United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands

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United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands

1945–1950
Seal of High Commissioner of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Coat of arms
Location Ryukyu Islands.png
Location of the Ryukyu Islands (shaded red)
in the East China Sea
StatusMilitary occupation
Common languages Japanese
Ryukyuan
English
U.S. President  
 1945
Franklin D. Roosevelt (first)
 1945–1950
Harry S. Truman (last)
Governor 
 1945
LTG Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. (first)
 1950
MG Robert S. Beightler (last)
Historical era Cold War
April 1 1945
 Founding of USCAR
December 15 1950
Currency A Yen (to July 1948)
B yen (July 1948–Sep 1958)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg Empire of Japan
United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands US flag 48 stars.svg

The United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands(琉球列島米国軍政府,Ryūkyū-rettō Beikoku Gunseifu) was the government in Okinawa, Japan from 1945 to 1950, whereupon it was replaced by the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands government agency

The United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, or "USCAR", was the government in Okinawa, Japan, after World War II from 1950 until 1972.

Contents

The government was headed by the military governor(軍政長官,Gunsei Chōkan) and his second-in-command, the Chief Military Government Officer(軍政府長官,Gunsei-fu Chōkan). They were assisted by the Deputy Commander of the Military Government(軍政府副長官,Gunsei-fu Fuku-chōkan). [1]

Governors [2]

TenurePortraitIncumbentNotes
1 April 1945 to 18 June 1945 LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIMON B. BUCKNER in Okinawa.jpg LTG Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. Killed in the Battle of Okinawa
18 June 1945 to 23 June 1945 Roy Geiger.jpg GEN Roy Geiger Acting Governor
23 June 1945 to 16 October 1945 Stilwell001.jpg GEN Joseph Stilwell Acting Governor to 31 July 1945
June 1945 to 23 April 1945 MG Fred Clute Wallace Commanding General, Island Command Okinawa
17 October 1945 to 29 December 1945 BG Lawrence A. Lawson
30 December 1945 to 26 February 1946BG Fremont Byron Hodson Sr.
27 February 1946 to 21 May 1946MG Leo Donovan
24 May 1946 to 11 May 1948BG Frederic Lord Hayden
12 May 1948 to 30 September 1949MG William W. Eagles
1 October 1949 to 21 July 1950MG Josef R. Sheetz
28 July 1950 to 6 December 1950 Robert B. McClure.jpg MG Robert B. McClure
6 December 1950 to 9 December 1950BG Harry B. Sherman Acting Governor
9 December 1950 to 15 December 1950 Robert S Beightler.jpg MG Robert S. Beightler

See also

The Government of the Ryukyu Islands was the self-government of native Okinawans during the American occupation of Okinawa. It was created by proclamation of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR) on April 1, 1952 and was abolished on May 14, 1972 when Okinawa was returned to Japan. The government consisted of an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch. Members of legislature were elected. The legislature made its own laws, and often had conflicts with USCAR, who could overrule their decisions.

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References

  1. ja:琉球列島米国軍政府
  2. "Okinawa and Ryukyu Islands". worldstatesmen.org. B. Cahoon. Retrieved 23 September 2015.