The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "Olympiad". The Universiade is referred to in English as the World University Games or World Student Games; however, this latter term can also refer to competitions for sub-University grades students. The Universiade is the largest multi-sport event in the world apart from the Olympic Games.The most recent games were in 2019: the Winter Universiade was in Krasnoyarsk, Russia while the Summer Universiade was held in Naples, Italy. The 2021 Winter Universiade will take place in Lucerne, Switzerland between 11 and 21 December 2021, and the 2021 Summer Universiade is scheduled to be held in Chengdu, China, but due to the COVID-19 pandemic has been postponed to 2022.
The idea of a global international sports competition between student-athletes pre-dates the 1949 formation of the International University Sports Federation (FISU), which now hosts the Universiade. English peace campaigner Hodgson Pratt was an early advocate of such an event, proposing (and passing) a motion at the 1891 Universal Peace Congress in Rome to create a series of international student conferences in rotating host capital cities, with activities including art and sport. This did not come to pass, but a similar event was created in Germany in 1909 in the form of the Academic Olympia. Five editions were held from 1909 to 1913, all of which were hosted in Germany following the cancellation of an Italy-based event.
At the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a "University Olympic Games". After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean was convinced not to use the word "Olympic" in the tournament's name.Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE), was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the 1923 International Universities Championships. This was followed by the renamed 1924 Summer Student World Championships a year later and two further editions were held in 1927 and 1928. Another name change resulted in the 1930 International University Games. The CIE's International University Games was held four more times in the 1930s before having its final edition in 1947.
A separate group organised an alternative university games in 1939 in Vienna, in post-Anschluss Germany.The onset of World War II ceased all major international student sport activities and the aftermath also led to division among the movement, as the CIE was disbanded and rival organisations emerged. The Union Internationale des Étudiants (UIE) incorporated a university sports games into the World Festival of Youth and Students from 1947–1962, including one separate, unofficial games in 1954. This event principally catered for Eastern European countries.
After the closure of the CIE and the creation of the first UIE-organised games, FISU came into being in 1949 and held its own first major student sport event the same year in the form of the 1949 Summer International University Sports Week. The Sports Week was held biennially until 1955. Like the CIE's games before it, the FISU events were initially Western-led sports competitions.
Division between the largely Western European FISU and Eastern European UIE eventually began to dissipate among broadened participation at the 1957 World University Games. This event was not directly organised by either group, instead being organised by Jean Petitjean in France (which remained neutral to the split), but all respective nations from the groups took part. The FISU-organised Universiade became the direct successor to this competition, maintaining the biennial format into the inaugural 1959 Universiade. It was not until the 1957 World University Games that the Soviet Union began to compete in FISU events. That same year, what had previously been a European competition became a truly global one, with the inclusion of Brazil, Japan and the United States among the competing nations. The increased participation ultimately led to the establishment of the Universiade as the primary global student sport championship.
|Year||Event||Organiser||Host city||Host country|
|1923||International Universities Championships||CIE||Paris||France|
|1924||Summer Student World Championships||CIE||Warsaw||Poland|
|1927||Summer Student World Championships||CIE||Rome||Italy|
|1928||Summer Student World Championships||CIE||Paris||France|
|1930||International University Games||CIE||Darmstadt||Germany|
|1933||International University Games||CIE||Turin||Italy|
|1935||International University Games||CIE||Budapest||Hungary|
|1937||International University Games||CIE||Paris||France|
|1939||International University Games||CIE||Monte Carlo||Monaco|
|1939||International University Games||CIE||Vienna||Germany|
|1947||International University Games||CIE||Paris||France|
|1947||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||Prague||Czechoslovakia|
|1949||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||Budapest||Hungary|
|1949||Summer International University Sports Week||FISU||Merano||Italy|
|1951||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||East Berlin||East Germany|
|1951||Summer International University Sports Week||FISU||Luxembourg||Luxembourg|
|1953||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||Bucharest||Romania|
|1953||Summer International University Sports Week||FISU||Dortmund||West Germany|
|1955||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||Warsaw||Poland|
|1955||Summer International University Sports Week||FISU||San Sebastián||Spain|
|1957||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||Moscow||Soviet Union|
|1957||World University Games||CIE||Paris||France|
|1959||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||Vienna||Austria|
|1962||World Festival of Youth and Students||UIE||Helsinki||Finland|
|Games||Year||Host country |
(as recognized by FISU)
|Host city||Opened by||Dates||Nations||Competitors||Sports||Events||Top nation|
|1||1959||Italy||Turin||Giovanni Gronchi||26 August – 7 September||45||985||7||60||Italy|
|2||1961||Bulgaria||Sofia||Dimitar Ganev||25 August – 3 September||32||1270||9||68||Soviet Union|
|3||1963||Brazil||Porto Alegre||Paulo de Tarso Santos||30 August – 8 September||27||917||9||70||Soviet Union|
|4||1965||Hungary||Budapest||István Dobi||20–30 August||32||1729||9||74||Hungary|
|5||1967||Japan||Tokyo||Hirohito||27 August – 4 September||30||937||10||83||United States|
|6||1970||Italy||Turin||Giuseppe Saragat||26 August – 6 September||40||2080||9||82||Soviet Union|
|7||1973||Soviet Union||Moscow||Leonid Brezhnev||15–25 August||72||2765||10||111||Soviet Union|
|8||1975||Italy||Rome||Giovanni Leone||18–21 August||38||450||1||38||Soviet Union|
|9||1977||Bulgaria||Sofia||Todor Zhivkov||17–28 August||78||2939||10||101||Soviet Union|
|10||1979||Mexico||Mexico City||José López Portillo||2–13 September||85||2974||10||97||Soviet Union|
|11||1981||Romania||Bucharest||Nicolae Ceauşescu||19–30 July||86||2912||10||133||Soviet Union|
|12||1983||Canada||Edmonton||Charles, Prince of Wales||1–12 July||73||2400||10||118||Soviet Union|
|13||1985||Japan||Kobe||Akihito||24 August – 4 September||106||3949||11||123||Soviet Union|
|14||1987||Yugoslavia||Zagreb||Lazar Mojsov||8–19 July||122||6423||12||139||United States|
|15||1989||West Germany||Duisburg||Helmut Kohl||22–30 August||79||1785||4||66||Soviet Union|
|16||1991||Great Britain||Sheffield||Anne, Princess Royal||14–25 July||101||3346||11||119||United States|
|17||1993||United States||Buffalo||Bill Clinton||8–18 July||118||3582||12||135||United States|
|18||1995||Japan||Fukuoka||Akihito||23 August – 3 September||118||3949||12||144||United States|
|19||1997||Italy||Sicily||Oscar Luigi Scalfaro||20–31 August||122||3582||10||129||United States|
|20||1999||Spain||Palma de Mallorca||Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo||3–13 July||114||4076||12||142||United States|
|21||2001||China||Beijing||Jiang Zemin||22 August – 1 September||165||6757||12||170||China|
|22||2003||South Korea||Daegu||Roh Moo-hyun||21–31 August||174||7180||13||189||China|
|23||2005||Turkey||Izmir||Ahmet Necdet Sezer||11–22 August||133||7816||15||195||Russia|
|25||2009||Serbia||Belgrade||Mirko Cvetković||1–12 July||145||5379||15||203||Russia|
|26||2011||China||Shenzhen||Hu Jintao||12–23 August||165||7999||24||306||China|
|27||2013||Russia||Kazan||Vladimir Putin||6–17 July||162||10442||27||351||Russia|
|28||2015||South Korea||Gwangju||Park Geun-hye||3–14 July||142||12885||21||274||South Korea|
|29||2017||Chinese Taipei||Taipei||Tsai Ing-wen||19–30 August||145||11397||22||272||Japan|
|30||2019||Italy||Naples||Sergio Mattarella||3–14 July||112||5971||18||220||Japan|
|31||2021||China||Chengdu||26 June – 7 July,2022||18||268|
|Totals (20 nations)||3779||3530||3885||11194|
|Games||Year||Host country||Host city||Opened by||Dates||Nations||Competitors||Sports||Events||Top nation|
|1||1960||France||Chamonix||Charles de Gaulle||28 February – 6 March||16||151||5||13||France|
|2||1962||Switzerland||Villars||Paul Chaudet||6–12 March||22||273||6||12||West Germany|
|3||1964||Czechoslovakia||Špindlerův Mlýn||Antonín Novotný||11–17 February||21||285||5||15||West Germany|
|4||1966||Italy||Sestriere||Giuseppe Saragat||5–13 February||29||434||6||19||Soviet Union|
|5||1968||Austria||Innsbruck||Franz Jonas||21–28 January||26||424||7||23||Soviet Union|
|6||1970||Finland||Rovaniemi||Urho Kekkonen||3–9 April||25||421||7||24||Soviet Union|
|7||1972||United States||Lake Placid||Richard Nixon||26 February – 5 March||23||351||7||25||Soviet Union|
|8||1975||Italy||Livigno||Giovanni Leone||6–13 April||15||143||2||13||Soviet Union|
|9||1978||Czechoslovakia||Špindlerův Mlýn||Gustáv Husák||5–12 February||21||260||7||16||Soviet Union|
|10||1981||Spain||Jaca||Juan Carlos I||25 February – 4 March||28||394||7||19||Soviet Union|
|11||1983||Bulgaria||Sofia||Todor Zhivkov||17–27 February||28||535||7||21||Soviet Union|
|12||1985||Italy||Belluno||Sandro Pertini||16–24 February||34||538||7||30||Soviet Union|
|13||1987||Czechoslovakia||Štrbské Pleso||Gustáv Husák||21–28 February||21||596||6||25||Czechoslovakia|
|14||1989||Bulgaria||Sofia||Todor Zhivkov||2–12 March||21||681||8||40||Soviet Union|
|16||1993||Poland||Zakopane||Lech Wałęsa||6–14 February||41||668||8||36||Japan|
|17||1995||Spain||Jaca||Juan Carlos I||18–28 February||41||765||9||35||South Korea|
|18||1997||South Korea||Muju-Jeonju||Kim Young-sam||24 January – 2 February||48||877||9||51||Japan|
|19||1999||Slovakia||Poprad-Vysoké Tatry||Rudolf Schuster||22–30 January||40||926||8||52||Russia|
|20||2001||Poland||Zakopane||Aleksander Kwaśniewski||7–17 February||41||1,007||9||52||Russia|
|21||2003||Italy||Tarvisio||Renzo Tondo||16–26 January||46||1,266||10||59||Russia|
|22||2005||Austria||Innsbruck-Seefeld||Heinz Fischer||12–22 January||50||1,449||11||68||Austria|
|23||2007||Italy||Turin||George Killian||17–27 January||48||1,638||11||72||South Korea|
|24||2009||China||Harbin||Liu Yandong||18–28 February||44||1,545||12||81||China|
|25||2011||Turkey||Erzurum||Abdullah Gül||27 January – 6 February||52||1,593||11||66||Russia|
|26||2013||Italy||Trentino||Ugo Rossi||11–21 December||50||1,698||12||79||Russia|
|27||2015||Slovakia||Štrbské Pleso–Osrblie||Andrej Kiska||24 January – 1 February||43||1,546||11||68||Russia|
|Spain||Granada||Felipe VI||4–14 February|
|28||2017||Kazakhstan||Almaty||Nursultan Nazarbayev||29 January – 8 February||57||1,604||12||85||Russia|
|29||2019||Russia||Krasnoyarsk||Vladimir Putin||2–12 March||58||3,000||11||76||Russia|
|31||2023||United States||Lake Placid||12–22 January||10|
|Totals (20 nations)||1117||1089||1081||3287|
The Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire is responsible for the organisation and governance of worldwide sports competitions for student-athletes between the ages of 17 and 28. It was founded in 1949 as the world governing body of national university sports organisations and currently has 174 member associations from five continents. Between 1949 and 2011, it was based in Brussels (Belgium); since 2011, it is based in Lausanne (Switzerland).
The 2011 Summer Universiade, the XXVI Summer Universiade, was hosted in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.
The European Youth Olympic Festival (EYOF) is a biennial multi-sport event for youth athletes from the 50 member countries of the association of European Olympic Committees. The festival has a summer edition, held for the first time in Brussels in 1991, and a winter edition, which began two years later in Aosta. It was known as the European Youth Olympic Days from 1991 to 1999.
The 2013 Summer Universiade, officially known as the XXVII Summer Universiade, was held in the city of Kazan, Russia, the most northerly city ever to host a Summer Universiade. Over 10,400 university athletes from 162 countries participated in 13 mandatory and 14 optional sports, making the 2013 Universiade the biggest ever in the history of the event. For the first time in history a Cultural Universiade was also included, with many festivals and shows held simultaneously with the sporting events. The Universiade was organized by the International University Sports Federation (FISU) and by the authorities of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Finnish Student Sports Federation (OLL) is a national organisation advocating, supporting and promoting the interests of students' sports and physical activities. The federation was founded in 1924. The federation's office is in Helsinki.
The 1928 Summer Student World Championships, was the fourth editions of the Summer Student World Championships, were organised by the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE) and held in Paris, France. Held from 9–17 August, a total of 300 athletes from 16 nations competed in the programme of five sports, including: athletics, fencing, association football, swimming and tennis. Women competed in swimming events only.
The 1933 International University Games were organised by the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE) and held in Turin, Italy. Held from 1–10 September, 27 nations competed in nine sports. Women competed only in the athletics, swimming, fencing, and tennis events. This edition marked the first appearance of African athletes at the competition, as South Africa and Egypt sent delegations for the first time.
Winter Universiade 2017, the XXVIII Winter Universiade, was a multi-sport winter event which took place in Almaty, Kazakhstan from 29 January to 8 February 2017. On 29 November 2011, FISU announced that Winter Universiade 2017 would be hosted in Almaty.
The World University Cycling Championship is a competition sponsored by the International University Sports Federation (FISU) and sanctioned by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), which was first held in 1978 in Antwerp, Belgium. Before 1978 there were also World University Championships, but these were not sponsored by the International University Sports Federation. The next edition will be held in Jelenia Gora, Poland in 2014. The championship last five days and could contain events in five cycling sports: road cycling, track cycling, mountainbike, BMX and Cyclo-Cross.
The 2019 Summer Universiade, the XXX Summer Universiade was held in Naples, Italy, between 3 and 14 July 2019.
The 2019 Winter Universiade, the XXIX Universiade, was an international student and youth competition, which took place from 2–12 March 2019 in the Russian city of Krasnoyarsk. The 2019 Winter Universiade was the third Universiade hosted in Russia and second as an independent country. The first Universiade, when Russia was a Soviet Republic, was hosted by Moscow in 1973, whereas Kazan, capital of the Republic of Tatarstan, hosted the 2013 Summer Universiade. It is the first Winter Universiade hosted by Russia, and the second time that the event was held in a former USSR republic.
The Philippines has participated at the Universiade debuting at the 1967 Summer Universiade. From 1967 until 2007, athletes representing the country were sent by the University Athletic Association of the Philippines with sanction from Philippine Olympic Committee. Since 2011 it is the Federation of School Sports Association of the Philippines (FESSAP), a member of the International University Sports Federation (FISU), that has been sending competitors representing the country at the Universiade.
The International School Sport Federation (ISF) is an international sports governing body for school sport. Founded in 1972 with 21 signatory nations, the federation has been organising international competitions to encourage education through sport and student athletes. It has 113 members from five continents.
The 8th World Festival of Youth and Students featured an athletics competition among its programme of events. Organised under the Union Internationale des Étudiants (UIE), the events were contested in Helsinki, Finland in August 1962. Mainly contested among Eastern European athletes, it served as an alternative to the Universiade. It was the final time that a major international athletics competition was incorporated into the festival, as athletics at the Universiade grew to be the most prominent student athletics venue for both Western and Eastern-aligned countries.
The 2021 Winter Universiade, the XXX Winter Universiade or XXX Winter World University Games, is scheduled to take place from 11 to 21 December 2021 in Central Switzerland as a joint project of the City of Lucerne and the six cantons of Central Switzerland: Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz, Uri, and Zug. The programme includes ten sports, which will take place at seven venues. Students between the ages of 17 and 25 from over 540 universities and more than 50 countries will participate.
Oleg Vasilyevich Matytsin is a Russian Professor and Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Education and Honoured Doctor of Beijing Sport University. He is currently Minister of Sport of Russia since 2020 and President of the International University Sports Federation (FISU) since 2015, a member of the Presidential Council of the Russian Federation for the Development of Physical Culture and Sport, a member of the International Fair Play Committee and Honorary President of the Russian Students Sport Union (RSSU). Prior to becoming President of FISU, Matytsin played a crucial role in the development of the European University Sports Federation (EUSA), serving as Vice-President from 2007 to 2015.
The 2021 FISU World University Games, the XXXI Summer World University Games, also known as Chengdu 2021, is a multi-sport event sanctioned by the International University Sports Federation (FISU), scheduled to be held in Chengdu, Sichuan, China from 26 June—7 July 2022. These will be the third edition of the Games to be hosted by China, and the first edition to be branded under the "World University Games" title rather than "Universiade".
The 2021 Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games, officially known as the 6th Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games and also known as Bangkok–Chonburi 2021, is scheduled to be a pan-Asian multi-sport event in indoor and martial arts sports held from 10 to 20 March 2022 in the Thai capital city, Bangkok and the province of Chonburi. Originally due to take place from 21 to 30 May 2021, the event was postponed in January 2021 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) officially awarded the games to Bangkok and Chonburi Province and signed the hosting rights contact in April 2020.
The 2021 Russian Figure Skating Championships were held from 23 to 27 December 2020 in Chelyabinsk. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance. The results were among the criteria used to select the Russian team for the 2021 World Championships.
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