|College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i (1907-1912) |
College of Hawai'i (1912-1919)
University of Hawai'i (1919-1972)
|Motto||Maluna aʻe o nā lāhui āpau ke ola ke kānaka (Hawaiian)|
Motto in English
|"Above all nations is humanity"|
|Type||Public flagship land-grant research university|
|Established||March 23, 1907|
|University of Hawaiʻi system|
|Endowment||$327.0 million (system-wide) (2019)|
|Budget||$1.1 billion (2019)|
|Students||18,028 (Fall 2020)|
|Campus||Urban, 320 acres (1.3 km2)|
|Newspaper||Ka Leo O Hawaiʻi|
|Nickname||Rainbow Warriors & Rainbow Wahine|
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (University of Hawaii—Mānoa, U.H. Mānoa, and formally known as the University of Hawai'i, or simply UH) is a public land-grant research university in Mānoa, a neighborhood in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States. It is the flagship campus of the University of Hawai'i system and houses the main offices of the system. Most of the campus occupies the eastern half of the mouth of Mānoa Valley, with the John A. Burns School of Medicine located adjacent to the Kakaʻako Waterfront Park.
U.H. offers over 200 degree programs across 17 colleges and schools. It is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and governed by the Hawaii State Legislature and a semi-autonomous board of regents. It also a member of the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, which represents 50 research universities across 16 countries.
Mānoa is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity".It is a land-grant university that also participates in the sea-grant, space-grant, and sun-grant research consortia; it is one of only four such universities in the country (Oregon State University, Cornell University and Pennsylvania State University are the others).
Notable U.H. alumni include Robert Ballard, Richard Parsons, and the parents of Barack Obama, Barack Obama Sr. and Stanley Ann Dunham. Forty-four percent of Hawaii's state senators and 51 percent of its state representatives are U.H. graduates.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa was founded in 1907 as a land-grant college of agriculture and mechanical arts establishing "the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i and to Provide for the Government and Support Thereof".The bill Maui Senator William J. Huelani Coelho through the initiatives of Native Hawaiian legislators, a newspaper editor, petition of an Asian American bank cashier, and a president of Cornell University, was introduced into the Territorial Legislature March 1, 1907 as Act 24, and signed into law March 25, 1907 by the Governor George Carter, which officially established the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i under a five-member Board of Regents on the corner of Beretania and Victoria streets (now the location of the Honolulu Museum of Art School). Regular classes began the following year with John Gilmore as the university's first president.
In September 1912 it moved to its present location in Mānoa Valley on 90 acres of land that had been cobbled together from leased and private lands and was renamed the College of Hawaii.William Kwai Fong Yap, an cashier at Bank of Hawaii, and a group of citizens petitioned the Hawaii Territorial Legislature six years later for university status which led to another renaming finally to the University of Hawaii on April 30, 1919 with the addition of the College of Arts and Sciences and College of Applied Science.
In the years following, the university expanded to include more than 300 acres. In 1931 the Territorial Normal and Training School was absorbed into the university, becoming Teacher's College,now the College of Education.
The university continued its growth throughout the 1930s and 1940s increasing from 232 to 402 acres. The number of buildings grew from 4 to 17. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, classes were suspended for two months. When classes resumed, students carried gas masks to classes and bomb shelters were kept at a ready.
In 1947, the university opened an extension center in Hilo on Hawai'i Island in the old Hilo Boarding School. In 1951, Hilo Center was designated the University of Hawaii Hilo Branchbefore its reorganization by an act of the Hawai'i State Legislature in 1970.
By the 1950s, enrollment increased to more than 5,000 students, and the university had expanded to include a Graduate Division, College of Education, College of Engineering, College of Business Administration, College of Tropical Agriculture, and College of Arts and Sciences.
When the Territory of Hawai'i was granted statehood in 1959, the university became a constitutional agency rather than a legislative agency with the Board of Regents having oversight over the university. Enrollment continued to grow to 19,000 at the university through the 1960s and the campus became nationally recognized in research and graduate education.
In 1965, the state legislature created a system of community colleges and placed it within the university. By the end of the 1960s, the University of Hawai'i very different from what it had since its beginning. It had become larger and with the addition of the community colleges, a broad range of activities extending from vocational education to community college education, which were all advanced through research and postdoctoral training.
The university was renamed the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa to distinguish it from other campuses in the University of Hawai'i System in 1972.
UH Mānoa, the flagship campus of the University of Hawai'i System, is a four-year research university consisting of 17 schools and colleges. In addition to undergraduate and graduate degrees in the School of Architecture, School of Earth Science and Technology, the College of Arts, Languages, and Letters, the Shidler College of Business, the College of Education and the College of Engineering, the university also maintains professional schools in law and medicine.
Together, the colleges and schools of the university offer bachelor's degrees in 93 fields of study, master's degrees in 84 fields, doctoral degrees in 51 fields, first professional degrees in 5 fields, post-baccalaureate degrees in three fields, 28 undergraduate certification programs and 29 graduate certification programs.
Originally called the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of the Territory of Hawai'i, the College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources (CTAHR) is the founding college of the university. Programs of the college focuses on tropical agriculture, food science and human nutrition, textiles and clothing, and human resources,
The College of Arts, Languages, and Letters (CALL) is the newest and largest college at the university. It is creation of the dissolution of the College of Arts and Science and the merger of the Colleges of Arts and Humanities, Languages, Linguistics, and Literature (LLL), and the School of Pacific and Asian Studies. The college's core focus is the study of arts, humanities, languages with a particular focus on Hawai'i, the Pacific, and Asia Studies.
The College of Business Administration was renamed the Shidler College of Business on September 6, 2006, after real estate executive Jay Shidler, an alumnus of the college, who donated $25 million to the college.
The UH Mānoa offers an Honors Program to provide additional resources for students preparing to apply to professional school programs.Students complete core curriculum courses for their degrees in the Honors Program, maintain at least a cumulative 3.2 grade-point average in all courses, and complete a senior thesis project.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Library, which provides access to 3.4 million volumes, 50,000 journals, and thousands of digitized documents, is one of the largest academic research libraries in the United States, ranking 86th in parent institution investment among 113 North American members of the Association of Research Libraries.
The National Science Foundation ranked UH Mānoa 45th among 395 public universities for Research and Development (R&D) expenditures in fiscal year 2014.
According to U.S. News & World Report 's rankings for 2021, UH Mānoa was tied at 170th overall and 159th for "Best Value" among national universities; tied at 83rd among public universities; and tied at 145th for its undergraduate engineering program among schools that confer doctorates.
The university offers over 50 distance learning courses, using technology to replace either all or a portion of class instruction. Students interact with their instructors and peers from different locations to further develop their education.
With extramural grants and contracts of $436 million in 2012, research at UH Mānoa relates to Hawaii's physical landscape, its people and their heritage. The geography facilitates advances in marine biology, oceanography, underwater robotic technology, astronomy, geology and geophysics, agriculture, aquaculture and tropical medicine. Its heritage, the people and its close ties to the Asian and Pacific region create a favorable environment for study and research in the arts, genetics, intercultural relations, linguistics, religion and philosophy.
According to the National Science Foundation, UH Mānoa spent $276 million on research and development in 2018, ranking it 84th in the nation.Extramural funding increased from $368 million in FY 2008 to nearly $436 million in FY 2012. Research grants increased from $278 million in FY 2008 to $317 million in FY 2012. Nonresearch awards totaled $119 million in FY 2012. Overall, extramural funding increased by 18%.
For the period of July 1, 2012 to June 20, 2013, the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) received the largest amount of extramural funding among the Mānoa units at $92 million. SOEST was followed by the medical school at $57 million, the College of Natural Sciences and the University of Hawai‘i Cancer Center at $24 million, the Institute for Astronomy at $22 million, CTARH at $18 million, and the College of Social Sciences and the College of Education at $16 million.
Across the UH system, the majority of research funding comes from the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, and the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA). Local funding comes from Hawaii government agencies, non-profit organizations, health organizations and business and other interests.
The $150-million medical complex in Kaka‘ako opened in the spring of 2005. The facility houses a biomedical research and education center that attracts significant federal funding and private sector investment in biotechnology and cancer research and development.[ citation needed ]
Research (broadly conceived) is expected of every faculty member at UH Mānoa. Also, according to the Carnegie Foundation, UH Mānoa is an RU/VH (very high research activity) level research university.
In 2013, UH Mānoa was elected to membership in the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the leading consortium of research universities for the region. APRU represents 45 premier research universities—with a collective 2 million students and 120,000 faculty members—from 16 economies.
U.H. is the fourth most diverse university in the U.S.According to the 2010 report of the Institutional Research Office, a plurality of students at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa are Caucasian, making up a quarter of the student body. The next largest groups were Japanese Americans (13%), native or part native Hawaiians (13%), Filipino Americans (8%), Chinese Americans (7%) and mixed race (12%). Pacific Islanders and other ethnic groups make up the balance (22%).
All UH Mānoa residence halls are coeducational. These include the Hale Aloha Complex, Johnson Hall, Hale Laulima, and Hale Kahawai. Suite-style residence halls include Frear Hall and Gateway House. First year undergraduates who choose to live on campus live in the traditional residence halls.
Two apartment-style complexes are Hale Noelani and Hale Wainani. Hale Noelani consists of five three-story buildings and Hale Wainani has two high rise buildings (one 14-story and one 13-story) and two low-rise buildings. Second-year undergraduates and above are permitted to live in Hale Noelani and Hale Wainani.
The university reserves some low-rise units for graduate students and families.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa competes in NCAA Division I, the only Hawaii school to do so. It competes in the Mountain West Conference for football only and the Big West Conference for most other sports.UH competes in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation in men's and women's swimming and diving, and indoor track and field while the coed and women's sailing teams are members of the Pacific Coast Collegiate Sailing Conference.
Men's teams are known as Rainbow Warriors, and women's teams are called Rainbow Wahine. "Wahine" means "woman" in Hawaiian.They are most notable for men's and women's basketball, volleyball, baseball, and football programs. The university won the 2004 Intercollegiate Sailing Association National Championships. The women's volleyball program won NCAA championships in 1982, 1983 and 1987. The men's volleyball won an NCAA championship in 2021. The men's volleyball team had previously won an NCAA championship title game in 2002, but the title was later vacated due to violations.
The principal sports venues are Aloha Stadium, Stan Sheriff Center, Les Murakami Stadium, Rainbow Wahine Softball Stadium, and the Duke Kahanamoku Aquatic Complex.
The university's athletic budget in FY 2008–2009 was $29.6 million.
With the exception of the university's first semester, there has always been either a president, interim president, or chancellor. From 1907 to 1965, before the Hawai'i State Legislature created the University of Hawai'i System, which incorporated the technical and community colleges into the university, the president's role expanded to include oversight of all system campuses, with chancellors taking responsibility for individual campuses. As a result, the president has filled the role of chancellor at the university in addition to serving as president of the University of Hawai'i System.The chancellor's position was created in 1974 and would be abolished in 1984, with Albert J. Simone becoming acting president on June 1, 1984.
In 2001, the position of chancellor was recreatedby then-UH System president Evan Dobelle over conflict of interest concerns, but was again abolished in April 2019.
Notable alumni of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa include:
Notable faculty of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa include:
Notable late faculty include:
Campus art includes:
These artworks are off the main campus:
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaii, which is located in the Pacific Ocean. It is an unincorporated county seat of the consolidated City and County of Honolulu, situated along the southeast coast of the island of Oʻahu, and is the westernmost and southernmost major U.S. city. Honolulu is Hawaii's main gateway to the world. It is also a major hub for international business, finance, hospitality, and military defense in both the state and Oceania. The city is characterized by a mix of various Asian, Western, and Pacific cultures, as reflected in its diverse demography, cuisine, and traditions.
The University of Hawaiʻi System, formally the University of Hawaiʻi and popularly known as UH, is a public college and university system that confers associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees through three universities, seven community colleges, an employment training center, three university centers, four education centers and various other research facilities distributed across six islands throughout the state of Hawaii in the United States. All schools of the University of Hawaiʻi system are accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. The UH system's main administrative offices are located on the property of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa in Honolulu CDP.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo is a public university in Hilo, Hawaiʻi. It is one of ten general campuses of the University of Hawaiʻi system. It was founded as Hilo Center at Lyman Hall of the Hilo Boys School in 1945. In 1970 it was reorganized by an act of the Hawaiʻi State Legislature.
Chaminade University of Honolulu is a private Marianist university in Honolulu, Hawaii. Founded in 1955 by the Society of Mary, Chaminade is located in Kaimuki, Honolulu at the base of St. Louis Heights. Chaminade offers bachelor's degrees in 23 fields of study and five master's degree programs. The school specializes in biology, business, criminal justice, education, forensic sciences, interior design, nursing, and religious studies. Chaminade University is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
Louis Henri Jean Charlot was a French-born American painter and illustrator, active mainly in Mexico and the United States.
University Laboratory School (ULS) is a charter school in Honolulu, Hawai‘i serving grades K-12. Prior to 2002, the school was known as the Education Laboratory School or University High School when it was a part of the College of Education at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.
David McClain is president emeritus of the University of Hawai‘i and a professor at the Shidler College of Business at the University of Hawai‘i's Mānoa campus.
Patrick Vinton Kirch is an American archaeologist and Professor Emeritus of Integrative Biology and the Class of 1954 Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. Concurrently, he is professor in the department of anthropology at the University of Hawai'i Manoa. The former Curator of Oceanic Archaeology in the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, and director of that museum from 1999 to 2002, he is a member of the board of directors of the Bishop Museum.
The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Shidler College of Business is located in the U.S. state of Hawai‘i and is the state's only public business school with graduate, executive and PhD level programs. Established in 1949, the Shidler College of Business is named after The Shidler Group's Jay H. Shidler, founder and managing partner of The Shidler Group, a Honolulu-based company focused on commercial real estate and credit-related investments. In 2014, Mr. Shidler increased his initial gift of $25 million to $100 million, making it the largest donation at the University of Hawaii from a private donor.
Maya Kasandra Soetoro-Ng is an Indonesian-American academic, who is a faculty specialist at the Spark M. Matsunaga Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution, based in the College of Social Sciences at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. She is also a consultant for the Obama Foundation, working to develop the Asia-Pacific Leaders Program. Formerly a high school history teacher, Soetoro-Ng is maternal half-sister to Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States.
Rick Mills is an American glass artist who was born and raised in Marion, Ohio. He received his bachelor of fine art degree in sculpture from Ohio State University, where the art department reopened its glass program in 1980, during Mills last semester. He moved to Hawai'i in 1981 and earned a master of fine art degree, also in sculpture, from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, where he is currently professor and director of the glass art program.
The Associated Students of the University of Hawai'i at Manoa (ASUH) is the undergraduate student government representing the 10,000+ full-time, classified, undergraduate students at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. ASUH was chartered by the University of Hawai'i Board of Regents in 1912 and was originally named the Associated Students of the College of Hawai'i.
Thomas Mark Apple, chancellor of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa June 2012 – August 2014 is a scientist whose research focuses on magnetic resonance spectroscopy. As the chief executive officer of the university, he was responsible for the leadership, administration and management of the academic enterprise. His tenure as chancellor was marked by conflicts with deans, other university leaders, and community leaders.
The University of Hawaiʻi Rainbow Warriors and Rainbow Wāhine are the athletic teams that represent the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (UH), in Honolulu, Hawaii. The UH athletics program is a member of the Big West Conference in most sports and competes at the NCAA Division I level. It comprises seven men's, 12 women's, and two coed athletic teams.
Jay Harold Shidler is an American investor and philanthropist. Shidler is the managing partner of The Shidler Group, a national real estate investment organization and is the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of The Shidler Family Foundation.
Murray Turnbull (1919–2014) was an American artist and art educator, but is best known as the founder of the East–West Center in Honolulu. He was born in Sibley, Iowa. He received a BFA from the University of Nebraska in 1941 and an MA from the University of Denver in 1949. In 1954, he began teaching at the University of Hawaii In 1959, while acting dean of the university's College of Arts and Sciences, Turnbull first proposed an "international college" for all the peoples of Asia and the Pacific. The idea was advanced by Hawaii's delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives John A. Burns, who, with the help of Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson, obtained federal funding for an international university in Hawaii, now known as the East–West Center. Turnbull retired from the University of Hawaii as a professor emeritus in 1985.
Noelani Goodyear-Kaʻōpua is a Kanaka Maoli scholar and educator whose work centers on Native Hawaiian social movements, culture-based education, and energy and food politics.
Fujio "Fudge" Matsuda(松田 富士男) was the first Japanese American president of the University of Hawaii. This position also made him the first Asian American to become president of a major university in the United States.
David Michael Karl is an American microbial biologist and oceanographer. He is the Victor and Peggy Brandstrom Pavel Professor of Microbial Oceanography at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and the Director of the University Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education.
David Lassner is an American computer scientist and academic administrator. He is the 15th president of the University of Hawaiʻi system and its flagship campus, the University of Hawaii at Manoa.