Unified Sports Classification System of the USSR and Russia

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Badge of the Merited Master of Sport of the USSR title. Awarded to Soviet boxer Victor Mikhailov in 1936 Znak No.  47 zms SSSR.jpg
Badge of the Merited Master of Sport of the USSR title. Awarded to Soviet boxer Victor Mikhailov in 1936
Badge of the Merited Master of Sport of Russia title. Awarded from 1992 to 2007 Znak ZMS Rossii (do 2007).jpg
Badge of the Merited Master of Sport of Russia title. Awarded from 1992 to 2007
Badge of the Merited Master of Sport of Russia title. Awarded since 2007 Znak ZMS Rossii.png
Badge of the Merited Master of Sport of Russia title. Awarded since 2007

Unified Sports Classification System of the USSR (Russian : Единая Всесоюзная спортивная классификация) is a document which provided general Soviet physical education system requirements for both athletes and coaches. Similar systems still exist today in several former Soviet republics.

Contents

Athletes

The classification was established in 1935 and was based on separate classifications, which existed for several sports disciplines before. Starting in 1949, it was revised every four years, the period, which corresponded to the Olympic cycle, to reflect new standards for the physical training. The document contained test standards, principles and conditions, necessary for the conferment of sports ranks and titles, for all sports, cultivated in the USSR. As of the 1970s, there were following ranks for athletes of the USSR (listed in descending order of value):

Each of these titles was awarded only for results on the official competitions. Athletes who qualified for the rank were awarded a badge with serial number.

Badge of the Master of Sports of Russia title Master sporta.jpg
Badge of the Master of Sports of Russia title

This system was popular among Soviet satellite states and was used in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Poland, and Romania until the breakup of the USSR in 1991. [1] Russia continued the system, and former Soviet republics Belarus, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan also maintain a similar or identical ranking system. In Albania, a similar system, the Sports titles one, was started in 1967. [2]

A new sports title called Merited Master of Sport of Russia was created by the Russian government in 2007 to replace the previous one. [3]

Non-Soviet Masters of Sport

The title of Merited Master of Sport of the USSR was awarded to a handful of foreigners.

On 30 January 1952, the title Merited Master of Sport of the USSR was awarded to Agustín Gómez Pagóla, [4] who was born in Spain and started to play football there, but moved to the USSR during the Spanish Civil War in 1937, and played for Torpedo Moscow in 1947–1954, [5] being the team captain in 1951–1953. [6]

In 1972, to mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Soviet Union, this title was awarded to the following prominent athletes from socialist nations: [7]

Coaches

Badge for Merited Coach of Russia Znak zt Rossii.jpg
Badge for Merited Coach of Russia

Under the Soviet system, titles were awarded to coaches based on national and international success. Significant International success brought Merited Coach of the USSR while national success was rewarded with Merited Coach of one of the Soviet republics.

The same system is in place today for most of the former Soviet republics as well. For example,

Non-Russian coaches

Since 2007, a few foreign coaches have been awarded the title of Merited Coach of Russia for their roles in securing Russian victories:

Judges and referees

ID card for fencing coach Galina Gorokhova identifying her as a Merited Coach of the Soviet Union Udostoverenie ZT SSSR - Galina Gorokhova (1992, dublikat).jpg
ID card for fencing coach Galina Gorokhova identifying her as a Merited Coach of the Soviet Union

The title of Honored Judge of Russia may be given to sport judges and referees who have reached the level of "All-Russian Sports Official" and have distinguished careers of officiating to their credit.

See also

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References

  1. V.L. Shteinbakh (1974). Спортсмены стран социализма на международной арене[Socialist Athletes in International Competition] (in Russian). Moscow: Fizkultura i sport.
  2. DEKRET Nr.4259, datë 11.4.1967 MBI KRIJIMIN E TITUJVE “MJESHTËR I MERITUAR I SPORTIT”, “MJESHTËR SPORTI”, “KAMPJON I REPUBLIKËS POPULLORE TË SHQIPËRISË” DHE “KUADËRI DALLUAR NË SPORT”
  3. "Приказ Федерального агентства по физической культуре и спорту от 25 сентября 2006 г. N 634 "Об учреждении почетных спортивных званий"". RG.ru (in Russian). 25 January 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  4. Semar G.M. (1987). Под одним небом:Об испанском антифашисте, советском футболисте А.Гомесе[Under One Sky: Spanish anti-fascist and Soviet football player A.Gomez] (in Russian). Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya.
  5. Yuri Petrov (1995). "Red Square of Agustín Gómez". Futbol (in Russian). Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  6. Augustin Gomez
  7. Panorama of the 1972 Sports Year (in Russian). Moscow: Fizkultura i sport. 1973. pp. 122–124.