University of Bucharest

Last updated
University of Bucharest
Universitatea din București
Sigla-UB.jpg
Latin: Universitas Studiorum Bucurestiensis
Other names
UB, UniBuc
MottoVirtute et Sapientia (Latin)
Motto in English
Virtue and Wisdom
Type Public
Established1694 - Princely Academy of Bucharest
1821 - Saint Sava College
4 July 1864;157 years ago (1864-07-04)
Academic affiliations
IAU, UNICA, EUA, CIVIS
Endowment RON 1.14 billion (US$269.71 million) (2018) [1]
BudgetRON 364.7 million (US$86.06 million) (2018) [2]
Rector Marian Preda
Academic staff
1,300 (2019) [3]
Students31,444 (2019) [3]
Undergraduates 22,038 (2019) [3]
Postgraduates 9,406 (2019) [3]
Location,
Romania
CampusUrban
Colors      Tyrian Purple, gold, white and navy blue
Website unibuc.ro?lang=en

The University of Bucharest (Romanian : Universitatea din București), commonly known after its abbreviation UB in Romania, is a public university founded on 4 July 1864(157 years ago) by a decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza to convert the former Princely Academy into the current University of Bucharest, making it the second oldest modern Romanian university. It is one of the five members of the Universitaria Consortium (the group of elite Romanian universities). [4]

Contents

The University of Bucharest offers study programmes in Romanian and English and is classified as an advanced research and education university by the Ministry of Education. In the 2012 QS World University Rankings, it was included in the top 700 universities of the world, together with three other Romanian universities. [5]

History

The University of Bucharest was founded by the Decree no. 765 of July 4, 1864 by Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza and is a leading academic centre and a significant point of reference in society.

The University of Bucharest is rich in history and has been actively contributing to the development and modernization of Romanian education, science, and culture since 1694. In 1694 Constantin Brâncoveanu, ruler of Wallachia, had founded the Princely Academy in Bucharest with lectures delivered in Greek. In 1776, Alexander Ypsilantis, ruler of Wallachia, reformed the curriculum of the Princely Academy, where courses of French, Italian, and Latin were now taught. After 1821, the Princely Academy was continued by the Saint Sava College. In 1857, Carol Davila and Nicolae Crețulescu created the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy. In 1859, the Faculty of Law was created.

In 1857, the foundation stone of the University Palace in Bucharest was laid.

The original 1857 university main building, by Alexandru Orascu University of Bucharest, 1857 project, Orascu.jpg
The original 1857 university main building, by Alexandru Orăscu

On July 4/16 1864, Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza established the University of Bucharest, bringing together the Faculties of Law, Sciences and Letters as one single body. In 1869, the Faculty of Medicine is created through the transformation of the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy. In the following years, new faculties were created: 1884 – the Faculty of Theology; 1906 – the Institute of Geology; 1913 – the Academic Institute for Electrotechnology; 1921 – the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine; 1923 – the Faculty of Pharmacy, 1924 – the Mina Minovici Institute of Forensic Medicine.

In 1956, student leaders, mainly from this university, planned a peaceful protest against Romania's Communist regime but were forcibly prevented from carrying it out. (See Bucharest student movement of 1956)

For a while (1950s–early 1960s?), it was called the "C. I. Parhon University", after C. I. Parhon.

Most of the building is still intact, however during the bombardments of Bucharest in 1944, the central corpus of the building was heavily damaged and demolished due to Luftwaffe bombs, and was only re-constructed in 1969–1971. Other sections were also completed by 1980.

The area around the old University building (the University Square), adjacent to the C. A. Rosetti, Roman, Kogălniceanu, and Union Squares was the scene of many riots, protests and clashes with the security forces during the Romanian Revolution of 1989. During the months of April–June 1990, the University of Bucharest was the centre of anti-communist protests.

In 1996, Emil Constantinescu, the then rector of the University of Bucharest, was elected President of Romania, after defeating Ion Iliescu in the 1996 Romanian presidential election.

Organisation

University Palace - the main building of the University of Bucharest Bucharest (8273345546).jpg
University Palace - the main building of the University of Bucharest

Faculties

The Faculty of Law of The University of Bucharest Universitatea Bucuresti - facultatea de drept.jpg
The Faculty of Law of The University of Bucharest

The University of Bucharest has 19 faculties, covering various fields such as natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, and theology: [3]

Academic & Research Units

The university has the following five interdisciplinary departments:

The university also has a publishing house, different research institutes and research groups (such as the Institute for Political Research, the Institute for Mathematics, the Center for Byzantine Studies, the Vasile Pârvan Archeology Seminary, the Center for Nuclear Research, etc.), master and doctorate programmes, and a number of lifelong learning facilities and programmes. It has partnership agreements with over 50 universities in 40 countries, and participates in European programmes such as ERASMUS, Lingua, Naric, Leonardo da Vinci, UNICA, AMOS, TEMPUS, TEMPRA. It is an accredited Cisco Academy, has Microsoft curriculum, and is accredited by Red Hat for its academic programme.

Campus

The Central University Library, housed in a rich neo-baroque structure Fundatia Universitara Carol I si statuia regelui Carol I.jpg
The Central University Library, housed in a rich neo-baroque structure

The University of Bucharest has a number of buildings throughout Bucharest, so in that respect it does not have a single campus. Its two main buildings are:

Other faculties have their own buildings and research facilities, scattered throughout the city, such as:

The university prints an annual guide for freshmen.

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [6] 901–1000 (2019)
QS World [7] 801–1000 (2020)
THE World [8] 1,001+ (2020)
USNWR Global [9] 872 (2020)

In the 2012 QS World University Rankings, the University of Bucharest was included in the Top 601-701 universities of the world, together with three other Romanian universities, including Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in Iași. [10] [11]

The University of Bucharest has been awarded the 2000 National Academic Excellence Diploma, and the 2004 National Academic Excellence Medal. All of the degrees and diplomas awarded by the university are internationally recognised.

Affiliations

The University of Bucharest is a member of numerous international organisations and partnerships, including:

As part of the on-going ERASMUS programme, the University of Bucharest has approximately 225 Erasmus agreements with European partner universities.

Academic staff, alumni, and rectors

Past and present faculty
Alumni
Rectors

See also

Related Research Articles

Bellu Cemetery Largest cemetery in Bucharest, Romania

Șerban Vodă Cemetery is the largest and most famous cemetery in Bucharest, Romania.

Politehnica University of Bucharest

Politehnica University of Bucharest is a technical university in Bucharest, Romania. 200 years of activity have been celebrated lately, as the university was founded in 1818. Politehnica University is classified by the Ministry of Education as an advanced research and education university.

Cantacuzino family

The Cantacuzino or Cantacuzène family is a Romanian aristocratic family of Greek origin, that gave several Princes of Wallachia and Moldavia, claiming descent from a branch of the Byzantine Kantakouzenos family, specifically from the Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos. After the Russo-Ottoman War of 1710–11 a lateral branch of the family settled in Russia, receiving the princely status. In 1944 Prince Ștefan Cantacuzino settled in Sweden, where his descendants form part of the unintroduced nobility of the country.

Saint Sava National College High school in Bucharest, Romania

The Saint Sava National College, Bucharest, named after the Serbian Saint Sava, is the oldest and one of the most prestigious high schools in Romania. It was founded in 1694, under the name of the Royal Academy of Bucharest.

C. A. Rosetti

Constantin Alexandru Rosetti was a Romanian literary and political leader, born in Bucharest into the princely Rosetti family.

Ionescu is a Romanian surname, derived from the male given name Ion. It may refer to:

Carol I National College Public school

The Carol I National College is a high school located in central Craiova, Romania, on Ioan Maiorescu Street. It is one of the most prestigious secondary education institutions in Romania. Between 1947 and 1997 it operated under the name of Nicolae Bălcescu High School.

Freemasonry in Romania traces its origins to the eighteenth century. Following an intricate history, all organised Freemasonry in the country ceased during the Communist era, although some lodges continued to operate in exile overseas. Freemasonry returned to Romania in the 1990s.

Academia Mihăileană

Academia Mihăileană was an institution of higher learning based in Iași, Moldavia, and active in the first part of the 19th century. Like other Eastern European institutions of its kind, it was both a high school and a higher learning institute, housing several faculties. Academia Mihăileană was the predecessor of the Iași National College and the University of Iași.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University University in Iași, Romania

The Alexandru Ioan Cuza University is a public university located in Iași, Romania. Founded one year after the establishment of the Romanian state, by an 1860 decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza, under whom the former Academia Mihăileană was converted to a university, the University of Iași, as it was named at first, is the oldest university of Romania, and one of its advanced research and education institutions. It is one of the five members of the Universitaria Consortium.

Eternitatea cemetery Cemetery in Iași, Romania

Eternitatea is the biggest cemetery in Iași, Romania.

Events from the year 1941 in Romania.

Rosetti family

The Rosetti family was a Moldavian boyar princely family of Byzantine Greek and Italian origins. There are several branches of the family named after their estates: Roznovanu, Solescu, Bălănescu, Răducanu, Ciortescu, Tescanu, and Bibica. The Rosetti family in Wallachia is another branch of the family who initially settled in Moldavia.

Ioan Gheorghe Savin

Ioan Gheorghe Savin was a Romanian theologian, within the Romanian Orthodox Church. A professor and a widely published writer, he spent several years in prison under the early communist regime.

National College (Iași)

The National College is a high school located at 4 Arcu Street, Iași, Romania.

References

  1. "Bilant pentru 31/12/2018" (PDF). Universitatea din București. Retrieved 22 October 2020.(in Romanian)
  2. "Bugetul de Venituri și Cheltuieli pe anul 2018" (PDF). Universitatea din București. Retrieved 22 October 2020.(in Romanian)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "University of Bucharest - Culture and Discovery" (PDF). University of Bucharest. May 2020. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  4. Consorțiul Universitaria s-a întrunit la Tulcea (in Romanian)
  5. Institutii de invatamant superior clasificate ca universitati de cercetare avansata si educatie
  6. "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019". ShanghaiRanking. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  7. "QS World University Rankings 2020 - University of Bucharest". Top Universities. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  8. "World University Rankings 2020 - University of Bucharest". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2019-09-18.
  9. "Best Global Universities 2020". U.S. News Education (USNWR). ). Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  10. "University of Bucharest". topuniversities.com. 7 December 2012.
  11. "Cele mai bune universităţi din lume. Patru universităţi româneşti sunt printre primele 700" (in Romanian). Adevarul. 11 September 2012.
  12. Found guilty by the Commission of Ethics of this university of plagiarizing his PhD thesis in law, see Quirin Schiermeier Conflicting verdicts on Romanian prime minister's plagiarism. Victor Ponta cleared of misconduct by government ethics board, but charges reaffirmed by university. Nature, 20 July 2012

Coordinates: 44°26′8.00″N26°6′4.02″E / 44.4355556°N 26.1011167°E / 44.4355556; 26.1011167