University of Bucharest

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University of Bucharest
Universitatea din București
Logo Unibuc English.jpg
Latin: Universitas Studiorum Bucurestiensis
Other names
UB, UniBuc
MottoVirtute et Sapientia (Latin)
Motto in English
Virtue and Wisdom
Type Public
Established1694 Princely Academy of Bucharest
1821 Saint Sava College
4 July 1864;159 years ago (1864-07-04)
Academic affiliations
IAU, UNICA, EUA, CIVIS
Endowment RON 1.14 billion (US$274.76 million) (2018) [1]
BudgetRON 364.7 million (US$87.67 million) (2018) [2]
Rector Marian Preda
Academic staff
1,300 (2022) [3]
Students32,576 (20222023) [3]
Undergraduates 22,428 (20222023) [3]
Postgraduates 8,911 (20222023) [3]
Location,
Romania
CampusUrban
Colors   navy blue [4]
Website unibuc.ro
University rankings
Regional – Overall
QS Emerging Europe and Central Asia [5] 67 (2022)

The University of Bucharest (UB) (Romanian : Universitatea din București) is a public research university in Bucharest, Romania. It was founded in its current form on 4 July 1864(159 years ago) by a decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza to convert the former Princely Academy into the current University of Bucharest, making it one of the oldest Romanian universities. It is one of the five members of the Universitaria Consortium (a group of elite Romanian universities). [6]

Contents

The University of Bucharest offers study programmes in Romanian and English and is classified as an advanced research and education university by the Ministry of Education. In the 2012 QS World University Rankings, it was included in the top 700 universities of the world, together with three other Romanian universities. [7]

History

The original 1857 university main building, by Alexandru Orascu University of Bucharest, 1857 project, Orascu.jpg
The original 1857 university main building, by Alexandru Orăscu
Photograph from 1864 by Carol Szathmari Szathmari - Universitatea.jpg
Photograph from 1864 by Carol Szathmari

The University of Bucharest was founded by the Decree no. 765 of 4 July 1864 by Alexandru Ioan Cuza and is a leading academic centre and a significant point of reference in society.

The University of Bucharest is rich in history and has been actively contributing to the development and modernization of Romanian education, science, and culture since 1694. In 1694 Constantin Brâncoveanu, ruler of Wallachia, had founded the Princely Academy in Bucharest with lectures delivered in Greek. In 1776, Alexander Ypsilantis, ruler of Wallachia, reformed the curriculum of the Princely Academy, where courses of French, Italian, and Latin were now taught. After 1821, the Princely Academy was continued by the Saint Sava College. In 1857, Carol Davila and Nicolae Crețulescu created the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy. In 1859, the Faculty of Law was created.

In 1857, the foundation stone of the University Palace in Bucharest was laid.

On 4/16 July 1864, Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza established the University of Bucharest, bringing together the Faculties of Law, Sciences and Letters as one single body. In 1869, the Faculty of Medicine is created through the transformation of the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy. In the following years, new faculties were created: 1884 – the Faculty of Theology; 1906 – the Institute of Geology; 1913 – the Academic Institute for Electrotechnology; 1921 – the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; 1923 – the Faculty of Pharmacy, 1924 – the Mina Minovici Institute of Forensic Medicine.

In 1956, student leaders, mainly from this university, planned a peaceful protest against Romania's Communist regime but were forcibly prevented from carrying it out. (See Bucharest student movement of 1956).

For a while (in the 1950s and early 1960s), it was called the "C. I. Parhon University", after Constantin Ion Parhon.

Most of the building is still intact, however during the bombardments of Bucharest in 1944, the central corpus of the building was heavily damaged and demolished due to Luftwaffe bombs, and was only re-constructed in 1969–1971. Other sections were also completed by 1980.

The area around the old University building (the University Square), adjacent to the C. A. Rosetti, Roman, Kogălniceanu, and Union squares was the scene of many riots, protests and clashes with the security forces during the Romanian Revolution of 1989. During the months of April–June 1990, the University of Bucharest was the centre of anti-communist protests.

In 1996, Emil Constantinescu, the then rector of the University of Bucharest, was elected President of Romania, after defeating Ion Iliescu in the 1996 Romanian presidential election.

Organisation

University Palace - the main building of the University of Bucharest Bucharest (8273345546).jpg
University Palace - the main building of the University of Bucharest

Faculties

The Faculty of Law of The University of Bucharest Universitatea Bucuresti - facultatea de drept.jpg
The Faculty of Law of The University of Bucharest

The University of Bucharest has 19 faculties, covering various fields such as natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, and theology: [3]

Academic & Research Units

The university has the following five interdisciplinary departments:

The university also has a publishing house, different research institutes and research groups (such as the Institute for Political Research, the Institute for Mathematics, the Center for Byzantine Studies, the Vasile Pârvan Archeology Seminary, the Center for Nuclear Research, etc.), master and doctorate programmes, and a number of lifelong learning facilities and programmes. It has partnership agreements with over 50 universities in 40 countries, and participates in European programmes such as ERASMUS, Lingua, Naric, Leonardo da Vinci, UNICA, AMOS, TEMPUS, TEMPRA. It is an accredited Cisco Academy, has Microsoft curriculum, and is accredited by Red Hat for its academic programme.

Campus

The Central University Library, housed in a rich neo-baroque structure Fundatia Universitara Carol I si statuia regelui Carol I.jpg
The Central University Library, housed in a rich neo-baroque structure

The University of Bucharest has a number of buildings throughout Bucharest, so in that respect it does not have a single campus. Its two main buildings are:

Other faculties have their own buildings and research facilities, scattered throughout the city, such as:

The university prints an annual guide for freshmen.

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [8] 901–1000 (2019)
QS World [9] 801–1000 (2020)
THE World [10] 1,001+ (2020)
USNWR Global [11] 872 (2020)

In the 2012 QS World University Rankings, the University of Bucharest was included in the Top 601-701 universities of the world, together with three other Romanian universities, including Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in Iași. [12] [13]

The University of Bucharest has been awarded the 2000 National Academic Excellence Diploma, and the 2004 National Academic Excellence Medal. All of the degrees and diplomas awarded by the university are internationally recognised.

Affiliations

The University of Bucharest is a member of numerous international organisations and partnerships, including:

As part of the on-going ERASMUS programme, the University of Bucharest has approximately 225 Erasmus agreements with European partner universities.

Academic staff, alumni, and rectors

Past and present faculty

Alumni

Rectors

See also

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References

  1. "Bilant pentru 31/12/2018" (PDF). Universitatea din București. Retrieved 22 October 2020.(in Romanian)
  2. "Bugetul de Venituri și Cheltuieli pe anul 2018" (PDF). Universitatea din București. Retrieved 22 October 2020.(in Romanian)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 n.a. (March 2023). "University of Bucharest- Report" (PDF). University of Bucharest.
  4. University of Bucharest (January 2017). "University of Bucharest brand identity manual" (PDF) (in Romanian). University of Bucharest. pp. 10, 20.
  5. "QS World University Rankings-Emerging Europe & Central Asia" . Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  6. "Consorțiul Universitaria s-a întrunit la Tulcea". ziaruldetulcea.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 June 2023.
  7. "Lista Institutiile de invatamant superior acreditate" (PDF). cnatdcu.ro (in Romanian). 2011.
  8. "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019". Shanghai Ranking . Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  9. "QS World University Rankings 2020 - University of Bucharest". topuniversities.com. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  10. "World University Rankings 2020 - University of Bucharest". Times Higher Education . Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  11. "Best Global Universities 2020". U.S. News & World Report . Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  12. "University of Bucharest". topuniversities.com. 7 December 2012.
  13. "Cele mai bune universităţi din lume. Patru universităţi româneşti sunt printre primele 700" (in Romanian). Adevărul. 11 September 2012.
  14. Schiermeier, Quirin (20 July 2012). "Conflicting verdicts on Romanian prime minister's plagiarism". Nature . doi:10.1038/nature.2012.11047. ISSN   1476-4687 . Retrieved 21 June 2023.
  15. "Nicolae SARAMANDU - Filolog, Lingvist" (in Romanian). Romanian Academy . Retrieved 23 February 2023.

44°26′8.00″N26°6′4.02″E / 44.4355556°N 26.1011167°E / 44.4355556; 26.1011167