University of Kiel

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Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Siegel der CAU.svg
Seal of the University of Kiel
Latin: Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis
sive
Christiana Albertina
MottoPax optima rerum
Motto in English
Peace is the greatest good
Type Public
Established1665;355 years ago (1665)
Budget€ 167.1 million [1]
President Simone Fulda  [ de ]
Academic staff
1,162 [2]
Administrative staff
1,129 [2]
Students26,735 [3]
Location, ,
Campus Urban
Colors Purple and white
  
Website www.uni-kiel.de

The University of Kiel, officially the Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel, (German : Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, abbreviated CAU, known informally as Christiana Albertina) is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany. It was founded in 1665 as the Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and has approximately 27,000 students today. Kiel University is the largest, oldest, and most prestigious in the state of Schleswig-Holstein. Until 1864/66 it was not only the northernmost university in Germany but at the same time the 2nd largest university of Denmark. Faculty, alumni, and researchers of the Kiel University have won 12 Nobel Prizes. Kiel University has been a member of the German Universities Excellence Initiative since 2006. The Cluster of Excellence The Future Ocean, which was established in cooperation with the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel in 2006, is internationally recognized. The second Cluster of Excellence "Inflammation at Interfaces" deals with chronic inflammatory diseases. The Kiel Institute for the World Economy is also affiliated with Kiel University. The university has a great reputation for its focus on public international law. The oldest public international law institution in Germany and Europe - the Walther Schuecking Institute for International Law - is based in Kiel. [4]

Contents

History

Duke Christian Albrecht Christian Albrecht.jpg
Duke Christian Albrecht

The University of Kiel was founded under the name Christiana Albertina on 5 October 1665 by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The citizens of the city of Kiel were initially quite sceptical about the upcoming influx of students, thinking that these could be "quite a pest with their gluttony, heavy drinking and their questionable character" (German: mit Fressen, Sauffen und allerley leichtfertigem Wesen sehr ärgerlich seyn). But those in the city who envisioned economic advantages of a university in the city won, and Kiel thus became the northernmost university in the German Holy Roman Empire.

After 1773, when Kiel had come under Danish rule, the university began to thrive, and when Kiel became part of Prussia in the year 1867, the university grew rapidly in size. The university opened one of the first botanical gardens in Germany (now the Alter Botanischer Garten Kiel), and Martin Gropius designed many of the new buildings needed to teach the growing number of students.

The Christiana Albertina was one of the first German universities to obey the Gleichschaltung in 1933 and agreed to remove many professors and students from the school, for instance Ferdinand Tönnies or Felix Jacoby. During World War II, the University of Kiel suffered heavy damage, therefore it was later rebuilt at a different location with only a few of the older buildings housing the medical school.

In 2019, it was announced it has banned full-face coverings in classrooms, citing the need for open communication that includes facial expressions and gestures. [5] [6]

Faculties

Aerial view of the central campus CAUKielLuftaufnahmeAudimax.jpg
Aerial view of the central campus

Notable people

Alumni

See also Category:University of Kiel alumni

Academics

See also Category:University of Kiel faculty

Nobel Prize Winners

The University of Kiel helped develop this radiation detector for a Mars probe. PIA13580 crop.jpg
The University of Kiel helped develop this radiation detector for a Mars probe.

There are several Nobel Prize Winners affiliated with the University of Kiel, including:

Points of interest

Holstein Study Award

CAU’s most renowned award is the Holstein Study Award (Holsteiner Studienpreis), which is awarded to the university’s top three students each year since 2001. [8] [9] The award’s criteria include extraordinary academic achievements, a broad intellectual horizon and political or social involvement. [10] It is endowed with a prize money of 500€ for the 2nd and 3rd prize and 1000€ for the 1st prize. [11] The Holstein Study Award is funded by the association ‘Iuventus Academiae Holsatorum’. The award’s expert jury includes professors of various faculties and the prizes are awarded by the university’s president or vice-president in a formal ceremony in the top floor of the skyscraper on campus. [12]

See also

Related Research Articles

Kiel German city, capital of Schleswig-Holstein

Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 249,023 (2016).

Kiel Institute for the World Economy

The Kiel Institute for the World Economy is an independent, non-profit economic research institute and think tank based in Kiel, Germany. In 2017, it was ranked as one of the top 50 most influential think tanks in the world and was also ranked in the top 15 in the world for economic policy specifically. German business newspaper, Handelsblatt, referred to the Institute as "Germany's most influential economic think tank", while Die Welt, stated that "The best economists in the world are in Kiel".

Holstein-Glückstadt or Schleswig-Holstein-Glückstadt is the historiographical name, as well as contemporary shorthand name, for the parts of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein that were ruled by the Kings of Denmark in their function as dukes of Schleswig and Holstein, thus also known as Royal Schleswig-Holstein. Other parts of the duchies were ruled by the Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. The territories of Holstein-Glückstadt are located in present-day Denmark and Germany. The main centre of administration was Segeberg and from 1648 Glückstadt on the River Elbe.

Old Botanical Garden, Kiel

The Old Botanical Garden in Kiel, also known as the Old Botanical Garden on the Fjord, is a former botanical garden and arboretum located at Düsternbrooker Weg 19, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is open daily without charge.

Botanischer Garten der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

The Botanischer Garten der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, or less formally the Botanischer Garten Kiel, is a botanical garden and arboretum maintained by the University of Kiel. It is located at Am Botanischen Garten 1, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, and open daily.

Johanna Mestorf German prehistoric archaeologist and Professor

Johanna Mestorf was a German prehistoric archaeologist, the first female museum director in the Kingdom of Prussia and usually said to be the first female professor in Germany.

Paul Christoph Hennings

Paul Christoph Hennings was a German mycologist and herbarium curator. He discovered the study of cryptogams and mushrooms as a volunteer at the botanical garden. Although circumstances initially prevented him to study in that area, he later returned to natural sciences and eventually rose to a position at the largest herbarium in Germany. Originally interested in all non-higher plants, he specialised into mushrooms and became particularly versed in tropical species sent from abroad.

University of Freiburg Faculty of Biology

The Faculty of Biology is one of the eleven faculties of the University of Freiburg in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is part of a strong life sciences network including institutions such as the Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, the Bernstein Center Freiburg (BCF), the Center for Applied Biosciences and the Center for Biological Systems Analysis, which started operations in 2008 as offspring of the Freiburg Initiative for Systems Biology (FRISYS), funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Museen am Meer is an association of eight museums in the city centre of Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, on the edge of Kiel Fjord. The consortium was founded in 2010.

Rudolf von Fischer-Benzon was a German schoolteacher and botanist.

Christian August Volquardsen was a German classical historian.

The Institut für Meereskunde in Kiel, Germany, existed from April 1, 1937 to January 1, 2004. It was an essential element of the long history of marine sciences in Kiel. This history started with the work of Samuel Reyher published in 1697 and is today continued within the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel.

Bernhard Harms (1876-1939) was a German economist and one of the first professors to undertake research in the field of international economics. He founded the Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Germany's leading economic research institute, in 1914. Harms was Chair of Economics at the University of Kiel and head of the Institute until he was dismissed from office in 1933 by Nazi Party officials.

University Medical Center Schleswig Holstein Hospital in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

The University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein (UKSH), is a university hospitals, located in Kiel and Lübeck in Germany and Europe. Its aim is to ensure medical care in Schleswig-Holstein.

Kurt Gudewill German musicologist

Kurt Gudewill was a German musicologist and University lecturer. From 1952 to 1976 he was professor at the musicological institute of the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel. He rendered outstanding services to Heinrich Schütz and Lied research.

Karl-Heinz Reinfandt German musicologist and music educator

Karl-Heinz Reinfandt is a German musicologist and music educator.

Friedrich Ludwig Christian Volbehr was a German historian and contributing editor.

Richard Sedlmaier was a German art historian.

Olaf Klose was a German art historian and librarian.

Rudolf Bülck was a German librarian.

References

  1. "Die Christian-Albrechts-Universität in Zahlen 2013" (PDF). Universität zu Kiel (in German). p. 19. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  2. 1 2 "Die Christian-Albrechts-Universität in Zahlen 2013" (PDF). Universität zu Kiel (in German). p. 18. Retrieved 2017-06-14.
  3. "Startschuss für das Wintersemester". University of Kiel (in German). Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  4. Stolleis, Michael (2002). Geschichte des öffentlichen Rechts in Deutschland. Munich: C.H. Beck. p. 394. ISBN   978-3-406-48960-0.
  5. "Kiel University bans full-face veil in classrooms - DW - 13.02.2019". DW.COM.
  6. "German university bans burqa, niqab during lectures - IOL News". www.iol.co.za.
  7. "SwRI Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) Homepage". Southwest Research Institute. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
  8. "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Chronik".
  9. "Uni Kiel - Preise und Stipendien".
  10. "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Kriterien".
  11. "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Merkblatt".
  12. "Holsteiner Studienpreis - Kuratorium".

Coordinates: 54°20′20″N10°07′21″E / 54.33889°N 10.12250°E / 54.33889; 10.12250