University of Duisburg-Essen

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University of Duisburg-Essen
Universität Duisburg-Essen
Uni Duisburg.png
MottoOffen im Denken
Motto in English
Open-minded
Type Public
Established1654;367 years ago (1654)
re-established on 1 January 2003
Budget€483 million [1]
Chancellor Rainer Ambrosy
Rector Ulrich Radtke  [ de ]
Academic staff
4,062 [1]
Administrative staff
1,581 [1]
Students43,043 (2017) [2]
Location, ,
(Germany)
CampusUrban/Suburban
Colours Blue and white
Affiliations Aurora, UAMR – University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr, [3] DAAD, DFG, IRUN
Website www.uni-due.de
The Founder Duke of the United Duchies of Julich-Cleves-Berg Wilhelm V von Julich-Kleve.jpg
The Founder Duke of the United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Duisburg City Innenhafen Duisburg.jpg
Duisburg City
University Uni essen klinikum-institutsgruppengebaude.jpg
University

The University of Duisburg-Essen (German: Universität Duisburg-Essen) is a public research university in Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a member of the newly founded University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr. [3] It was founded in 1654 and re-established on 1 January 2003, as a merger of the Gerhard Mercator University of Duisburg and the University of Essen. [4]

Contents

With its 12 departments and around 40,000 students, the University of Duisburg-Essen is among the 10 largest German universities. [3] [5] Since 2014, research income has risen by 150 percent. [6] Natural science and engineering are ranked within the top 10 in Germany, and the humanities are formed in the top 20 to 30. Especially, the physics field is ranked in the top 1 in Germany. [7] The University is ranked as one of the 200 best universities in the world. [8]

History

Origins: University of Duisburg (1555)

The universities origins date back to the 1555 decision of Duke Wilhelm V von Jülich-Kleve-Berg, to create a university for the unified duchies at the Lower Rhine. To this end, it was necessary to obtain a permission of the emperor and the pope. Although the permission of the pope was granted in 1564 and of the emperor in 1566, the university was founded about ninety years later in 1654, after the acquisition of the Duchy of Cleves by Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. It opened on 14 October 1655 by Johannes Claudberg as their first rector. [9] The university had four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Law and Arts. During its period of activity it was one of the central and leading universities of the western provinces of Prussia.

Only a few decades later the university was in competition with the much better equipped Dutch universities. Since only about one third of the population in the western provinces of Prussia were member of The Reformed Church, most Lutheran and Catholic citizens in the second half of the 18th century sent their sons to other universities.

The university declined rapidly and was closed on 18 October 1818, due to a Cabinet Order of Friedrich Wilhelm III. [10] At the same time, the University of Bonn was founded. Large parts of the Duisburg University Library were relocated to Bonn and formed the basis of the newly formed Bonn Library. The sceptre of the University of Duisburg was given to the University of Bonn, where it is still located today.

In 1891, the Rheinisch-Westfälische Hüttenschule was relocated from Bochum to Duisburg. Subsequently, the school was transformed into the Königlich-Preußischen Maschinenbau- und Hüttenschule, and in 1938 was renamed to Public School of Engineering.

After a decision of the federal state government in 1960, the teacher training college of Kettwig was settled to Duisburg and was named Pedagogical University Ruhr. In 1968, the university was founded again in Duisburg, related to the old one, bearing the name: Comprehensive University of Duisburg. Initially only small, the university was developed rapidly in the 1970s up to about 15,000 students. In 1972 the Pedagogical University Ruhr and the Public School of Engineering, which was renamed in 1971 to University of applied sciences Duisburg. Other schools were also relocated to Duisburg. The University of Duisburg was then called Comprehensive University of Duisburg. In 1994 the university was renamed Gerhard Mercator University.

In 2003, Gerhard Mercator University merged with the University of Essen to form the University of Duisburg-Essen, which is today one of the largest universities in Germany with about 40,000 students.

Recent developments

In March 2007 the three universities of Bochum, Dortmund and Duisburg-Essen founded the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr, which now includes more than 120,00 students and 1,300 professors and is modelled after the University of California system. [11]

In May 2018, the three members of the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr launched the Research Academy Ruhr (RAR), an inter- and university overarching program for the development and support of young scientists. The program is funded by the State of North Rhine-Westfalia (NRW) and the Mercator Research Center Ruhr (MERCUR) with €800,000 over the next four years and an additional €1 million being added by the three participating members of the University Alliance. [12]

Campus

Campus location in Essen Uni-DuE Essen13.jpg
Campus location in Essen

The university has two main campus locations in Duisburg and Essen.

Faculties and Institutes

Main faculties

The University of Duisburg-Essen today has twelve faculties, listed below:

Central scientific institutes

The NRW School of Governance

The NRW School of Governance is a central institution within the Institute for Political science and was founded in 2006 under the direction of Karl-Rudolf Korte. [14]

It aims, through research and teaching, to promote the scientifically sound understanding of political processes (in North Rhine-Westphalia).

It does so by educating and training students in three main programs:

  1. Masters program: "Political management, Public policy and Public administration"
  2. Part-time masters program: "Public Policy" [15]
  3. Doctoral School: Scholarship and Excellence Programs at the Department of Political Science

and also through the use of various other education modules.

Associated institutes

The university has a Confucius Institute. [28]

Student body

As of 2018 it is the German university with the largest number of Chinese international students. Overall, it has a 16% composition of international students. The majority of such students are enrolled as engineering or economics majors. [28]

People

Rectors

Mercator-Professorship Award

The University of Duisburg-Essen awards the Mercator-Professur to individuals who are well known for their social and scientific engagement. So far, recipients of the Mercator-Professur have been:

Further professors include Jette Joop, Kai Krause and Bruce Ames.

Poets in Residence

The institution of the poet in residence is not missing at any university in the USA. In Germany, the University of Duisburg-Essen was the first and, for a long time, only university that followed the American example and brought contemporary authors to the university as guest lecturers for readings and seminars. [29] In 1975, Martin Walser was the first poet in residence to hold his poetics lectures in Essen. [30]

Since the summer semester 2000, the following personalities have worked as poet in residence at the University of Essen (later Duisburg-Essen):

Earlier poets in residence (since the winter semester 1975/76) include Jurek Becker, Wilhelm Genazino, Günter Grass, Günter Herburger, Rolf Hochhuth, Heinar Kipphardt, Cees Nooteboom, Peter Rühmkorf, Martin Walser and Dieter Wellershoff  [ de ].

Academics

International cooperation

Erasmus program

The university is part of the ERASMUS exchange program.

International university cooperations

The university also cooperates with several other international institutions of higher education. [31]

University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE)'s main partner universities
CountryPartner UniversityUDE Faculties
China China University

of Mining and Technology

Engineering

Humanities

Physics

Fudan University Canter for Nanointegration

Faculty of Medicine

Mercator School of Management

Huazhong University of Science and Technology Canter for Nanointegration

Faculty of Medicine and University Clinic

Institute for East Asian Studies

Colombia Universidad Nacional de Colombia Faculty of Humanities

Faculty of Social Sciences

Faculty of Engineering

Japan Kyushu University Faculty of Engineering

Institute for East Asian Studies

Netherlands Radboud University Faculty of Humanities

Faculty of Medicine and University Clinic

Centre of Water and Environmental Research

Russian Federation Lomonosov Moscow State University Faculty of Chemistry

Faculty of Physics

Faculty of Biology and Geography

University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE)'s faculty partner institutions

Besides the main partnering universities, various faculty of the University Essen-Duisburg also cooperate with international universities and specific faculties or programmes (click "show" to expand).

CountryPartner UniversityUDE Faculties
Australia Curtin University Centre for Empirical Research in Education
Griffith University Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Macquarie University Faculty of Humanities
Brazil Santa Catarina State University Department of Educational Sciences
Universidade de Brasilia Faculty of Engineering
Universidade LaSalle Faculty of Engineering
Universidade Estadual

Paulista "Julio de

Mesquita Filho"/ UNESP

Faculty of Engineering
University of São Paulo Faculty of Engineering
Canada University of Waterloo Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE)
China Beijing International Studies University Faculty of Humanities
Chu Hai College Mercator School of Management
Dalain University of Technology Faculty of Engineering
Hong Kong Baptist University Mercator School of Management

Faculty of Physics

Nankai University Institute for East Asian Studies
Renmin University of China Institute for East Asian Studies
Shanghai Medical College at Fudan University Faculty of Medicine and University Clinic
Southeast University Faculty of Physics
Sun Yat-sen University Faculty of Medicine and University Clinic
Tongji Medical College Faculty of Medicine and University Clinic
Tsinghua University Faculty of Humanities
Wuhan University Institute for East Asian Studies
Wuhan University of Technology Faculty of Engineering
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology Faculty of Engineering
Zhengzhou University Faculty of Engineering
Colombia Universidad Santo Tómas de Aquino Faculty of Engineering
Egypt Fayoum University Centre for Water and Environmental Research (ZWU)
France Institut Français du Pètrole (IFP-School) Faculty of Engineering
Champagne School of Management Mercator School of Management
Institut national des sciences appliquées de Lyon (INSA)Faculty of Mathematics
Ghana University of Ghana Faculty of Social Sciences
India Amity University Centre for Water and Environmental Research (ZWU)
Indian Institute of Technology Madras Faculty of Engineering
Indonesia Institute of Technology Bandung Faculty of Engineering
University of Indonesia Faculty of Engineering
Israel Tel Aviv University Faculty of Humanities
Italy Collegio Carlo Alberto Faculty of Social Sciences
Japan Chukyo University Faculty of Humanities
Dokkyo University Institute for East Asian Studies
Doshisha University Mercator School of Management
Fukuoka University Institute for East Asian Studies
German Institute for Japanese Studies Institute for East Asian Studies
Hokkaido University Institute for East Asian Studies
Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Faculty of Engineering
Kanagawa University Institute for East Asian Studies
Kokugakuin University Faculty of Humanities
Nagoya University Institute for East Asian Studies
Ryukoku University Institute for East Asian Studies
Seinan Gakuin University Institute for East Asian Studies
Sophia University Institute for East Asian Studies
Tokyo University Institute for East Asian Studies and Faculty of Social Sciences
Tsukuba University Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen
Yamagata University Institute for East Asian Studies
Yamanashi Gakuin University Faculty of Social Sciences
Lithuania Vilnius University Faculty of Humanities
Luxembourg University of Luxembourg Faculty of Humanities
Malaysia National University of Malaysia Faculty of Engineering
University of Malaysia Terengganu Faculty of Mathematics
Mexico University Iberoamericana Faculty of Engineering
Namibia University of Namibia Faculty of Humanities
Netherlands University of Amsterdam Faculty of Humanities
Palestinian territories Palestine Polytechnic University Faculty of Engineering
Peru Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú Faculty of Engineering
Poland Warsaw School of Economics Mercator School of Management
Romania The West University of Timisoara Faculty of Educational Sciences
Russian Federation Far-Eastern Federal University Faculty of Humanities
Far-Eastern State University of Humanities Faculty of Humanities
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Faculty of Physics
The Linguistic University of Nizhny Novgorod Faculty of Humanities
Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy Faculty of Medicine and University Clinic
Nizhny Novgorod State University Faculty of Educational Sciences
Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics Mercator School of Management
Serbia University of Novi Sad Faculty of Chemistry
Singapore Nanyang Technological University Faculty of Engineering
South Africa University of Pretoria Faculty of Humanities
South Korea Chung-Ang University Faculty of Social Sciences

Mercator School of Management

Institute for East Asian Studies

Chungnam National University Faculty of Engineering
Taiwan National Tsing Hua University Faculty of Physics

Faculty of Engineering

Ukraine Donetsk National University Faculty of Humanities
US American University Mercator School of Management
Arkansas State University Mercator School of Management
Colorado State University Faculty of Chemistry
Colorado State University Mercator School of Management
Fort Hays State University Faculty of Humanities
Georgia Institute of Technology Mercator School of Management
Indiana University of Pennsylvania Mercator School of Management
Lehigh University Mercator School of Management

Faculty of Social Sciences

Mississippi State University Mercator School of Management
Tulane University Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Colorado Mercator School of Management
University of Illinois Mercator School of Management
University of North Carolina Mercator School of Management
University of Northern Iowa Mercator School of Management
Western Washington University Mercator School of Management

Faculty of Social Sciences

University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr

As part of the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr network the university is involved in running three liaison offices in Moscow, [32] New York City [33] and São Paulo. [34] The offices aim to foster international academic exchange between the local and Ruhr area and are responsible for their respective continents.

International network

The university is also part of the AURORA Network of European universities. [35]

Further cooperation programmes

The university is part of the IS:link (Information Systems Student Exchange Network), [36] the VDAC (Verband der Deutsch-Amerikanischen Clubs / Federation of German-American Clubs e.V.) [37] and offers the internationally oriented, doctoral programme "ARUS – Advanced Research in Urban Systems", which is based on previous academic achievements in selected fields within the Joint Centre "Urban Systems". [38]

Rankings [39]

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [40] 301–400 (2020)
CWUR World [41] 307
QS World [42] 751–800 (2021)
THE World [43] 201–250 (2021)
USNWR Global [44] 285

In Germany, there is no comprehensive university ranking because of the standardization of the universities in Germany, sharply contrasting to the university system in U. S. A. However, the institute for evaluation of universities in Germany has reported the ranking of the departments annually. In this ranking, University of Duisburg-Essen is ranked in a high position in the science and engineering field. Especially, the department of physics is ranked as the top 1 university in Germany.

Measured by the number of top managers in the German economy, University of Duisburg-Essen ranked 15th in 2019. [45]

Considering their rankings in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings citation index from 2019, the University of Duisburg-Essen ranks fifth in Germany, behind Heidelberg, the Berlin Charité, Ulm and Hohenheim, thus displaying its particular scientific success and high productivity. In an international comparison of the universities most frequently cited in scientific publications, the University of Duisburg-Essen is in 103rd place. Overall, the University of Duisburg-Essen has steadily improved its position in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings , making it one of the 200 best universities in the world. In the Times Higher Education Young University Ranking , it is ranked 14th worldwide in 2019. [46] [47]

In May 2018 the Centrum für Hochschulentwicklung (CHE – Center for Higher Education Development) rankings placed the university in the top ranks in different categories and fields, like the Physics department for seminar and lecture content and Biology, Computer Science, Math, Medicine and Sports for excellent programs and support in the early stages of starting at Essen-Duisburg. [48]

In the European Commission funded U-Multirank system the university as a whole was ranked as "excellent" in the research categories "External research income", "Top cited publications", "Post-doc positions", in the knowledge transfer categories "Income from private sources", "Spin-offs" and "Publications cited in patents". In the category international orientation Essen-Duisburg was rated "excellent" for their "International academic staff". [49]

Notable people

Alumni

Notable alumni of the university include:

Points of interest

See also

Related Research Articles

North Rhine-Westphalia State in Western Germany

North Rhine-Westphalia, commonly shortened to NRW is a German state (Land) in Western Germany. With more than 17.9 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state of Germany. Covering an area of 34,084 square kilometres (13,160 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest German state by size. Apart from the city-states, it is also the most densely populated state in Germany.

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The NRW School of Governance is a central institution within the Institute for Political science at the University Duisburg-Essen and was founded in 2006 under the direction of Karl-Rudolf Korte.

Karl-Rudolf Korte German political scientist

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Further reading

Coordinates: 51°27′50″N7°00′22″E / 51.46389°N 7.00611°E / 51.46389; 7.00611