Universiade

Last updated

Universiade
FISU flag2.svg
Statusactive
Genresporting event
Frequencybiennial
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1959 (1959) (summer)
1960 (1960) (winter)
Organised by FISU

The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "Olympiad". The Universiade is referred to in English as the World University Games or World Student Games; however, this latter term can also refer to competitions for sub-University grades students. The Universiade is the largest multi-sport event in the world apart from the Olympic Games. [1] The most recent games were in 2019: the Winter Universiade was in Krasnoyarsk, Russia while the Summer Universiade was held in Naples, Italy. The 2021 Winter Universiade will take place in Lucerne, Switzerland between 11 and 21 December 2021, [2] [3] and the 2021 Summer Universiade is scheduled to be held in Chengdu, China, but due to the COVID-19 pandemic has been postponed to 2022. [4]

Contents

Precursors

The idea of a global international sports competition between student-athletes pre-dates the 1949 formation of the International University Sports Federation (FISU), which now hosts the Universiade. English peace campaigner Hodgson Pratt was an early advocate of such an event, proposing (and passing) a motion at the 1891 Universal Peace Congress in Rome to create a series of international student conferences in rotating host capital cities, with activities including art and sport. This did not come to pass, but a similar event was created in Germany in 1909 in the form of the Academic Olympia. Five editions were held from 1909 to 1913, all of which were hosted in Germany following the cancellation of an Italy-based event. [5]

Opening ceremony of the 2017 Summer Universiade 2017Tai Bei Shi Jie Da Xue Yun Dong Hui Kai Mu Dian Li 12.jpg
Opening ceremony of the 2017 Summer Universiade

At the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a "University Olympic Games". After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean was convinced not to use the word "Olympic" in the tournament's name. [5] Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE), was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the 1923 International Universities Championships. This was followed by the renamed 1924 Summer Student World Championships a year later and two further editions were held in 1927 and 1928. Another name change resulted in the 1930 International University Games. The CIE's International University Games was held four more times in the 1930s before having its final edition in 1947. [6] [7]

A student football match held at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students Fotothek df roe-neg 0006159 005 Blick auf das Spielfeld und die Zuschauertribune.jpg
A student football match held at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students
During the 1989 Summer Universiade Unversiade DU89 02.jpg
During the 1989 Summer Universiade
During the 2011 Summer Universiade SZ Tour Shen Zhen Yuan Bo Yuan Shenzhen International Garden and Flower Expo Park sign 2011 Summer Universiade a.jpg
During the 2011 Summer Universiade

A separate group organised an alternative university games in 1939 in Vienna, in post-Anschluss Germany. [6] The onset of World War II ceased all major international student sport activities and the aftermath also led to division among the movement, as the CIE was disbanded and rival organisations emerged. The Union Internationale des Étudiants (UIE) incorporated a university sports games into the World Festival of Youth and Students from 1947–1962, including one separate, unofficial games in 1954. This event principally catered for Eastern European countries. [8]

After the closure of the CIE and the creation of the first UIE-organised games, FISU came into being in 1949 and held its own first major student sport event the same year in the form of the 1949 Summer International University Sports Week. The Sports Week was held biennially until 1955. Like the CIE's games before it, the FISU events were initially Western-led sports competitions. [6]

Division between the largely Western European FISU and Eastern European UIE eventually began to dissipate among broadened participation at the 1957 World University Games. This event was not directly organised by either group, instead being organised by Jean Petitjean in France (which remained neutral to the split), but all respective nations from the groups took part. The FISU-organised Universiade became the direct successor to this competition, maintaining the biennial format into the inaugural 1959 Universiade. It was not until the 1957 World University Games that the Soviet Union began to compete in FISU events. That same year, what had previously been a European competition became a truly global one, with the inclusion of Brazil, Japan and the United States among the competing nations. The increased participation ultimately led to the establishment of the Universiade as the primary global student sport championship. [5] [6]

Precursor events

Precursor events
YearEventOrganiserHost cityHost country
1923 International Universities Championships CIE Paris Flag of France.svg  France
1924 Summer Student World Championships CIE Warsaw Flag of Poland (1919-1928).svg  Poland
1927 Summer Student World ChampionshipsCIE Rome Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy
1928 Summer Student World ChampionshipsCIE Paris Flag of France.svg  France
1930 International University Games CIE Darmstadt Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1933 International University GamesCIE Turin Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy
1935 International University GamesCIE Budapest Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946).svg  Hungary
1937 International University GamesCIE Paris Flag of France.svg  France
1939 International University GamesCIE Monte Carlo Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco
1939 International University GamesCIE Vienna Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg  Germany
1947 International University GamesCIE Paris Flag of France.svg  France
1947 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Prague Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
1949 World Festival of Youth and StudentsUIE Budapest Flag of Hungary (1949-1956; 1-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary
1949 Summer International University Sports Week FISU Merano Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1951 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE East Berlin Flag of Germany.svg  East Germany
1951 Summer International University Sports WeekFISU Luxembourg Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg
1953 World Festival of Youth and StudentsUIE Bucharest Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania
1953 Summer International University Sports WeekFISU Dortmund Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
1955 World Festival of Youth and StudentsUIE Warsaw Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1955 Summer International University Sports WeekFISU San Sebastián Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Spain
1957 World Festival of Youth and StudentsUIE Moscow Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1957 World University Games CIE Paris Flag of France.svg  France
1959 World Festival of Youth and StudentsUIE Vienna Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
1962 World Festival of Youth and StudentsUIE Helsinki Flag of Finland.svg  Finland

Summer World University Games

Location map

Editions

Overview of Universiade events
GamesYearHost country
(as recognized by FISU)
Host cityOpened byDatesNationsCompetitorsSportsEventsTop nation
1 1959Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Turin Giovanni Gronchi 26 August – 7 September45985760Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
2 1961Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967).svg  Bulgaria Sofia Dimitar Ganev 25 August – 3 September321270968Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
3 1963Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg  Brazil Porto Alegre Paulo de Tarso Santos 30 August – 8 September27917970Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
4 1965Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Budapest István Dobi 20–30 August321729974Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
5 1967Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan Tokyo Hirohito 27 August – 4 September309371083Flag of the United States.svg  United States
6 1970Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Turin Giuseppe Saragat 26 August – 6 September402080982Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
7 1973Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Moscow Leonid Brezhnev 15–25 August72276510111Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
8 1975Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Rome Giovanni Leone 18–21 August38450138Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
9 1977Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 17–28 August78293910101Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
10 1979Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Mexico City José López Portillo 2–13 September8529741097Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
11 1981Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania Bucharest Nicolae Ceauşescu 19–30 July86291210133Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
12 1983Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Edmonton Charles, Prince of Wales 1–12 July73240010118Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
13 1985Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan Kobe Akihito 24 August – 4 September106394911123Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
14 1987Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Zagreb Lazar Mojsov 8–19 July122642312139Flag of the United States.svg  United States
15 1989Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Duisburg Helmut Kohl 22–30 August791785466Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
16 1991Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Sheffield Anne, Princess Royal 14–25 July101334611119Flag of the United States.svg  United States
17 1993Flag of the United States.svg  United States Buffalo Bill Clinton 8–18 July118358212135Flag of the United States.svg  United States
18 1995Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan Fukuoka Akihito 23 August – 3 September118394912144Flag of the United States.svg  United States
19 1997Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Sicily Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 20–31 August122358210129Flag of the United States.svg  United States
20 1999Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Palma de Mallorca Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo 3–13 July114407612142Flag of the United States.svg  United States
21 2001Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Beijing Jiang Zemin 22 August – 1 September165675712170Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
22 2003Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea Daegu Roh Moo-hyun 21–31 August174718013189Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
23 2005Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Izmir Ahmet Necdet Sezer 11–22 August133781615195Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
24 2007Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Bangkok Vajiralongkorn 8–18 August1501200015236Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
25 2009Flag of Serbia (2004-2010).svg  Serbia Belgrade Mirko Cvetković 1–12 July145537915203Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
26 2011Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Shenzhen Hu Jintao 12–23 August165799924306Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
27 2013Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Kazan Vladimir Putin 6–17 July1621044227351Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
28 2015Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Gwangju Park Geun-hye 3–14 July1421288521274Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
29 2017Flag of Chinese Taipei for Universiade.svg  Chinese Taipei [lower-alpha 1] Taipei Tsai Ing-wen 19–30 August1451139722272Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
30 2019Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Naples Sergio Mattarella 3–14 July112597118220Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
31 2021Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Chengdu 26 June – 7 July,2022 [lower-alpha 2] 18268
32 2023Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Yekaterinburg 8–19 August18
33 2025Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Rhine-Ruhr region TBA18
  1. The Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China (Taiwan) is recognised as Chinese Taipei by the FISU and the majority of international organisations it participates in due to political considerations and Cross-Strait relations with the People's Republic of China.
  2. Originally planned to be held on 8–19 July 2021 but was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Top 20 medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5134404021355
2Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 4433082531004
3Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 4383604251223
4Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 407330250987
5Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 3533374361126
6Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 245201237683
7Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 195208260663
8Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 176184176536
9Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 168140155463
10Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 117162217496
11Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 11693111320
12Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 97118140355
13Flag of France.svg  France 91125187403
14Flag of Chinese Taipei for Universiade.svg  Chinese Taipei 8598119302
15Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 727073215
16Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 69106120295
17Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 565277185
18Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 49100129278
19Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 495469172
20Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 404449133
Totals (20 nations)37793530388511194

Winter World University Games

Location map

Editions

Winter World University Games editions
GamesYearHost countryHost cityOpened byDatesNationsCompetitorsSportsEventsTop nation
1 1960Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg  France Chamonix Charles de Gaulle 28 February – 6 March16151513Flag of France.svg  France
2 1962Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Villars Paul Chaudet 6–12 March22273612Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
3 1964Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Špindlerův Mlýn Antonín Novotný 11–17 February21285515Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
4 1966Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Sestriere Giuseppe Saragat 5–13 February29434619Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
5 1968Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Innsbruck Franz Jonas 21–28 January26424723Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
6 1970Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Rovaniemi Urho Kekkonen 3–9 April25421724Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
7 1972Flag of the United States.svg  United States Lake Placid Richard Nixon 26 February – 5 March23351725Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
8 1975Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Livigno Giovanni Leone 6–13 April15143213Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
9 1978Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Špindlerův Mlýn Gustáv Husák 5–12 February21260716Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
10 1981Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Jaca Juan Carlos I 25 February – 4 March28394719Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
11 1983Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 17–27 February28535721Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
12 1985Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Belluno Sandro Pertini 16–24 February34538730Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
13 1987Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Štrbské Pleso Gustáv Husák 21–28 February21596625Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
14 1989Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 2–12 March21681840Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
15 1991Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan Sapporo Naruhito 2–10 March34668840Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
16 1993Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Zakopane Lech Wałęsa 6–14 February41668836Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
17 1995Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Jaca Juan Carlos I 18–28 February41765935Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
18 1997Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea Muju-Jeonju Kim Young-sam 24 January – 2 February48877951Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
19 1999Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Poprad-Vysoké Tatry Rudolf Schuster 22–30 January40926852Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
20 2001Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Zakopane Aleksander Kwaśniewski 7–17 February411,007952Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
21 2003Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy Tarvisio Renzo Tondo 16–26 January461,2661059Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
22 2005Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Innsbruck-Seefeld Heinz Fischer 12–22 January501,4491168Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
23 2007Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Turin George Killian 17–27 January481,6381172Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
24 2009Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Harbin Liu Yandong 18–28 February441,5451281Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
25 2011Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Erzurum Abdullah Gül 27 January – 6 February521,5931166Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
26 2013Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Trentino Ugo Rossi 11–21 December501,6981279Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
27 2015Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Štrbské PlesoOsrblie Andrej Kiska 24 January – 1 February431,5461168Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Granada Felipe VI 4–14 February
28 2017Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Almaty Nursultan Nazarbayev 29 January – 8 February571,6041285Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
29 2019Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Krasnoyarsk Vladimir Putin 2–12 March583,0001176Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
30 2021Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Lucerne 11–21 December [lower-alpha 1] 1068
31 2023Flag of the United States.svg  United States Lake Placid [10] 12–22 January10
32 2025Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Turin
  1. Originally scheduled for 20–31 January but was moved due to COVID-19 pandemic. [9]

Winter Universiade All Time Top 20 medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 208189174571
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1119670277
3Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 1057771253
4Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 9510597297
5Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 786576219
6Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia 524925126
7Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 515759167
8Flag of France.svg  France 515055156
9Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 495864171
10Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 494753149
11Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 393239110
12Flag of the United States.svg  United States 334856137
13Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 334240115
14Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 29232880
15Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 28253285
16Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 25274193
17Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 22252471
18Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 20242064
19Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 20202767
20Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 19303079
Totals (20 nations)1117108910813287

See also

Related Research Articles

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  4. "Chengdu 2021 FISU World University Games postponed to 2022". www.fisu.net. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
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