University of Cologne

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University of Cologne
Universität zu Köln
Siegel Uni-Koeln (Grau).svg
University seal of 1392
Latin: Universitas Coloniensis
Type Public
Established1388;633 years ago (1388)
Budget€725.2 million [1]
Rector Axel Freimuth
Academic staff
7,393 [1]
Students48,962 [1]
Location, ,
Coordinates: 50°55′41″N6°55′43″E / 50.92806°N 6.92861°E / 50.92806; 6.92861
Campus Urban
Website www.uni-koeln.de

The University of Cologne (German : Universität zu Köln) is a university in Cologne, Germany. It was the sixth university to be established in Central Europe [2] and, although it closed in 1798 before being re-established in 1919, it is now one of the largest universities in Germany with more than 48,000 students. The University of Cologne was a university of excellence as part of the German Universities Excellence Initiative from 2012 to 2019.

Contents

History

First building of the new university Fachhochschule Koln - Campus Sudstadt, GWZ-2984.jpg
First building of the new university

1388–1798

The University of Cologne was established in 1388 as the fourth university in the Holy Roman Empire, after the Charles University of Prague (1348), the University of Vienna (1365) and the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg (1386). The charter was signed by Pope Urban VI. The university began teaching on 6 January 1389.

In 1798, the university was abolished by the French, who had invaded Cologne in 1794, because under the new French constitution, many universities were abolished all over France. The last rector Ferdinand Franz Wallraf was able to preserve the university's Great Seal, now once more in use.

1919–today

Main building, by architect Adolf Abel, 1934 Hauptgebaude der Universitat zu Koln-5634.jpg
Main building, by architect Adolf Abel, 1934

In 1919, the Prussian government endorsed a decision by the Cologne City Council to re-establish the university. This was considered to be a replacement for the loss of the University of Strasbourg on the west bank of the Rhine, which contemporaneously reverted to France with the rest of Alsace. On 29 May 1919, the Cologne Mayor Konrad Adenauer signed the charter of the modern university.

At that point, the new university was located in Neustadt-Süd, but relocated to its current campus in Lindenthal on 2 November 1934. The old premises are now being used for the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.

Initially, the university was composed of the Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences (successor to the Institutes of Commerce and of Communal and Social Administration) and the Faculty of Medicine (successor to the Academy of Medicine). In 1920, the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Arts were added, from which latter the School of Mathematics and Natural Sciences was split off in 1955 to form a separate Faculty. In 1980, the two Cologne departments of the Rhineland School of Education were attached to the university as the Faculties of Education and of Special Education. In 1988, the university became a founding member of the Community of European Management Schools and International Companies (CEMS), today's Global Alliance in Management Education.

The University is a leader in the area of economics and is regularly placed in top positions for law and business, both for national and international rankings.

Organization

University campus between main building and mensa (the university canteen) Alphons-Silbermann-Weg, Koln, Juni 2008.jpg
University campus between main building and mensa (the university canteen)

The University of Cologne is a statutory corporation (Körperschaft des öffentlichen Rechts), operated by the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Faculties

The university is divided into six faculties, which together offer 200 fields of study. The faculties are those of Management, Economics and Social Sciences, Law, Medicine (with the affiliated University clinic), Arts, Mathematics and Natural Sciences and Human Sciences.

facultystudents
Wirtschafts- & Sozialwiss Fak der Universitat zu Koln.jpg Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences ca. 10,000
Rechtswiss Fak der Universitat zu Koln.jpg Faculty of Law ca. 5,000
Medizinische Fak der Universitat zu Koln.jpg   Faculty of Medicine with University Hospital of Cologneca. 3,200
Philosop Fak der Universitat zu Koln.jpg   Faculty of Arts and Humanities ca. 16,500
Mathematisch Naturwiss Fak der Universitat zu Koln.jpg   Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences ca. 7,500
    Faculty of Human Sciences ca. 2,800

Rectors

Axel Freimuth, 2007 Axel freimuth 20071128.jpg
Axel Freimuth, 2007

On 24 November 2004, the physicist Axel Freimuth was elected as Rector of the University. His (initially four-year) term began on 1 April 2005. He succeeded Tassilo Küpper and was the 49th Rector since 1919. He was previously Dean of Mathematics and Natural Sciences.

Academic profile

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [3] 201-300
QS World [4] 347
THE World [5] 170

Museums and collections

Students and faculty

In 2005, the University enrolled 47,203 students, including 3,718 graduate students. In 2003, the number of post-doctoral researchers was 670.

There were 6,157 international students in the 2005 Summer Semester (approximately 13% of all students). Those from developing countries made up about 60%, representing a total of 123 nations. The largest contingents came from Bulgaria (10.5%), Russia (8.8%), Poland (7.4%), China (6.2%) and Ukraine (5.7%).

There are 508 professors at the university, including 70 women. In addition, the university employs 1,549 research assistants, with an additional 765 at the clinic, and 1,462 other assistants (3,736 at the clinic).

Partner universities

Campus of the Cologne University Hospital in Lindenthal Uniklinik koeln air2.jpg
Campus of the Cologne University Hospital in Lindenthal

The University of Cologne maintains twenty official partnerships [6] with universities from ten countries. Of these, the partnerships with Clermont-Ferrand I and Pennsylvania State are the oldest partnerships. In addition, Cologne has further cooperations [7] with more than 260 other universities.

Notable alumni and professors

Albertus Magnus monument in front of the main building Albertus Magnus Skulptur, Universitat zu Koln.jpg
Albertus Magnus monument in front of the main building

Over the centuries, scholars from Cologne have been among the most prominent in their fields, beginning with Albertus Magnus and his pupil Thomas Aquinas (both 13th century). Notable alumni of the 20th century include among others Kurt Alder (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1950), Peter Grünberg (Nobel Prize in Physics 2007), Heinrich Böll (Nobel Prize for Literature), Karl Carstens (president of the Federal Republic of Germany 1979–1984), Gustav Heinemann (president of the Federal Republic of Germany 1969 to 1974), Karolos Papoulias (former president of the Hellenic Republic), Erich Gutenberg (founder of modern German business studies), Axel Ockenfels, and Eberhard Voit.

Jenny Gusyk, a Jewish woman of Turkish citizenship, was the first female and foreign student to be enrolled in 1919. [8]

The University of Cologne was commemorated on the Federal Republic of Germany's postage stamp in 1988, celebrating university's 600 years. [9]

See also

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Josef Kroll was a German classical philologist and university rector.

Anne Storch is a German linguist and professor of African studies at the University of Cologne.

Jenny Gusyk, also known as Jenny Stucke, was the first woman and foreign student when enrolled at the newly-re-established University of Cologne in 1919. A Jewish woman of Turkish citizenship, she received German citizenship after her marriage, and died in the Auschwitz concentration camp. In 2009, the University of Cologne announced a gender equality award named after her.

Theodor Friedrich Wilhelm Willi Kahl was a German musicologist.

Günther Binding is a German art historian and retired professor of art history and urban conservation at the University of Cologne.

Peter Mittelstaedt

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "UoC at a Glance". University of Cologne (in German). Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  2. Prague (1348), Kraków (1364), Vienna (1365), Pécs (1367), Heidelberg (1386), Cologne (1388)
  3. Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017
  4. QS World University Rankings 2018
  5. World University Rankings 2018
  6. "University of Cologne, partner universities". www.portal.uni-koeln.de. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  7. University of Cologne, cooperation agreements (German)
  8. "Who was Jenny Gusyk?". University of Köln. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  9. "600 Jahre Universität zu Köln" (in German). Retrieved 17 October 2020.

Further reading