United States Army War College

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U.S. Army War College
US Army War College SSI.png
U.S. Army War College Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Motto
Prudens futuri [1]
Motto in English
Wisdom and strength for the future
Type War college
Established1901;123 years ago (1901)
Officer in charge
MG David C. Hill
Students800
Location, ,
U.S.

40°12′40″N77°10′23″W / 40.211°N 77.173°W / 40.211; -77.173
Website www.armywarcollege.edu
Seal of the United States Army War College.png

The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a U.S. Army educational institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500-acre (2 km2) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks. [2] It provides graduate-level instruction to senior military officers and civilians to prepare them for senior leadership assignments and responsibilities. [3] Each year, a number of Army colonels and lieutenant colonels are considered by a board for admission. [4] [3] Approximately 800 students attend at any one time, half in a two-year-long distance learning program, and the other half in an on-campus, full-time resident program lasting ten months. [3] Upon completion, the college grants its graduates a master's degree in Strategic Studies. [3]

Contents

The Army War College is a split-functional institution. Emphasis is placed on research and students are also instructed in leadership, strategy, and joint-service/international operations. It is one of the senior service colleges including the Naval War College and the USAF Air War College. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Defense operates the National War College.

Mission

According to U.S. Army Regulation 10–87, the Army War College "educates and develops leaders for service at the strategic level while advancing knowledge in the global application of landpower." [5]

History

Elihu Root ElihuRoot2.jpg
Elihu Root

Established from the principles learned in the Spanish–American War, the college was founded by Secretary of War Elihu Root and President Theodore Roosevelt, and formally established by General Order 155 on 27 November 1901. Washington Barracks, now called Fort Lesley J. McNair, in Washington, D.C. was chosen as the site. Roosevelt attended the Masonic laying of the cornerstone of Roosevelt Hall on 21 February 1903.

The first president of the Army War College was Major General Samuel B. M. Young [6] in July 1902 and the first students attended the college in 1904.

During the presidency of Montgomery M. Macomb in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson accused students and staff of planning for taking part in an offensive war, even though the United States had not entered World War I. Wilson was unconvinced by Macomb's explanation that the college was concerned only with the intellectual growth and professional development of its students, and insisted that the school curtail its activities in order to ensure that the U.S. maintained its neutrality. [7] [8]

Malin Craig served as commandant prior to being appointed Chief of Staff of the United States Army in 1936, and he was succeeded by Walter S. Grant. [9] The college remained at Washington Barracks until the 1940s, when it was closed due to World War II. It reopened in 1950 at Fort Leavenworth, and moved one year later to its present location.

Center for Strategic Leadership

The Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL) emphasizes experiential education, senior leader education, support to Army senior leader research, and support to both U.S. Army War College (USAWC) and Army Senior Leader strategic communication efforts. CSL's professional staff and Collins Hall facility host, support, develop, and conduct events, including workshops, symposia, conferences, games, and exercises focused on a broad range of strategic leadership and national security issues and concepts in support of the USAWC, the U.S. Army, and the Interagency and Joint Communities.

Basic Strategic Art Program

The Basic Strategic Art Program is one of the academic programs taught at the U.S. Army War College. When the program was founded in 2003, its purpose was to provide those officers who had been newly designated into Functional Area 59 (Strategist, formerly Strategic Plans & Policy) an introduction to strategy and to the skills, knowledge, and attributes needed as a foundation for their progressive development as army strategists.

FA 59 officers have been deployed to combat since the onset of the War on Terror following the September 11 attacks in 2001. Since then, graduates of this program served in key positions in Iraq and Afghanistan, all combatant commands, and at the Pentagon.

Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute

The Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) is located at the War College. The institute's mission is to serve as the U.S. Military's Center of Excellence for Stability and Peace Operations at the strategic and operational levels in order to improve military, civilian agency, international, and multinational capabilities and execution.

Notable alumni

See also

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References

  1. "Commandant's Column: Envisioning USAWC 2020". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  2. "Historic Carlisle Barracks" . Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Military Education Level 1 Programs" . Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  4. US Army War College Archived 15 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine . Carlisle.army.mil. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  5. "Army Regulation 10-87, Army Commands, Army Service Component Commands, and Direct Reporting Units, 11 December 2017" (PDF).
  6. Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer; William Gardner Bell; Government Printing Office, 2006.
  7. Lengel, Edward G. (2014). A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 391. ISBN   9781118836286.
  8. Grotelueschen, Mark Ethan (2007). The AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 24. ISBN   9781139458948.
  9. Birnie, Upton Jr. (October 1956). "Obituary, Walter S. Grant". Assembly. West Point, NY: Association of Graduates, United States Military Academy. pp. 63–64 via West Point Digital Library.