United States–Africa Leaders Summit

Last updated
US–Africa Leaders Summit
US-Africa Leaders Summit Logo.png
Host country United States
DateAugust 4–6, 2014
MottoInvesting in the Next Generation
Venue(s) Mandarin Oriental Hotel
White House
Harry S Truman Building
Cities Washington, D.C.
Participants Barack Obama
50 African leaders (incl. 37 HOS)
U.S. Business Executives
Website Official website

The United States–Africa Leaders Summit was an international summit held in Washington D.C. from August 4–6, 2014. Leaders from fifty African states attended the three-day summit, which was hosted by U.S. President Barack Obama. The summit primarily focused on trade, investment and security of the continent. [1] Leaders from 50 of the 54 existing African sovereign nations were invited to attend. After the summit, the White House produced a number of Fact Sheets that summarized major outcomes.

Contents

Background

In 2013, President Barack Obama made his three-nation tour of Africa, in which he announced his plans to host a summit of leaders from across Africa. [2] America's annual trade with the continent is about $85 billion compared to China's $200 billion. [3] According to an interview with The Economist , Obama welcomed foreign investment in the continent saying "the more the merrier" and advised African leaders to ensure that local workers benefit from the infrastructure projects and that the roads shouldn't "just lead from the mine, to the port, to Shanghai." [4]

On July 31, 2014, four days before the beginning of the summit, there was an On-the-Record-Conference Press Call released by the White House Office of the Press Secretary that included discussions and details of the conference. The participants were (1) Ben Rhodes, Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic Communications; (2) Linda Thomas-Greenfield, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs; and (3) Gayle Smith, Senior Director for Development and Democracy at the National Security Council. [5]

Agenda

The summit focused on trade and investment and underlined the United States' commitment to the continent's people, democracy and security. It facilitated the discussion on how to deepen these partnerships. US Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker said that new deals worth about $900 million would be announced at the summit. [6]

A number of organizations have written to President Obama to draw particular attention to the rights of LGBT Africans. [7] The Human Rights Campaign and Human Rights First issued a statement urging Obama to include the discrimination against this minority in the agenda and described this summit as a 'once-in-a-generation moment' to promote equality. [8] [9] Homosexuality is criminalized in 37 Africans states. It is punishable by death in four countries: Mauritania, Nigeria (states under Sharia law), Somalia and Sudan; and up to life imprisonment in Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. Only South Africa grants full marriage equality and constitutional protection against discrimination. [10]

A Program of Events was released on the White House website. [11] Even though the first ever U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit was held from Monday August 4 to Wednesday August 6, there were a great number of side events around the Summit. [12] On Friday August 1 a Signature Event – Faith works: Honoring the contributions of the Faith Community to Peace and Prosperity in Africa took place. This included religious leaders, faith-based organization, African leaders and U.S. Government officials. The role the faith based community plays in promoting peace, prosperity and development all over Africa was discussed. The U.S.-Africa Leaders were given opportunities to contribute. [13]

August 4 Signature Events – (1) Civil Society Forum; (2) Investing in Women, Peace and Prosperity; (3) Investing in Health: Investing in Africa's Future; (4) Resilience and Food Security in a Changing Climate; and (5) Combating Wildlife Trafficking. [13] Other events included The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forum which was discussed in order to pursue efforts to renew legislation. [14] A Capital Hill Reception was held by the Senate Foreign Relations and House Foreign Affairs Committees to welcome African Leaders in the afternoon. [11]

US–Africa Business Forum

Obama Delivers remarks. President Obama Delivers Remarks at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit Session Three on Governing the Next Generation.jpg
Obama Delivers remarks.
Secretary Kerry delivering his remarks at the World Bank. U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit AGOA Ministerial.jpg
Secretary Kerry delivering his remarks at the World Bank.

On August 5 the U.S. Department of Commerce and Bloomberg Philanthropies co-hosted the first ever U.S.-Africa Business Forum. [15] The focus was on strengthening trade and financial ties between the United States and Africa. Good morning and welcome remarks were given by Penny Pritzker, United States Secretary of Commerce and Michael Bloomberg, Founder of Bloomberg Philanthropies, Bloomberg L.P. and the 108th Mayor of New York City. The Business Forum was divided into four moderated sessions.

Session 1: Expanding Opportunities: The New Era For Business in Africa. Session 1 explored the U.S.-African partnerships and identified new ways to strengthen business ties and enable greater economic progress. Ashish J. Thakkar, Founder and Managing Director of Mara Group welcomed the panel. Bill Clinton 42nd President of the United States and Founder of the Clinton Foundation was the Moderator. The five speakers were: Aliko Dangote, President and CEO Dangote Group, Jeff Immelt, CEO General Electric, Andrew N. Liveris, President, Chairman and CEO The Dow Chemical Company, Phuti Mahanyele CEO Shanduka Group and Doug McMillon President and CEO Walmart Stores Inc. [15] Prior to the second session, remarks were given by the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. [15]

Session 2: Open Markets: Financing The Africa of Tomorrow. Session 2 explored the trends guiding successful and good governance in African countries, reduction of risks, strengthening investor confidence and increasing availability of U.S. capital to African and U.S. firms intending to partner on the African continent. Jacob J. Lew, Secretary of the Treasury of the United States welcomed the panel. Donald Kaberuka, President of the African Development Bank was the Moderator. The six speakers were: Ajay Banga, President and CEO Mastercard, Tony Elumelu, Chairman Heirs Holdings Limited, James Mwangi, CEO Equity Bank Group, David Rubenstein, CEO The Carlyle Group, Sim Tshabalala, Joint CEO Standard Bank and Mo Ibrahim, Founder and Chair, Mo Ibrahim Foundation. [15]

Session 3: Powering Africa: Leading Developments in Infrastructure. Session 3 explored public-private partnerships, technological innovations and financing tools that are transforming energy, transport and digital infrastructure in Africa. Dr. Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank Group welcomed the panel. Susan Rice, Assistant to the President and National Security Advisor was the Moderator. The five speakers were: Muhtar Kent, Chairman of the Board, CEO The Coca-Cola Company, Tshepo Mahloele CEO Harith Fund Managers, Strive Masiyiwa, Founder and Chairman Econet Wireless, Virginia Ginni Rometty, Chairman, President and CEO of IBM and Stephen Schwarzman, Chairman, CEO and Co-Founder of Blackstone. Afternoon remarks were given by Joseph Biden, Vice President of the United States. [15]

Session 4: Game Plan: Shaping The Future Of A Fast-Growing Continent. Session 4 featured the African Heads of State. The assembled leaders represented the continents five regions. The discussion entailed policies that enable economic growth, intelligent infrastructure and successful private and public partnerships for the present and all the future years ahead. John Kerry, Secretary of State of the United States welcomed the panel. Charlie Rose was the Moderator. The five president speakers were: Paul Kagame, President of the Republic of Rwanda, Macky Sall, President of the Republic of Senegal, Jacob Zuma, President of the Republic of South Africa, Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania and Mohamed Moncef Marzouki, President of the Republic of Tunisia. [15] Remarks were delivered by President Obama [16] and Vice President Biden [17] during the U.S.-Africa Business Forum.

Penny Pritzker and Michael Bloomberg co-wrote to a Forbes Opinion article where they stated that the inaugural U.S.-Africa Business Forum was expected to stimulate $14 Billion worth of business. [18]

In the evening, President Obama and the First Lady hosted a Dinner Reception at the White House for the African Leaders, government and select guests. [19] [20] [21] Among the attendees at the dinner was former President Jimmy Carter. [22]

Summit Leaders Meetings

A session in progress U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit Session One.jpg
A session in progress
President Obama participates in a family photo with African leaders. President Obama Participates in the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit Family Photo.jpg
President Obama participates in a family photo with African leaders.

On August 6 the Summit Leaders Meetings took place. President Obama and African Leaders engaged in dialogue in three action-oriented sessions that addressed issues of shared common interest and mutual concern. [23] Session 1: Investing in Africa's Future – inclusive sustainable development, economic growth and trade and investment were discussed. Session 2: Peace and Regional Stability – a working lunch centered around long-term solutions to regional conflict, peace keeping challenges and combating transnational threats. Session 3: Governing For The Next Generation – the focus was on how to enhance governance in order to deliver services to citizens and to attract and prepare for increased domestic and foreign direct trade and investment.

The Summit concluded with President Obama holding a press conference. [24] He called the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit "an extraordinary event" [25]

Other events of the final day were: (1) A Spousal Program accompanied by the tag line "Investing in Our Future at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit" hosted by First Lady Michelle Obama in partnership with former First Lady, Laura Bush and the Bush Institute. This day-long spouses symposium which was held at the Kennedy Center focused on the impact of investments in education, health and public-private partnerships. [26] [27] The 43rd President of the United States, George W. Bush made an appearance, he sat with the African First Ladies and drew applause when he said "If you're worried about your husbands' political future, taking care of women is good politics." As a father and grand father he "is concerned about the future, not less" when it comes to freedom, economic empowerment and health of girls and women around the world. [28] Jill Biden delivered remarks earlier on [26] [29] and also spoke about creating opportunities for young women leaders. [26] [30]

(2) A Dialogue with African CEO's hosted by Congressman Gregory W. Meeks and the Congressional Black Caucus Africa Task Force entailed panel discussions and networking with African business and political leaders, U.S. private sector representatives and members of congress. [31] [32]

Participants

Kerry with the Chairperson of the African Union, Abdel Aziz Secretary Kerry and Mauritanian President Abdel Aziz Address Reporters August 2014.jpg
Kerry with the Chairperson of the African Union, Abdel Aziz
Obamas with Tanzanian President Kikwete and First Lady Salma Kikwete Jakaya Kikwete with Obamas 2014.jpg
Obamas with Tanzanian President Kikwete and First Lady Salma Kikwete

Africa consists of 54 sovereign states; all of them are members of the African Union. Invitations were extended to fifty African leaders who are "in good standing" with both the US and the African Union. [33] Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission was also invited. [34] [35] President Obama met the leaders "as a group", and not on an individual basis. [36] [37] Of the fifty leaders, thirty-seven were Heads of State. [38]

Dignitaries

CountryTitleLeader
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola Vice President Manuel Vicente
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin President Yayi Boni
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana Foreign Minister Phandu Skelemani
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaoré
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde President Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad President Idriss Déby
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon President Paul Biya
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros President Ikililou Dhoinine
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Cote d'Ivoire Prime Minister Daniel Kablan Duncan
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo–Brazzaville President Denis Sassou Nguesso
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  DR Congo President Joseph Kabila
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon President Ali Bongo Ondimba
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia President Yahya Jammeh
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana President John Dramani Mahama
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea President Alpha Condé
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau President José Mário Vaz
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho Prime Minister Tom Thabane
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia Vice President Joseph Boakai
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thani
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar President Hery Rajaonarimampianina
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi President Peter Mutharika
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique President Armando Guebuza
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia President Hifikepunye Pohamba
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria President Goodluck Jonathan
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda President Paul Kagame
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe Prime Minister Gabriel Costa
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal President Macky Sall
Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles President James Michel
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone Foreign Minister Samura Kamara
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa President Jacob Zuma
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini King Mswati III
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania President Jakaya Kikwete
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo President Faure Gnassingbe
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia President Moncef Marzouki
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda President Yoweri Museveni
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia Vice President Guy Scott

Non–attendance

CountryHead of StateReason
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika [39] health reasons
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola President José Eduardo dos Santos [39]
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana President Ian Khama [40]
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi [41]
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf [42] due to an Ebola outbreak
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco King Mohammed VI [43]
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma [44] due to an Ebola outbreak
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia President Michael Sata [39] health reasons
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Cote d'Ivoire President Alassane Ouattara

Exclusions

Temporary

At the time of the announcement of the summit in January 2014, the following three states were suspended from the African Union due to their political situation. They have since been re-admitted following the restoration of democracy and rule of law:

Controversies

The list of invited leaders included the following long serving African strongmen: [56] [57]

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo with Obamas 2014.jpg
Blaise Compaore with Obamas 2014.jpg
Yahya Jammeh with Obamas 2014.jpg
Obama with Nguema, Compaoré and Jammeh.
CountryLeaderIn power since
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola José Eduardo dos Santos 1979
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Blaise Compaoré 1987
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Paul Biya 1982
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Republic of the Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso 1997
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo 1979
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia Yahya Jammeh 1994
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda Yoweri Museveni 1986

Human Rights Watch and EG Justice called upon the US to denounce Equatoguinean President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo's human rights abuses in his country. [58]

The Economic Freedom Fighters, a South African opposition party, objected to the exclusion of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe; it also disagreed with Morocco's inclusion as it continues to "illegally" occupy Western Sahara. [59]

Outcome

President Obama delivered a personal, six-minute toast at the U.S.-Africa Summit Dinner in which he invoked his African heritage, saying, “I stand before you as the president of the United States and a proud American. I also stand before you as the son of a man from Africa. The blood of Africa runs through our family. And so for us, the bonds between our countries, our continents, are deeply personal.” [60] He announced $20 billion of investment in energy projects in sub-Saharan Africa. [61]

Through the Office of The Press Secretary, the White House released a number of Fact Sheets pertaining to the outcome of the United States–Africa Leaders Summit. On August 4, 2014, FACTSHEET: Investing in African Trade for Our Common Future was released. It clarified strategies pertaining to the renewal and update of the African Growth Opportunities Act (AGOA), synergies through aligning assistance, improving infrastructure to enhance competitiveness, strengthen trade capacity and creation of new African markets. [62] On August 5, 2014, FACTSHEET: The Doing Business in Africa Campaign (DBIA) was released. The emphasis was on the United States' commitment to strengthen its ties and commercial relationship with Africa. The Fact Sheet clarified this new commitment to expand the Doing Business in Africa Campaign: "At today’s U.S.-Africa Business Forum, President Obama announced $7 billion in new financing to promote U.S. exports to and investments in Africa under the DBIA Campaign. U.S. companies announced new deals in clean energy, aviation, banking, and construction worth more than $14 billion, in addition to $12 billion in new commitments under the President’s Power Africa initiative from private sector partners, the World Bank, and the government of Sweden. Taken together, these new commitments amount to more than $33 billion, supporting economic growth across Africa and tens of thousands of U.S. jobs." In addition, the Fact Sheet emphasized the President's Executive Order to create a Presidential Advisory Council on DBIA and new U.S. Government resources to support U.S. exports and investments in Africa. [63]

Other Materials, Outcomes and Fact Sheets directly related to the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit were: (1) U.S.-Africa Cooperation in Advancing Gender Equality [64] (2) U.S.-African Cooperation on Global Health [65] (3) Shared Investment in Youth [66] (4) U.S.-African Cooperation on Food Security [67] (5) U.S. Engagement on Climate Change and Resilience in Africa [68] (6) U.S. Support for Democratic Institutions, Good Governance and Human Rights in Africa [69] (7) U.S. Support for Combating Wildlife Trafficking [70] (8) Powering Africa: Increasing Access to Power in Sub-Saharan Africa [71] (9) Investments Announced at Symposium for African Spouses Hosted by First Lady Michelle Obama and Former First Lady Laura Bush. "More than $200 million committed to programs that will empower more than 1 million people in Africa." [72] (10) U.S. Support for Peacekeeping in Africa [73] (11) Security Governance Initiative [74] (12) Partnering to Counter Terrorism in Africa [75]

The White House Press Office released a Statement by the Chair of the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit. Topics covered were the Summit's Background; Investing in Africa's Future; Advancing Peace and Regional Stability; Governing for the Next Generation; Investing in Women for Peace and Prosperity; and, Providing Skills and Opportunities to the Youth. In closing, it was duly noted that President Obama announced that the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit would be a recurring event. [76]

Related Research Articles

Lael Brainard American economist

Lael Brainard is an American economist who has served on the Federal Reserve Board of Governors since 2014. She previously served as the United States Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs from 2010 to 2013.

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama from his inauguration as the 44th president of the United States on January 20, 2009, to December 31, 2009. For his time as president-elect, see the presidential transition of Barack Obama; for a detailed account of his first months in office, see first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency; for a complete itinerary of his travels, see list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama.

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama, from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2010. For his time as president-elect, see the presidential transition of Barack Obama; for a detailed account of his first months in office, see first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency; for a complete itinerary of his travels, see list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama.

Rashad Hussain American diplomat

Rashad Hussain is an American attorney, diplomat, and professor, who served as associate White House counsel, U.S. Envoy to Muslim countries as U.S. Special Envoy of President Barack Obama to the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and the U.S. Special Envoy for strategic counterterrorism communications. Hussain has also served on the United States National Security Council and in the Department of Justice as a trial attorney and a criminal and national security prosecutor. In his role as Envoy to the OIC, the second largest intergovernmental body after the UN, Hussain traveled to numerous countries and international gatherings, served as a foreign policy advisor, and met with foreign leaders and Muslim communities around the world. His position, "a kind of ambassador at large to Muslim countries was created by President George W. Bush," and the Washington Post described Hussain as member of the President Obama's "spiritual cabinet."

U.S. President Barack Obama nominated over 400 individuals for federal judgeships during his presidency. Of these nominations, Congress confirmed 329 judgeships, 173 during the 111th & 112th Congresses and 156 during the 113th and 114th Congresses.

Presidential Summit on Entrepreneurship

In his "A New Beginning" speech on June 4, 2009, at Cairo University in Cairo, Egypt, President of the United States Barack Obama announced, "I will host a Summit on Entrepreneurship this year to identify how we can deepen ties between business leaders, foundations and social entrepreneurs in the United States and Muslim communities around the world". The Presidential Summit on Entrepreneurship, held in Washington, D.C., on Monday April 26, and Tuesday, April 27, 2010, at the Ronald Reagan Building, followed through on President Obama's commitment by highlighting the importance of social and economic entrepreneurship, and strengthening mutually-beneficial relationships with entrepreneurs in Muslim-majority countries and Muslim communities around the world. At the second summit in Istanbul, Turkey, Vice President Joe Biden announced that the Presidential Summit would become the marquee event that kicks off Global Entrepreneurship Week each year, with the 2013 host being the United Arab Emirates.

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama, from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011. For his time as president-elect, see the presidential transition of Barack Obama; for a detailed account of his first months in office, see first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency; for a complete itinerary of his travels, see list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama.

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama, from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012. For his time as president-elect, see the presidential transition of Barack Obama; for a detailed account of his first months in office, see first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency; for a complete itinerary of his travels, see list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama.

Luis Felipe Restrepo American judge

Luis Felipe Restrepo, known commonly as L. Felipe Restrepo, is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama, from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013. For his time as president-elect, see the presidential transition of Barack Obama; for a detailed account of his first months in office, see first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency; for a complete itinerary of his travels, see list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama.

Ange Kagame

Ange Kagame is the second child and only daughter of Paul Kagame, current president of Rwanda. She has been involved in causes that include women's empowerment, education, and poverty eradication, as well as mass vaccination campaigns. She is married to Bertrand Ndengeyingoma.

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama, from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. For his time as president-elect, see the presidential transition of Barack Obama; for a detailed account of his first months in office, see first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency; for a complete itinerary of his travels, see list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama.

Richard Franklin Boulware II American judge

Richard Franklin Boulware II is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Nevada and former assistant Federal Public Defender.

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Barack Obama, from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015. For his time as president-elect, see the presidential transition of Barack Obama; for a detailed account of his first months in office, see first 100 days of Barack Obama's presidency; for a complete itinerary of his travels, see list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama.

The Bloomberg Global Business Forum is an annual event organized by Bloomberg Philanthropies, the charity founded by former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. The event is held during the annual meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in each September in New York City as part of Global Goals Week - an annual week-long event for action, awareness, and accountability for the Sustainable Development Goals.

References

  1. "Statement by the Press Secretary Announcing the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit". whitehouse.gov . 21 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014 via National Archives.
  2. "Obama to host summit of African leaders next year". Fox News. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  3. Rotberg, Robert (March 19, 2014). "Why Africa Cannot Prosper Without China". Opencanada.org . Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  4. "The next great disruption". The Economist . 31 July 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  5. "On-The-Record Conference Call for U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit". whitehouse.gov . August 1, 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  6. Keeler, Dan (22 July 2014). "Obama's Africa Summit Set to See $900m+ in Deals Announced". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  7. "Letter to Obama" (PDF). globalequality.org. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  8. Crary, David (29 July 2014). "Activists Want Gay Rights on Africa Summit Agenda". ABC News . Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  9. "Human Rights First and HRC Foundation Release Joint Report on Human Rights for LGBT Africans". Human Rights First. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  10. "REPORT: THE STATE OF HUMAN RIGHTS FOR LGBT PEOPLE IN AFRICA" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign and Human Rights First. July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  11. 1 2 "Program of Events". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2014 via National Archives.
  12. "Side Events". Inter Action: A United Voice For Global Change. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  13. 1 2 "U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit Schedule of Signature Events". Millennium Challenge Corporation United States of America. Archived from the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  14. Dews, Fred (4 August 2014). "As U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit Begins, Key Members of Congress Say AGOA must be reauthorized". Brookings Institution Blog. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "U.S.-Africa Business Forum". Bloomberg Philanthropies Bloomberg.org Group. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  16. "Program of Events, President Obama delivers remarks". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2014 via National Archives.
  17. "Program of Events, Vice President Biden delivers remarks to the U.S.-Africa Business Forum". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2014 via National Archives.
  18. "Obama's U.S.-Africa Forum Will Catalyze $14 Billion In Business Deals". Forbes. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  19. Robertson, Erin C.J. (6 August 2014). "PHOTOS: Obamas Host African Leaders at a Dinner Soiree". The Root.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  20. Superville, Darlene (5 August 2014). "Obama Welcomes African Leaders For Unusual Dinner". Associated Press. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  21. "Program of Events, President Obama speaks at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit Dinner". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2014 via National Archives.
  22. "Expected Attendees at Tonight's U.S.–Africa Leaders Summit Dinner". whitehouse.gov . 5 August 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2020 via National Archives.
  23. "Program of Events, President Obama Participates in the Session". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2014 via National Archives.
  24. "Program of Events, Leader Press Conferences". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2014 via National Archives.
  25. Eilperin, Juliet (6 August 2014). "Obama Praises U.S. Africa Summit as an 'extraordinary event'". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 7 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  26. 1 2 3 "Program of Events, Spousal Program". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2014 via National Archives.
  27. "A Conversation With The First Lady and Mrs. Laura Bush". 6 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  28. Gillman, Todd J. (6 August 2014). "Michelle Obama and Laura Bush Banter. George W. Bush joins them in promoting African girls and women". Dallasnews.com. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  29. "Dr. Jill Biden Delivers Remarks at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit". 4 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  30. "Dr. Jill Biden Speaks on Creating Opportunities for Young Women Leaders". 6 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  31. "Program of Events, A Dialogue with African CEO's". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2014 via National Archives.
  32. Staff, AfSB. "Black Lawmakers Host Dialogue With African CEO's". africastrictlybusiness.com. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  33. "Washington Prepares to Host Meeting of African Leaders". NY Times . 29 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  34. "White House On U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit". allafrica.com . Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  35. "Obama to invite 47 leaders to US-Africa summit". News24 . Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  36. Wonacott, Peter (21 July 2014). "Obama Charts a Risky Course With Africa Heads-of-State Summit". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  37. Akande, Laolu. "U.S-Africa Summit: Obama Rules Out Meeting With Jonathan, Others". The Guardian (Nigeria) . Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  38. "Heads of Delegation". whitehouse.gov . Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2014 via National Archives.
  39. 1 2 3 Vines, Alex (1 August 2014). "The First US-Africa Summit: More than a Birthday Party for President Obama". Chatham House . Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  40. "Botswana's Khama misses US-Africa Leaders Summit". en.starafrica.com. 5 August 2014. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  41. "Why did Sisi decline Obama's invitation to Washington?". Al Arabiya News. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  42. "Two African Leaders Skip Obama Summit to Deal With Ebola". Bloomberg Business Week. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  43. "King Mohammed VI Absent From US-Africa Summit". Morocco World. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  44. Boyer, Dave (31 July 2014). "3 African leaders cancel trip to U.S. over Ebola outbreak; Obama still plans summit". Washington Times. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  45. "Uninvited To U.S. -Africa Leaders Summit: CAR's Catherine Samba-Panza". afkinsider.com. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  46. 1 2 Obama administration may revise the list of African leaders invited to US summit on YouTube
  47. 1 2 3 Pecquet, Julian (22 January 2014). "Obama excludes Egypt, six others from Africa summit". The Hill . Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  48. "Obama's U.S.-Africa Summit – Who's In, Who's Out". allafrica.com. January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  49. "Sudan criticises its exclusion from US-Africa summit". Sudan Tribune. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  50. "US-Africa summit: Why Mugabe was snubbed". News24. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  51. "Zimbabwe not concerned by Washington snub: official". AFP. 27 January 2014. Archived from the original on 31 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  52. "Obama shuts out Mugabe". Newsday. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  53. "Egypt Says Not Invited to US Africa Summit". ABC News. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  54. "U.S. offers Egypt late invite to Africa summit". Al Arabiya. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  55. "US urges Madagascar leader to gain population 'confidence'". AFP. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  56. The Washington Post
  57. Smith, Jeffrey (3 July 2014). "Obama should embrace Africa's democratic standard-bearers". Aljazeera. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  58. "Equatorial Guinea: Halt Prisoner Torture". Human Rights Watch. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  59. "EFF rejects the US-AFRICA leadership summit". Economic Freedom Fighters. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  60. Topaz, Jonathan (6 August 2014). "Obama's Africa toast gets 'personal'". Politico. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  61. "Africa: USAID Announcements At the African Leaders' Summit for Tuesday, August 5th". AllAfrica. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  62. "FACTSHEET: Investing in African Trade for our Common Future". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  63. "FACTSHEET: Doing Business in Africa Campaign". whitehouse.gov . 5 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  64. "FACTSHEET: U.S.-Africa Cooperation Advancing Gender Equality". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  65. "FACTSHEET: U.S.-African Cooperation on Global Health". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  66. "FACTSHEET: Shared Investment in Youth". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  67. "FACTSHEET: U.S.-African Cooperation on Food Security". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  68. "FACTSHEET: U.S. Engagement on Climate Change and Resilience in Africa". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  69. "FACTSHEET: U.S. Support for Democratic Institutions, Good Governance and Human Rights in Africa". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  70. "FACTSHEET: U.S. Support for Combating Wildlife Trafficking". whitehouse.gov . 4 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  71. "FACTSHEET: Powering Africa: Increasing Access to Power in Sub-Saharan Africa". whitehouse.gov . 5 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  72. "Investments Announced at Symposium for African Spouses Hosted by First Lady Michelle Obama and Former First Lady Laura Bush". whitehouse.gov . 6 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  73. "FACTSHEET: U.S. Support for Peacekeeping in Africa". whitehouse.gov . 6 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  74. "FACTSHEET: Security Governance Initiative". whitehouse.gov . 6 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  75. "FACTSHEET: Partnering Counter Terrorism in Africa". whitehouse.gov . 6 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
  76. "Statement by the Chair of the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit". whitehouse.gov . 6 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014 via National Archives.
Images