Uncial 070

Last updated
Uncial 070

New Testament manuscript

Uncial 0191 (K. 9031).jpg
Name Fragmentum Woideanum
Text Luke John
Date 6th century
Script Greek Coptic diglot
Now at Paris, Oxford, London, Vienna
Size 37 x 28 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category III

Uncial 070 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 6 (Soden), is a Greek-Coptic diglot uncial manuscript of the New Testament. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 6th century.

Manuscript document written by hand

A manuscript was, traditionally, any document that is written by hand -- or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten -- as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way. More recently, the term has come to be understood to further include any written, typed, or word-processed copy of an author's work, as distinguished from its rendition as a printed version of the same. Before the arrival of printing, all documents and books were manuscripts. Manuscripts are not defined by their contents, which may combine writing with mathematical calculations, maps, explanatory figures or illustrations. Manuscripts may be in book form, scrolls or in codex format. Illuminated manuscripts are enriched with pictures, border decorations, elaborately embossed initial letters or full-page illustrations. A document should be at least 75 years old to be considered a manuscript.

New Testament Second division of the Christian biblical canon

The New Testament is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus, as well as events in first-century Christianity. Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture. The New Testament has frequently accompanied the spread of Christianity around the world. It reflects and serves as a source for Christian theology and morality. Extended readings and phrases directly from the New Testament are incorporated into the various Christian liturgies. The New Testament has influenced religious, philosophical, and political movements in Christendom and left an indelible mark on literature, art, and music.

Palaeography study of ancient writing

Palaeography (UK) or paleography is the study of ancient and historical handwriting. Included in the discipline is the practice of deciphering, reading, and dating historical manuscripts, and the cultural context of writing, including the methods with which writing and books were produced, and the history of scriptoria.

Contents

Uncial 070 belonged to the same manuscript as codices: 0110, 0124, 0178, 0179, 0180, 0190, 0191, 0193, 0194, and 0202. [1]

The manuscript is very lacunose. [1]

Contents

070 (13 folios) – Luke 9:9-17; 10:40-11:6; 12:15-13:32; John 5:31-42; 8:33-42; 12:27-36
0110 (1 folio) – John 8:13-22
0124 + 0194 (22 folios) – Luke 3:19-30; 10:21-30; 11:24-42; 22:54-65; 23:4-24:26; John 5:22-31; 8:42-9:39; 11:48-56; 12:46-13:4
0178 (1 folio) – Luke 16:4-12
0179 (1 folio) – Luke 21:30-22:2
0180 (1 folio) – John 7:3-12
0190 (1 folio) – Luke 10:30-39
0191 (1 folio) – Luke 12:5-14
0193 (1 folio) – John 3:23-32
0202 (2 folios) – Luke 8:13-19; 8:55-9:9. [1]

Description

The codex contains a parts of the Gospel of Luke and Gospel of John, on 44 parchment leaves (37 by 28 cm). The text is written in two columns per page, 35 lines per page. [1] The Coptic texts are not completely identical with the Greek. [1] It is written in large, round, not compressed letters, in black ink. Pages have Coptic numbers. [2] It used Spiritus asper, Spiritus lenis, and accents, but often wrongly. [2] There are many itacistic errors. [3]

Gospel of Luke Books of the New Testament

The Gospel According to Luke, also called the Gospel of Luke, or simply Luke, is the third of the four canonical Gospels. It tells of the origins, birth, ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ.

Gospel of John Books of the New Testament

The Gospel of John is the fourth of the canonical gospels. The work is anonymous, although it identifies an unnamed "disciple whom Jesus loved" as the source of its traditions. It is closely related in style and content to the three Johannine epistles, and most scholars treat the four books, along with the Book of Revelation, as a single corpus of Johannine literature, albeit not from the same author.

Iotacism is the process by which a number of vowels and diphthongs in Ancient Greek converged in pronunciation so they all now sound like iota in Modern Greek. In the case of the letter eta specifically, the process is known as itacism.

Probably it was written by Coptic scribe. In Luke 13:21 he wrote βαβουσα instead of λαβουσα, in Luke 13:16 used δεκαι instead of δεκα και. [4] The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland placed it in Category III. The Coptic texts are not completely identical with the Greek. [1]

Codex book with handwritten content

A codex, plural codices, is a book constructed of a number of sheets of paper, vellum, papyrus, or similar materials. The term is now usually only used of manuscript books, with hand-written contents, but describes the format that is now near-universal for printed books in the Western world. The book is usually bound by stacking the pages and fixing one edge to a bookbinding, which may just be thicker paper, or with stiff boards, called a hardback, or in elaborate historical examples a treasure binding.

Alexandrian text-type

The Alexandrian text-type, associated with Alexandria, is one of several text-types used in New Testament textual criticism to describe and group the textual characters of biblical manuscripts.

Kurt Aland German Theologian

Kurt Aland, was a German theologian and biblical scholar who specialized in New Testament textual criticism. He founded the Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung in Münster and served as its first director from 1959–83. He was one of the principal editors of Nestle-Aland – Novum Testamentum Graece for the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft and The Greek New Testament for the United Bible Societies.

It does not include the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) in the Coptic text. The Greek text has a lacuna in that place.

Jesus and the woman taken in adultery passage from the Gospel of John

Jesus and the woman taken in adultery is a passage (pericope) found in the Gospel of John 7:53–8:11, that has been the subject of much scholarly discussion.

In Luke 23:34 omitted words are "And Jesus said: Father forgive them, they know not what they do." This omission is supported by the manuscripts Papyrus 75, Sinaiticusa, B, D*, W, Θ, 1241, it a, d, syrs, copsa, copbo. [5]

Papyrus 75 handwritten copy of the Bible in Greek

Papyrus 75 is an early Greek New Testament papyrus. It is generally described as "the most significant" papyrus of the New Testament to be discovered so far. This evaluation of the manuscript is a result of the early date that has usually been assigned to it and the fact that its text so closely resembles that of the fourth century Codex Vaticanus. However, the early date of 75, and therefore its importance for the textual criticism of the New Testament, was called into question in 2016.

Codex Vaticanus handwritten copy of the Bible in Greek

The Codex Vaticanus is regarded as the oldest extant manuscript of the Greek Bible, one of the four great uncial codices. The Codex is named after its place of conservation in the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. It is written on 759 leaves of vellum in uncial letters and has been dated palaeographically to the 4th century.

Codex Bezae Handwritten copy of the Bible in Greek

The Codex Bezae Cantabrigensis, designated by siglum Dea or 05, δ 5, is a codex of the New Testament dating from the 5th century written in an uncial hand on vellum. It contains, in both Greek and Latin, most of the four Gospels and Acts, with a small fragment of 3 John. Written one column per page, the codex contains 406 extant parchment leaves measuring 26 x 21.5 cm, with the Greek text on the left face and the Latin text on the right. A digital facsimile of the codex is available from Cambridge University Library, which holds the manuscript.

History

Currently the manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 6th century. [6]

Nine leaves of the codex (Luke 12:15-13:32; John 8:33-42), belonged once to Carl Gottfried Woide, who received them from Egypt. [2] They are known as Fragmentum Woideanum, they were designated by Ta or Twoi and were confused with Codex Borgianus. According to Tregelles they were parts of the same manuscript. [7] J.B. Lightfoot gave a reasons for thinking that this fragment was not originally a portion of Borgianus.

0124 was brought from White Monastery.

Present location

The codex is divided into 14 parts, but 11 codices, and located in 5 libraries of four cities.

See also

Related Research Articles

Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus handwritten copy of the Bible in Greek

Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus is a fifth-century Greek manuscript of the Bible, sometimes referred to as one of the four great uncials. The manuscript is not intact: in its current condition, Codex C contains material from every New Testament book except 2 Thessalonians and 2 John; however, only six books of the Greek Old Testament are represented. It is not known whether 2 Thessalonians and 2 John were excluded on purpose, or that not a single fragment of either epistle happened to survive.

Codex Koridethi manuscript

The Codex Koridethi, also named Codex Coridethianus, designated by Θ, 038, or Theta, ε 050 (Soden), is a 9th-century manuscript of the four Gospels. It is written in Greek with uncial script in two columns per page, in 25 lines per page. There are gaps in the text: Matthew 1:1–9, 1:21–4:4, and 4:17–5:4 are missing.

Codex Vaticanus 354 manuscript

Codex Vaticanus, designated by S or 028, ε 1027, formerly called Codex Guelpherbytanus, is a Greek manuscript of the four Gospels which can be dated to a specific year instead of an estimated range. The colophon of the codex lists the date as 949. This manuscript is one of the four oldest New Testament manuscripts dated in this manner, and the only dated uncial.

Codex Borgianus, designated by T or 029, ε 5, is a Greek and Sahidic uncial manuscript of the Gospels, dated palaeographically to the 5th century. Name of the codex came from its former owners.

Codex Cyprius handwritten copy of the Bible in Greek

Codex Cyprius, designated by Ke or 017, ε 71, is a Greek uncial manuscript of the four Gospels, on parchment. It was variously dated in the past, currently it is dated to the 9th century. It was brought from Cyprus to Paris. Sometimes it was called Codex Colbertinus 5149. The words are written continuously without any separation, with stichometrical points.

Codex Regius (New Testament) handwritten copy of the Bible

Codex Regius designated by siglum Le or 019, ε 56, is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, dated paleographically to the 8th century. The manuscript is lacunose. It has marginalia.

Codex Nitriensis manuscript

Codex Nitriensis, designated by R or 027, ε 22, is a 6th-century Greek New Testament codex containing the Gospel of Luke, in a fragmentary condition. It is a two column manuscript in majuscules, measuring 29.5 cm by 23.5 cm.

Uncial 053

Uncial 053 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A4 (Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, dated paleographically to the 9th century.

Uncial 063, ε 64 (Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, dated paleographically to the 9th century.

Lectionary 150

Lectionary 150, designated by siglum 150, is also known as Codex Harleianus. It is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, on vellum leaves and one of four extant Greek lectionaries with explicit dates from before 1000.

Uncial 085, ε 23 (Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, dated palaeographically to the 6th century.

Uncial 091 in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 30 (Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, dated paleographically to the 6th-century.

Uncial 099, ε 47 (Soden); is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, assigned paleographically to the 7th-century.

Uncial 0100, ε 070 (Soden), is a Greek-Coptic diglot uncial manuscript of the New Testament. It is dated palaeographically to the 7th-century.

Uncial 0164, ε 022 (Soden), is a Greek-Coptic bilingual uncial manuscript of the New Testament, dated paleographically to the 6th century.

Minuscule 713, ε351, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century. The manuscript is lacunose. Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener labelled it as 561e.

Codex Sangallensis 907

The Codex Sangallensis 907, designated S, is an 8th-century Latin manuscript of the New Testament. The text, written on vellum, is a version of the Latin Vulgate Bible. It contains the text of the Catholic epistles, Book of Revelation, and non-biblical material. The manuscript did not survived in a complete condition and some parts of it has been lost. The codex contains the Comma Johanneum.

Minuscule 852, ε406, is a 14th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. The manuscript has not survived in complete condition.

Minuscule 994 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A227 Cι33 (von Soden), is a 10th or 11th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. The manuscript has not survived in complete condition. It has some marginalia.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 119. ISBN   978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. 1 2 3 C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 75.
  3. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 69.
  4. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament . 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 147.
  5. UBS4, p. 311.
  6. "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  7. S. P. Tregelles, "An Introduction to the Critical study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures", London 1856, p. 180.

Further reading