University of Geneva

Last updated

University of Geneva
Université de Genève
Uni GE logo.svg
Latin: Schola Genevensis
MottoPost tenebras lux (Latin)
Motto in English
Light after darkness
Type Public university
Established1559;461 years ago (1559) [1]
Rector Yves Flückiger
Administrative staff
approx. 6,500
Students17,271
Location,
Campus Urban
LanguageFrench
Affiliations Coimbra Group
LERU
EUA
IFPU
Website www.unige.ch
UniversitatGenf.jpg

The University of Geneva (French: Université de Genève) is a public research university located in Geneva, Switzerland.

Contents

It was founded in 1559 by John Calvin as a theological seminary and law school. [1] It remained focused on theology until the 17th century, when it became a center for Enlightenment scholarship. In 1873, it dropped its religious affiliations and became officially secular. [2] Today, the university is the third largest university in Switzerland by number of students. [3] In 2009, the University of Geneva celebrated the 450th anniversary of its founding. [4] Almost 40% of the students come from foreign countries.

The university holds and actively pursues teaching, research, and community service as its primary objectives. In 2016, it was ranked 53rd worldwide by the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities, [5] 89th by the QS World University Rankings, [6] and 131st in the TIMES Higher Education World University Ranking. [7]

UNIGE is a member of the League of European Research Universities (including academic institutions such as Amsterdam, Barcelona, Cambridge, Heidelberg, and Milan) the Coimbra Group and the European University Association. [8]

Location

The University of Geneva is located in several districts in the eastern part of the city and in the nearby city of Carouge (on the left bank of the Lake Léman and the Rhône), and the different buildings are sometimes very distant from each other (the Battelle buildings are for instance more than three kilometers away from the Bastions). The oldest building (1559) is the Collège Calvin, and is not anymore a university building. Lectures are given in six different main locations, Les Bastions, Uni Dufour, SciencesI, II and III, Uni Mail and Uni Pignon, Centre Médical Universitaire (CMU), and Battelle; [9] as well as in other less important locations (for instance part of the Mathematics Section is located at the second and (partly) third and sixth storeys rented by the university in an office building in Carouge). [10]

Uni Bastions

Built between 1868 and 1871, Uni Bastions is the symbol of Geneva's academic life. It is located in the middle of a park and is host to the faculty of Protestant Theology and to the Faculty of Arts. [11]

Uni Dufour

Uni Dufour 1UNIGE.jpg
Uni Dufour

Its architecture was inspired by Le Corbusier. It hosts the Rectorat and the administration of the University. [12]

Uni Mail

Uni Mail 3UNIGE.jpg
Uni Mail

It is Switzerland's biggest building dedicated to social sciences. It currently hosts the Faculty of Law, of Economics and Management, [13] of Psychology and Education and the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting. [14]

Organisation

The University of Geneva is structured in various faculties and interfaculty centers which are representing teaching, research and service to society in the various disciplines.

Faculties

The University is composed of nine faculties: [15]

Interfaculty centers

The university is composed of fourteen interfacultary centers. Amongst others:

Associated institutions

The university has also several partnerships with the nearby institutions, where students at the university may take courses.

Finances

The University of Geneva had a budget of roughly 760 million CHF for the year 2016. [18] It mostly comes from the cantonal subventions, the other notable contributors being the federal state and the tuition fees. [19]

Libraries and press

Libraries

UNIGE's library facilities are spread across four sites.

Uni Arve is host to seven libraries: the Bibliothèque Ernst & Lucie Schmidheiny, the Bibliothèque d'Anthropologie, the Bibliothèque du Centre universitaire d'informatique, the Bibliothèque Georges de Rham (Mathematics), the Bibliothèque de l'Institut des Sciences de l'environnement (ISE), Bibliothèque de l'Observatoire (Astronomy) and the Bibliothèque des Sciences de la Terre et de l'environnement. [20]

Uni Bastions hosts the language libraries, as well as the university's libraries focused on history and musicology. [21]

Uni CMU is home to an extensive collection of medical issues. Besides, it is also hosts the Centre de documentation en santé (CDS) and the Bibliothèque de l’Institut de la médecine et de la santé et de l’Institut d’éthique biomédicale (IHMS - IEB). [22]

Uni Mail's collection is focused on the following themes: Economics and social sciences, Law, Psychology and Learning Sciences, Translation and Interpreting, European studies, French as a foreign language and Musicology. Besides, it also hosts UNIGE's multimedia library. [23]

Press

The journal de l'UNIGE is released biweekly. Its purpose is to ease communication inside the university, to inform the students about the research being carried at UNIGE, to convey new opinions and to inform students and teachers of upcoming university events via l'Agenda. [24]

Campus is released monthly with the objective to ease communication between the scientific community and the citizens and to be a "bridge between science and city". [25]

Academics

Admission and fees

To be enrolled in a bachelor programme, one must hold a Swiss maturity diploma or a secondary diploma considered by the University of Geneva to be equivalent. [26] If the degree was not pursued in French, applicants must pass an eliminatory French language test at the beginning of September, which consists of an oral and a written comprehension test and of a piece of argumentative writing. [27] Tuition fees are of CHF 500 per semester.

Academic year

UNIGE's academic year runs from mid-September to mid-June. It is divided in two semesters, each one being concluded by an examination session, held respectively at the beginning of January and at the beginning of June. An examination session is held at the end of August and beginning of September as a retake for students who failed their January or June examinations. [28]

During the three days before the start of the new academic year, the Journées d'accueil (Welcome Days) are organized by the University to introduce the new students to the city and the facilities, tips are also given on how to succeed at university. A second chapter including city tours, outdoor concerts and animations is also organized by the student association UniAccueil (AUA) to celebrate the new academic year. [29]

Teaching and degrees

Before 2005, the University applied various very different models, depending on Faculties, and sometimes even on Departments (or "Sections"). Some Faculties applied the French education model of granting academic degrees, with some minor differences: demi-licence (two years), trois-quarts de licence (three years), licence (four years), diplôme d'études approfondies and diplôme d'études superieures spécialisées (DEA/DESS) (1–2 years), and doctorate (3–5 years).

The University now follows the requirements of the Bologna process: bachelor's (three years), master's (1–2 years), in some departments or sections Master of Advanced Studies (1–2 years), doctorate (3–5 years). [30]

UNIGE offers more than 240 types of diplomas: about 30 bachelor's degrees, [31] 70 masters and 78 doctorates. It also provides more than 200 programmes of continuing education in various sectors. [32]

International partnerships

Students at UNIGE have the possibility to study abroad for a semester or a year during their degree. Partner universities include Free University of Berlin, Harvard Law School, École Normale Supérieure, Trinity College Dublin, Erasmus University of Rotterdam, Université Libre de Bruxelles, King's College London, McGill University, HEC Montreal, University of Ottawa, University of Oxford, Uppsala University, Johns Hopkins University, University of Michigan, UCLA, University of Southampton, University of Sydney, University of Tokyo. [33]

Research

The key sectors of research at the University of Geneva are sciences (molecular biology, bio-informatics, etc.), elementary physics, astrophysics, economics, social sciences, psychology, chemistry, biochemistry and biophysics.

UNIGE is home to six national research centers: in genetics (Frontiers in Genetics), in material sciences (MaNEP), in study of emotions (Affective Sciences), in chemical biology (with EPFL), in study of mental illness (Synaptic, with EPFL and Unil), in study of life path (with Unil). UNIGE also carries research in international studies since the creation in 2013 of the Global Studies Institute, in finance with the Geneva Finance Research Institute, [34] and in environmental studies, with the creation in 2009 of the Institut des sciences de l'environnement. [35]

Famous discoveries have been made by researcher working at UNIGE including the discoveries of extrasolar planets by Michel Mayor, and of quantum teleportation by Nicolas Gisin.

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [36] 58
QS World [37] 98
THE World [38] 130
USNWR Global [39] 88

The University of Geneva is consistently ranked one of the top universities in the world.

Global rankings

In 2016, the University of Geneva is ranked 53rd overall in the world according to the Shanghai Ranking. In 2012, it was ranked 69th overall in the world according to the Shanghai Ranking, 74th overall according to the QS ranking and 133rd overall according to the THE ranking. In 2006, Newsweek ranked the university 32nd in the world. [40]

The QS World University Rankings [41] ranked the University of Geneva as follows:

YearIn SwitzerlandIn EuropeIn the World
2016--89th
2015--85th
2012--74th
2011--69th

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings [42] ranked the University of Geneva as follows:

YearIn SwitzerlandIn EuropeIn the World
2015-20166th131st
2012-20135th52nd133rd
2011-20127th46th116th
2010-20115th34th118th

Subject rankings

In molecular biology, the impact of the research carried in Geneva was ranked 4th in Europe by Times Higher Education for the period 1999–2009, directly behind the University of Oxford. [43] In physics, UNIGE was ranked sixth.[ citation needed ]

The QS 2013 subject ranking placed the University of Geneva at the 21st place in the field of Pharmacy and at the 49th place in Philosophy. In every subject, the University was ranked in the world's top 200. [44]

Other rankings

In the 2013 QS ranking, the University was ranked 24th in world for most international faculty and 20th in the world for most international student body. [45]

Student body

In 2016, 16,530 students were studying at UNIGE, of whom 61% were female. 37% of the students were non-Swiss, originating from 151 countries. 4,449 teachers and collaborators, of whom 49% are female, are working for UNIGE. [46]

Student life

Sports

The Bureau des sports organizes all the sports related activity at UNIGE. Free sports lessons are given everyday and it suffices to show one's student card to access. Other lessons organization with the university's partners demand a small fee. [47] UNIGE is home to the Geneva university championships in basketball, indoor football, rowing, badminton, outdoor football. [48] The university also sends teams to the Swiss university championship in badminton, indoor football, skiing, basketball, fencing, football, golf, ice-hockey, table tennis and volleyball. [49] UNIGE also provides special schedules for students wishing to pursue their high level sporting career and to study at the same time. [50]

Associations

Alumni UNIGE is the alumni association of the University of Geneva, it offers a network of several thousand people to its members, as well as other advantages, such as discount prizes, special events, access to the official networking platform. [51] Atout-lettres is the alumni association of the literature students of the University, founded in 1997. Its purpose is to prepare the professional insertion of the literature students, to establish links between literature student and the working world and to promote the formation given by the Faculté de Lettres. [52]

Alumni

Kofi Annan, UNIGE alumnus, Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 Kofi Annan crop.jpg
Kofi Annan, UNIGE alumnus, Nobel Peace Prize in 2001

Over the course of its history, a sizeable number of UNIGE alumni have become notable in their fields, both academic, and in the wider world. Affiliates of the University of Geneva have won 10 Nobel prizes. Graduate alumni (Martin Hairer and Vaughan Jones) have won 2 Fields Medals.

The University has hosted several Nobel laureates as students, researchers and/or professors: Norman Angell (1872–1967), Nobel Peace Prize 1933; Karl Gunnar Myrdal (1898–1987) Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 1974; Daniel Bovet (1907–1992), Nobel Prize in Medicine 1957; Niels Kaj Jerne (1911–1994), Nobel Prize in Medicine 1984; Maurice Allais (1911–2010), Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 1988; Edmond H. Fischer (1920–), Nobel Prize in Medicine 1992; Martin Rodbell (1925–1998), Nobel Prize in Medicine 1994; Alan Jay Heeger (1936- ), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2000; Werner Arber (1929– ), Nobel Prize in Medicine 1978; Kofi Annan (1938–2018), Nobel Peace Prize 2001; Michel Mayor (1942-- ) and Didier Queloz (1966-- ), Nobel Prize in Physics 2019 (jointly with James Peebles).

It has also hosted or graduated three Fields Medal laureates: Vaughan Jones (1952–2020), laureate in 1990, Stanislav Smirnov (1970– ), laureate in 2010 and Martin Hairer (1975- ), laureate in 2014.

Notable scholars

Notable alumni

In fiction

See also

Related Research Articles

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne

The École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) is a research institute and university in Lausanne, Switzerland, that specializes in natural sciences and engineering. It is one of the two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology, and it has three main missions: education, research and technology transfer at the highest international level.

University of Lausanne university located in Lausanne, Switzerland

The University of Lausanne in Lausanne, Switzerland was founded in 1537 as a school of theology, before being made a university in 1890. As of fall 2017, about 15,000 students and 3,300 employees study and work at the university. Approximately 1,500 international students attend the university, which has a wide curriculum including exchange programs with world-renowned universities.

Sorbonne University Public research university in Paris, France

Sorbonne University is a public research university in Paris, France, established in 2018 by the merger of Paris-Sorbonne University, Pierre et Marie Curie University, along with smaller institutions. The date 1257 on its logo refers to the founding of Collège de Sorbonne by Robert de Sorbon, part of the university's early legacy. With 4 Nobel Prize, 6 Fields Medal and 1 Turing Award winners among its alumni and professors, Sorbonne University has a long tradition of academic excellence.

ETH Zurich Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich

ETH Zurich is a public research university in the city of Zürich, Switzerland. Founded by the Swiss Federal Government in 1854 with the stated mission to educate engineers and scientists, the school focuses exclusively on science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Like its sister institution EPFL, it is part of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain, part of the Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research.

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Public university in Munich, Germany

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is a public research university located in Munich, Germany.

Ghent University Dutch-speaking university in Belgium

Ghent University is a public research university located in Ghent, Belgium. It was established in 1817 by King William I of the Netherlands. After the Belgian revolution of 1830, the newly formed Belgian state began to administer the university. In 1930, the university became the first Dutch-speaking university in Belgium, whereas French had previously been the standard academic language in what was Université de Gand. In 1991, it was granted major autonomy and changed its name accordingly from State University of Ghent to its current designation.

Australian National University National research university in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory

The Australian National University (ANU) is a national research university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia. Its main campus in Acton encompasses seven teaching and research colleges, in addition to several national academies and institutes.

University of Zurich Largest university in Switzerland

The University of Zurich, located in the city of Zürich, is the largest university in Switzerland, with over 25,000 students. It was founded in 1833 from the existing colleges of theology, law, medicine which go back to 1525, and a new faculty of philosophy.

Université libre de Bruxelles French-speaking university in Brussels, Belgium

The Université libre de Bruxelles, abbreviated ULB, is a French-speaking private research university in Brussels, Belgium.

Université catholique de Louvain Belgian university

The Université catholique de Louvain is Belgium's largest French-speaking university. It is located in Louvain-la-Neuve, which was expressly built to house the university, and Brussels, Charleroi, Mons, Tournai and Namur. Since September 2018, the university has used the branding UCLouvain, replacing the acronym UCL, following a merger with Saint-Louis University, Brussels.

Goethe University Frankfurt university in Frankfurt, Germany

Goethe University is a university located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was founded in 1914 as a citizens' university, which means it was founded and funded by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt. The original name was Universität Frankfurt am Main. In 1932, the university's name was extended in honour of one of the most famous native sons of Frankfurt, the poet, philosopher and writer/dramatist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The university currently has around 45,000 students, distributed across four major campuses within the city.

National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) university

National Research Nuclear University MEPhI is one of the most recognized technical universities in Russia. MEPhI was founded in 1942 as the Moscow Mechanical Institute of Munitions, but it was soon renamed the Moscow Mechanical Institute. Its original mission was to train skilled personnel for the Soviet military and atomic programs. It was renamed the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute in 1953, which was its name until 2009.

University of Bern university in the Swiss capital of Bern

The University of Bern is a university in the Swiss capital of Bern and was founded in 1834. It is regulated and financed by the Canton of Bern. It is a comprehensive university offering a broad choice of courses and programs in eight faculties and some 150 institutes. With around 18,576 students, the University of Bern is the third biggest University in Switzerland.

University of Hamburg University in Hamburg, Germany

The University of Hamburg is a university in Hamburg, Germany. It was founded on 28 March 1919 by combining the previous General Lecture System, the Colonial Institute of Hamburg, and the Academic College. The main campus is located in the central district of Rotherbaum, with affiliated institutes and research centres distributed around the city-state.

Paris Dauphine University, often referred to as Paris Dauphine or Dauphine, is a public research institution in Paris, France. It is the only institution in France to be both a grande école and University. Dauphine was founded as a faculty of economics and management in 1968 in the former NATO headquarters in western Paris, in the 16th arrondissement.

Paris-Sud University French public university, member of the federal Université Paris-Saclay

Paris-Sud University, also known as University of Paris — XI, was a French research university distributed among several campuses in the southern suburbs of Paris, including Orsay, Cachan, Châtenay-Malabry, Sceaux, and Kremlin-Bicêtre campuses. The main campus is located in Orsay. Starting from 2020 University Paris Sud has been replaced by the University of Paris-Saclay.

Sorbonne University Association association of academic institutions in Paris, France

Sorbonne University Association is a group of 10 academic institutions associated with the Sorbonne University. After the fusion between Paris-Sorbonne University and Pierre and Marie Curie University under the name "Sorbonne University" in 2018, the group Sorbonne Universités changed its name to Association Sorbonne Université.

Faculty of Translation and Interpreting of the University of Geneva School in University of Geneva, Switzerland

The Faculty of Translation and Interpreting (FTI) is a faculty of the University of Geneva in Switzerland.

Christian Lüscher, M.D, is a Swiss neurobiologist and full professor at the Department of Basic Neurosciences of the University of Geneva. He is also an attending in neurology at the Geneva University Hospital. Lüscher is known for his contributions in the field addiction, particularly for establishing links of causality between the drug-evoked synaptic plasticity and adaptive behavior in mice.

University of Paris (2019) French public university established in 2019

The University of Paris is a public university created by decree on 20 March 2019 and resulting from the merger of Paris Descartes and Paris Diderot universities established following the division of the University of Paris, and the integration of Institut de physique du globe de Paris as a component institution. As of January 1, 2020, the universities of Paris Descartes and Paris Diderot have fully relinquished their rights and bonds at Université de Paris.

References

  1. 1 2 "University of geneva". Mastersportal.
  2. "University of Geneva". Talloiresnetwork Tufts.
  3. "University of Geneva (UNIGE)". Studying in Switzerland. 5 September 2006.
  4. "University of Geneva honors LHC project leader at 450th anniversary ceremony". CERN. 5 June 2009.
  5. "ARWU World University Rankings 2016 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016 | Top 500 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2016". Shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  6. "QS World University Rankings® 2015/16". Top Universities. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  7. "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 30 September 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  8. "University in the Spotlight: University of Geneva". Globalinksabroad.
  9. "L'Université de Genève a fêté ses 450 ans en 2009". Schenk Photos. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  10. "Accueil". Bâtiments: plans d'accès. Université de Genève. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  11. "Accueil". Bâtiments: plans d'accès. Université de Genève. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  12. "Accueil". Bâtiments: plans d'accès. Université de Genève. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  13. "GSEM". Archived from the original on 17 July 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  14. "Accueil". Bâtiments: plans d'accès. Université de Genève. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  15. "Facultés, école, UPER". Archives. Université de Genève. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014.
  16. "Bienvenue". droit de l'art. Université de Genève. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  17. "Centre Universitaire Romand - CURML". Curml.ch. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  18. "Rapport financier et budget". L'Université se présente (in French). Université de Genève. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  19. "Budget 2013" (PDF). Unige.ch. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  20. "Site Uni Arve". Bibliothèque. Université de Genève. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  21. "Site Uni Bastions". Bibliothèque. Université de Genève. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  22. "Site Uni CMU". Bibliothèque. Université de Genève. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  23. "Site Uni Mail". Bibliothèque. Université de Genève. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  24. "Journal n°77". Le Journal. Université de Genève. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  25. "Campus n°100, édition spéciale". Unige.ch. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  26. "Accueil :: S'inscrire à l'UNIGE 2019-20" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  27. "Examen de français". Division de la formation et des étudiants. Université de Genève. 3 August 2013. Archived from the original on 3 August 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  28. "Studying/Doing research". International. Université de Genève. Archived from the original on 4 March 2013.
  29. "Programme des Welcome Days 2013". Accueil et intégration. Université de Genève. 1 August 2013. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  30. "Enseigner et Apprendre". Division de la formation et des étudiants. Université de Genève. 6 May 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  31. "Fiches Bachelors". Futurs Étudiants. Université de Genève. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013.
  32. "Centre pour la formation continue et à distance". Centre pour la formation continue et à distance. Université de Genève. 10 August 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  33. "Geneva Finance Research Institute". Faculté d'économie et de management. Université de Genève. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  34. "Thématiques de l'institut". Institut des Sciences de l'Environnement. Université de Genève. June 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  35. Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019
  36. QS World University Rankings 2018
  37. World University Rankings 2018
  38. U.S. News Education: Best Global Universities 2018
  39. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results". Topuniversities.com. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  41. "Times Higher Education World University Rankings". Timeshighereducation.co.uk. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  42. "Top European Institutions in Molecular Biology". Times Higher Education. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  43. "University of Geneva Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  44. "University of Geneva Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  45. "Publications". Unige.ch. 5 September 2006. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  46. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  47. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 July 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 June 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  49. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 July 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  50. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 August 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  51. "Atouts Lettres - Présentation". Asso-etud.unige.ch. Archived from the original on 23 June 2008. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  52. "Dominique Levy". Dominique-levy.com. Archived from the original on 23 June 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2014.