University of Dublin (constituency)

Last updated

University of Dublin
Seanad Éireann Constituency
Current constituency
Created 1938
Seats3
Senators
  •   David Norris (Ind)
  •   Lynn Ruane (Ind)
  •  Vacant

University of Dublin is a university constituency in Ireland, which currently elects three senators to Seanad Éireann. Its electorate comprises the undergraduate scholars and graduates of the University of Dublin, whose sole constituent college is Trinity College Dublin, so it is often also referred to as the Trinity College constituency. Between 1613 and 1937 it elected MPs or TDs to a series of representative legislative bodies.

Contents

Representation

FromToChamberMembers
16131800House of Commons of Ireland2
18011832House of Commons of the United Kingdom1
18321922House of Commons of the United Kingdom2
19211922House of Commons of Southern Ireland4
19221923Dáil Éireann4
19231937Dáil Éireann3
1938presentSeanad Éireann3

House of Commons of Ireland (1613–1800)

Dublin University
Former constituency
for the Irish House of Commons
Former constituency
Created1613 (1613)
Abolished1801

When James I first convened the Parliament of Ireland, the University of Dublin was given two MPs, elected by the Provost, Fellows and Scholars of Trinity College. It was not represented among the 30 Irish MPs which were part of the Protectorate Parliament during the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

Party organisations were not persistent during this time period, and have been added where appropriate. Among the MPs for the university in this period was John FitzGibbon, who later as Lord Chancellor of Ireland played a key role in the passage of the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the Kingdom of Ireland with the Kingdom of Great Britain to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

ParliamentElectionMP (Party)MP (Party)
Parliament of James I1613 William Temple Charles Doyne
1628 William Bedell James Donnellan
1628William Fitzgerald
First Parliament of Charles I1634 Sir James Ware
Second Parliament of Charles I 1639William Gilbert
First Protectorate Parliament 1654University not represented
Parliament of Charles II 1661 Sir James Ware Lord John Butler
Parliament of James II 1689 Sir John Meade, Bt Joseph Coghlan
First Parliament of William III and Mary II 1692 Sir Cyril Wyche William Molyneux
(Whig)
Second Parliament of William III 1695Richard Aldworth
1698 William Crow
First Parliament of Anne 1703Sir William RobinsonEdward Southwell
Second Parliament of Anne 1713 Marmaduke Coghill
(Whig)
John Elwood
Parliament of George I 1715Samuel Dopping
1721 Edward Hopkins
Parliament of George II 1727 Samuel Molyneux
1728John Elwood
1739 Philip Tisdall
1741 Archibald Acheson
First Parliament of George III 1761 William Clement
Second Parliament of George III 1768 Sir Capel Molyneaux, Bt
Third Parliament of George III 1776 Walter Burgh
(Patriot)
Richard Hely-Hutchinson
[note 1]
1778 John FitzGibbon
1782 Lawrence Parsons
(Patriot)
Fourth Parliament of George III 1783 Arthur Browne
Fifth Parliament of George III 1790 Francis Hely-Hutchinson
Sixth Parliament of George III 1797 George Knox
  1. Election deemed invalid.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom (1801–1922)

Dublin University
Former University constituency
for the House of Commons
18011922

The Acts of Union 1800 merged the Parliament of Ireland with the Parliament of Great Britain, to form the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The 300 seats in the Irish House of Commons were reduced to 100 Irish members in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The union took effect on 1 January 1801. The University of Dublin had one seat in this Parliament. There was no new election for the First Parliament of the United Kingdom: for constituencies like the University of Dublin which were reduced to one MP, they were chosen by lot, in this instance, George Knox

In the Irish Reform Act 1832, the University was given a second seat in Parliament, elected by plurality-at-large, and the franchise was extended to all those with a Master of Arts. At this stage, there were 2,073 voters on the register. Plural voting by those who held a vote in both geographical and the university was allowed and prevalent.

A Topographical Directory of Ireland, published in 1837, describes the Parliamentary history of the university.

By charter of James I. the university returned two members to the Irish parliament till the Union; after which time it returned only one member to the Imperial parliament, till the recent Reform act, since which it has returned two. The right of election, which was originally vested solely in the provost, fellows, and scholars, has, by the same act, been extended to all members of the age of 21 years, who had obtained, or should hereafter obtain, a fellowship, scholarship, or the degree of Master of Arts, and whose names should be on the college books : members thus qualified, who had removed their names from the books, were allowed six months to restore them, on paying a fee of £2, and such as continued their names, merely to qualify them to vote, pay annually to the college the sum of £1, or a composition of £5 in lieu of annual payment. The number of names restored under this provision was 3005, and at present the constituency amounts to 3135. The provost is the returning officer.

The Representation of the People Act 1918 extended the electorate to include all male graduates and scholars over the age of 21 and all female graduates and scholars over the age of 30, to be elected by single transferable vote. There were 4,541 voters registered for the 1918 general election. Plural voting continued to be allowed.

During the period of the Union between Ireland and Great Britain, the constituency predominantly elected Tory, Conservative and Unionist MPs, including Edward Gibson, who was later (as Lord Ashbourne) responsible for the Purchase of Land (Ireland) Act 1885, and Edward Carson, who led the Irish Unionist Alliance.

Dublin University was represented in the House of Commons until the dissolution of Parliament on 26 October 1922, shortly before the establishment of the Irish Free State became a dominion on 6 December 1922.

ElectionMP (Party)MP (Party)
1801 George Knox (T) [1] University represented by
one seat until 1832
1802
1806
1807 John Leslie Foster (T)
1812 William Plunket (W) [1]
1818
1820
1822 by-election
1826
1827 by-election John Wilson Croker (T) [1]
1830 Thomas Lefroy (T, C) [1]
1831
1832 Frederick Shaw (T, C) [1]
1835
1837
1841
1842 by-election Joseph Jackson (C) [1]
1843 by-election George Hamilton (C)
1847
1848 by-election Joseph Napier (C)
1852 by-election
1852
1857
1858 by-election Anthony Lefroy (C)
1859 by-election James Whiteside (C)
1859
1865
1866 by-election John Walsh (C)
1867 by-election Hedges Chatterton (C)
1867 by-election Robert Warren (C)
1868 John Ball (C)
1870 by-election David Plunket (C, U)
1874
1874 by-election
Jan. 1875 by-election Edward Gibson (C)
Feb. 1875 by-election
1877 by-election
1880
1885 by-election Hugh Holmes (C, U)
1885
1886
1886 by-election
1887 by-election Dodgson Madden (U)
1888 by-election
1892 Edward Carson (U)
1895
1895 by-election W. E. H. Lecky (Lib U)
1900
1903 by-election James Campbell (U)
1906
Jan. 1910
1900 by-election
Dec. 1910
1916 by-election
Feb. 1917 by-election Arthur Samuels (U)
Oct. 1917 by-election
1918 Robert Woods (Ind U)
1919 by-election William Jellett (U)

House of Commons of Southern Ireland (1921–1922)

The Government of Ireland Act 1920 established a devolved home rule legislature, within the United Kingdom, for twenty-six Irish counties which were designated Southern Ireland.

Dublin University was given four seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The seats were filled by Independent Unionist MPs who were returned unopposed. They were the only MPs who attended the abortive first meeting of the House. After the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the four MPs met with the Pro-Treaty members of the Second Dáil to ratify the Treaty. The Parliament was formally dissolved as part of the arrangements under the Treaty and the establishemt of the Irish Free State on 6 December 1922.

Dáil Éireann (1918–1937)

Sinn Féin contested the 1918 Westminster election on the basis that they would not take seats in the United Kingdom Parliament but would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin.

The University was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return two Teachtaí Dála (known in English as Deputies and abbreviated as TDs) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. This revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919.

In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland, including the two Unionist MPs from Dublin University, was a member of the First Dáil. In practice only Sinn Féin members participated.

The First Dáil passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view:

  1. That the Parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin used the polls for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for this University all other constituencies elected Sinn Féin TDs. The University elected four Independent Unionist members unopposed. As with the First Dáil, those Deputies could have joined the Dáil if they chose.

The Third Dáil elected in 1922 was, in United Kingdom law, the constituent assembly for the Irish Free State. From this time the Dáil represented only the twenty-six Irish counties and not the six counties of Northern Ireland. Non-Sinn Féin Deputies, including those from the University, began to participate in the Dáil.

In the Electoral Act 1923, the Irish Free State defined its own Dáil constituencies. The University of Dublin was granted three seats, to be elected by single transferable vote by all graduates and scholars, regardless of sex, over the age of 21. Plural voting was not allowed.

The Constitution (Amendment No. 23) Act 1936, removed the provisions in Constitution of the Irish Free State for University representation in Dáil Éireann, with effect from the next dissolution of the Oireachtas, which took place on 14 June 1937. Voters resident in the State had their Dáil registration switched to the geographical constituency of their registered address. [2]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for University of Dublin 19181937
Key to parties
DáilElectionDeputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
1st 1918 Arthur Samuels
(U)
Robert Woods
(Ind U)
2 seats under 1918 Act
1919 by-election William Jellett
(U)
2nd 1921 Ernest Alton
(Ind U)
James Craig
(Ind U)
William Thrift
(Ind U)
Gerald Fitzgibbon
(Ind U)
3rd 1922 Ernest Alton
(Ind)
James Craig
(Ind)
William Thrift
(Ind)
Gerald Fitzgibbon
(Ind)
4th 1923 3 seats
from 1923
5th 1927 (Jun)
6th 1927 (Sep)
7th 1932
8th 1933
1933 by-election Robert Rowlette
(Ind)

Seanad Éireann (1938 to present)

Article 18.4 of the Constitution of Ireland adopted in 1937, provided that the university would have three seats in the new Seanad Éireann. The Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937 gave effect to the constitutional provision, and provided that they would be elected by single transferable vote. The first Seanad election took place in 1938, and thereafter elections to the Seanad take place within 90 days of the dissolution of the Dáil. The Seventh Amendment, adopted in 1979, allows for a redistribution of the six university seats among the University of Dublin, the National University of Ireland, and any other institutions of higher education in the State which do not have representation. No legislation followed since to make any such change.

Its electorate is Irish citizens who have received a degree from the university, or undergraduates who have been awarded a foundation scholarship or non-foundation scholarship at Trinity College. After the Fourth Amendment in 1972, the age of eligibility was lowered from 21 to 18. Voting for the Seanad is distinct from that for the Dáil, so it is not considered plural voting; however, plural voting does exist for those who have received degrees from both the University of Dublin and the National University of Ireland. Trinity College Dublin is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, so the electorate is predominantly composed of graduates of Trinity; however, from 1975 to 1998, the University of Dublin also awarded the degrees of graduates at the Dublin Institute of Technology.

Since 1922, most of the representatives of the University have been Independent, though Mary Robinson and Ivana Bacik took the Labour Party whip for periods of their time in the Seanad. A number of the senators have a reputation of being quite socially liberal, including Owen Sheehy-Skeffington, Noël Browne, and Catherine McGuinness. Three Senators were later appointed to the Supreme Court: T. C. Kingsmill Moore, Gardner Budd and Catherine McGuinness. Mary Robinson, first elected in 1969, was later elected as President of Ireland in 1990. In 1987, David Norris became the first openly gay member of either house of the Oireachtas. The senators have often included current or recent academics within Trinity College, such as professor of Latin and provost Ernest Alton, professor of Greek William Bedell Stanford, professor of mathematics Trevor West, and professor of medicine Mary Henry. Two of the three most recent senators teach or have taught in Trinity: Ivana Bacik in law, and David Norris in English.

Senators for University of Dublin 1938present
Key to parties
SenElectionSenator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
2nd 1938 Ernest Alton
(Ind)
Joseph Johnston
(Ind)
Robert Rowlette
(Ind)
3rd 1938
4th 1943 T. C. Kingsmill Moore
(Ind)
William Fearon
(Ind)
5th 1944 Joseph Johnston
(Ind)
1947 Joseph Bigger
(Ind)
6th 1948 William Stanford
(Ind)
7th 1951 Gardner Budd
(Ind)
1952 William Jessop
(Ind)
8th 1954 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington
(Ind)
9th 1957
1960 William Jessop
(Ind)
10th 1961 John Ross
(Ind)
11th 1965 Owen Sheehy-Skeffington
(Ind)
12th 1969 Mary Robinson
(Lab)
1970 Trevor West
(Ind)
13th 1973 Noël Browne
(Ind)
14th 1977 Conor Cruise O'Brien
(Ind)
1979 Catherine McGuinness
(Ind)
15th 1981 Shane Ross
(Ind)
16th 1982 Trevor West
(Ind)
17th 1983 Catherine McGuinness
(Ind)
18th 1987 David Norris
(Ind)
Mary Robinson
(Ind)
19th 1989 Carmencita Hederman
(Ind)
20th 1993 Mary Henry
(Ind)
21st 1997
22nd 2002
23rd 2007 Ivana Bacik
(Ind)
24th 2011 Sean Barrett
(Ind)
Ivana Bacik
(Lab)
25th 2016 Lynn Ruane
(Ind)
26th 2020
2021 Vacant

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns.

Elections

From 1832 (when registers of electors were first prepared) a turnout figure is given, for the percentage of the registered electors who voted. If the number of registered electors eligible to take part in a contested election is unknown, then the last known electorate figure is used to calculate an estimated turnout. If the numbers of registered electors and electors taking part in the poll are known, an exact turnout figure is calculated. In two member bloc vote elections (in which an elector could cast one or two votes as he chose), where the exact number of electors participating is unknown, an estimated turnout figure is given. This is calculated by dividing the total number of votes cast by two. To the extent that electors used only one of their votes the estimated turnout figure is an underestimate.

Elections in the 2020s

2020 Seanad election: Dublin University [3]
PartyCandidateFPv%Count
12345678
Independent David Norris 24.23,6463,6713,7283,768    
Labour Ivana Bacik 23.23,4893,5213,5423,5713,5743,963  
Independent Lynn Ruane 18.42,7802,8052,8252,8702,8713,2293,3484,072
Independent Hugo MacNeill 13.52,0382,0502,0812,1332,1332,2992,3422,961
Independent Tom Clonan 9.31,3941,4171,4401,4921,4931,6821,722 
Green William Priestley7.21,0901,1041,1191,1751,177   
Independent Keith Scanlon1.8276285297     
Independent Joseph O'Gorman1.2180183      
Independent Abbas Ali O'Shea0.581       
Independent Derek Byrne0.467       
Electorate: Approx. 65,000 [4]  Valid: 15,041  Spoilt: 12  Quota: 3,761  Turnout: Approx. 23.1%

    Elections in the 2010s

    2016 Seanad election: Dublin University [5]
    PartyCandidateFPv%Count
    123456789101112131415
    Independent David Norris 25.34,070              
    Labour Ivana Bacik 17.82,8532,8712,8872,9042,9362,9563,0433,1133,1973,3063,4823,7584,144  
    Independent Lynn Ruane 8.61,3781,3811,3991,4181,4341,4711,5241,5631,6461,7931,9032,1282,4802,5113,343
    Independent Averil Power 8.41,3561,3631,3801,3881,4001,4141,4651,5271,5821,6441,7411,8532,1352,176 
    Independent Sean Barrett 8.21,3171,3261,3331,3531,3621,3861,4431,5701,6831,7661,9722,0972,5022,5573,228
    Independent Thomas Clonan 7.01,1311,1331,1471,1531,1571,1721,2331,2801,3641,4581,5901,742   
    Independent Oisín Coghlan4.36836856906967207437787968479451,017    
    Independent Anthony Staines4.1665668674684689707742788852904     
    Green William Priestley3.4548550561574598634661689737      
    Independent Ethna Tinney3.2516518528534538553594631       
    Independent Sean Melly2.8450451452465471497513        
    Independent Sabina Brennan 2.8445447457466470484         
    Independent Kevin Cunningham1.4232233246255259          
    Independent Eoin Meehan0.9143143145            
    Independent Edward Davitt0.9142142147151           
    Independent Maeve Cox0.8135136             
    Electorate:  Valid: 16,064  Spoilt: 43  Quota: 4,017  Turnout: 

      In 2011 Karin Dubsky, who was listed on the printed ballot papers, discovered after their distribution that she was not an Irish citizen and thus ineligible, and advised electors not to vote for her. [6] The returning officer ruled that ballots giving her a first preference would be excluded, but ballots giving her a lower preference would be transferred to the next lower preference when relevant. [7]

      2011 Seanad election: Dublin University [8]
      PartyCandidateFPv%Count
      123456789101112131415161718
      Independent David Norris 36.15623                 
      Labour Ivana Bacik 19.22982368536853693370137283781383338893940        
      Independent Tony Williams8.6133614931494150115041522152715391558160116051642167717301805186920982480
      Independent Sean Barrett 6.8105112481256126312731293131413401356138313911444149316221823195224503065
      Independent Maurice Gueret5.3822936938946950958969984100510241030107711491230133315341803 
      Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 2.9446511511513522522528544559576584622762837909   
      Independent Fiona O'Malley 2.8441590550550554562570596619632637660685752    
      Independent Robin Hannan2.6406443443443447450455468480495498529      
      Independent Iggy McGovern2.6397441443445451457491496505526531566626     
      Independent William Priestley1.7258302304308310319334348371380382       
      Independent Jeff Dudgeon 1.3205236237237241242245252258         
      Independent David Martin1.3194221221221223226233241          
      Independent Dermot Frost1.1178199199203207208            
      Independent Maeve Cox1.1174213214215217225233           
      Independent Graham Quinn0.8131142143147147             
      Independent Bart Connolly0.472808080              
      Independent Dermot Sheehan0.3495455               
      Independent Francis Donnelly [n 1] 0.12027                
      Electorate: 53,583  Valid: 15,557  Spoilt: 257  Quota: 3,890  Turnout: 29.5%

        Elections in the 2000s

        2007 Seanad election: Dublin University [10]
        PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
        Independent Shane Ross 5,37931.811
        Independent David Norris 5,24031.021
        Independent Ivana Bacik 2,79416.538
        Independent Maurice Gueret1,1556.8
        Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 6844.0
        Independent Seán O'Connor 5143.0
        Independent David Hutchinson Edgar3302.0
        Independent Shay Conway2141.7
        Independent David Martin2231.3
        Independent Ike Efobi2011.2
        Independent Stephen Douglas1831.1
        2002 Seanad election: Dublin University
        PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
        Independent David Norris 3,49324.515
        Independent Shane Ross 3,46524.325
        Independent Mary Henry 2,12314.9310
        Independent Ivana Bacik 1,59111.2
        Independent Sean Barrett 9947.0
        Independent Maurice Gueret7805.5
        Independent Rosaleen McDonagh 7335.2
        Independent P.J. O'Meara2651.9
        Independent David Martin2121.5
        Independent Prabu Kulkarni1851.3
        Independent Gerard McHugh1561.1
        Independent Anthony O'Donnell1421.0
        Independent Declan Boland980.7
        Electorate: 38,488  Valid: 14,237  Quota: 3,560  Turnout: 37.0%

        Elections in the 1990s

        1997 Seanad election: Dublin University [11]
        PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
        Independent David Norris 4,86636.411
        Independent Shane Ross 2,47518.536
        Independent Mary Henry 2,41018.025
        Independent Sean Barrett 1,49111.2
        Independent Ivana Bacik 8856.6
        Independent Henry Mountcharles 4613.5
        Independent David Martin3452.6
        Independent Prabhu Kulkarni2181.6
        Independent Brian Caul1491.1
        Independent Nigel Hutson740.6
        1993 Seanad election: Dublin University [12]
        PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
        Independent David Norris 3,56931.111
        Independent Shane Ross 2,67223.324
        Independent Mary Henry 1,98017.3310
        Independent James Rickard1,0068.8
        Independent Claire Wheeler5054.4
        Independent Alan Stanford 3603.1
        Independent Virginia Hogan2912.5
        Independent David Martin2572.2
        Independent John Dillon2512.2
        Independent Erick Dillon2252.0
        Independent Prabhu Kulkarni1291.1
        Independent Frederick O'Connell1181.0
        Independent Florence O'Donoghue810.7
        Independent Peter Cooke280.2

        Elections in the 1980s

        1982 Seanad election: Dublin University [13]
        PartyCandidateFPv%Count
        1234567
        Independent Shane Ross 23.91,4121,4231,4301,4621,548  
        Labour Mary Robinson 20.61,2121,2201,2821,4611,634  
        Independent Trevor West 20.11,1851,1931,2091,2631,3901,4431,490
        Independent Catherine McGuinness 17.31,0231,0321,0621,1411,2721,3781,404
        Independent David Cabot7.4437446472535   
        Independent David Norris 6.6392396429    
        Independent B. Cullen2.8167180     
        Independent William Abbey of the
        Holycross Fitzsimon
        1.269      
        Electorate: 9,164  Valid: 5,897  Spoilt: 58  Quota: 1,475  Turnout: 64.34

          Elections in the 1970s

          Resignation of Conor Cruise O'Brien:

          1979 Seanad by-election: Dublin University [14]
          PartyCandidateFPv%Count
          123
          Independent Catherine McGuinness 35.11,8412,1752,790
          Independent Shane Ross 31.01,6251,7772,270
          Independent Thomas Murtagh19.71,0331,225 
          Independent David Norris 12.6659  
          Independent O. Quinn1.788  
          Electorate: 8,686  Valid: 5,246  Spoilt: 103  Quota: 2,624  Turnout: 61.58

            Elections in the 1940s

            1944 Seanad election: Dublin University
            PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
            Independent T. C. Kingsmill Moore 75532.911
            Independent William Fearon 62127.021
            Independent Joseph Johnston 43719.034
            Independent Robert Rowlette 41918.2
            Independent Eoin "the Pope" O'Mahony 652.8
            Electorate: 3,886  Valid: 2,297  Quota: 575  Turnout: 59.1% [15]

            Elections in the 1930s

            Following the death of independent TD Sir James Craig, a by-election was held on 13 October 1933. The seat was won by the independent candidate Robert Rowlette.

            1933 by-election: Dublin University [16]
            PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
            Independent Robert Rowlette UnopposedN/A1
            1933 general election: Dublin University [17]
            PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
            Independent Ernest Alton UnopposedN/A1
            Independent James Craig UnopposedN/A2
            Independent William Thrift UnopposedN/A3
            Electorate: 3,260  Valid: Quota: Turnout:
            1932 general election: Dublin University [18]
            PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
            Independent Ernest Alton UnopposedN/A1
            Independent James Craig UnopposedN/A2
            Independent William Thrift UnopposedN/A3

            Elections in the 1920s

            September 1927 general election: Dublin University [19]
            PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
            Independent Ernest Alton UnopposedN/A1
            Independent James Craig UnopposedN/A2
            Independent William Thrift UnopposedN/A3
            June 1927 general election: Dublin University [20]
            PartyCandidateFPv%Count
            123
            Independent William Thrift 38.6614  
            Independent James Craig 22.4356415 
            Independent Bolton C. Waller20.9332386391
            Independent Ernest Alton 18.1287386398
            Electorate: 2,069  Valid: 1,589  Quota: 398  Turnout: 76.8%
              1923 general election: Dublin University [21]
              PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
              Independent Ernest Alton UnopposedN/A1
              Independent James Craig UnopposedN/A2
              Independent William Thrift UnopposedN/A3
              Electorate: 1,400  Valid: Quota: Turnout:
              1922 general election: Dublin University [22]
              PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
              Independent Ernest Alton UnopposedN/A1
              Independent James Craig UnopposedN/A2
              Independent Gerald Fitzgibbon UnopposedN/A3
              Independent William Thrift UnopposedN/A4
              Electorate: 1,150  Valid: Quota: Turnout:
              1921 general election: Dublin University [23]
              PartyCandidate1st Pref %SeatCount
              Independent Unionist Ernest Alton UnopposedN/A1
              Independent Unionist James Craig UnopposedN/A2
              Independent Unionist Gerald Fitzgibbon UnopposedN/A3
              Independent Unionist William Thrift UnopposedN/A4

              Elections in the 1910s

              1919 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
              PartyCandidateVotes%±%
              Irish Unionist William Jellett Unopposed
              Irish Unionist hold
              This was the last UK Parliament election held in the 26 counties which became the Irish Free State.
              1918 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
              PartyCandidateFPv%Count
              12
              Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels 43.11,273 
              Independent Unionist Robert Woods 26.87931,094
              Irish Unionist William Jellett 21.4631≤875
              Independent Nationalist Stephen Gwynn 8.7257eliminated
              Electorate: 4,541  Valid: 2,954  Quota: 985  Turnout: 59.4
                Note: The Times edition of 23 December 1918 reported that the Provost of the University, as returning officer, did not announce the figures. It was ascertained that Woods had 1,094 votes when elected. The above is the best reconstruction of the later counts which is possible with the available information.
                October 1917 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels Unopposed
                Irish Unionist hold
                February 1917 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels 1,841 73.1 N/A
                Irish Unionist Robert Woods 67926.9N/A
                Majority1,16246.1N/A
                Turnout 2,52060.9N/A
                Registered electors 4,138
                Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
                1916 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
                Irish Unionist hold
                December 1910 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
                Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
                Irish Unionist hold
                Irish Unionist hold
                January 1910 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
                Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
                Irish Unionist hold
                Irish Unionist hold

                Elections in the 1900s

                1906 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
                Irish Unionist James Campbell Unopposed
                Irish Unionist hold
                Irish Unionist hold
                1903 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist James Campbell 1,492 51.2 N/A
                Irish Unionist Arthur Samuels 1,42148.8N/A
                Majority712.4N/A
                Turnout 2,91364.0N/A
                Registered electors 4,553
                Irish Unionist gain from Liberal Unionist Swing N/A
                1900 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
                Liberal Unionist W. E. H. Lecky Unopposed
                Irish Unionist hold
                Liberal Unionist hold
                1900 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
                Irish Unionist hold

                Elections in the 1890s

                1895 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Liberal Unionist W. E. H. Lecky 1,757 63.5 New
                Irish Unionist George Wright1,01136.5N/A
                Majority74627.0N/A
                Turnout 2,76861.4N/A
                Registered electors 4,506
                Liberal Unionist gain from Irish Unionist Swing N/A
                1895 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist David Plunket Unopposed
                Irish Unionist Edward Carson Unopposed
                Registered electors 4,506
                Irish Unionist hold
                Irish Unionist hold
                1892 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist David Plunket 2,188 46.6 -2.1
                Irish Unionist Edward Carson 1,609 34.3 N/A
                Irish Unionist James Corry Jones Lowry89719.1N/A
                Majority71215.2-31.7
                Turnout 2,347 (est)53.9 (est)+7.8
                Registered electors 4,352
                Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
                Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

                Elections in the 1880s

                1888 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Dodgson Madden Unopposed
                Registered electors 4,094
                Irish Unionist hold
                1887 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist Dodgson Madden 1,376 65.9 N/A
                Irish Unionist Richard Clare Parsons71234.1N/A
                Majority66431.8N/A
                Turnout 2,08851.0N/A
                Registered electors 4,092
                Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
                1886 by-election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist David Plunket Unopposed
                Irish Unionist Hugh Holmes Unopposed
                Registered electors 4,155
                Irish Unionist hold
                Irish Unionist hold
                1886 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Unionist David Plunket 1,865 48.7 N/A
                Irish Unionist Hugh Holmes 1,855 48.4 N/A
                Irish Parliamentary Hugh Herbert Johnston561.5New
                Irish Parliamentary Edward Patrick Sarsfield Counsell551.4New
                Majority1,79946.9N/A
                Turnout 1,916 (est)46.1 (est)N/A
                Registered electors 4,155
                Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
                Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
                1885 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
                Irish Conservative Hugh Holmes Unopposed
                Registered electors 4,155
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1885 by-election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
                Irish Conservative Hugh Holmes Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1880 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
                Irish Conservative Edward Gibson Unopposed
                Registered electors 3,539
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold

                Elections in the 1870s

                1877 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Edward Gibson Unopposed
                Registered electors 3,393
                Irish Conservative hold
                February 1875 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
                Registered electors 2,438
                Irish Conservative hold
                January 1875 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Edward Gibson 1,210 48.3 N/A
                Irish Conservative Alexander Edward Miller75930.3N/A
                Irish Conservative Anthony Traill 53821.5N/A
                Majority45118.0N/A
                Turnout 2,507102.8*N/A
                Registered electors 2,438
                Irish Conservative hold

                * Walker recorded the vote tally as above, but the electorate he also included was a lower number - at 2,438 - and so this result may be inaccurate.

                1874 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative John Ball Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold
                1874 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
                Irish Conservative John Ball Unopposed
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1870 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative David Plunket Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold

                Elections in the 1860s

                1868 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Anthony Lefroy 1,156 36.2 -1.2
                Irish Conservative John Ball 1,077 33.7 +14.3
                Irish Conservative Edward Grogan 74323.3-20.0
                Liberal Thomas Ebenezer Webb2166.8New
                Majority33410.4-7.6
                Turnout 1,704 (est)79.2 (est)3.1
                Registered electors 2,151
                Irish Conservative hold Swing N/A
                Irish Conservative hold Swing N/A
                August 1867 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Robert Warren Unopposed
                Registered electors
                Irish Conservative hold
                March 1867 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Hedges Chatterton Unopposed
                Registered electors
                Irish Conservative hold
                February 1867 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Hedges Chatterton Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold
                1866 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative John Walsh Unopposed
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold
                1865 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative James Whiteside 1,210 43.3 N/A
                Irish Conservative Anthony Lefroy 1,045 37.4 N/A
                Independent John Ball [25] 54219.4New
                Majority50318.0N/A
                Turnout 1,399 (est)82.3 (est)N/A
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold Swing N/A
                Irish Conservative hold Swing N/A

                Elections in the 1850s

                1859 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Anthony Lefroy Unopposed
                Irish Conservative James Whiteside Unopposed
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1859 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative James Whiteside Unopposed
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold
                1858 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Anthony Lefroy 589 62.7 N/A
                Irish Conservative Arthur Edward Gayer35037.2N/A
                Majority23925.5N/A
                Turnout 93955.2N/A
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold
                1857 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24] [26]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Joseph Napier 829 41.3 N/A
                Irish Conservative George Hamilton 791 39.4 N/A
                Whig James Anthony Lawson 27213.5New
                Whig John Wilson1165.8New
                Majority51925.9N/A
                Turnout 1,004 (est)59.1 (est)N/A
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1852 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Joseph Napier Unopposed
                Irish Conservative George Hamilton Unopposed
                Registered electors 1,700
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1852 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Joseph Napier Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold

                Elections in the 1840s

                1848 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Joseph Napier Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold
                1847 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative George Hamilton 738 33.1 N/A
                Irish Conservative Frederick Shaw 572 25.6 N/A
                Irish Conservative Joseph Napier 54024.5N/A
                Whig James MacCullagh [27] 37416.8New
                Majority321.1N/A
                Turnout 1,19056.7N/A
                Registered electors 2,100
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1843 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative George Hamilton Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold
                1842 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Joseph Jackson Unopposed
                Irish Conservative hold
                1841 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Irish Conservative Frederick Shaw Unopposed
                Irish Conservative Thomas Lefroy Unopposed
                Registered electors
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold

                Elections in the 1830s

                1837 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24] [1]
                PartyCandidateVotes%
                Irish Conservative Frederick Shaw 852 45.4
                Irish Conservative Thomas Lefroy 839 44.7
                Whig Joseph Stock 1869.9
                Majority65334.8
                Turnout 94044.8
                Registered electors 2,100
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1835 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24] [1]
                PartyCandidateVotes%
                Irish Conservative Thomas Lefroy Unopposed
                Irish Conservative Frederick Shaw Unopposed
                Registered electors 2,074
                Irish Conservative hold
                Irish Conservative hold
                1832 general election: Dublin University (2 seats) [24] [1]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 1,304 38.3 +10.8
                Tory Frederick Shaw 1,290 37.9 +10.4
                Whig Philip Cecil Crampton 42312.410.1
                Whig George Ponsonby 39011.411.1
                Majority86725.4+15.4
                Turnout 1,72483.83.2
                Registered electors 2,058
                Tory hold Swing +10.7
                Tory win (new seat)
                1831 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24] [1] [28]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 44 55.0 +11.6
                Whig Philip Cecil Crampton 3645.0New
                Majority810.0+6.1
                Turnout 8087.0+7.8
                Registered electors 92
                Tory hold Swing +11.6
                1830 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24] [1] [28]
                PartyCandidateVotes%
                Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 33 43.4
                Tory John Wilson Croker 3039.5
                Tory John Henry North 1317.1
                Majority33.9
                Turnout 7679.2
                Registered electors 96
                Tory hold

                Elections in the 1820s

                1827 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory John Wilson Croker 38 42.7 N/A
                Tory John Henry North 2932.6N/A
                Tory Thomas Langlois Lefroy 2224.7N/A
                Majority910.1N/A
                Registered electors
                Tory gain from Whig Swing N/A
                1826 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Whig William Plunket Unopposed
                Registered electors
                Whig hold
                1822 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Whig William Plunket Unopposed
                Whig hold
                1820 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Whig William Plunket Unopposed
                Registered electors
                Whig hold

                Elections in the 1810s

                1818 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Whig William Plunket 34 53.1 N/A
                Tory John Wilson Croker 3046.9New
                Majority46.2N/A
                Registered electors
                Whig hold
                1812 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Whig William Plunket Unopposed
                Registered electors
                Whig gain from Tory Swing N/A

                Elections in the 1800s

                1807 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory John Leslie Foster 46 92.0 N/A
                Whig Thomas Thornton Macklin48.0New
                Majority4284.0+79.4
                Registered electors
                Tory hold
                1806 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory George Knox 35 52.3 N/A
                Tory John Leslie Foster 3247.7N/A
                Majority34.6-10.0
                Registered electors
                Tory hold
                1805 by-election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory George Knox Unopposed
                Tory hold
                1802 general election: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory George Knox 39 57.3 N/A
                Whig William Plunket 2942.7New
                Majority1014.6N/A
                Registered electors
                Tory hold
                1801 co-option: Dublin University (1 seat) [24]
                PartyCandidateVotes%±%
                Tory George Knox Unopposed
                Registered electors
                Tory hold

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                References

                Footnotes

                1. Francis Donnelly unofficially withdrew from the race on to concentrate on the Labour Panel in which he was also running. His name remained on the ballot paper. [9]

                Sources

                Citations

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                24. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN   0901714127.
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