Union Church (Chinese :香港佑寧堂) is an English speaking, interdenominational church in Hong Kong, which was established in 1844. The latest Union Church building was the 4th generation building. It was located at No. 22A Kennedy Road, Mid-Levels, up the hill from Central and Admiralty, and next to where the Peak Tram bridge intersects with Kennedy Road. Demolition work started in 2017 and a residential building including a church at its base is to be built at the same location.
Union Church was founded in 1844 by James Legge, a Scottish sinologist and missionary from the London Missionary Society, who served as pastor from 1844-1867 and from 1870-1873. The first Union Church building, called 'Union Chapel',was built in 1845 on Hollywood Road. In 1866, the Church was relocated to a new site at the corner of Staunton Street and Peel Street (2nd generation building). The church on Staunton Street having become very crowded, it was moved to the site on Kennedy Road in 1890 (3rd generation building), which also included a manse. The new building incorporated much of the materials from the 2nd generation building. The Church funded half the costs of building the nearby Kennedy Road stop of the Peak Tram.
The Church's religious service was ceased during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong during World War II, and the pastor, Rev. Kenneth Mackenzie Dow, was interned in Stanley Internment Camp. The church building was severely damaged during that time,and the Church was temporarily moved to the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps Officers Mess on Garden Road from 1945 to 1949.
The chuch was subsequently rebuilt (4th generation building) on the site of the 3rd generation building.The Fellowship Hall and the manse were completed in 1949, the Sanctuary and its bell tower in 1955 and the Annex in 1970. The sanctuary was built in minimalist modern style with references to the Bauhaus school. Internally, it featured transverse arches in Art Deco style.
On 16 March 2014, members decided to demolish the church and redevelop its prime real-estate site.Demolition work started in 2017 and a residential building including a church at its base is to be built at the same location in collaboration with Henderson Land Development.
Originally a ministry of the London Missionary Society, Union is now an independent congregation, governed by three boards: The Deacon's Court, Committee of Management and Board of Trustees.
Before their demolition, the church building and its bell tower were listed as Grade III historic buildings.
Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District on the northern shore of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. Its other boundaries are Canal Road to the east, Arsenal Street to the west and Bowen Road to the south. The area north of Gloucester Road is often referred to as Wan Chai North.
Central is the central business district of Hong Kong. It is located in Central and Western District, on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, across Victoria Harbour from Tsim Sha Tsui, the southernmost point of Kowloon Peninsula. The area was the heart of Victoria City, although that name is rarely used today.
Hong Kong Tramways (HKT) is a 3 ft 6 in narrow-gauge heritage tram system in Hong Kong. Owned and operated by RATP Dev Transdev Asia, the tramway runs on Hong Kong Island between Kennedy Town and Shau Kei Wan, with a branch circulating through Happy Valley.
Admiralty is the eastern extension of the central business district on the Hong Kong Island of Hong Kong. It is located on the eastern end of the Central and Western District, bordered by Wan Chai to the east and Victoria Harbour to the north.
The Peak Tram is a funicular railway in Hong Kong, which carries both tourists and residents to the upper levels of Hong Kong Island. Running from Garden Road Admiralty to Victoria Peak via the Mid-Levels, it provides the most direct route and offers good views over the harbour and skyscrapers of Hong Kong.
Pok Fu Lam or Pokfulam is a residential area on Hong Kong Island, at the western end of the Southern District. It is a valley between Victoria Peak and Mount Kellett, around Telegraph Bay.
Taikoo Place is a commercial building complex located in Quarry Bay, east Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It comprises grade A office towers, car parking, clubs, office apartment, parks, and shops to meet the needs from business people worldwide. Island Line (MTR) are available alongside Taikoo Place, Cityplaza and Taikoo Shing. These three complexes are all managed by Swire Properties since the beginning from Taikoo Sugar Refinery, the subsequent Taikoo Dockyard and the recent demolitions of the industrial buildings.
Hollywood Road is a street in Central and Sheung Wan, on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. The street runs between Central and Sheung Wan, with Wyndham Street, Arbuthnot Road, Ladder Street, Upper Lascar Row, and Old Bailey Street in the vicinity.
Peel Street is located in Central, Hong Kong. It is named after Robert Peel, the two-time British prime minister.
King's Road is a major east–west road along the north of Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, stretching from Causeway Bay, where it joins Causeway Road, to Sai Wan Ho, where it joins Shau Kei Wan Road.
St Andrew's Church is located at 138 Nathan Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is a church of the Anglican Province of Hong Kong and in the Diocese of Western Kowloon. It is the oldest English speaking Protestant church in Kowloon. While St Andrew's commenced its life as a church for the expatriate community, it is now an international church with 90% of those attending considering Hong Kong as their home.
Kennedy Road is a road in the Mid-levels on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It is named after Arthur Kennedy, the seventh governor of Hong Kong.
The Dr Sun Yat-sen Museum is a museum in Central, Hong Kong. It is located in Kom Tong Hall, at 7 Castle Road, Central. After the preparation work undertaken by the Hong Kong Museum of History, the museum was opened on 12 December 2006, so as to commemorate the 140th birthday of the influential Chinese statesman.
Hoh Fuk Tong Centre is located at 28 Castle Peak Road, San Hui, Tuen Mun, New Territories, Hong Kong. Morrison Building is a declared monument of Hong Kong.
Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier, often referred to as the "Star Ferry" Pier, was a pier in Edinburgh Place, Central, Hong Kong, serving the Star Ferry. The pier, with its clock tower, was a prominent waterfront landmark. Built in 1957 at the height of the Modern Movement, it was the third generation of the Star Ferry Pier in Central, and was located near the City Hall and the General Post Office.
Zetland Hall is the name given to two buildings in Hong Kong, one historic, the other modern. Both have housed Masonic Lodges.
Christianity has been in Hong Kong since 1841. As of 2014, there were about 870,000 Christians in Hong Kong, most of them are Protestant and Catholic.
Béthanie is a historic building complex located in Pok Fu Lam, in Hong Kong built in 1875 as a sanatorium by the Paris Foreign Missions Society. It is a Grade I historic building.
Kennedy Road is an intermediate station on the Peak Tram. It is located on Kennedy Road, in Central, Hong Kong, 56 metres above sea level.
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