScala TheatreMrs. Redmain [46]
1927-07-18The VillageVere SullivanLondonGlobe TheatreMartha Smith [47]
1927-09-11 Chance Acquaintance John Van Druten London Strand Theatre Miss Cathcart [48]
1927-09-24MasterMarjorie LingLondon Arts Theatre Mrs. Kerridge [49]
1927-10-23 Mr. Sleeman Hjalmar Bergman LondonArts TheatreMrs. Mina [50]
1927-09-11Chance AcquaintanceJohn Van DrutenLondon Criterion Theatre Miss Cathcart [51]
1927-11-14The Big DrumHarold HollandLondon Adelphi Theatre Mrs. Jowett [52]
1927-12-11TamaresqueClive CurrieLondonStrand TheatreMrs. Bonnett [53]
1927-12-13The Soul of Nicholas Snyders Jerome K. Jerome LondonEveryman TheatreDame Toelast [54]
1928-02-06 Macbeth William Shakespeare LondonRoyal Court TheatreThird Witch [55]
1928-03-11Nicholas NicklebyH. Sims, adapted from Charles Dickens LondonArts TheatreFanny Squeers [56]
1928-03-25The Way Lady Constance Malleson LondonArts TheatreGreta [57]
1928-03-25 Love in a Village Isaac Bickerstaffe and Thomas Arne London Lyric Theatre Mrs. Deborah Woodcock [58]
1928-07-01The Tragic MuseHubert GriffithLondonArts TheatreMme. Carré [59]
1928-10-25BirthrightT. C. MurrayLondonArts TheatreMaura Morrissey [60]
1928-11-05The Silver BoxJohn GalsworthyLondonEveryman TheatreMrs. Jones [61]
1928-12-09Wrongs and RightsGordon WhiteheadLondonStrand TheatreFanny Hunt [62]
1928-12-22The Passing of the Third Floor BackJerome K. JeromeLondonEveryman TheatreMiss Kite [63]
1929-03-08The Pleasure GardenBeatrice MayorLondonEveryman TheatreClergyman's wife [64]
1929-05-05After AllJohn Van DrutenLondonApollo TheatreMiss Minnister [65]
1929-05-15Wrongs and RightsGordon WhiteheadLondonStrand TheatreFanny Hunt [66]
1929-06-19ExiledJohn GalsworthyLondon Wyndham's Theatre Woman [67]
1929-10-11 The Silver Tassie Sean O'Casey LondonApollo TheatreMrs. Foran [68]
1929-12-23The Passing of the Third Floor BackJerome K. JeromeLondonEveryman TheatreMiss Kite [69]
1930-06-18Long ShadowsPhilip JohnsonLondonEveryman TheatreMrs. Dodd [70]
1930-09-01The Far-Off Hills Lennox Robinson LondonEveryman TheatreEllen Nolan [71]
1930-10-26ChassisAubrey EnsorLondonApollo TheatreBridget Maloney [72]
1931-02-17EtienneGilbert WakefieldLondon St James's Theatre Cousin Valérie [73]
1931-02-22Something StrangeFrank VosperLondon Phoenix Theatre Mrs. Highley [73]
1931-03-15The AccompliceFrank Popham-YoungLondonArts TheatreMercy [74]
1931-03-15The Gaol Gate Lady Gregory LondonArts TheatreMary Cushin [75]
1931-03-15Love at First Sight [75] -LondonArts Theatre
1931-03-15The Perfect PlotAubrey EnsorLondonArts TheatreSara Allgood [75]
1931-03-15Strange Adventure of a Maiden LadyRosalind WadeLondonArts TheatreMaiden Lady [75]
1931-10-13 Cavalcade Noel Coward London Drury Lane Theatre Ellen Bridges [76]
1931-10-25The Nag's HeadErnest GeorgeLondonArts TheatreBarmaid [77]
1939-02-12The Appointment Reginald Purdell London Vaudeville Theatre Woman [78]
1945-09-24The Ryan Girl Edmund Goulding New York City Plymouth Theatre Weavy Hicks [79]
1948-03-02 The Linden Tree J. B. Priestley New York City Music Box Theatre Mrs. Cotton [80]
1949-01-18The Shop at Sly CornerEdward PercyNew York City Booth Theatre Mrs. Catt [81]
1950-01-18 The Enchanted (English adaptation by Maurice Valency) Jean Giraudoux New York City Lyceum Theatre Leonide Mangebois [82]
1954-01-13The Starcross Story Diana Morgan New York City Royale Theatre Ellen [83]
1954-12-16 Witness for the Prosecution Agatha Christie New York City Henry Miller's Theatre Janet Mackenzie [84]

Television

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Sources

Further reading